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Jeanne Pellerin (abt. 1688 - 1758)

Jeanne Pellerin
Born about in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married 4 Feb 1709 in Port Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died in Québec, Canada, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Apr 2010 | Last significant change: 13 Feb 2021
02:38: Gisèle Cormier edited the Biography for Jeanne Pellerin (abt.1688-1758). (Fixed broken links.) [Thank Gisèle for this]
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Contents

Biography

NOTICE: this profile is protected by the Acadian Project because of she is an historically important person as ancestral matriarch of the Acadian Surette family. Please contact the Acadian Project before making any substantive changes. Thanks for helping make WikiTree the best site for accurate information.

Jeanne Pellerin is the ancestral matriarch of the Acadian Surette family.

Jeanne was born around 1688 to parents Étienne Pellerin and Jeanne Savoie.[1] She was likely born at Port Royal Acadia (Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia) as her parents were living there between 1678 and 1714. Jeanne was counted with her family in the censuses at Port-Royal at the age of 11 (1698)[2], 12 (1700) [3] and 14 (1701).[4]

On February 4 1709, Jeanne married Pierre Surette, who was a sailor by trade, and a farmer by inclination. [5] Between 1709 and 1728, the couple had nine children, all born at Port Royal: Pierre, Joseph, Anne , Marie Josèphe ,Paul (twin), Madeleine (twin), Marguerite, Françoise , et Théotiste.[1]

The newlyweds set up housekeeping not far from the Saint Laurent parish chapel, a distance up from Port Royal. They were enumerated in the 1710 [6] census at Port-Royal with their son, and again in 1714 [7] now with two sons.

"On 8 December 1755, Jeanne Pellerin, widow of Pierre Surette, and 3 of their daughters, were very likely among the people who left Port-Royal aboard the Pembroke, destined for exile in North Carolina. The Acadians on board seized the ship and headed towards the St-John River. They later moved up river to Ste-Anne-du-Pays-Bas where they settled for the winter. Afterwards, Jeanne Pellerin and her daughters sought refuge in the city of Québec where Jeanne died during the smallpox epidemic that had developed between November 1757 and February 1758.[8]

Jeanne died on January 27, 1758 in Quebec at around the age of 80 and was buried the next day at the Notre Dame De Quebec Basilica-Cathedral [9] [1][10]

Maternal DNA. Jeanne Pellerin's mother was Jeanne Savoie, whose mother was Catherine Lejeune, sister of Edmee Lajeune. Some have speculated that Catherine and Edmee were Amerindian. The Mothers of Acadia maternal DNA project posts its ongoing Maternal DNA results here. To date, the haplogroup of both sisters is consistently reported as U6a7a, indicating European origins. Another group known as Ancestry Out of Acadia DNA PROJECT, posts its results here. They too report that Catherine and Edmee have European haplogroups.

Timeline

c1688 birth
1697 Treaty of Ryswick restores Acadia to France; Port-Royal is its capital[11]
1709 marriage to Pierre Surette, in Port Royal
1709 birth, son Pierre, in Port Royal
1710 Siege of Port-Royal; French surrender the Fort. Port-Royal, Acadia becomes Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia[11]
1712 birth, son Joseph, in Port Royal
1713 Treaty of Utrecht. France cedes Acadia to England. Permanent British rule. [12]
1713-1744 Golden Age[13] of Acadian Growth and Prosperity”
1714-15 New English King requires oaths of allegiance.[14] Delegates from Port-Royal sign a conditional oath of allegiance, promising to stay true to the King of Great Britain for as long as they stayed in Nova Scotia, and to remain neutral in the event of a conflict between France and Great Britain
1715 birth, daughter Anne, in Port Royal
1718 birth, daughter Marie-Josephe, in Port Royal
1720 and onward Acadians refuse to sign an unconditional oath of allegiance. This is tolerated by the British as they lack military means to enforce the oath.[15]
1721 birth, son Paul (twin), in Port Royal
1721 birth, daughter Madeleine (twin), in Port Royal
b1726 birth, daughter Marguerite, in Port Royal
1726 birth, daughter Francoise, in Port Royal
1728 birth, daughter Theotiste, in Port Royal
1758 death, in Quebec

Sources:

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p1278-1279; 1476-1477.
  2. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1698 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie1698 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Acadian Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752”, Images 110-166
    Estienne PELLERIN 50; Jeanne SAVOIE (wife) 33; Pierre 18 Jean 14; Anne 16; Jeanne 11; Bernard 8; Alexandre 5; Charles 5 cattle, 9 sheep, 5 hogs, 10 1/2 arpents, 7 fruit trees,
  3. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1700 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie 1700 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Acadian Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752”, Images 167-173.
    Estienne PELLERIN 53; Jeanne SAVOIE (wife) 42; Pierre 18; Jean-Baptiste 15; Charles 10, BERNARD 9; Alexandre 5; Anne 16; Jeanne 12; Marguerite 1; 12 cattle, 24 sheep; 16 arpents, 1 gun.
  4. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1701 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie 1701 Census Transcription. The original census can be found at Acadian Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752”, Images 174-211.
    Estienne PELLERIN 54, Jeanne SAVOYE (wife) 45; Pierre 33, Baptiste 18, Bernard 10, Alexandre 7, Charles 5, Anne 19, Jeanne 14, Marguerite 2; 1 gun, 6 cattle, 8 sheep, 5 hogs, 4 arpents.
  5. Nova Scotia Archives, "An Acadian Parish Remembered - The Registers of St. Jean-Baptiste, Annapolis Royal, 1702-1755," register RG 1 volume 26 page 292; online database with images, Pierre Suret and Jeanne Pellerin marriage 4 February 1709, accessed 27 Nov 2019
  6. The original census can be found at Acadian Census microfilm C-9119 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752”, Images 1315-1318. P. 26, Image 1316
    Suret, sa femme, one son
  7. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1714 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie 1714 Census Transcription. The original census can be found at Acadian Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752”, Images 239-261.
    SURETTE and wife, 2 sons
  8. White, Stephen A. Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles Acadiennes, Ajouts et corrections (Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 4/11/2011) Ajouts et corrections (avril 2011)
    • 1478 (août 2007) La même famille. Ajouter, après la Note historique déjà inscrite, une nouvelle note, comme suit:
    «8 déc 1755: Jeanne Pellerin, veuve de Pierre Surette, et trois de ses filles sont fort probablement parmi les gens qui partent de Port-Royal à bord du senau Pembroke, destinés à l'exil en Caroline du Nord. Les Acadiens sur ce navire s'en sont emparés et l'ont dirigé à la rivière St-Jean. Par la suite, ils ont monté la rivière jusqu'à Ste-Anne-du-Pays-Bas, où ils ont hiverné. Jeanne Pellerin et ses filles se sont ensuite réfugiées à la ville de Québec (Delaney, loc. cit.), où Jeanne est décédée durant l'épidémie de la petite vérole qui sévissait entre novembre 1757 et février 1758».
  9. Actes d’état civil et registres d’église du Québec (Collection Drouin), 1621 à 1967. Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. Institut Généalogique Drouin; Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Drouin Collection; Author: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Search: Q > Québec > Notre-Dame > 1757-1759. Accessed on ancestry.ca, November 2019.
    (above last entry on right page) “Le 28 janvier 1758 à été inhumée Jeanne Pellerin veuve Suret, Acadienne, décédée le jour précédent âgée d’environ quatre-vingts ans. Étaient présents Jean Vallée, Jean Bois et autres.”
  10. PRDH online. Burial Quebec Parish, no. 252915
  11. 11.0 11.1 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, , p 40,43 (1693 PR raid); p44-45 (1697 Treaty of Ryswick); p52-53(1702 Queen Anne’s War); p61-62 (Blockade of PR); p 71-73(1707 Attack on PR); p82-85(1710 Siege of PR).
  12. The Neutrality: Political Context, in 1755 l'Histoire et les Histoires, University of Moncton
  13. Griffiths, Naomie E.S. The Contexts of Acadian History 1686-1784.Published for the Center for Canadian Studies Mount Allison University, Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 1992, p61 (golden age);
  14. Griffiths, Naomi E.S., From migrant to Acadian : a North-American border people, 1604-1755, Montreal (Québec), McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005, p147-151 (King William’s War); p 267-268 (oaths of allegiance)
  15. The Neutrality, 1755 Histoire et Les Histoires, University of Moncton

See also:

Acknowledgements

  • WikiTree profile Pellerin-26 created through the import of LAPIERREMARIEAGNES.GED on Dec 12, 2011 by Vincent Courtney.
  • Thank you to Nina Pyne for creating Pellerin-104 on 22 Dec 13.


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