"Richard de Percy (before 1181-1244) was the second son of Agnes, heiress of the original Percy family, and Jocelin de Louvain, a younger son of Godfrey, duke of Lorraine, and brother of Adeliza, second wife of Henry I. His background and parentage are illustrative of the cosmopolitanism of the Angevin world.
"Early in John’s reign Richard served on military expeditions with or for the king, but as the community of northern lords of which he was part moved into opposition to the king, so he went along with them, and in 1214 he refused to join John’s Poitevin expedition. On 26 June 1215 he was excommunicated by the pope for his disobedience, and in the following year he and other Yorkshire lords went over to Louis, the French king’s son, the leader of the baronial armies. He only returned to the king’s peace in November 1217.
"Richard married, first, Alice, of unknown parentage, and, on her death, Agnes de Neville. He died in 1244, before 18 August. In his lifetime he had been a benefactor of two Yorkshire abbeys, Sawley (or Salley) and Fountains, and he specified in a grant to Fountains that, if the arrangements specified in the grant were carried out, he was to be buried in that house.
"A shadowy figure, he stands out less vividly than some of the northern lords with whom he was associated."
PERCY, RICHARD de, fifth Baron Percy (1170?–1244), born about 1170, was second son of Agnes, heiress of the original Percy family, and Josceline de Louvain, a younger son of Godfrey, duke of Brabant, who took his wife's name on his marriage. Richard is said to have taken a prominent part in the vehement opposition of the northern barons to the proposed sale of Northumberland to William the Lion in 1194. In 1196 Percy's elder brother Henry died, leaving a son William (1183?–1245) [q. v.], in his fifteenth year. Percy assumed administration of his nephew's lands and the baronial rights as fifth baron Percy, though the officially appointed guardian of the minor was William Brewer (d. 1226) [q. v.] In the same year his mother Agnes died, and he seized her lands, while he received the lands of his aunt the Countess of Warwick by bequest. After his nephew had attained his majority, Richard retained his property. A long litigation between the two was not concluded till 1234, when it was decided that Richard should hold the moiety of the Percy estates bequeathed to him by the Countess of Warwick, but at his death the whole property was to revert to William.
King John earned Richard de Percy's enmity for many personal injuries, but the greatest hatred was reserved on account of Percy's kin, the Lady Braose and her son, starved to death by King John in the dungeons of Windsor Castle. Percy was one of the northern barons who began the struggle which ended in the signing of Magna Charta by refusing to accompany the king to France in 1213 (Stubbs, i. 580; Rog. Wend. Rolls Ser. ii. 114). On 7 May 1215 he and some others made an attempt to treat with the king (Patent Rolls, 17 John, Record Comm. p. 180); he was one of the twenty-five executors of Magna Charta (Stubbs, i. 582), and he was excommunicated by Innocent III by name on 26 Dec. In 1216 he and other northern barons reduced Yorkshire to the obedience of Louis of France (Rog. Wend. ii. 169, 190). On 11 May 1217 Henry III granted Percy's lands to his nephew William. But they were restored by the king on Percy's submission on 2 Nov. (Close Rolls, Record Comm. i. 308, 339).
Percy helped to besiege Ralph de Gaugi in Newark Castle in 1218 (ib. i. 379 b), and he was one of three barons charged with the destruction of Skipton Castle in 1221 (ib. p. 474). In 1236 he appears among the witnesses of the confirmation of the charters (Annals of Tewkesbury, i. 104). The year after, when in the parliament the barons prepared to deliberate apart on the king's demands, Gilbert Basset suggested to the king that he should send some of his friends to attend the conference. The words caught the ear of Richard de Percy, and he indignantly cried, ‘What did you say, friend Gilbert? Are we foreigners then, and not friends of the king?’ (Matt. Paris, Hist. Maj. iii. 381–2). He died before 18 Aug. 1244 (Excerpta e Rotulis Finium, Record ed. i. 421). The manor of Ludford was left by him to the priory of Sixhills (Rot. Cart. Joh. p. 159 b).
On the death of his first wife, a sister of William Brewer, Percy married Agnes de Neville, daughter of Geoffrey de Neville of Raby in Northumberland, and his wife Joan. Richard and Agnes had two sons, Henry and Alexander.
Richard de Percy died in 1244, and was buried at Whitby Abby, North Yorkshire, England.
Besides authorities cited in the text, see De Fonblanque's Annals of the House of Percy, 1887, i. 36 sq. and 482–7 (appendix); Dugdale's Baronage of England, 1675, i. 271; Banks's Dormant and Extinct Baronetage, ii. 415.
ENGLAND, EARLS - created 1138-1143 B. EARLS of NORTHUMBERLAND 1377-1527 (PERCY). Entry for Richard de Percy (-1244) (accessed 10 April 2019).
A history of the house of Percy, database online, Internet Archive, extracted from Gerald Brenan, A History of House of Percy, (London, Freemantle & Co., 1902), Vol II, page 15 - 17
Collins, Arthur, and Egerton Brydges, "Percy, Duke of Northumberland" Collins's Peerage of England Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical. Vol. II. (London: Printed for F.C. and J. Rivington, Otridge and Son et Al., 1812), 217-366. Print.
His Wikipedia page calls him the ancestor of the House of Percy, but this is of course incorrect. He is one of the 8 Magna Carta sureties with no traced ongoing line of descendants.
This page has been edited according to Style Standards adopted by January 2014. Descriptions of imported gedcoms for this profile are under the Changes tab.
Magna Carta Project
As a surety baron, Richard de Percy is managed by the Magna Carta Project, even though he is one of the eight barons who had no descendants past the fourth generation. ~ Noland-165 00:06, 27 January 2018 (EST)
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Richard by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
Richard de Percy was one of the twenty five barons appointed to enforce the observance of Magna Carta. Along with his nephew William (c. 1183-1245), latterly the 6th Baron Percy, he was amongst the lords who rose in arms against King John and his estates declared forfeit. Upon John's death Percy immediately made his peace with Henry III, and had his lands restored to him.