John Paul Jones was a Scottish sailor and the United States' first well-known naval fighter in the American Revolution. Although he made enemies among America's political elites, his actions in British waters during the Revolution earned him an international reputation which persists to this day. As such he is sometimes referred to as the "Father of the United States Navy". He later served in the Imperial Russian Navy at the invitation of Catherine The Great  .
John Paul was born in a cottage on the estate of Arbigland near Kirkbean, in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright on the southwest coast of Scotland on July 6th, 1747 to John Paul, Sr. a gardener on William Craik's estate and Jean McDuff, his wife, who had been Mr. Craik's housekeeper. The cottage is now known as The Commodore John Paul Jones Cottage. John loved the sea from an early age. John began his education at the parish school near his home, but his formal education ended when he was apprenticed to his first ship.
John Paul served in the military during the years of 1775–88. As an officer of the Continental Navy of the American Revolution, John Paul helped establish the traditions of courage and professionalism that the sailors of the United States Navy today proudly maintain. Having taken up residence in Virginia, he volunteered early in the War of Independence to serve in his adopted country's infant navy and raised with his own hands the Continental ensign on board the flagship of the Navy's first fleet. He took the war to the enemy's homeland with daring raids along the British coast and the famous victory of the Bonhomme Richard over HMS Serapis. After the Bonhomme Richard began taking on water and fires broke out on board, the British commander asked Jones if he had struck his flag. Jones replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" In the end, it was the British commander who surrendered. 
John Paul's final rank in the US Navy was Captain, and in the Imperial Russian Navy was Rear Admiral. He participated in the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Nassau, the Battle of Block Island, the USS Providence vs HMS Mellish, the Irish/North Sea Campaign, in the Action of 24 April 1778, and the Battle of Flamborough Head. His merits included the Institution du Mérite Militaire, the Congressional Gold Medal, and the Order of St. Anne.
Jones is remembered for his indomitable will, his unwillingness to consider surrender when the slightest hope of victory still burned. Throughout his naval career Jones promoted professional standards and training. Sailors of the United States Navy can do no better than to emulate the spirit behind John Paul Jones's stirring declaration: "I wish to have no connection with any ship that does not sail fast for I intend to go in harm's way." 
John Paul Jones died July 18, 1792 of interstitial nephritis and was found lying face-down on his bed in his third-floor Paris apartment, No. 19 Rue de Tournon. A small procession of servants, friends and loyal family walked his body the four miles (6.4 km) for burial. Having no wife or children, he left his entire estate to his sisters and their children. He was buried in Paris at the Saint Louis Cemetery, which belonged to the French royal family. 
There is quite an extensive story on his burial and reinternment on Wikipedia. His body was located in 1905, mummified and placed in a lead coffin. On approaching the American coastline, seven U.S. Navy battleships joined the procession escorting Jones's body back to America. On April 24, 1906, Jones's coffin was installed in Bancroft Hall at the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, following a ceremony in Dahlgren Hall, presided over by President Theodore Roosevelt who gave a speech paying tribute to John Paul Jones and holding him up as an example to the officers of the Navy. On January 26, 1913, the Captain's remains were finally re-interred in a magnificent bronze and marble sarcophagus at the United States Naval Academy Chapel, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland. FindAGrave features a photo of his memorial with what appears to be a casket, in a roped off section of the Chapel.
Jones County, Mississippi was named in honor of John Paul Jones. Commissioned in 1991, the USS John Paul Jones (DDG-53) is the latest ship named in honor of Jones, with three previous ships also carrying his name.
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On 3 Jul 2019 at 18:54 GMT Abby (Brown) Glann wrote:
On 3 Jul 2019 at 14:37 GMT Dave Waters wrote:
In the 18th and 19th century 13 was a reasonable age for a child to be apprenticed/start work - becoming a ships master so young was an achievement. In answer to Norma's question Jones was a British subject when he began to fight for the revolutionaries, (A renegade Scot, as my father called him) America only became a country on 4th July 1776.
On 3 Jul 2019 at 11:43 GMT Norma (Martin) Farnhell wrote:
On 2 Jul 2019 at 23:33 GMT Paula Hawkins wrote:
On 4 Jun 2019 at 00:24 GMT Abby (Brown) Glann wrote:
We'll be featuring John Paul Jones in July as our example profile of the week. Feel free to make some updates between now and then. Otherwise, I'll be doing some tinkering closer to the feature date (Jul3).
On 23 Jan 2019 at 02:43 GMT Don Giddens wrote:
On 5 Jan 2019 at 19:37 GMT Vicki Norman wrote:
On 21 Aug 2016 at 03:41 GMT Gordon Simpkinson wrote:
On 10 Dec 2014 at 02:46 GMT Michael Stills wrote:
On 13 Nov 2014 at 22:51 GMT Gene Adkins Jr. wrote:
Categories: This Day In History July 18 | This Day In History July 06 | Congressional Gold Medal | Battle of Nassau | Battle of Block Island | Battle of Flamborough Head | Irish-North Sea Campaign | USS Providence vs HMS Mellish | American Founding Fathers | United States Navy | Continental Navy Officers | Namesakes US Counties | Example Profiles of the Week | British Notables | Notables | Continental Navy, American Revolution | United States Naval Academy Chapel, Annapolis, Maryland