Otto II (Ottonian) von Sachsen

Otto (Ottonian) von Sachsen (0955 - 0983)

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Otto (Otto II) "Rufus, the Red, Holy Roman Emperor" von Sachsen formerly Ottonian aka of Saxony
Born in Schwaben, Sachsen, Germanymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Rome, Papal Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 7 Aug 2014
This page has been accessed 1,781 times.

Categories: Bavaria | Kingdom of Saxony | Holy Roman Empire | German Nobility | Ottonian Dynasty | This Day In History December 07.

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This is the Top-level profile of the Ottonian Dynasty. Please merge all profiles of Otto of Sachsen into this one. This profile is the result of multiple ongoing merges between entries of many family trees. Interested parties are encouraged to edit together the various text blocks into a rational whole. As an historic figure, the privacy should be open or public at all times, if it is not please ask a manager to correct it.

Preceded by
Otto I
Holy Roman Emperor
Succeeded by
Otto III
Preceded by
Otto I
King of Italy
Succeeded by
Otto III
Preceded by
Otto I
King of Germany
Succeeded by
Otto III

Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto II (955 – December 7, 983), called "the Red" (Rufus), was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death in 983. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto II was the youngest and sole surviving son of Otto the Great and Adelaide of Italy.

Otto II was made joint-ruler of Germany in 961, at an early age, and his father named him co-Emperor in 967 to secure his succession to the throne. His father also arranged for Otto II to marry the Byzantine Princess Theophanu, who would be his wife until his death. When his father died after a 37-year reign, the eighteen-year old Otto II became absolute ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in a peaceful succession. Otto II spent his reign continuing his father's policy of strengthening Imperial rule in Germany and extending the borders of the Empire deeper into southern Italy. Otto II also continued the work of Otto I in subordinating the Catholic Church to Imperial control.

Early in his reign, Otto II defeated a major revolt against his rule from other members of the Ottonian dynasty who claimed the throne for themselves. His victory allowed him to exclude the Bavarian line of Ottonians from the line of Imperial succession. This strengthened his authority as Emperor and secured the succession of his own son, Otto III, to the Imperial throne.

With domestic affairs settled, Otto II would focus his attention from 980 onward to annexing the whole of Italy into the Empire. His conquests brought him into conflict with the Byzantine Empire and with the Muslims of the Fatimid Caliphate, who both held territories in southern Italy. After initial successes in unifying the southern Lombard principalities under his authority and in conquering Byzantine-controlled territory, Otto II's campaigns in southern Italy ended in 982 following a disastrous defeat by the Muslims. While he was preparing to counterattack Muslim forces, a major uprising by the Slavs broke out in 983, forcing the Empire to abandon its major territorial holdings east of the Elbe river.

Otto II died suddenly in 983 at the age of 28 after a ten-year reign. He was succeeded as Emperor by his three-year old son Otto III, plunging the Empire into a political crisis.


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Images: 1
Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor
Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor


On 30 Jan 2018 at 00:29 GMT Jo (Rorabacher) Hollingsworth wrote:

Sachsen-84 and Ottonian-3 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate - same dates, parents, wife.

- Jo Hollingsworth, Arborist

Otto II is 34 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 29 degrees from Burl Ives and 23 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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