Categories: Saint Philips Episcopal Church Cemetery, Charleston, South Carolina | Signers of the United States Constitution | American Founding Fathers | Continental Army, American Revolution | US Representatives from South Carolina | US Senators from South Carolina | South Carolina Governors | US Ambassadors to Spain | American Notables.
of South Carolina
US Senator (Class 2)
from South Carolina
Father: Charles Pinckney 1730-1782. Spouse: Mary Eleanor Laurens Pinckney 1770 - 1794. Child: Frances Henrietta Pinckney Hayne 1790 - 1818. Burial: Saint Philips Episcopal Church Cemetery, Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina, USA. (4)
Charles Pinckney was a Delegate, a Senator and a Representative from South Carolina; born in Charles Town (now Charleston), S.C., October 26, 1757. Charles was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in 1779. He was a member of the State house of representatives 1779-1780, 1786-1789, 1792-1796, 1805, 1806, 1810-1814. Charles fought in the Revolutionary War and was taken prisoner by the British in 1780; Member of the Continental Congress 1785-1787; delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and one of the signers of the Constitution; member of the State constitutional conventions in 1788 and 1790 and served as president; Governor of South Carolina 1789-1792, and 1796-1798; was elected in 1798 as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Hunter and also for the full term expiring March 3, 1805, and served from December 6, 1798, until his resignation in 1801; Minister to Spain 1801-1804; again served in the State general assembly and as Governor of South Carolina 1806-1808; elected to the Sixteenth Congress (March 4, 1819-March 3, 1821); resumed the practice of law and also engaged in agricultural pursuits; died in Charleston, S.C., October 29, 1824; burial in St. Philip's Churchyard. (1) (2) (3)
Image courtesy of Library of Congress
Note N136moved to Spain. Portrait was in the possession of Mary Hayne Pattee moved to Spain. Portrait was in the possession of Mary Hayne Pattee.
Charles Pinckney (October 26, 1757 - October 29, 1824) was an American politician who was a signer of the United States Constitution, the 37th Governor of South Carolina, a Senator and a member of the House of Representatives. He was first cousin once removed of fellow signer Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. 1 was an ancestor of seven future South Carolina governors, a few of which have prominent South Carolinian names, including the Maybank and Rhett families. 1
Pinckney was elected to the Continental Congress (1777-78). He started to practice law in Charleston in 1779 at the age of 21. About that time, well after the War for Independence had begun, young Pinckney enlisted in the militia (though his father demonstrated ambivalence about the Revolution). He became a lieutenant, and served at the siege of Savannah (September-October 1779). When Charleston fell to the British the next year, the young Pinckney was captured and held as a prisoner until June 1781. 1
He was elected again to the Continental Congress following the war, serving 1784-87. He was elected to the state legislature for several terms (1779-80, 1786-89, and 1792-96). As a nationalist, he worked hard in Congress trying to ensure that the United States would receive navigation rights from Spain to the Mississippi River and to strengthen congressional power. 1
Pinckney's role in the Constitutional Convention is controversial. Although one of the youngest delegates, he later claimed to have been the most influential one and contended he had submitted a draft, known as the Pinckney Plan, that was the basis of the final Constitution. He submitted an elaborate form of the Virginia Plan, submitted by Edmund Randolph, but it was disregarded by the other delegates. Historians assess him as an important contributing delegate. Pinckney boasted that he was 24, allowing him to claim distinction as the youngest delegate, but he was 30 years old that year. He attended full-time, spoke often and effectively, and contributed immensely to the final draft and to the resolution of problems that arose during the debates. He also worked for ratification in South Carolina (1788). 1
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