William Penn

William Penn (1644 - 1718)

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William Penn
Born in All Hallows Barking, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 4 Apr 1672 in Rickmansworth Parish, Hertfordshire, Englandmap
Husband of — married 1696 in Bristol, Gloucestershire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Ruscomb, Twyford, Berkshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified 17 Apr 2020 | Created 4 Apr 2011
This page has been accessed 13,125 times.
William Penn
William Penn was a part of William Penn's Pennsylvania Settlers community.
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William Penn was a part of the Abolitionist Movement.

Contents

Biography

Penn at 22.
Penn at 22.
William Penn was born October 14, 1644, in London, England. He was the son of Admiral William and Margaret (Jasper) Vanderschuren Penn. His father was an English admiral, a landowner, and was knighted by King Charles II; his mother, Margaret Jasper Vanderschuren, was the daughter of a merchant. [1] William was the brother of Margaret, Mary and Richard Penn.[2]


Baptism 23 Oct 1644 All Hallows Barking - notes his parents were of the Tower Liberty. [3]

William was a Friend (Quaker)

Although a member of a distinguished Anglican family and the son of Adm. Sir William Penn, Penn joined the Religious Society of Friends or Quakers at the age of 22. The Quakers obeyed their "inner light", which they believed to come directly from God, refused to bow or take off their hats to any man, and refused to take up arms. [4]

Tower of London, c.1670
Tower of London, c.1670
Penn was a close friend of George Fox, the founder of the Quakers. These were times of turmoil, just after Cromwell's death, and the Quakers were suspect, because of their principles which differed from the state imposed religion and because of their refusal to swear an oath of loyalty to Cromwell or the King.[5]

William Penn, as a Quaker, was persecuted for his beliefs in England. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London for seven months during 1668-69 for pamphleteering.[6]

William Penn was a member of the Monthly Meeting of Upperside, Buckinghamshire and is mentioned several times in the "Minute Book of the Monthly Meeting of Upperside, Buckinghamshire 1669-1690" between 1671 and 1676.[7] His first marriage, the birth of several of his children and several family burials were recorded in the Upperside registers.

Pennsylvania

Penn founded Pennsylvania as a bastion of religious freedom. It was one of two colonies, along with Rhode Island, that tolerated Quakers . Penn wanted to establish a colony where people could live harmony:

Ferris, J. L.(1680). The Birth of Pennsylvania.
Ferris, J. L.(1680). The Birth of Pennsylvania.[8]
Consequently, on June 24, 1680, Penn asked King Charles II (1660-1685) for a charter for land in America. The only available tract in eastern North America lay west of New Jersey, north of Maryland, and south of New York, an area that England had conquered from the Dutch in 1664 and which the King had given to his brother James, the Duke of York. After appropriate discussions the King granted Penn's request on March 4, 1681.[9]
Charter of Pennsylvania

Family

William married twice, and had a large family, although sources disagree about the exact number of children he had. Many of his children died young.

The Minute Book of the Monthly Meeting of Upperside includes the following entry:[7]

Att a Meeting at Tho: Ellwood's on ye 7th of 12 th mo: 71.
Intention of marriage between William Penn of Walthamstow in the County of Essex and Gulielma Maria Springett of Tiler End Green in the parish of Penn in the County of Bucks. Thomas Zachary & Thomas Ellwood appointed to inquire.

William Penn and Gulielma Maria Springett married on the 4th of the 2nd month of 1672 (4 April 1672 new style) at King's, Charlewood, Hertfordshire. The certificate was signed by 46 witnesses.[10] Gulielma was the daughter of Sir William Springett (1620-1644) who died before she was born and Lady Mary Springett who later married Isaac Penington. They had the following children:[2][11]

  1. Gulielma Maria (born and died 1672/3)
  2. Margaret (1673/74 - 1674/5)
  3. William (1673/74 - 1674)
  4. Springett (1675/6 - 1696)
  5. Letitia (1678 - 1746) m. William Awbrey (Aubrey)
  6. William, Jr. (1679/80 - 1720)
  7. Unnamed child (born and died 1682)
  8. Gulielma Maria (1685-1689)

Two years after Gulielma's died, he married Hannah Margaret Callowhill, the 25-year-old daughter of Thomas Callowhill and Anna (Hannah) Hollister. Penn was 52. They had eight children over a twelve year period:

  1. John Penn (1699/00–1746). Single.
  2. Thomas Penn (1700/01–1775) m. Lady Juliana Fermor[12]
  3. Hannah Penn (1703 - 1707/8)
  4. Margaret Penn (1704/5 - 1771)
  5. Richard Penn, Sr. (1705 – 1771)
  6. Dennis Penn (1705/6 - 1721/2)
  7. Hannah Penn (1708 – 1709)
  8. Louis Penn (1707-1724)[13][14][11]

William Penn, his second wife Hannah, and daughter Letitia Penn (by his first wife) sailed out of the Isle of Wight on September 3, 1699 on the Canterbury, or Canterbury Merchant. The ship reportedly survived an attack by pirates during the voyage, which ended December 3, 1699 at Philadelphia[15] - a city planned and developed under Penn's direction.[14][11]

Death and Legacy

Although a slave owner,[16] Penn is remembered for peaceful tolerance. He forged a treaty with the local Leni Lenape Indians and saw that the tribe was respected and the terms of the treaty honored, saving the colony from the conflicts and attacks other English colonies suffered. [17]

William Penn contributed significantly to our form of government in the United States. Penn’s belief that “Religion and Policy…are two distinct things, have two different ends, and may be fully prosecuted without respect on to the other” took hold and became one of America’s most important ideals the separation of church and state which is the basis for religious freedom. [18]

Quakers believed that everyone had to seek God in his or her own way. Penn also thought that religious tolerance – or “liberty of conscience” – would create stronger governments and wealthier societies. Penn was unique among his fellow philosophers in that he had the opportunity to act on his beliefs. In Pennsylvania, religious tolerance was the law. [18] William Penn's belief that this would create wealth was disappointed. He had hoped that his colony would be profitable for him and his sons. It never became so:

William Penn died penniless on 30 July 1718, at his home in Ruscombe, near Twyford in Berkshire. He was buried on 5 August 1718 in an unmarked grave next to his first wife in the cemetery of the Jordans Quaker meeting house near Chalfont St Giles in Buckinghamshire in England. His wife as sole executor became the de facto proprietor [of Pennsylvania] until she died in 1726.[19][20][21][22]

William Penn and Hannah Callowhill were declared US Honorary Citizens by Ronald Reagan in 1984.[23]

Penn's Works

Links


Sources

Fantel, H. (1974). William Penn: Apostle of Dissent, (pp.6). NY: William Morrow & Co.; ISBN 0-688-00310-9, p 72
Hirsch, A. D.(n.d.). A Tale of Two Wives. ournals.psu.edu.
Impey, E. & Parnell, G. (2000). The Tower of London: The Official Illustrated History. Merrell Publishers in association with Historic Royal Palaces. ISBN 1-85894-106-7.
Jenkins, H.M. (n.d.). The Family of William Penn: Founder of Pennsylvania, Ancestry and Descendants. Google Books.
Weems, M.L. (n.d.). The Life of William Penn: The Settler of Pennsylvania, the Founder of Philadelphia, and One of the First Lawgivers in the Colonies, Now United States, in 1692. N.p. Google Books.
Some Pennsylvania Dutch Genealogies (n.d.). N.p. archive.org. E--book.
Standing, H. (n.d.). Quakers in Delaware in the Time of William Penn. nc-chap.org. PDF.
William Penn: An Historical Biography Founded on Family and State Papers by William Hepworth Dixon, Hepworth Dixon Published 1856
"Will of William Penn", in Miscellanea Genealogica and Heraldica, New Series, Vol. 1 (1874), p. 4.

Footnotes

  1. Biography: William Penn. www.biography.com.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Some Pennsylvania Dutch Genealogies (n.d.).
  3. https://www.ancestry.ca/interactive/1624/47188_302022005561_0175-00383?pid=22117430 (Ancestry subscription required)
  4. Beliefs and Practices of the Religious Society of Friends. www.religioustolerance.org.
  5. Fantel, 1974
  6. Impey & Parnell, 2000
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Minute Book of the Monthly Meeting of Upperside, Buckinghamshire 1669-1690". Available from the Buckinghamshire Record Society. http://www.bucksrecsoc.org.uk/BRS-VOLUMES/brs-vol-01.pdf
  8. Penn, holding paper, standing and facing King Charles II, in the King's breakfast chamber at Whitehall (Wikipedia)
  9. Colonial Days. Pennsylvania State Community Documents, 1681 -1776. www.portal.state.pa.us.
  10. "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NJZ1-3TH : 10 February 2018), William Penn and Guleilma Maria Springett, 04 Apr 1672; citing Kings, Charle-Wood, Hertford, England, reference v 168 p 24, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 583,993. Image https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L964-X85W?i=136
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Jenkins, n.d.
  12. Father: Thomas, 1st Earl of Pomfret; 4th dau.
  13. Hirsch, n.d.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Wikipedia: William Penn.
  15. paraphrased from Category: Canterbury (1699) citing Wikipedia: Canterbury (ship)
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Penn owned at least 12 slaves," but "gradually came around to advocating abolition." When he died, Pennsylvania was still, "a long way from ending the practice." (Pennsylvania slavery by the numbers. www.ushistory.org).
  17. Penn Treaty. penntreatymuseum.org.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Penn in American History. www.pennsburymanor.org.
  19. "England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JC6T-Q28 : 10 February 2018), William Penn, burial 05 Aug 1718; citing Jordens, Gyles Chalfont, Bucks, England, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 583,993. Image https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-8964-XZWQ?i=346
  20. Find A Grave: Memorial #802
  21. Wikipedia: Jordans, Buckinghamshire
  22. See links, citations and family tree (Wikipedia).
  23. Proclamation 5284. www.reagan.utexas.edu.
  24. See more of Penn's work at Wikipedia.
Edited for Jan 2014 Style Standards. See Gedcoms in Changes.

Acknowledgements



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Comments: 9

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The information about William's children is incorrect. This has clearly just been copied from Wikipedia without checking primary sources.

Gulielma Maria lived 23 Jan 1672/3 O.S. - 17 Mar 1672/3 O.S. She was followed by twins William [not listed] (28 Feb 1673/4 O.S. - 15 May 1674) and Margaret [NOT Maria Margaret] (28 Feb 1673/4 O.S. - 24 Feb 1674/5 O.S.) then Springett etc. FamilySearch has images of the Upperside Monthly Meeting registers which have the birth and death entries for many of the children.

posted by Ray Hawkes
This seems to have two burial spots for Wm. Penn--next to his first wife and in Old Jordans Cemetery. Should be explained if body divided.
posted by Kathy Rabenstein
Because William arrived on one the Penn Fleet ships (obviously LOL), the Penn Project is a better choice to manage the profile. Therefore the Quakers Project box should be removed. I tried to change it to the {{ Quakers_Sticker }} but couldn't get the placement correct within the biography. Would someone else please give it a try. At the least, the {{ Quakers }} template needs to come off the profile. Thanks, Debi - Quakers Project Leader

PS sorry about the duplicate message. Discovered how to make the set braces appear for the Template names in the comment.

posted by Debi (McGee) Hoag
Son Louis appears to be undocumented. Perhaps that is why he is listed in an incorrect order. There was an eighth child of William and Hannah: A child, unnamed, b. or d. 1697.

This child is noted by Mr Cadbury in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, LXXXI, 79.

posted by William Collins
Wondering about his inclusion as a slaveholder and an abolitionist  ??
posted by M (Joslin) J
I am proud to say that I have found several ancestors of mine that bought, or was warranted land, from William and his sons John and Thomas. John Penn's house, Thomas' son, is not far from where I live, in Selinsgrove, PA.
posted by Ken Wise
intriguing bio here
posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
There are two children named Gulielma Maria and two named Hannah. Please do not merge these as they are not the same people.
posted by Paula J
I propose we disconnect Ann as wife from William Penn. I cannot find any evidence he was married more than twice.

Anyone disagree?

posted by Paula J

Rejected matches › William Penn (-1696)

William is 15 degrees from Donald Howard, 13 degrees from Julia Howe and 11 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.