Quanah Parker was a Native American and member of the Comanche tribe.
*Born 1845 -DiedFebruary 23, 1911 Quanah Parker Star House Cache, Oklahoma, U.S.
Known for Comanche leader to bring the Quahada band into Fort Sill
Founder of the Native American Church & peyote religion,
The last Comanche chief
Cause of death Heart failure by rheumatism
Resting place: Fort Sill Post Cemetery, Fort Sill, Oklahoma,
*Religious beliefs: Native American Church
Spouse(s) Chony, Mah-Chetta-Wookey, Ah-Uh-Wuth-Takum, Coby, Toe-Pay, and Tonarcy
Quanah Parker (ca. 1845 or 1852 – February 23, 1911) was Comanche/English-American from the Comanche band Noconis ("wanderers" or "travelers"), and emerged as a dominant figure, particularly after the Comanches' final defeat. He was one of the last Comanche chiefs. The US appointed Quanah principal chief of the entire nation once the people had gathered on the reservation and later introduced general elections. Quanah was a Comanche chief, a leader in the Native American Church, and the last leader of the powerful Quahadi band before they surrendered their battle of the Great Plains and went to a reservation in Indian Territory. He was the son of Comanche chief Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann Parker, an English-American, who had been kidnapped at the age of nine and assimilated into the tribe. Quanah Parker also led his people on the reservation, where he became a wealthy rancher and influential in Comanche and European American society.
Quanah Parker's mother, Cynthia Ann Parker (born ca. 1827), was a member of the large Parker frontier family that settled in east Texas in the 1830s. She was captured in 1836 (at age nine) by Comanches during the raid of Fort Parker near present-day Groesbeck, Texas. Given the Native name Nadua (Someone Found), she was adopted into the Nocona band of Comanches. Assimilated into the Comanche, Cynthia Ann Parker later married the warrior Peta Nocona, (also known as Noconie, Tah-con-ne-ah-pe-ah, or Nocona).His father was the renowned chief Iron Jacket, famous among the Comanche for wearing a Spanish coat of mail.
Nadua and Nocona's first child was Quanah (Fragrance), born in the Wichita Mountains of southwestern Oklahoma. Biographer Bill Neeley cites a letter Quanah wrote late in life to his friend, rancher Charles Goodnight, in which Quanah stated, “From the best information I have, I was born about 1850 on Elk Creek just below the Wichita Mountains. Author S.C. Gwynne supports the Oklahoma claim in his 2010 book, Empire of the Summer Moon: Quanah Parker and the Rise and Fall of the Comanches, the Most Powerful Indian Tribe in American History.
However, another account disputes the birthplace, contending that in 1911 Parker was seen traveling by automobile near Lubbock, Texas, telling observers he was going to visit what he understood to be his birthplace at Laguna Sabinas (Cedar Lake) in Gaines County, Texas.
Nadua and Nocona also had another son, Pecos, and a daughter, Topsana (Prairie Flower). In December 1860, Nadua (Cynthia Ann) and Topsana were captured in the battle of Pease River, which actually took place along Mule Creek. American forces were led by Sgt. John Spangler, who commanded Company H of the U.S. 2nd Cavalry, and Texas Rangers under Lawrence Sullivan Ross (better known in Texas history as Sul Ross). Quanah, his brother Pecos, and his father Peta Nocona were almost certainly not at Mule Creek. However, in an effort to further his political career, Sul Ross later fabricated a story wherein he claimed to have killed Peta Nocona at Pease River. Ross would later become a Texas state senator, and eventually governor.
Meanwhile, Nadua (Cynthia Ann) and her daughter Topsana were reunited with her white family, but after having made her life 24 years with the Comanche, she wanted to return to them and her sons. However, Topsana died of an illness in 1863. Cynthia Ann Parker died in 1870.
United States Census, 1900,database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MSRV-N6M : accessed 23 May 2016), Quanah Parker, Apache, Kiowa & Comanche Reservation, Comanche, Oklahoma Territory, United States; citing sheet 100A, family 749, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,241,344.
Wikisource has the text of a 1900 Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography article about Quanah Parker.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Quanah Parker.
Photographs of Quanah Parker, 1890-1900, Portal to Texas History, University of North Texas
My daughter Sheryl (Sandrs) Bolton - Sanders-7839 and I are both descendants of Quanah Parker, she is a direct descendant. My GEDMATCH #is A319313, Dona Floyd and she and i have both been DNA on Ancestry.