At the time of the 1850 Census, John was living in Madrid with Isabella and their three children, and was employed as a tailor. By the year 1860, he had moved to the Village of Waddington, where he lived with Isabella, four children (a couple others had since perished), and three boarders, and continued working as a tailor.
His tailor shop was involved in a fire on 31 December 1853, when a general store in the village caught on fire. Next door to the store was an adjoining Post Office building, where John's tailor shop was located on the second floor. Both buildings were destroyed, although luckily no one was injured and the buildings were partially insured.
Aside from working as a tailor, John was heavily involved in local affairs, including Freemasonry. He was a founding member of Waddington Lodge 393, and was elected its first Worshipful Master in early 1857. Additionally, between the years 1850 and 1860, John served as President of the Village of Waddington for three years in 1852, 1855, and 1859. He was also a Trustee of the Village of Waddington at least once, as he was serving as such at the time of his first enlistment into the army in 1861. During the last few months that he was in St. Lawrence County before going off to war, he actively helped recruit new volunteer enlistees into his regiment.
John enlisted into the infantry at the age of 36 on 30 October 1861 in Potsdam, New York, with the intention of serving a three-year term. He was mustered in as second lieutenant in Company K under Capt. Levi Miller on 8 November 1861, and was commissioned as second lieutenant on 13 January 1862. He resigned from his post for unknown reasons and was discharged on 18 January 1863.
As was the case with all other of-aged men after 1863, John had to register for the Civil War draft, and did so in June 1863, this time listing his occupation as "Mechanic". It is unknown why his previous military experience wasn't listed.
Regardless, John re-enlisted at the age of 37 on 30 July 1863 at Malone, New York, with the intention of serving a three-year term, and was mustered in as private in Company K of the 48th New York Infantry Regiment on the same day. John's wife, Isabella, acknowledged at the 1890 Census of Union Soldiers that he had gone missing in action, having not heard from him "since Gettysburg," which apparently had already ended by the time he was mustered in.
↑NYS Historic Newspapers: "Mass Convention". The Ogdensburgh Sentinel, vol. V, no. 25, 12 September 1848, pg. 3, image 3.
↑ "United States Census, 1850," database with images, FamilySearch, John Peacock, Madrid, St. Lawrence, New York, United States; citing family 197, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
↑ "United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch, John Peacock, 1860.
↑NYS Historic Newspapers: "Fire in Waddington". St. Lawrence Republican (Ogdensburgh, NY), January 03, 1854, Page 2, Image 2.
↑ 13.013.113.2 John Peacock in the U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865. Ancestry.com. Historical Data Systems, Inc.; Duxbury, MA 02331; American Civil War Research Database.
↑ John Peacock in the New York, U.S., Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War, ca 1861-1865. Ancestry.com. New York State Archives. Collection Number: (N-Ar)13774; Box Number: 53; Roll Number: 28.
↑ John Peacock in the New York, U.S., Civil War Muster Roll Abstracts, 1861-1900. Ancestry.com. New York State Archives; Albany, New York; Civil War Muster Roll Abstracts of New York State Volunteers, United States Sharpshooters, and United States Colored Troops [ca. 1861-1900]; Box #: 34.
↑ John Peacock in the U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865. Ancestry.com. Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registrations, 1863-1865. NM-65, entry 172, 620 volumes. NAI: 4213514. Records of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau (Civil War), Record Group 110. National Archives at Washington D.C. 1 July 1863.
↑ 21.021.1 John Peacock in the New York, U.S., Civil War Muster Roll Abstracts, 1861-1900. Ancestry.com. New York State Archives; Albany, New York; Civil War Muster Roll Abstracts of New York State Volunteers, United States Sharpshooters, and United States Colored Troops [ca. 1861-1900]; Box #: 1050-1051.
↑ "United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890," database with images, FamilySearch, John Peacock, 1890; citing NARA microfilm publication M123 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 338,211.
↑ John Peacock in the New York, U.S., Registers of Officers and Enlisted Men Mustered into Federal Service, 1861-1865. Ancestry.com. New York State Archives; Albany, New York; Series Number: A0389; Volume Number: 6.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with John: