||Magna Carta Surety Baron|
Richard de Percy was one of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta in 1215.
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Richard de Percy was born before 1181, when he is named in the Pipe Rolls. His parents were Joscelin de Louvain and Agnes, who was heiress to the original Percies.
Richard's older brother Henry died in 1198, and, following his mother's death in 1202, Richard was able to claim her lands. Among the lands he inherited was the Barony of Topcliffe, based in Yorkshire.
During the first years of the reign of King John, Richard often fought for him. But in 1214 he refused to fight in France. The following year he became one of the Surety Barons for the Magna Carta. Along with others who rebelled against King John, he was excommunicated in December 1215. he allied himself with the invasion forces of Louis, Dauphin of France, and in 1216 helped to secure Yorkshire for Louis.
In May 1217 Henry III gave Richard's lands to his nephew William, but they were restored by the end of that year. In the 1220s he fought for Henry III.
Richard married twice. His first wife was called Alice, but her origins are unknown. His second wife was Agnes de Neville. He had a son called Henry, who appears to have been illegitimate as Richard's main heir was his nephew William.
Richard died before 18 August 1244, and may have been buried in Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire, of which he was a benefactor.
Inquisitions Post Mortem in the reign of Henry III for the substantial Yorkshire lands of Richard and his nephew William de Percy (they appear to be for both of them, probably because William inherited from Richard and they died in fairly quick succession) are undated, though some were endorsed in 43 Henry III (1258-9). The lands may not all have been Richard de Percy's: some may have been lands which William held independently. Among those holding lands of either or both Richard and William was a Henry de Percy, at Settle in Yorkshire, who may have been Richard's probably illegitimate son Henry, though he is not the only fairly closely-related Henry de Percy of this period. Also mentioned is a Peter de Percy holding land at Ilkley, Yorkshire.
~ Biography courtesy of Professor Nigel Saul and the Magna Carta 800th Anniversary Committee)
Richard's Wikipedia entry calls him the ancestor of the House of Percy, but this is of course incorrect. He is one of the 8 Magna Carta sureties with no traced ongoing line of descendants.
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P > Percy | D > de Percy > Richard (Percy) de Percy
Categories: House of Percy | Magna Carta | Surety Barons
Son Henry was almost certainly illegitimate, mother unknown (see the bio).
I have asked a question in G2G. Subject to any answers to that, I am minded to detach Joan Alice Braose, and detach Richard's son Henry from her, with research notes in the relevant profiles.
These eight barons have no descendants after four generations and do not link to any colonial Gateway Ancestors.
In WikiTree, he does.
Quite a full tree, actually - on down to Anne Fairfax who married Lawrence Washington (brother of 1st US President George Washington). The profile for Anne's father, Fairfax-218, has at the top:
Has been called a "gateway ancestor."
The previous comment suggests profiles attached to Percy-8 are the problem.
Thanks for the help!
The problem appears to be profiles attached to https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Percy-8 that shouldn't be. The Magna Carta project is looking into it.