Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His medical discoveries provided direct support for the germ theory of disease and its application in clinical medicine. He is best known to the general public for his invention of the technique of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial contamination, a process now called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of bacteriology, and is popularly known as the "father of microbiology".
Louis Pasteur was born on December 27, 1822, in Dole, Jura, France, to a Catholic family of a poor tanner. He was the third child of Jean-Joseph Pasteur and Jeanne-Etiennette Roqui. He met and courted Marie Laurent at the University of Strasbourg, daughter of the university's rector. They were married on May 29, 1849, and together had five children, only two of whom survived to adulthood; the other three died of typhoid. These personal tragedies were his motivations for curing infectious diseases.
Pasteur was frequently struck by strokes since 1868, and the one in 1894 severely impaired his health. Failing to fully recover from the shock, he died in 1895, near Paris. He was given a state funeral and was buried in the Cathedral of Notre Dame, but his remains were re-interred in a crypt in the Pasteur Institute in Paris, where the crypt is engraved with his life-saving works.
.1 Etienne PASTEUR d=bef. May 1656 res=Mouche m=Jeanne ROUGET d=bef. May 1656 with 6 children
..2 Claude PASTEUR contrat de mariage=01 Jan 1639 Jeanne BESCHET=Bésuchet with 2 children
...3 Denis PASTEUR b=09 Dec 1656 Monthury occ=meunier à Plénise, puis à Doye, puis à Lemu d=01 Oct 1716 Lemuy  m=09 Feb 1682 Miéges (contrat de mariage 23 Feb 1682) Jeanne DAVID b=24 Mar 1665 Onglières d=27 Aug 1717 with 4 children
....4 Claude PASTEUR b=15 Feb 1683 Plénisette occ=1729-1739 occ=meunier à Lemuy (first family member who learned to write) d=05 Oct 1746 m=11 Feb 1716 Lemuy to Jeanne BELLE with 8 children
.....5 Claude Etienne PASTEUR b=21 Feb 1733 d=30 Dec 1798 Salins occ=tanneur à Salins (He can be called the family's first "researcher" as he was intrigued with the physical sciences & experimented with electiricity) m=16 Oct 1764 Cernans to Claudine Françoise LAMBERT b=22 Nov 1738 Cernans d=09 May 1812 with 11 children
......6 Jean Henri PASTEUR b=28 Aug 1769 Salins (From Nov 1788 to Jan 1791, he performed military service (dans l'armée, au Royal d'artillerie de Metz) occ=tanneur à Besançon d=03 Sep 1796 Besançon m#1=01 Mar 1791 in Besançon to Claudine Gabrielle JOURDAN b=23 Dec 1770 Besançon d=18 Aug 1792 with 2 children. m#2=27 Nov 1792 in Voray to Thérèse SAINT b=30 Jan 1768 Voray with 1 daughter
.......7a Jean Joseph PASTEUR b=16 Mar 1791 Besançon (He was 5 years old when his father died & went to live with his paternal grandparents, but 2 years later his grandfather disappeared) occ=tanneur (@20 years old he was called to military service on 13 May 1811) d=15 Jun 1865 Arbois m= 26 Aug 1816 in Salins to Jeanne Etiennette ROQUI b=12 Apr 1793 Marnoz d=21 May 1848 with 5 children
........8 Louis PASTEUR b=27 Dec 1822 Dole d=28 Sep 1895 Villeuneuve l'Etang m=29 May 1849 in Strasbourg to Marie Aimée LAURENT b=15 Jan 1826 in Clermont Ferrand with 5 children
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