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Mary (Parker) Cudworth (abt. 1606 - aft. 1673)

Mary Cudworth formerly Parker
Born about in Axminster, Devon, Englandmap [uncertain]
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 1 Feb 1634 in Northam, Devonshire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died after after about age 67 in Scituate, Massachusettsmap
Profile last modified | Created 10 Mar 2013
This page has been accessed 1,062 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Mary (Parker) Cudworth migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Mary was a Friend (Quaker)

Mary Parker was born about 1606, based on her husband James Cudworth's statement in 1673, that his wife was aged sixty seven years and upward. [1]

"The parish register of Northam, Devonshire, contains the record of a marriage between James Cudworth and Mary Parker on 1 February 1633/4. There are many reasons to think that this record applies to the immigrant. First, the timing would be just right. The date would be just ahead of the sailing season for passenger vessels, and would confirm that Cudworth came to New England in 1634, and not in 1632 as some have thought. Second, this marriage occurs fifteen months before the birth of the first known child of this couple, an appropriate interval. Third, Northam is close to Barnstaple, one of the outports from which many West Countrymen departed for New England. Fourth, there is no other record for the surname Cudworth in the Northam parish register." [1]

Anderson's argument depends on the supposition that Mary Parker was being accompanied by a male Parker who was traveling as part of the same group as James Cudworth. And we find a William Parker who married in Scituate (where the Cudworths settled) in 1639.

  • 1634/5: January 18: Mr. Cudworth and his wife joined the church at Scituate. [1] [2]
  • 1658/9: March 1: Mrs. Cudworth was among those fined 10s for absenting themselves from attending church worship, indicating she was a Quaker. [1]
  • 1673: December 17: Her husband James declined leading an expedition, stating his wife, 'being aged sixty seven years and upward', due to his wife's illness and declining condition. [1]
  • 1681: September 15: She is not named in her husband's will. [1]

Her husband James died in London in late 1681. His will was written on September 15, 1681 and proved on July 7, 1682. He divided his estate into six parts, leaving bequests to:

  • eldest son James, double portion
  • son Israel
  • son Jonathan
  • daughter Mary's four children - Israel, Robert, James Whtecomb at age 21 and Mary Whetcomb on her marriage
  • daughter Joanna Jones [1]


  1. James baptized at Scituate on May 3, 1635 [3];married Mary Howland by 1665 when their eldest child was born. [1] [4]
  2. Mary baptized on July 23, 1637[3]; Robert Whetcomb on March 9, 1660/1. [1] [5] [6]
  3. Jonathan baptized on September 16, 1638 [3]; buried on September 24, 1638. [7] [1]
  4. Israel baptized at Barnstable on April 18, 1641 [2]; married ____ by 1678. [1]
  5. Joanna baptized at Barnstable on March 25, 1643 [2]; married ___ Jones by 1681. [1]
  6. ___ male, buried at Barnstable on June 24, 1644. [1]
  7. Jonathan born c 1648; married Sarah Jackson on May 31, 1667. [7] [1]
Research notes

Scituate Baptism

Cuddworth, James, s. ____ bp. May 3, 1635. CR1 (p. 99)
Cudworth, Mary, d. James, bp. July 23, 1637. (p. 102)
Cudworth, Jonathan, s. James, bp. Sept. 16, 1638. CR1 (p. 101) [3]

Scituate Marriages

Cudworth, Jonathan and Sarah Jackson, May 31, 1667. (p. 80)

Scituate Deaths

Cudworth, Jonathan, s. James [buried] Sept. 24, 1638 (p. 372) [7]


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 Anderson, Robert Charles, George F. Sanborn, Jr., and Melinde Lutz Sanborn, James Cudworth in: Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume II, C-F, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, 2001, p. 249-258
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Scituate and Barnstable Church Records in: The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 9, New England Historic Genealogical Society, S.G. Drake and sons, Boston, Massachusetts, 1855, p. 279: 282
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Vital Records of Scituate, Massachusetts to the Year 1850, Volume I: Births, NEHGS, Boston, Massachusetts, 1909
  4. Anderson, Robert Charles, Henry Howland in: Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to N.E. 1620-1633, Vols. I-III, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, 1995, p. 1018
  5. Anderson, Robert Charles, John Whetomb in: Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume VII, T-Y, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, 2011, p. 330
  6. Anderson, Robert Charles, George F. Sanborn, Jr., and Melinde Lutz Sanborn, John Brown in: Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume I, A-B, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, 1999, p. 421
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Vital Records of Scituate, Massachusetts to the Year 1850, Volume II: Marriages and Deaths, NEHGS, Boston, Massachusetts, 1909
Alternate birth: about 1605 Axminster, Devon, England[citation needed]
Alternate Death :17 Dec 1673[citation needed]

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Comments: 8

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Parker-26961 and Parker-9174 appear to represent the same person because: same person
posted by [Living Schmeeckle]
According to Anderson's "Great Migration," James Cudworth had only one wife, Mary Parker. (James Cudworth's stepfather was a Stoughton.) I'd like to merge this profile into Mary Parker's profile, unless the profile managers know that Sarah Stoughton indeed existed.
posted by [Living Schmeeckle]
Goodman-8 and Parker-12910 appear to represent the same person because: Mary Goodman didn't exist. Cudworth's wife was Mary Parker-12910. Therefore please merge goodman away into Parker-12910. Thank you.
posted by Jillaine Smith
The person who created this profile hasn't been on wikitree for over a year. Jim, it looks like this profile should be merged away into Parker-12910 yes?
posted by Jillaine Smith
Most likely there are no sources because her name wasn't Goodman. Someone read something that probably mention Goody Cudworth, Wife of James and made her name Mary Goodman!!

Great Migration, Vol 2 -Cudworth's wife was Mary Parker, whom he m. at Northam, co. Devon, on 1 Feb. 1633/4 (p. 254)

posted by [Living Wormelle]

P  >  Parker  |  C  >  Cudworth  >  Mary (Parker) Cudworth

Categories: Puritan Great Migration