The Parker Hannah webpage for John Parker states Nathaniel Parker (1651-1737) as the father of Nathaniel Parker of Hampshire County, VA is Kudzu. Ensign Nathaniel Parker (1651-1737) was the son of Deacon Thomas Parker (1605 England -1683 Reading, MA) who lived in Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts’s. Per the Parker Heritage yDNA webpage they belong to yDNA Family Group #19 and the Hampshire County, VA John Parker and his children are part of yDNA Family Group 18. A review of the yDNA data shows only 10 of 25 matches to John Parker (1680-1760) of Hampshire County, VA. There needs to be 23-25 matches to show a common ancestor, so Ensign Nathaniel Parker can be discounted as John Parker’s (1680-1760) father.
On 8 June 1749 John Parker was of Frederick County when he was granted 312 acres of land on Patterson Creek known as Lot No. 12  This was considered the Northern Neck of Virginia and grants to individuals in that area were made by Thomas, Lord Fairfax.
Hampshire County was formed in 1753 from Frederick County which was in turn formed in 1738 from Orange and Augusta. Orange County was formed in 1734 from Spotsylvania and Augusta was formed in 1738 from Orange. Where he lived later became Hampshire Co VA and is today Mineral Co WV.
On November 9, 1756, the “fort at Parker’s on the South Branch” was included with the list of defenses extending across the Virginia frontier, and it was stated to be ten miles from Ashby’s fort on Patterson’s Creek and was garrisoned with thirty men. 
Fort Parker was named for John Parker, the owner of the real estate upon which it was constructed, he having purchased Lot No. 44 consisting of 350 acres from Thomas Lord Fairfax on July 24, 1749. Two other forts on the frontier bore the name of Parker, one on Patterson’s Creek near land owned by George Parker and later named Fort Cocke, and the other on North River constructed on land owned by Thomas Parker. The two latter forts are shown on Washington’s map of the frontier as “G. Parker” and “T. Parker” respectively.
By 12 June 1765 John's widow Elizabeth had married again to Thomas McGuire and the two executed a deed along with John's children to partition his lands 
There were seven tracts of land and the heirs apparently decided among themselves who would receive which portions of the land. The grandson Thomas was not included in this division of land because according to the deed he had died without issue and not of legal age, but the newly married widow did share.
All of the land was in Hampshire County except for one tract on Mountain Run in Culpepper County which was allocated 1/2 to Richard Parker and 1/2 to his sister Elizabeth Hill. All of the children signed the deed along with John's widow Elizabeth McGuire and all appeared to be living in Hampshire County at the time it was executed.
The children of John and Elizabeth PARKER, as named in the deed of partition, probably born between the years 1720 and 1740:
Robert, b. ca 1720-1730; prob. d. 1816 will pr. Hampshire Co., VA; m. perhaps 1st Catharine & 2nd Margaret.
Richard, b. ca 1720-1730; m. Gizelle; lived in Culpepper Co. in 1763 on Mountain Run [Culpepper Co., VA Deeds Volume Two 1762-1765 by John Frederick Dorman, p.72].
Aaron, b. ca 1725-1735; m. Mary 'Polly' Dobson, a daughter of William Dobson & d. by January 1793 in Allegheny Co., MD leaving sons William Dobson Parker b. abt. 1763, Thomas b. abt. 1767 and Nathaniel b. 1770 [Hampshire Co., VA DB 9:73-4]
Catherine, b. ca 1730-1740; m. by Jun 1765 William Foreman.
Elizabeth; b. ca 1730-1740; m. by June 1765 John Hill.
Male or Female, b. ca 1730; had son Thomas b. ca 1750 & d. by June 1765 not 21
↑ Northern Neck Grants VA Land Patents Book 6:158, Northern Neck Land Proprietary Records
↑ Frontier Forts Along the Potomac and its Tributaries” by William H. Ansel, Jr.
STATEMENT OF POLICY: The 'following narrative has been prepared in an attempt to prove the various relationships in the Parker and allied families of Hampshire County, Virginia (now West Virginia) and Sumner County, Tennessee. Material presented in this manner is considered to be a research tool and not a completed history of the family. Statements are accurate when source documentation is included. Statements which begin "reportedly" or "accordingly to family tradition" are not considered factual until proven.
The Parker family is among the oldest of those who settled in Sumner Co TN. Although the early generations of the Parker family have appeared in many different publications, the published material appears to contain many errors.
John Parker was probably born around 1700, although it could have been earlier. The Parker family and the Rogers family both appeared about the year 1749 on Patterson Creek in what was then Frederick Co VA, later became Hampshire Co VA and is today Mineral Co WV. This was considered the Northern Neck of Virginia and grants to individuals in that area were made by Thomas, Lord Fairfax. Hampshire County was formed in 1753 from Frederick County which was in turn formed in 1738 from Orange and Augusta. Orange County was formed in 1734 from Spotsylvania and Augusta was formed in 1738 from Orange.
On 8 June 1749 John Parker was of Frederick County when he was granted 312 acres of land on Patterson Creek known as Lot'No. 12 [Northern Neck Grants VA Land Patents Book 6:158]. On 24 July 1749 he received another grant for land, consisting of 350 acres on the south branch of the Potomac known as Lot #44 [Ibid. Book G:226]. John Parker received several other grants of land in Hampshire County, mostly made in the year 1757 [Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia, p. 217].
At this same time on 10 June 1749 Mathew Rogers was granted 379 acres on Patterson Creek [Ibid. Book G:159]. The original Rogers pioneer was Mathew who had four sons, William, James, Jonathan and Mathew and one daughter Nancy Agnes who married John Bailey. The son William Rogers had nine children, three of whom married Parkers [Rogers Run by Linda Saul Czarny, p. 14].
On 22 March 1758 John Parker must have been in Culpeper Co VA when he witnessed, along with Samuel Clayton and Henry Gaines, a deed for the sale of land on Mountain Run by Robert Taliaferro of Caroline County [Culpeper Co VA Deeds Volume Two 1755-1762 by John Frederick Dorman, p. 29].
In September of 1758 in Culpeper County one John Parker was paid for provisions for the militia under Colonel Martin's certificate [Statutes at Large by William Hening, Volume VII, p. 213]. At the same time Nathaniel Parker was paid. This was presumably John Parker's son, although this is not known for certain. This record does establish that one John Parker must have had a home in Culpeper County, since otherwise he would have had no stock from which to supply provisions. However, these records may have been for another John Parker, perhaps the other son of John Parker who died young leaving a son Thomas.
John Parker was of Hampshire County, Virginia on 16-17 April 1760 when he purchased 1359 acres of land in Culpeper County from Robert Taliaferro of Caroline County in a deed of lease and release [Culpeper Co., VA Deeds Volume Two 1755-1762 by John Frederick Dorman, p. 60-61]. The land was located on Mountain Run.
John Parker wrote his will on 28 September 1760 and it was probated in Hampshire County on 11 November 1760. He named a wife Elizabeth and stated that he wanted his grandson Thomas Parker to have an equal share with the rest of his children. Although this grandson could have been the child of one of his living sons, it is more likely that he was the only child of a deceased son or daughter. He named his son Robert as executor and William Foreman and Benjamin Kuykendall as securities. Witnesses were William Smith and John Ross [Early Records of Hampshire Co., WV by Clara Sage and Laura Jones, p. 128].
By 12 June 1765 John's widow Elizabeth had married again to Thomas McGuire and the two executed a deed along with John's children to partition his lands [Hampshire Co., VA DB 1:282-8]. There were seven tracts of land and the heirs apparently decided among themselves who would receive which portions of the land. The grandson Thomas was not included in this division of land because according to the deed he had died without issue and not of legal age, but the newly married widow did share. All of the land was in Hampshire County except for one tract on Mountain Run in Culpeper County which was allocated 1/2 to Richard Parker and 1/2 to his sister Elizabeth Hill. All of the children signed the deed along with John's widow Elizabeth McGuire and all appeared to be living in Hampshire County at the time it was executed.
The children of John and Elizabeth Parker, as named in the deed of partition, probably born between the years 1720 and 1740:
i.Robert, b. ca 1720-1730; prob. d. 1816 will pr. Hampshire Co., VA; m. perhaps 1st Catharine & 2nd Margaret.
ii.Richard, b. ca 1720-1730; m. Gizelle; lived in Culpeper Co. in 1763 on Mountain Run [Culpeper Co., VA Deeds Volume Two 1762-1765 by John Frederick Dorman, p.72].
+iii.Nathaniel, b. ca 1725-1735.
iv.Aaron, b. ca 1725-1735; m. Polly Dobson on page 12 a daughter of William Dobson & d. by January 1793 in Alleganey Co., MD leaving sons William Dobson Parker abt 1763, Thomas born abt. 1765 and Nathaniel, both1770 [Hampshire Co., VA DB 9:73-4]
v.Catherine, b. ca 1730-1740; m. by Jun 1765 William Foreman.
vi.Elizabeth; b. ca 1730-1740; m. by June 1765 John Hill.
vii.Male or Female, b. ca 1730; had son Thomas b. ca 1750 & d. by June 1765 not 21.
1. Nathaniel Parker was born in Virginia probably between the years 1725 and 1735, the son of John and Elizabeth Parker. (Per the M.D. DeWitt Family Bible: 1724 )
Nathaniel,served under Washington in his attack on the French at Fort Duquense [Historic Sumner County, Tennessee by Jay Guy Sisco, p 186-7]. He was a long hunter making frequent trips to Sumner County, Tennessee for extended periods of hunting. He reportedly married first to Ann Clayton of Gloucester County, Virginia [no source known]. This marriage must have taken place about the year 1754.
In 1760 he was named in the will of his father John Parker of Hampshire County and in 1765 Nathaniel received 312 acres of land on Patterson's Creek beginning at a locust and sassafras and running across the creek as his share of his father's estate.
On 24 March 1771 in a deed of lease and release Nathaniel purchased 220 acres of land from James Rogers and his wife Martha, all of Hampshire County, for five shillings [Hampshire Co., VA DB 2:229-232]. The land was located on Patterson Creek and was part of a tract of land patented by Mathew Rogers deceased that fell to his son William and thence to James Rogers. Thus, Nathaniel was now the owner of 532 acres of land.
Beginning in 1782 Nathaniel Parker was taxed on 532 acres of land in Hampshire County. Other Parker's with land who lived near him were Benjamin, Robert and James Parker.
In 1782 Nathaniel Parker was enumerated in the census of Hampshire County, Virginia with ten whites and five blacks in his household, which is consistent with the known family information [List of Abrm. Johnson, Gent.]. Listed nearby was Nathaniel Parker Sr. with three whites and three blacks in his household [List of Okey Johnson, Gent.]. Ann's death probably took place about the time their last child Robert was born on 25 July 1783 [Sumner County Archives, Gallatin, TN Vertical File PERRY The Ancestors of Eura Lee Perry - hereinafter cited as PERRY], although given the gap in the ages of Nathaniel's children it is possible that he had two wives.
In 1784 Nathaniel Parker was still listed in Hampshire County, Virginia with ten whites in his household [list of Abraham Johnson]. Nathaniel paid personal property tax and real estate tax on his land in Hampshire County through the year 1792, but he was not on the tax lists after that year.
On 3 March 1791 he was of Hampshire County when he sold 29 acres of land on the waters of Patterson's Creek to David Jones [Hampshire Co., VA DB 8:212]. The land adjoined William Rogers and was part of the tract granted to Mathew Rogers in 1749. John Reed, John Jones Jr. and Abraham Johnson were witnesses to the deed.
On I March 1792 Nathaniel was still of Hampshire County when he sold 502 1/2 acres of land on Patterson's Creek to William Armstrong for 800 pounds [Hampshire Co., VA DB 9:71-3]. The land was described as being the whole of one and part of another survey. It included a tract of 312 acres granted to John Parker in 1749 and left by his will to the heirs of which Nathaniel was one. The other tract was identified as 191 1/2 acres granted to Mathew Rogers. This was the part that remained after the sale of 29 acres to David Jones. Witnesses were John Mitchel, William Johnson Jr. and John Reed.
Before executing this last deed, Nathaniel had his property surveyed and that survey survived [SLC mfm#186353 Env. 16A Hampshire Co., WV County Court Loose Records].
Precisely when Nathaniel's wife died is unknown, but she was deceased by 1791 when he sold the 29 acres of land because there was no dower release on the sale of the land. This was required in Virginia and would have been recorded with the deed had she been alive at the time.
Five years after the death of Colonel Anthony Bledsoe of Sumner County, Nathaniel Parker married Anthony's widow Mary (Ramsey) Bledsoe on 4 December 1791 in Sumner County with James Douglas as bondsman [Ibid.]. Both were reportedly in their 60's at the time of this marriage [PERRY], although there is some doubt as to whether Mary was quite that old. According to her tombstone in Bledsoe Cemetery, Mary was born in 1734 in Augusta County, Virginia. if this is accurate,, she would have been about 57 when she married Nathaniel. If her marriage date of 1760 to Anthony Bledsoe is correct, Mary could have been born no later than 1744, making her 47 in 1791 when she married Nathaniel.
On 2 January 1793 Isaac Bledsoe and Mary Parker, as executor and executrix of Anthony Bledsoe deceased sold 320 acres of land on the waters of Bledsoe's Creek in Sumner County [Sumner County, Tennessee Deed Abstracts 1793-1805 by Joyce Martin Murray, p. 2].
Nathaniel served as executor for the estate of Colonel Bledsoe, in right of his wife Mary. On 13 September 1793 Mary Parker, as the only surviving executor of Anthony Bledsoe deceased, sold 320 acres of land, part of 6280 tract granted Bledsoe to James Clendening [Sumner Co., DB 1:33].
On 7 October 1794 Nathaniel Parker purchased 320 acres on Bledsoe's Creek from William Penney and his wife Susannah "Sucky." The land was located near the James Clendening tract and abutting David Shelby. His son Nathaniel Parker and Anna Ramsey were witnesses [Sumner Co., TN DB 1:120].
It is not certain precisely when Nathaniel and Mary's marriage began to disintegrate. On 6 November 1794 Nathaniel Parker of Sumner County published a disclaimer in the Knox Gazette stating that his wife Mary had left his bed and board and warning all persons that he would not be responsible for her debts or contracts [Knox Gazette 29 November 1794]. (Mary Ramsey Bledsoe Parker filed for divorce in the 21 November 1800 Sumner County, Court and the divorce was granted in the 12 November 1802 Sumner County, Court. )
Having officially married her, however, he still had control over the estate of her deceased husband Anthony Bledsoe. In January of 1796 the court appointed Nathaniel Parker, as executor of Anthony Bledsoe to sell stock from the estate and to settle with the guardians for the orphans of Anthony Bledsoe deceased [Sumner County Court Minutes, p. 98].
On 22 March 1796 Nathaniel Parker bought another 320 acre tract of land in Sumner County on Bledsoe's Creek from Hugh Rogan. The land was identified as being part of a tract conveyed to Hugh Rogan by the heirs of Anthony Bledsoe, deceased [DB 1:319].
On 4 October 1796 Nathaniel Parker sold 200 acres of land on Bledsoe Creek to Thomas Parker. This was identified as part of the 320 acre tract purchased from Penney [Sumner County, Tennessee Deed Abstracts 1793-1805 by Joyce Martin Murray, p. 27]. There were many additional deeds recorded for Nathaniel and Mary Parker in regard to the landholdings of Mary's former husband Anthony Bledsoe who owned large quantities of land in Sumner County.
On 27 May 1799 Nathaniel Parker sold a tract of 171 1/4 acres on Bledsoe's Creek to Isaac P. Parker. John Goodrum, Thomas Parker and Richard Parker were witnesses [Sumner Co., TN DB 2:439].
On 2 September 1799 Nathaniel executed a bill of sale "to my son" Nathaniel Parker Jr. for a negro Shadrack aged 60 and a woman Callace or Callon Seal. Hugh Rogan and William Hall were the witnesses. This was registered on 6 October 1803 along with similar bills of sale for his sons Aaron, Robert, Isaac and Richard [Sumner Co., TN NCG1:520-524].
On 12 August 1803 Nathaniel Parker of Sumner County executed a title bond indicating that he sold to Daniel Jones of Hampshire County, Virginia 4000 acres of land on the Tennessee River near the mouth about three years ago. He guarantees $2000 for said land should he not sell it by March next. A document dated 12 August 1803 was signed by Nathaniel Parker Junior with Charity Parker and Robert Parker as witnesses. Nathaniel apparently failed to complete this transaction before his death because in 1816 Daniel Jones filed suit against him for $2000 [#6181 Daniel Jones vs. Thomas and Isaac Parker, 1816].
It has been stated that Nathaniel Parker's marriage to Mary Bledsoe was annulled [conversation with Tom Maybrey of Gallatin, TN who claims to have the document in his possession. Later the document provided was the newspaper disclaimer, not a divorce]. This seems likely in view of the 1794 notice given by Nathaniel that Mary had left him and that he would not be responsible for her debts. Mary Bledsoe Parker died in Sumner County in 1808 [Cisco, p.103]. A monument in Bledsoe Cemetery commemorates her death and that of her first husband Anthony Bledsoe.
Nathaniel Parker wrote his will in Sumner County on 25 February 1811 [Sumner Co., TN WB 1:156J. He named his children and mentioned "my second wife's daughter Nancy Parker." It is presumed that was a reference to his wife Mary Ramsey Bledsoe. She was probably about 45 years of age when she married Nathaniel Parker, being nearly at the end of her childbearing years. Anthony and Mary Bledsoe were not known to have a daughter named Nancy. This daughter was not named in the deeds which were later executed to dispose of Nathaniel's landholdings. Thus, it must be presumed that she was not Nathaniel's daughter or did not survive.
A local tradition is that Mary Ramsey was pregnant with the child of Thomas Sharpe Spencer, who was killed by Chief Doublehead on I April 1794 on the Cumberland Road [Lamb and Allied Families by James L. Mohon, p. 221 before they could be married. The administration of Thomas Sharpe Spencer's estate was granted to Thomas Donnell at the January 1795 term of court in Sumner County [Sumner Co., TN County Court Minutes p. 80). This was four years after Mary Ramsey married Nathaniel Parker.
The only one of Nathaniel's children not named in his will was Aaron. ( This statement has been proved incorrect. Nathaniel Parker had a daughter Susannah Parker who married Charles Beeler in Hampshire County, VA. They migrated to Jefferson County, KY and settled at Mann's Lick (an early salt works). It was her step-son John C. Beeler who married Elizabeth Parker, daughter of Thomas & Susan (Rogers) Parker on 26 Sept 1811 in Sumner County, TN. Susannah Parker is believed to have died before Aaron Parker. The relationship of John C. Beeler to the Parker family is proved in the 1814 Sumner County, TN deed selling the Nathaniel Parker homestead where it states "John C. Beeler for himself and brothers ... grandchildren of Nathaniel Parker. See also) This was because Aaron predeceased his father, dying in Sumner County about March of 1805, leaving a nuncupative will naming his siblings as his heirs [Sumner County Court Minutes, p. 5191]. Aaron's ancestry was also established by the bill of sale which Nathaniel recorded in 1803.
Nathaniel made no provision in his will for a wife, which is compatible with the fact that Mary Ramsey Bledsoe Parker died in 1808. He left the dwelling house and a portion of the land to his son Robert. He left the residue of the land, his personal property and slaves to be divided among his sons.
One of Nathaniel's last acts on 4 June 1811 was to deed 59 1/4 acres of land on Bledsoe's Creek to Thomas Parker (presumably his son) [Sumner Co., TN DB 6:231]. The inventory of Nathaniel's estate was filed at the March 1812 term of court in Sumner County by Thomas and Isaac P. Parker, the executors and included 13 slaves [Sumner Co., TN Inventories, Settlements, and Guardian Accounts, p. 116].
On 19 November 1814 John Parker, Thomas Parker, Richard Parker, Nathaniel Parker, Isaac P. Parker and John C. Beeler for himself and brothers, children and grandchildren of Nathaniel Parker, late of Sumner County deceased, sold to Robert Parker son of said Nathaniel Parker 185 acres of land on the East side of Bledsoe's Creek. The land was identified as being the land where Nathaniel lately lived [Sumner Co., TN DB 7:162]. Witnesses were Meridith Baily and Thomas Coddle.
This same deed written on 19 November 1814 was recorded again on 3 May 1825 in Sumner County [Sumner Co., TN DB 11:66]. At that time the name of E. Collier had been inserted at the top in the listing of the six men who executed the deed. In addition, the signatures included not only the six named men, but also Elizabeth Collier, Mary Thompson and William Thompson. In addition to the witnesses listed when the deed was first recorded, the names of Jno. Parker, Susan Parker and Susan Donnell had been added. Susan Parker and Susan Donnell appeared in court in February 1825 and proved the deed in court "as to Elizabeth Collier, Mary Thompson and William Thompson." It thus appears that someone realized that not all of the heirs had signed the deed when it was first recorded. The second recording corrected the situation.
On 24 February 1818 the same six men deeded to James Suddarth and Joseph Hodge Sr. for $700.76 land on Bledsoe's Creek including a mill formerly owned by Nathaniel Parker deceased containing 16 acres in all [Sumner Co., TN DB 8:318].
2i.John, b. 17 Dec 1755 [Vertical File Perry claims b. 1765 d. 1825 wife Rhoda] Hampshire Co., VA; m. Mary "Polly" Rogers [Cisco]; to King & Queen County, VA [Is this the Rodo Parker, female age 80 living in CD 1 of Sumner Co., TN in 1850 & Sumner Loose Lawsuit #8652?].
+4iii.Richard, b. 1770 d. 1838 [PERRY]; m. Rogers [Cisco].
+5iv.Isaac P., b. 1776; d. 2 Mar 1846 Sumner Co. Nathaniel, b. 17 Mar 1775; d. 15 Jan 1857 bur. Bethpage Cem. Sumner Co., TN].
7vi.Aaron, b. 1781 [PERRY]; d. 1804 without issue [Estate #31, 1804 Sumner Co., TN & nuncupative will recorded March 1805 Sumner Co.,, TN naming his siblings as heirs].
8vii.Elizabeth "Betsy," b. abt. 1766 [PERRY]; m. Michael Collier (he died after 19 May 1826and before June 1826 Shelby County, KY. Court where his will was produced and questioned. ; Ch: Betsy born by 1811 [Collier Vertical File Sumner Co. Archives establishes children Thomas b. 1799 d. 1850 & Harriet b. 1800 d. 1861]; Elizabeth m. 2nd 26 Sep 1811 Sumner Co., TN John C. Beeler who is named in later deeds executed regarding Nathaniel's estate. (It has been proved that John C. Beeler did not marry this Elizabeth Parker, but Elizabeth Parker the daughter of Thomas and Susan (Rogers) Parker born 1793. The Jefferson County deaths and obits states: "Wife of Wm. M. Terry, late widow of John C. Beeler, deceased, devises estate under marriage contract with husband Wm. M. Terry; to her son Thoms M. Beeler all estate which she possesses at death." In the 1850 Todd County, KY. census Eliza Terry is age 57.)
9viii.Mary, b. 1779 d. 1864 [PERRY], m. Bushrod Thompson [will of Isaac).
+10ix.Robert, b. 25 Jul 1783 VA; d. 31 Aug 1870; m. Ist 27 May 1808 Sumner Co., TN Patsey Martin [PERRY]; m. 2nd Malinda Gibson 14 Jan 1846 Sumner Co., TN (1850 Census, Sumner Co., TN #301.
Apparent child of Mary (Ramsey) Parker:
11x.Nancy, b. ca 1792; one Nancy Parker m. 18 Sep 1810 Sumner Co., TN John Jennings with Peter Parker as bondsman & one Nancy Parker m. 9 Apr 1811 Sumner Co., TN Elijah R. Robertson with F. Brown as bondsman and one Nancy R. Parker m. 27 Sep 1831 Sumner Co., TN John B. Hill.
3. Thomas Parker was born 29 February 1768 in Hampshire County, Virginia, the son of Nathaniel Parker. He married Susan Rogers who was born in 1773 and died in 1838 [The Lineal Descent of Charles Edward Branham from Richard Branham Sr. prepared by George Fuller Walker)
Thomas Parker wrote his will on 21 June 1846 in Todd County, Kentucky [Todd Co., KY WB G:339]. He died 8 August 1846, according to his tombstone which is in Hibbett Cemetery in Sumner County, Tennessee. His will named six children which is compatible with local tradition. His estate was settled on 8 July 1850 [Todd Co., KYWB G:2881].
On 5 July 1803 Richard Parker purchased a 640 acre tract of land in Sumner County located on the middle fork of Bledsoe's Creek, one mile below Cook's Camp from Thomas Mastin, Collector of the Tax [Sumner Co.,, TN DB 3:509]. In 1816 Richard Parker was taxed on 507 acres of land, two white polls and three slaves. In 1817 Richard was taxed on 507 acres, one white poll and three slaves.
In 1820 Richard Parker was enumerated in the census of Sumner County. He and his wife were over 45 years of age. In their household were three sons aged 16 to 26, one of which was 16 to 18. Richard was enumerated in the census of Sumner County in 1830. He was aged 50 to 60 (based on client's estimated birth date, he would have been 72 years of age) with an apparent wife the same age. In his household were a male and female aged 20 to 30 and a female aged 15 to 20.
Richard wrote his will on 22 October 1831 and it was probated in April of 1838. He named a wife Nancy and five sons. He mentioned land purchased from William Winham and Ambrose Porter. He left Nancy a life estate. The land, including 206 acres where he lived, was.to go to his son George at her death. The personal property was to go to his sons. His wife Nancy served as executor [Sumner Co., TN WB 2:232]. In 1840 Nancy Parker was enumerated as head of household in Sumner County. She was 60 to 70 years of age and had one female aged 10 to 15 living with her [p. 362].
On 19 February 1844 Nancy Parker conveyed to her son Isaac N. Parker several slaves, which had been willed to her by her husband Richard [Sumner Loose Lawsuit #5801 & #135981]. on 20 February 1844 Richard's son Isaac N. Parker conveyed to John Parker his interest in 70 acres of land belonging to the estate of Richard Parker. He mentioned Nancy Parker the relict of Richard Parker deceased and named Richard's five sons [Sumner Loose Lawsuit #5801].
Children of Richard and Nancy (Rogers) Parker, as established by the lawsuit over the estate of their son William which ultimately established William's five siblings whose descendants each inherited 1/5 of William's estate or $109.92 [Sumner County, TN Eliza J. McGoldrick and husband et al vs. Carrie Parker et al filed 7 December 1892 & #4798]:
+ 12i.William, b. 1779 Hampshire Co., VA (1790-1800 1840 Sumner Co., TN]; d. 186- (bef. brother John in Feb of 1866.
13ii.Isaac Newton, b. 1783 [1800-1810 1830 & 1840 Sumner]; d. after brother William); m. 10 Jun 1824 Sumner Co., TN Mary Lafferty; conveyed his interest in the dower tract on 1 Aug 1885 to his only heir and daughter Eliza J. McGoldrick and her husband William [Book 37:357 & Sumner Co., TN Loose Lawsuit #4798].
+ 14iii.Nathaniel, b. 1785; Nathaniel Parker Jr. married Betsey Collier in Sumner County on 13 May 1817 with Daniel Parker and Richard Parker as bondsman. Nathaniel went west about 1840 to 1845, having three grown children at that time, Richard, Matilda, and Robert.
15iv.George Washington, b. 1789; d. MO or TX (bef. brother William); m. 18 May 1830 Sumner Co., TN Rebecca Payton; Ch: John R. b. 1831 (1870 SCA 215-2160755 & deceased by lawsuit leaving ch: Washington b. 1870, Clare/Carrie b. 1867 and John R. (who are with Sue M. Brown Parker Butler in 1880), Kate Stuart, Margaret Collier and Sallie B. Parker [Sumner Co., TN Loose Lawsuit #4798].
+ 16v.John, b. 17 Aug 1792; d. 4 Feb 1866; m. Polly Harper.
+ 17vi.Elizabeth [Sumner Co., TN Loose Estate #35601], b. 17 May 1795; m. 18 May 1812 Sumner Co., TN John Crenshaw; d. 30 Apr 1826 bur. Stewart Cemetery Sumner Co., TN.
5. Isaac P. Parker was born about 1776, the son of Nathaniel Parker. He married Agnis who was born about 1778. He and his wife both died on 2 March 1846 in Sumner County and are buried in the Bryson Cemetery east of Gallatin, Sumner Co., Tennessee. Children of Isaac P. and Agnis Parker [Loose Lawsuit #10484 & Sumner Co., TN DB 20:481]:
18i.Elizabeth, b. 1812 TN; m. 3 Nov 1828 Sumner Co., TN Bushrod W. Thompson [1850 census Sumner Co., Tn #4391].
19ii.Malvina; d. August 1850 [Sumner Co. ' TN Loose Lawsuit #20561; m. John Walsh; Ch: Agnes b. 1844, Isaac, John and James R. Walsh b. 1850.
20iii.Page P. b. 1815; d. Nov-Dec 1852 [Sumner Co., TN WO #5091]; m. 31 Aug 1841 Sumner Co., TN Mary H. Gourley b-. 1821 [1850 census Sumner Co., TN #370 & #518' J. W. Gourley exec. vs. Mary Parker et al, 1854 Exec. of Page P. Parker deceased]. Page had no ch & left his wife and siblings as heirs]. Named in the lawsuit were his wife Mary H. Parker and his siblings, B. W. Thompson and wife Elizabeth, Nelson or Wilson Parker, William Parker, Abraham Martin and wife Mary L., James R. Walsh by his guardian, Agnes, Isaac and John Walsh by their guardian B. W. Thompson. Margaret Gourley was also listed as an heir. It is not clear how she's related, but Margrett Gourley age 33 was living in the household of Page and Mary P. (Gourley) Parker in 1850. Page's widow m. Charles T. Coker [Sumner Co., TN Loose Lawsuit #5266].
21iv.Richard; d. Jul 1850 [Sumner Co., TN Loose Lawsuit #2056]. m. Isabella - living in Sumner Co., TN in 1846.
23viMary L."Polly"; m. Abraham Martin
25viii??Margaret, b. 1811 TN; m. by 1850 Gourley.
: 6. Nathaniel Parker was born 17 March 1775 in Virginia [tombstone and 1850 census Sumner Co., TN], the son of Nathaniel and Ann (Clayton?) Parker. Cisco in his History of Sumner County indicated that Nathaniel married a Rogers, but no other record has been found to substantiate this statement. It appears likely that he was the Nathaniel Parker who married Sally Ramsey on 10 December 1794 in Sumner County, although this is not proven. Nathaniel's wife in 1850 was identified as Lucretia born 1772 to 1774 in North Carolina. No marriage is recorded in Sumner County for Nathaniel Parker to Lucretia.
In 1800 Nathaniel was involved in a lawsuit relating to a charge of trespass. On 25 January 1800 a bond was signed by Nathaniel Parker Sr. and Nathaniel Parker Jr. On 3 April 1800 Nathaniel Parker had procured a boat and loading and had started down the Cumberland River on his way to Natchez but was still within the limits of Sumner County. He had also procured hands to work his boat when Soloman Duty entered his boat and enticed his hands out of his service. Duty also enticed away,two Negroes belonging to David Love which had been put into plaintiff's possession. Nathaniel gave Duty lodging for two months on the promise to pay Nathaniel what the boarding was reasonably worth [Sumner Co., TN Loose Lawsuit #83 Nathaniel Parker vs. Soloman Duty, 1800 - NOTE: this record is believed to be for Nathaniel Jr. since Nathaniel Sr. would have been about 70 years of age in 1800].
On 5 January 1802 Nathaniel Parker Jr. purchased 170 acres of land on Bledsoe's Creek from David Love for $495 [Sumner Co., TN DB 3:193]. The land was described as part of a tract where Love now lives. James Ashlock and Thomas Parker (probably Nathaniel's uncle) witnessed the deed.
In 1816 Nathaniel Parker was taxed on 288 acres of land on Bledsoe Creek and three slaves. He paid no poll tax. From 1817 to 1821 Nathaniel paid tax on 288 acres and four slaves. Although no record of Nathaniel's exemption from the poll tax has been found, there were a number of people who were exempted for various reasons. If the birth date recorded for him is correct, he was too young to have been excused from paying the tax. By deducting the 170 acre tract purchased in 1802, one is left with a tract of about 118 acres. There is no record of Nathaniel purchased a tract of that size, but it could have been a combination of several smaller tracts.
In 1820 Nathaniel Parker was enumerated in the census of Sumner County. He was 26 to 45 years of age (45 would have been his correct age, based on the tombstone birth date). Lucretia was over 45 years of age (she would been have about 46 to 48). In their household were three apparent daughters, one aged 16 to 26 (Susan age 16) and two aged 10 to 16 (Mary 12 and Margaret 10 to 20).
Comments cont's under wife Elizabeth.
Marriage 1 Elizabeth \\ b: ABT 1700
1. Nathaniel [Sr] PARKER b: 1730 in Hampshire Co VA
2. Robert PARKER b: BET 1720 AND 1740
3. Richard PARKER b: BET 1720 AND 1740
4. Aaron PARKER b: BET 1725 AND 1735
5. Catherine PARKER b: BET 1730 AND 1740
6. Elizabeth PARKER b: BET 1730 AND 1740
7. Son PARKER b: ABT 1730, father of Thomas PARKER b: ABT 1750
John Parker was granted lot # 44, 350 acres, by Lord Fairfax between1747-1749. This was between Old Fields and the Potomac. Peter Peters, whose daughter Hannah married John Parker's son Robert, was granted lot # 32 of the same tract. Both lots were north of present day Romney, W.V. (http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvhardy/sbmanor.htm
John Parker Will in Hampshire county names Elizabeth his wife. It was proven in Hampshire County 11 November, 1760.
John Parker Will
In the name of God, Amen, the Twenty-eighth day of September Seventeen hundred and sixty. I John Parker of the County of Hampshire and Colloney of Virginia farmer being very sick and weak in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be giving unto God. Therefore and calling unto mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to Die Do make and ordain this my last will and testament that is to say: Principally and first of all I give and recommend my soul into the hands of almighty God that gave it and my Body I Recommend to the earth to be buried in Christian manner all the Difersion of my Executores Nothing Doubting Butt all the general resurrection. I shall receive the same again. By the mighty power of God and as Touching such worldly estate where with it has pleased God to Bless me with in this World I give devise and dispose of the same in the following manner and first I give and Bequeath unto Elisabeth Parker my dearly Beloved wife one third part of all my estate both real and personal also I give and Bequeath unto everyone of my children an equal part of the rest of my estate both real and personal and to their heirs or assigns and also I give and Bequeath unto my Grandson Thomas Parker an equal part with the rest of my children.Signed sealed and delivered and confirmed to be the last will and testament of John Parker. In presence of us the subscribers.
"Fort John Parker" from "Frontier Forts Along the Potomas and Its Tributaries" by William H. Answel, Jr. Exerpts: "This defense was located on Lot #44 of the Fairfax South Branch survey...two and one half miles southeast of Springfield, West Virginia..
On November 9, 1756, the "fort at Parker's on the South Branch"was included with the list of defenses extending across the Virginia frontier, and it was stated to be ten miles from Ashby's fort on Patterson's Creek and was garrisoned with thirty men.
On June 13, 1756, while at Fort Cumberland, Washington wrote to Captain Robert McKenzie ordering him to instruct Lieutenant Neugent of the King George militia to immediately proceed with his command to John Parker's on the South Branch and while there, not only protect the inhabitants about the fort but to also assist them in harvesting their crops...
Fort Parker was named for John Parker, the owner of the real estate upon which it was constructed, he having purchased Lot #44consisting of 350 acres from Thomas Lord Fairfax on July 24, 1749..
The foundation stones supporting the buildings can still be seen at the location. About 200 feel north of the fort is an ancient cemetery, the graves marked with native stone, but without inscriptions of any kind. The persons buried there are unknown. It may have been a Parker family cemetery and John Parker, the early settler might be interred therein. The since the gravestones are unmarked, it could well have been a burial ground for the Parker family slaves.
Indians were in the vicinity of this fort on several occasions during the war. In September, 1756, Ensign Charles Smith of the Sixth Company of the Virginia Regiment, while on a scout with twelve men on the south Branch and in the vicinity of Fort Parker, encountered a band of Indians and after a short skirmish, one savage was killed and Smith's men captured several scalping knives, together with four French muskets.
John Parker died in 1760 before the Indian troubles were over. He left surviving his wife, Elizabeth, who later married Thomas McGuire; our sons, Robert, Richard, Nathanial and Aaron; two daughters, Elizabeth, who married John Hall (sic) and Catherine, who married William Forman."
Mineral Co. library - family sketch - John Parker comes from England in 1749. The writer confuses John and Elizabeth with a later John Parker, wife Mary, who sold land and bought after 1761. States that Catherine was the daughter of John and Elizabeth
Martha Redford papers - Johnson Co. Historical Society. States that John Parker was the owner of 2821 acres in Hampshire County, Va and also several slaves.
Typed information from public libraries at Hampshire or Mineral Counties, WV. "The history of Hampshire County is interwoven with that of the Parker family and many connections and interrelations. The founder of the family in America was John Parker who came from England, in the year of 1749. The sheepskin parchment, now in possession of Catherine Blue would suggest that most of his land was on the North Branch of the Potomac. However, he was granted lot number 43, in the Fairfax land grant. He purchased one thousand four hundred and fifty acres of land on Patterson['s Creek from Robert Taliferro...His son, Robert Parker, was sheriff in 1776. He had four sons and two daughters; his sons were Peter, Robert, Solomon and Nathaniel; his daughters, Catherine and Susan."
George Washington in his diary, published by J.N. Toner, states 26 April, 1750 "Plan drawn. Then survey for John Parker of South Branch a certain tract of waste land situate in Frederick and on Little Cacephon and about 1/2 mile above ye Buffalo Lick and bounded as follows, etc."
There was an old fort at John Parker's. This defense was situated on the South Branch of the Potomac, ten miles from Fort Ashby on the same stream and had a garrison of thirty men.
Hampshire Co., Va Will book 2, 1780-1794, p. 150
Will of Elizabeth McGuire: In the name of God, Amen, I Elizabeth McGuire being sick and weak in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be to the Almighty God, calling to mind the mortality of man &woman kind I do make and ordain this to be my last will and testament revoking and annuling all other wills and testaments of any kind whatsoever what real or personal estates I leave in the following manner to wit: after my funeral charges and my debts being paid first I leave to my loving step-son William McGuire that tract or parcel of land which was the estate of John Parker which he has now in possession. I do give & bequeath to the said William McGuire that tract or parcel of land containing one hundred thirteen acres to him his heirs or assigns to which I acknowledge this to be my last will and testament as witness my hand here this 21st day of May, 1771.
Signed, sealed in the presents of
At a court held for Hampshire County the 12th day of Sept. 1786 this last will and testament of Elizabeth McGuire dec'd was proven by the oath of Thomas Collins & Stephen Calvin, two of the witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other
carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line.
Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: