JOHANN KARL AUGUST PETZOLT, son of Johan August Petzolt and Anna Rosina (John) Petzold, born in Kadlewe, Kreis (county) Guhrau, German Confederation, July 4, 1849; died at home on 18 Cedar Street, Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, February 19, 1921, age 71; buried Emmanuel Episcopal Church Cemetery, Stamford; member of the evangelical religion, member of the Episcopal Church; farmhand, workman (laborer), foundryman; married in Berlin, German Empire (Second Reich), October 11, 1877 (both sets of parents being deceased at the time of marriage), Amelia Henrietta Dehmel, born in Böckey, Kreis Lüben, German Confederation, April 20, 1854; died at home on 18 Cedar Street, November 12, 1923, age 69; buried with her husband; daughter of Gottlieb Dehmel and Johana Frederike (Franke) Dehmel. [See below for sources.]
Johann Karl August Petzolt went by his middle name 'August.' His wife went by 'Amelia.' The Petzold name was changed to Petzolt when the family immigrated to the United States.
August, Amelia, and son George immigrated to the United States in 1880. They arrived with a friend, Mary Kurt (she is also buried in Emmanuel Episcopal Church Cemetery). They arrived in New York City on December 27, 1880 aboard the SS Egypt, which departed from Liverpool, England. August became a naturalized citizen October 13, 1888. The Hermann Sons (mutual aid society for German immigrants) helped August (and later, sons George and Will and daughters Mary and Amelia) find employment. August belonged to the Liedertafel (German Singing Society) and use to meet for carols at Christmas time.
The Petzolt Bible was in the possession of Freda “Fritzie” Florence (Petzolt) Czako. It had the following information. Amelia Dahmel and August Petzolt married on Oct 11, 1877. Births: Papa August Petzolt July 4, 1849, Mama Amelia Petzolt April 20, 1854, George Petzolt May 8, 1880, William Petzolt Dec 28, 1881, Gus Petzolt July 5, 1883, Mary Petzolt April 7, 1885, Amelia Petzolt Mar 6, 1887, Selma Petzolt Dec 6, 1888, Annie Petzolt Feb 17, 1890, Fredia Petzolt June 26, 1892, Isabella Petzolt June 18, 1894, John Petzolt April 13, 1896. Deaths: August Petzolt Feb 19, 1921, Amelia Petzolt Nov 12, 1923, John Petzolt April 15, 1896.
|Petzolt Allied Family Matrix.|
|Old Petzolt Neighborhood.|
During the period 1899 through 1903, August and Amelia Petzolt were renting on Ludlow Street in Stamford. The year 1903 also found Charles M. Avery purchasing a house around the corner at 9 Cedar Street. Charles' son Charles Thomas Avery married August and Amelia's daughter Mary in December 1903. In 1904 August and Amelia bought a house at 18 Cedar Street. They lived here until their deaths. In 1906 their son George married Margaret Christina Knapp and bought a home across the street at 17 Cedar Street. August and Amelia's daughter Freda remembered she was so proud of her family for owning property in such a nice area. Charles T. and Mary (Petzolt) Avery (George's brother-in-law and sister) lived with George at 17 Cedar Street from 1906 through 1921. Charles T. Avery's sister, Violet Ivy Avery had married a John H. Muldoon and the 1920 census has them living with August and Amelia Petzolt at 18 Cedar Street (John and Violet's daughter, Dorothy Muldoon married Harold Petzolt in 1942). Freda and her husband Harold Haviland's first child, Eleanor, was born at August and Amelia's house in 1913. This might have been because it was Freda's first child and Freda and husband Harold were living on their own on Newfield Avenue. August passed in 1921. Charles and Mary Avery then moved in with Amelia at 18 Cedar Street. Freda (Petzolt) Haviland and her family moved in with her brother George at 17 Cedar Street while Harold was building their home on Maplewood Place. The Havilands had three rooms at George's house. Freda's son Albert, was born at Freda's brother George's home in 1922. Amelia passed in 1923 and 18 Cedar Street was vacant in 1924. The year 1924 finds George's father-in-law, Edgar Knapp residing with George's family at 17 Cedar Street. During this time period (1903 – 1924) none of these residences had telephones installed.
August and Amelia Petzolt are buried in the Emmanuel Episcopal Church Cemetery. This cemetery is at 977 Hope Street behind the former Emmanuel Episcopal Church, Stamford, CT. Currently the building is the Schilo Seventh-day Adventist Church. The Petzolt graves are near the south boundary of the cemetery. Besides August and Amelia there are William and Annie (Hassenau) Petzolt, Emily (Petzolt) Wrangen, and Wallace Petzolt (adopted son of William and Annie). A nearby footstone is for Benjamin. Benjamin is not a Petzolt. His footstone was incorrectly placed over the lot line. His grave is further to the right. He is Benjamin F. Bell, son of Harmon and Mary Bell. (See CTGenWeb site for Emmanuel Episcopal Church Cemetery.)
The Military Reserve Certificate for Johann Karl August Petzold is dated Guhrau, April 17, 1871, The Royal Department Reserve Commission of the 21st Infantry Brigade. It gives his date of birth as July 4, 1849 and his place of birth as Kadlewe, Kreis (District) Wohlau, Borough of Breslau.
The marriage certificate (Number 1018) for Johann Karl August Petzold and Emilia Henrietta Dehmel is dated Berlin, October 11, 1877. It gives Johann's birth as July 4, 1849 at Kadlewe in Kreis Guhrau, and he as residing in Berlin, 50 Manteuffelstrasse, son of a forager, Johan August Petzold and his wife Anna Rosina John, both deceased, residing last in Tschistey in Kreis Guhrau. It gives Emilia's birth as April 20, 1854 at Böckey, Kreis Lüben, residing in Berlin at 50 Manteuffelstrasse, daughter of landlord Gottlieb Dehmel and wife Johana Frederike Franke, both deceased and residing last at Böckey in Kreis Lüben.
Prior to 1871, the village of Kadlewe was in Kreis Wohlau. In 1871 the borders between the two districts were redrawn resulting in Kadlewe shifting into Kreis Guhrau. Both of these districts were in the province of Schlesien (eventually changed to Lower Silesia). Prior to World War II, these two districts were in Germany, or more correctly, the German Confederation, the North German Confederation, the German Empire (Second Reich), and the Third Reich. After World War II, the area of these two districts was transferred to Poland and all German inhabitants were removed to the new German border.
On a 1934 map of Kreis Guhrau, the villages of Kadlewe and Tschistey are both visible. A 1936 map of Kreis Lüben shows the village of Böckey. The location for Böckey is 51° 26' 30” North Latitude and 16° 06' 43” East Longitude, Tschistey 51° 35' 50” N and 16° 37' 21” E, Kadlewe 51° 33' 16” N and 16° 39' 49” E. The former Kreis Lüben is about 145 miles south-southeast of Berlin, Germany and about 215 miles south-southwest of Warsaw, Poland. The former Kreis Guhrau is about 145 miles south-southeast of Berlin and about 195 miles south-southwest of Warsaw.
Today the village of Böckey is called Owczary, Tschistey is called Lechitόw, and Kadlewe is called Kowalowo. “Owczary is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Lubin, within Lubin County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.” “Lechitόw is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Wąsosz, within Gόra County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.” “Kowalowo is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Wąsosz, within Gόra County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.” All three of these villages were small and had low population figures. Today, judging from the Google satellite views, they are still small villages. Although the area around Owczary shows what could be mining activity.
1854, April 20. Birth of Amelia Henrietta Dehmel.
1871, April 17. August was issued a Military Reserve Certificate from the Royal Department, Reserve Commission, 21st Infantry Brigade. The certificate states August was not fit to serve as a first class soldier in the King's Army due to flat feet and grey star (cataract) and is deferred to the second class military reserve.
1877, October 11. Marriage of August and Amelia. Their marriage certificate, in part, states: “1. The workman, Johann Karl August Petzold, whose person is certified, of evangelical religion, born on July 4, 1849 at Kadlewe in Kreis Guhrau, residing in Berlin, 50 Manteuffelstrasse, son of a forager, Johan August Petzold and of his legal wife, Anna Rosina, nee John, both deceased, residing last in Tschistey in Kreis Guhrau. 2. Amelia Henrietta Dehmel, work-woman, whose person is certified evangelical religion born on April 20, 1854 at Böckey in Kreis Lüben, residing in Berlin at 50 Manteuffelstrasse, daughter of landlord Gottlieb Dehmel and his legal wife, Johana Frederike, nee Franke, both deceased and residing last at Böckey in Kreis Lüben.”
1880, May 8. Birth of son, George Karl August Petzolt. Residence given as an apartment at 7 Forstorstrasse, Berlin, German Empire (Second Reich).
1880, December 27. August and family arrived in New York, New York, aboard the SS Egypt, departed from Liverpool, England. (During the German Immigration Wave of the 1880s, 1.4 million Germans came to the United States.)
1881, December 28. Birth of son, William Frederick Petzolt in Norwalk, Fairfield County, Connecticut.
1883, July 5. Birth of son, Augustus Karl Julius Petzolt in Stamford.
1885, April 7. Birth of daughter Mary Otelia Petzolt in Stamford.
1887, March 6. Birth of daughter Amelia M. Petzolt in Stamford.
1888, December 6. Birth of daughter Selma Louise Petzolt in Stamford.
1890, February 17. Birth of daughter Anna Katherine Petzolt in Stamford.
1891 – 1902. August was employed by Yale & Towne Manufacturing Company in Stamford according to the Stamford City Directories. However, the years 1895 – 1898 had no Petzolt entries.
1891 – 1893. Residence in Springdale (Stamford).
1892, June 26. Birth of daughter Agnes Freda Petzolt in Stamford.
1894, June 18. Birth of daughter Isabelle Louise Dorathea Petzolt in Stamford.
1896, April 13. Birth of son John Petzolt in Stamford. April 15, death of John.
|August, about 1900.|
1900, June 8. The U.S. Census for Stamford has the Petzolt family renting on 48 Ludlow Street, Stamford. Head of household August, age 50, laborer, immigrated 1880, naturalized citizen; wife Amelia, age 46, immigrated 1880; son George C., age 20, molder iron, immigrated 1880; son Fredrick W., age 19, molder brass; son Julius C., age 16; daughter Mary O., age 15; daughter Amelia M., age 13, at school; daughter Selma L., age 11, at school; daughter Annie K., age 9, at school; daughter Freda A., age 6, at school; and daughter Isabella, age 4, at school.
1901 – 1903. Renting at 102 Ludlow Street, Stamford.
1903 – 1921. August was employed by the Baer Brothers' Company in Stamford according to the Stamford City Directories. (“Shortly after the turn of the century in 1902, brothers Max and Abraham Baer moved their company, Baer Bros., to Stamford from New York. It was there in 1888 that the men had begun the business of jobbing bronze powders imported from Germany. By the time they settled their firm in Stamford, the brothers had entered into production themselves. Shortly after opening a factory on Canal Street, they enlarged their business to include the manufacture of gold and aluminum paints and the operation of a shellac bleachery. As operations expanded, Baer Bros. opened a second plant on Fairfield Avenue which they maintained in continuous operation until 1958. The company's product line grew to include paints, enamels, varnishes, lacquers and shellac, gold aluminum bronzes, and leaf.” - Stamford History Center)
|Old Petzolt Neighborhood Today.|
1904 - 1923. The Petzolts lived at 18 Cedar Street in Stamford. August and Amelia lived here until their deaths. The house had no telephone installed during this time. The Stamford directory for 1904 has August Petzolt with a house at 18 Cedar Street. However, an article in The Daily Advocate on 14 Jun 1905 states, "August Petzolt has purchased a lot of ground on Cedar Street, from the Greyrock Land Company." Was this the property at 18 Cedar Street, or 17 Cedar Street (future home of son George), or another lot?
|August & Amelia.|
1907, Oct 11. "A 'PEARL' WEDDING. Mr. and Mrs. Petzolt Observe 30th Nuptial Anniversary. The cottage at 18 Cedar Street was taxed to its utmost capacity to accommodate the many guests who last evening assembled there, to celebrate the thirtieth, or 'pearl' wedding anniversary of August Petzolt and wife, a worthy and esteemed couple of the South End. The affair proved a complete and a very pleasant surprise to them, having been arranged and successfully carried out by their children --- three stalwart sons and six charming daughters remaining of the ten who blessed their union. All were present, and the two little bright-faced grandchildren, the pride and joy of the old people's life. There were beautiful pearls in various forms and settings too, from the family, between whom and the parents, and from each to the other, the strong affection existing is a matter of comment among all who know them. The motto of the house is always an open heart and a welcoming hand to all, and the stranger within their gates is as cordially received as the old-time friend; their hospitality seems never to reach its limit. It was difficult to believe that the host and hostess had for thirty years traveled life's pathway hand in hand, bearing its burdens and pleasures, its joys and sorrows, with equal cheerfulness together, so lightly has time dealt with them. Mr. Petzolt is hale, hearty and jovial; his sweet-faced wife's warm heart and gentle disposition win for her many friends. At heart they have never grown old.
|Souvenirs from Germany.|
|Souvenir from Germany.|
Not so long ago, Mrs. Petzolt with her eider son, made a visit to Germany, and enjoyed, with all the zest of youth every moment of her stay. She brought from the Fatherland many beautiful souvenirs which form an entertaining exhibit in the pretty home. At 9:30 the Turner Liedertafel of which Mr. Petzolt is a member, arrived and rendered an exquisite serenade. The visitors accepted the cordial invitation to enter, and after a congratulatory speech in behalf of the society by the vice president, Carl F. Sennewald, they gave several more selections, with that delicacy of shading and expression which characterizes their work, under the able directorship of G. Menz. The fleeting hours were enlivened by violin and piano music by E. Campbell and Mrs. C. A. Sennewald. Miss Freda a daughter of the house sang, very . . . "
1908, Dec 10. August was a signatory of the Articles of Incorporation for the Turner - Lieder - Tafel Singing Society Incorporated. This was a precursor of the German Club in Stamford.
1910, April 27. The U.S. Census for Stamford shows the Petzolt family owning a house with mortgage on 18 Cedar Street. Head of household August, age 60, immigrated 1880, naturalized citizen, laborer bronze shop; wife Amelia, age 56, immigrated 1880; daughter Amelia, age 23, laborer lock shop; daughter Selma, age 21, laborer lock shop; daughter Freda, age 17, laborer lock shop; and daughter Bella, age 15.
1916, Jan 19. "Officers of Goethe Lodge, No. 4, Sons of Hermann, were installed Wednesday night. The installing officer was Hugo Noack, a past district deputy. The officers are: President, Emil Meier; vice-president, John Flottenmesch; treasure, Justus J. Barthel; recording secretary, Frank Wasserlein; financial secretary, Carl F. Sennewald; guide, C. H. Tippmann; inner guard, Joseph Sandow; guard, Joseph Sandow; outer guard, August Petzolt."
1920, January 21. The U.S. Census for Stamford shows the Petzolt family owning a home with mortgage at 18 Cedar Street. Head of household August, age 71, foundryman retired, immigrated 1880, naturalized 1887; wife Amelia, age 65, immigrated 1880, naturalized no date; daughter Amelia, age 31, machine hand lock shop; lodger John H. Muldoon, age 26, repair man trolley company; and his wife Violet J. Muldoon, age 23 (Violet's sister-in-law was Mary Otelia Petzolt). The 1920 Census also shows the Edgar Knapp family renting at 14 Cedar Street. (Edgar Knapp's daughter Christina married George Petzolt in 1906.); and the Charles T. Avery family renting at 17 Cedar Street. (Charles Avery's wife, Mary is the daughter of August and Amelia.); and the George Petzolt family owning a home at 17 Cedar Street.
|August & Amelia's Headstone.|
1921, Feb 21. "PETZOLT – On Saturday, Feb. 9, 1921, August Petzolt. Funeral service will be held at his late residence, 18 Cedar Street, on Tuesday, at 10:30 a.m. Interment, Emmanuel Cemetery, Springdale.”
1921, Feb 23. Card of Thanks. "We, the undersigned, wish to thank our friends and neighbors, Sons and Daughters of Herman, for their kindness shown us in our recent bereavement.--Mrs. August Petzolt and family."
1. We have copies of two letters that August and Amelia's son George received from family in Germany. These were both dated in 1924. One was from cousin Selma Fischer. The other from nephew Willy (William, Selma's son). However, we do not know if the relation was from the Petzold side or the Dehmel side of the family.
2. Note from Maura Petzolt, great-granddaughter of August: August arrived first without Emelia and George. They are the ones who arrived in December 1880. Can't remember offhand the ship name/date but if memory serves he came in June/July. Daddy always said he got out fast and first because he was afraid of being called up even with the flat feet & cataract, rumor was he was going to be called up. So he left and Amelia came when baby was bigger. She took the long route too, over land thru Germany and Sweden, by boat to Liverpool and then to NY. And he took his naturalization oath as soon as possible, like days within the 2 year waiting period. He definitely didn't want to go back!
Does anyone have any documentation for August's arrival? Perhaps if we can locate his naturalization papers we could learn more.
1900 United States Federal Census. Stamford, Fairfield, Connecticut; Roll: 134; Page: 10B, 11A, 48 Ludlow Street, House 450, Family 207, Lines 93-100, 1-3; Enumeration District: 0101; FHL microfilm: 1240134.
1910 United States Federal Census. Stamford Ward 2, Fairfield, Connecticut; Roll: T624_130; Page: 19B, 20A, 18 Cedar Street, Visited No. 188, Family 391, Lines 98-100, 1-3; Enumeration District: 0112; FHL microfilm: 1374143.
1920 United States Federal Census. Stamford Ward 2, Fairfield, Connecticut; Roll: T625_179; Page: 19A, 18 Cedar Street, Dwelling 191, Visited 353, Lines 8-12; Enumeration District: 166.
21st Infantry Brigade, Military Reserve Certificate -" Johann Karl Petzold," Copy of military reserve certificate for farmhand Johann Karl Petzold dated 17 April 1871. Also included is a translation by W. Schratz dated July 1978.
"Birth Certificate # 2144" (31 October 1938 translation with copy of original) for George Karl August Petzold, Berlin Registrar of Vital Statistics.
"Certificate of Incorporation, Turner - Lieder - Tafel Singing Society Incorporation," 10 Dec 1908, Stamford Town Hall, Stamford, CT.
Certified translation of marriage certificate for Johann Karl August Petzold and Emilia Henrietta Dehmel, (Dec 1938) Nina Kascenko, Bridgeport, CT.
Connecticut, Deaths and Burials Index, 1650-1934 (FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009, 2010), FHL Film Number 3363.
"Connecticut, Federal Naturalization Records, 1790-1996," database online, National Archives at Boston; Waltham, Massachusetts; ARC Title: Naturalization Record Books, 12/1893 - 9/1906; NAI Number: 2838938; Record Group Title: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685-2009; Record Group Number: RG 21, Ancestry.com. [Includes name Petzolt, August; Country Germany; Petition No. Superior Common Pleas Court Vol. 4, Page 120; Residence Stamford, Conn.; Admitted 10/13/88.]
"Death Record Entry for August Petzolt," 19 Feb 1921, Deaths 1921, City of Stamford, Connecticut, Office of the Town Clerk.
Emmanuel Episcopal Church Cemetery (Stamford, CT). "August and Amelia Petzolt's headstone." Personally photographed by Robert Alan Haviland, 1978.
Google Maps, www.google.com/maps, [various locations].
Hale Collection of Connecticut Cemetery Records Hartford, Connecticut: Connecticut State Library, Vol. 46, 418-22, Emmanuel Chapel Cemetery, p 167.
Haviland, Agnes Freda, Interview by Robert Alan Haviland, 28 July 1978.
Institut für Angewandte Geodӓsie, Kreis Guhrau, 1:100000 map, 1934.
Institut für Angewandte Geodӓsie, Kreis Lüben, 1:100000 map, 1936.
Krickhahn, Uwe-Karsten, Kartenmeister, [Information on various German, Polish, Russian villages, in particular, Bockey, Kadlewe, and Tschistey].
Norway Heritage, "S/S Egypt, National Line," accessed 17 Sep 2017, www.norwayheritage.com/p_ship.asp?sh=egypt. [Transcript: Year 1880, Departure Liverpool, Arrival 27 Dec New York.]
Smith, Conley, Karta Europa, 1801 So 17, Mt. Vernon, WA 98273, Letter to Robert A. Haviland, dated 26 July 1978.
The Daily Advocate. One of the newspapers in Stamford, Fairfield, Connecticut, USA. Some copies of the Daily Advocate are at the Ferguson Library. Some copies also available on the website Genealogybank.com. This newspaper is no longer published.
U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995. Stamford, CT: 1891-1892; 1900, p 161; 1901, p 165; 1902, p 175; 1903, p 188; 1904, p 201; 1905, p 207; 1906, p 224; 1907, p 233; 1908, p 266; 1910, p 279; 1911, p 284; 1912, p 279; 1913, p 285; 1914, p 292; 1915, p 297; 1916, p 317; 1917, p 310; Street Guide, 1917, p 470; 1918, p 295; 1919, p 330; 1921, p 330.
"U.S. Naturalization Record Indexes, 1791-1992" (Indexed in World Archives Project), database online, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906 (M1299); Microfilm Serial: M1299; Microfilm Roll: 29, P324, Ancestry.com. [Includes name August Petzolt, Address Stamford, Certificate Vol 4 - Pg 120, Common Pleas Ct in Bridgeport, CT, Country of birth Germany, Date of naturalization October 13, 1888.]
"U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925," database online, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington D.C.; NARA Series: Passport Applications, 1795-1905; Roll #: 660; Volume #: Roll 660 - 19 Jul 1904-31 Jul 1904, Passport Application for Naturalize Citizen, No. 91900, George Petzolt, Ancestry.com. [Includes name George Petzolt; application for himself and mother Emilie Petzolt. George born at Berlin, Germany, 8 May 1880; emigrated on board the Egypt from Liverpool Dec 1880; occupation is brass moulder; going abroad temporarily and intend to return to the U.S. about Dec 1904. Description: age 24, stature 5 feet 8 inches, eyes blue, hair light, complexion light.]
Find A Grave, database online, Memorial# 44887451, www.findagrave.com.
Kanzler, Alfred G., 13 Pheasant Lane, Norwalk, CT 06854, Letter to Robert Alan Haviland, postmarked 24 May 1973.
Kaye, Barbara, Stamford, CT Families (1641-1935), [includes various Petzolt and Avery family members.]
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