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Calvin Ray O'Neill (abt. 1850 - 1931)

Calvin Ray O'Neill aka O'Neil, O'Neal
Born about in Gonzales County, TXmap
Ancestors ancestors
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died at about age 81 in Lavaca County, TXmap
Profile last modified | Created 12 Jan 2010
This page has been accessed 628 times.

George Washington and Mary had at least 8 children, the first of which was born when Washington was about 18 years old. The children are: Henry B. b. 1829, William b. December 3, 1832, George Washington, Jr. b. February 7, 1834, Harrison b. April 14, 1836, John b. abt. 1838-1839, Mary Ann b. September 7, 1841, Miles b. February 22, 1845, and Calvin b. abt. 1850. If you refer to the narrative on Washington’s parents, Darius and Polly, you can see that George Washington named his children after his siblings.

The 1850 census of Gonzales County, Texas, town of Gonzales lists J.W. Oneill, 38 years old born in Virginia as head of household. It is believed that, once again, the census recorder misspelled the name believing the name George begins with a “J”. His wife, Mary is listed as a female 40 years of age born in Tennessee. Henry, 21, born in Tennessee, William, 18, born in Tennessee, George 16, born in Missouri, John, 12, born in Missouri, Mary Ann, 10 born in Missouri, and Miles 4, born in Texas are also listed in the household. At the time the census was completed, Calvin must not have been born.

The Civil War began on April 12, 1861. Six of George Washington’s 7 sons were Confederate soldiers – only Calvin was too young, age 11 at the beginning of the war. However, Harrison, after volunteering for the Sandies Home Guard with his brothers, stayed behind. It could be that Harrison stayed behind to take care of his brothers’ families and his parents’ endeavors at home. George Washington was about 51 at the time and did not volunteer for service. Also, Mary was about 54 with still one child, Calvin, at home.

1880 Census - Gonzales, Texas - Calvin ONeal (27) head of house b. TX; Henry ONeal (16) Cousin b. TX; Mary A ONeal (63) mother b. MS; Newborn W ONeal (2) b. TX; "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 21 October 2015), Newborn W O Neal in household of Calvin O Neal, Precinct 3, Gonzales, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district 70, sheet 479A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1306; FHL microfilm 1,255,306.

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The Civil War began on April 12, 1861. The Texas state legislature authorized volunteer military companies on February 15, 1858, but by the time the war started, the Texas Legislature passed an act requiring all “able-bodied men between the ages of 18 to 50, with certain exceptions, to enroll for defense and be subject to call of the Confederate Government”. One of the volunteer companies that organized in Gonzales County was the Sandies Home Guard. The Sandies Home Guard was organized June 22, 1861. Henry, at the age of 32, along with 5 of his brothers, William (28), George Washington Jr. (27), Harrison (25), John (22 or 23), and Miles (16), volunteered for the Sandies Home Guard. Their younger brother, Calvin, was only 11 at the time. The brothers are listed as privates under Captain Michael Erskine. The guard’s name probably came from Sandies Creek or Sandies Hill in Leesville, TX. Then, in 1862, all the brothers, except Harrison and Calvin, enlisted into the Confederate Army and served until the end of the war. George W., John, Miles, and William all served in the 36th Cavalry Company D. However, other sources list them serving in the Texas Mounted Riflemen, which later came to be known as Company D of the 32nd Regiment Texas Volunteer Cavalry. Although Harrison volunteered for the Sandies, he did not volunteer for the Confederate Army. It may be that he stayed behind to take care of the O’Neill families left behind and his parents, George Washington, Sr. and Mary who were in their 50’s with one child, Calvin, still at home. Henry was not on the roll with his brothers and there is no clear reason why this is. His company ended up being Company A, 4th Regiment of the Texas Cavalry C.S.A., and then that group formed a part of the Brigade of General Thomas Green in 1863.
posted 2 Jul 2015 by Kelly (O'Neill) Gottsponer   [thank Kelly]
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Calvin by comparing test results with other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Calvin:

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