Pablo Picasso
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Pablo Diego José Francisco Picasso (1881 - 1973)

Pablo Diego José Francisco Picasso aka Ruiz y Picasso
Born in Málaga, Españamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of [private wife (1920s - unknown)]
Husband of — married 12 Jul 1918 in Paris VII, Paris, Seine, Francemap
Husband of — married 1961 in Vallauris, Alpes-Maritimes, Francemap
Father of , [private daughter (1930s - unknown)], [private son (1940s - unknown)], [private daughter (1940s - unknown)] and [private daughter (1940s - unknown)]
Died in Mougins, Alpes-Maritimes, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 23 Dec 2009 | Last significant change: 12 Oct 2021
02:01: Abby (Brown) Glann edited the Biography for Pablo Diego José Francisco Picasso (1881-1973). (Categorization. ) [Thank Abby for this]
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Contents

Biography

Pablo Picasso is one of the most famous modern painters and sculptors, pioneering the style known as cubism.[1][2][3][4]

Family

Pablo Picasso with his sister Lola, 1889

The person the world knows as Pablo Picasso [5][6] (/ˈpaβlo piˈkaso/[1]) was born Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso to Jose Ruiz Blasco and Maria Picasso Lopez October 25, 1881 in Málaga, Spain.[7][2][3][4] His father was a painter and art instruction.[2][4]

Pablo loved art from a young age, and his father instructed him early, seeing his talent.[2][4] By the age of 13, his skill had surpassed his father's.[4] At that same age, Pablo was admitted the the school his father was teaching at, Barcelona's School of Fine Arts.[4] By age 16, he was at Madrid's Royal Academy of San Fernando.[4] He disliked school, though, and dropped out.[4]

On July 12, 1918, at 11 in the morning, Pablo Picasso and Olga Khokhlova a ballerina from Nejine, Russia (currently in Ukraine) were married. [8][2]. They had one son, Paulo, together and divorced in 1927.[2] His second wife was Jacqueline Roque, whom he married in 1961.[2]

Pablo had several mistresses through his lifetime, and children with many of them.[2] While still married to Olga, he began his long-term relationship with mistress Marie-Thérèse Walter.[2] They had a daughter named Maya together.[2] During his "Rose" period, he was in love with Fernande Olivier.[2] Another relationship with Dora Maar was both professional and romantic.[2] His relationship with Françoise Gilot gave him two more children, Claude and Paloma.[2]

Artist

Pablo is best known for his cubist style, something he was the innovator of along with Georges Braque.[2][3][4] Even within that definition, his style varied greatly throughout his lifetime, encompassing at any given time cubism, neoclassicism, surrealism, and expressionism.[3] He attributed this to wanting to give each subject what he felt was best-never considering whether it fit within a given "style" of art.[2] Moving even further away from the standard art of the day, Picasso's later works were considered "Synthetic Cubism", involving a more collage-based composition.[2] He produced over 20,000 works of art during his lifetime.[3][4]

The Old Guitarist (1903)

Picasso's art is often broken into periods, many based on the primary palette he used.[2] His best known is his "Blue" period, called both because of the colors he used (blue and green were most prominent) and because he was dealing with very dark emotions, which were reflected in his art.[2] A close friend from an artistic group he was part of that met regularly at the café Els Quatre Gats (The Four Cats), Catalan Carlos Casagemas' suicide was a major influence.[3].

His "Rose" period came after the depression had passed and involved warmer colors.[2] He was in Paris during this time and attracted the interest of Gertrude and Leo Stein as patrons.[3]

During the Twenties, his work was more Realist in nature, and that is considered his "Classical Period."[2] After that, he worked in art inspired by Cubism, called Surrealism.[2]

After World War II, Picasso became very political, joining the Communist Party.[2] He received the Lenin Peace Prize in 1950 and again in 1961.[2] Throughout his entire life, he would work at his art, never stopping, due to the superstitious fear that his art kept him alive.[2]

Legacy

Pablo Picasso died April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France.[2] He is interred at the Château of Vauvenargues near Aix-en-Provence.

His vast estate is being administered by Claude Ruiz (Gilot) Picasso, his only surviving son by his mistress of 10 years, Francoise (Gilot) Salk.

Research Notes

  • See here for the merged away data of the clear duplicate created in June 2021. [9]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia:Pablo_Picasso
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 Biography.com Editors, Pablo Picasso, Biography.com. Accessed 29 Mar 2018
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Voorhies, James, Pablo Picasso, The Metropolitan Museum of Art website, www.metmuseum.org: October 2004. Accessed 3 Apr 2018
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 Pablo Picasso on PabloPicasso.org. Accessed 3 April 2018
  5. Source:
  6. Source:
  7. Birth Record image
  8. Acte de mariage: Acte #484, Mariages 1918 Paris VIIème, Archives de Paris en ligne cote 7M 205 vue 9 Link accessed 11 mars 2018
  9. WikiTree profile Picasso-38 created (Imported data from GEDCOM upload #187545, Person I531) by Joseph Strauch 5 June 2021. Source:
    • family notes


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Comments: 4

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Picasso-38 and Picasso-1 appear to represent the same person because: Same birth and death details. Same surrounding family members. Merges need to be proposed for the parents and grandfather, but I'm not sure about the LNAB, so would prefer to leave that for someone else :)
posted by Gillian Thomas
Thought this Gallery may be of some interest, they have a sort of "family tree" of Picasso & his family members, gf's, wives, etc along with pics and lil tidbits of info for each

https://www.parkwestgallery.com/the-picassos/34054

posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
Pablo Picasso taught art in Italy. He befriended a student Kiko Alfaro from El Salvador. They smoked cigars and drank together. Kiko later went on to become a Minister in the Salvadoran government during the 1980s and taught the History of Art at San Salvador University into his 80s.
posted by Dr. Ted Vandevis