The In the 1900 federal census gives his birth year explicitly as 1820. This was followed by other censuses both earlier and later. However, the deposition given below suggests that 1823 is more accurate. He had a penchant for presenting himself as older than he was. At his death he was claiming to be 103 years old, and by the time his tombstone had been carved, his age had reached 108 years! (Find a Grave)
His French name, "Alexis," by which he is known in early records, is more commonly a woman's name in the English speaking world. Since "Alex" is a nickname for "Alexis," Payer changed his name formally to "Alexander," but went by the name "Alex," even in census records.
In 1837, Alexis received $1,600 as his share of the treaty allotment payout. (Wyckoff)
On 5 Oct. 1838, Benjamin L'Ecuyer and Francis Roy testified before a commission stating, "that they are well acquainted with Alexis Payon or Payer, residing at Prairie du Chien, and aged about twelve or fourteen Years. He is the Son of Michael Payon or Payer, and Mau. naw. tee. see a Winnebago Woman of full blood: the said Michael and Mau. naw. tee. see. resided for several Years after their marriage on Prairie du Chien, after which the said Michael emigrated to the West with some Indians, and has remained there ever since, and will so continue to reside, as deponents verily believe: Since his departure the said Michael has contributed nothing to the support of his Wife and said Child, which these deponents know from being nearly related to said Mau. naw. tee. see. and on habits of close intimacy with her: the said Alexis is an intelligent boy, well conducted and of good habits, he is naturally very smart, and if educated would make a good citizen, and intelligent person of business, but his education has heretofore been necessarily neglected from want of means." (Waggoner, 6-7)
He married Sarah Ann Rasdall, a.k.a., Rogue. She consistently lied about her age on the censuses, claiming that she was nine years older than she actually was. This was for a good reason: Alex married her when she was 12 years old, perhaps for her protection.
According to the 1900 federal census, they had 10 children, of whom 5 survived. The oldest child mentioned in the earliest census was Barcley, who was born in 1874; but a set of marriage licenses shows that he had an older child, Louisa, born in 1867. The remaining children were: Mary (b. 1876), Clara (b. 1881), Maggie (b. 1884).
Gatschet, writing some notes about prospective informants in 1889, said, "Mrs. John Johnson, lives towards the Bluffs, speaks English & can tell a good deal. Alek. Pare [Alex Payer ?], her father, a policeman, speaks English." Mrs. Johnson, assuming Alex had no other children than those listed here, ought to have been Louise, who would have been 32 at the time.
An affidavit from 1838 states, "the said Alexis is an intelligent boy, well conducted and of good habits, he is naturally very smart, and if educated would make a good citizen ..." (Waggoner, 7a)
In 1865, when he lived with his wife in Minnesota, he was an interpreter for the United States government. He may have functioned in this capacity on and off for a number of years. He may be seen here standing in the back row in the photograph by R. A. Lewis taken in New York in 1865.
On the reservation in Winnebago, Nebraska, he joined the Indian Police early on, and by 1879 he had risen to the rank of Sergeant with a salary of $5.00 per month. By 1891, he had become Chief of Police at a salary of $15.00 per month. (Official Register, 1879, 347; 1891, 712)
In the 1900 census, he claimed to have been born in Iowa, although an affidavit says that he resided in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. However, since this town is on the Mississippi River, it is possible that he could have been born on the west bank side, which is in Iowa. Nevertheless, in a list of Indian Agency employees from 1879, he said to have been born in Wisconsin.
In the Treaty of 1829, Alexis was given one section of land in Rockford, Illinois. The same was granted to his mother and each of his siblings. (Kappler)
In May of 1865, he and his wife were residing in Empire City, Dakotah County, Minnesota according to the state census.
Once settled in Winnebago, Nebraska, the site of the Indian Reservation, he seems to have stayed there until his death.
He may have died in his 85th year, or if we accept the ages given in the various censuses, his 89th year. He is buried by a pink granite tombstone with the false birth date of 1801. His plot is located at the Winnebago Cemetery, Winnebago, Thurston County, Nebraska, USA.
Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.
Alex is 20 degrees from Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Mountbatten, 22 degrees from Grace de Monaco, 23 degrees from Henrik af Danmark, 35 degrees from Sālote Tupou, 22 degrees from Liliʻuokalani Kapaakea, 25 degrees from Te Atairangikaahu Paki, 26 degrees from Bhumibol Adulyadej, 22 degrees from Claus van Amsberg, 18 degrees from Jan Sobieski and 32 degrees from Fionnuala O'Connor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.