|William Sanford Pennington
of New Jersey
Samuel Pennington 1725 – 1791
Mary Sanford 1725 – 1805
Pennington married Phoebe Wheeler around 1786. They had ten children including William Pennington (1796–1862) who became Governor of New Jersey and Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. After the death of his wife in 1804, he married Elizabeth Pierson (c. 1765–1840) on July 13, 1805.
Gov. of NJ.; Judge: Maj. in Amer. Rev. William Sanford Pennington was Governor of the State of NJ. 1813-1814. Admitted to the bar in 1802. He was Associate Justice of Supreme Court of New Jersey from Feb. 1804 to _____, and Judge of the U.S. District Court for New Jersey from 1815 to his death. He was an officer of 2nd Regiment of NJ Artillery in the Revolutionary War, serving under Gen. Knox. Rank of Major conferred by special act of Congress. His diary from 1780 to 1781 is in possession of the New Jersey Historical Society. 
William Sanford Pennington left the United States Attorney's Office in 1804 to become an Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, and in 1813 he became the governor of New Jersey.
(His son, William Pennington, would later be the governor of New Jersey from 1837 to 1843.) .
From 1815 until his death in 1826, Pennington served as the United States District Judge for the District of New Jersey. (Until 1905, the District of New Jersey was served by only a single district judge.).
Pennington had become well known for his courage during the Revolutionary War, when General. Knox once spotted him under enemy fire loading and firing a cannon by himself, a task usually requiring the work of two or three people. .
The town of Pennington, New Jersey, is named for him. The town used to be called Penny Town but later changed their name. 
1st spouse: Phoebe Wheeler Birth 5 May 1771 in Elizabethtown, Essex Co., NJ Death 13 Feb 1804 in Newark, Essex Co., NJ. Married abt 1787 in Newark, Essex Co., NJ
2nd spouse: Mrs. Elizabeth Pierson Birth abt 1767 Death 4 Jan 1840 in Newark, Essex Co., NJ. Married 13 Jul 1805 in Newark, Essex Co., NJ
Children with Phoebe Wheeler:
Pennington's diary written 1780-1781
During his time as a Second Lieutenant in the army, he describes the daily life of a soldier, writing about marches, dining with friends, letters received, visits home, and news and hearsay from the front. The entries track Pennington’s movements during this period but also give insight into the movements of the larger army and major figures in the Revolutionary War, including General George Washington whom Pennington dines with. During the course of the diary, Pennington himself marches from near West Point, New York to and around New Jersey and back again. He also mentions general problems with which the army is dealing, for example looting and dueling, and the resulting executions and deaths. More particularly, he writes of the betrayal of General Benedict Arnold in September of 1780 and the "mutiny of the Pennsylvania line" at Morristown, their surrender, and punishment (including the execution of two of their leaders) in January of 1781.
Wednesday, September 20, 1826 Paper: Evening Post (New York, NY) Page: 2 - This death notice states Wm S Pennington died at his late residence in Newark, NJ on Sunday morning.
American (New York, NY), Friday, 22 Sep 1826 - DIED At New-Brunswick, on Sabbath morning last in the 69th year of his age, Hon. William S. Pennington, Judge of the District Court of the US for the District of NJ.
Inscribed in a Latin inscription, which, translated: This marble is erected to the memory of a man imbued with sacred lore and no less experienced in all human knowledge. From his earliest youth he was dedicated to holiness - a strenuous advocate of the Christian faith, and second to none in devotion. Of easy manners - humane in his conduct - an exemplar of every charity-adorned with a thousand virtues his modesty concealed.
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