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Pepin (Pippinid) Herstal (abt. 0645 - 0714)

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Pepin (Pepin II) "le gros, maior domus of Austrasia, Neustria, and Burgundy (Mayor of the Palace), Duke and Prince of the Franks, the M" Herstal formerly Pippinid aka Neustria, Austrasia
Born about in Héristal, Austrasia [Liège, Belgium]map
Ancestors ancestors
Son of [uncertain] and [uncertain]
Husband of — married about [location unknown]
Husband of — married before in Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died in Jupille-sur-Meuse, Belgiummap
Profile last modified | Created 20 Feb 2012 | Last significant change: 10 Nov 2018
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Categories: Ancient Royals and Aristocrats Project.

European Aristocracy
Pepin II (Pippinid) Herstal was a member of aristocracy in ancient Europe.
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Contents

Biography

Pepin II "le gros" d'Herstal (645/50 - 16 Dec 714 Jupille, near Liège)[3]

bur. Basilique de Saint-Arnoul, Metz[4]

Titles

  • 676/80: duke in Austrasia[1]
  • 688: maior domus of Neustria
  • 688/90: maior domus of Austrasia


Parents

Father: Ansegisel (612 - 655/65)[5][6][2]

Mother: Begga (d. 693, 698 or 709)[7][3]

Marriages

m.1 (670/5) Plectrudis (d. after 717; p. Hugobert, comes palatii and Irmina, Abbess of Oereon).[8] Issue: 2[9]

  • Drogo (d. 24 Mar 708)
  • Grimoald (d. Apr 714 Liège)[10]


m.2 (bigamy) Chalpais "Alpais" UNKNOWN (sibling: Dodo).[11] Issue: 1[12]

  • Charles Martel (690 - 16 or 22 Oct 741 Quierzy-sur-Oise, Aisne)

Mistress

1. UNKNOWN. Issue: 1[13]

  • Childebrand (d. after 751 or after 762)

Rule

Pepin and Martin, duke of Laon, fought Ebroin, who defeated the Austrasians at Lucofao (Bois-du-Fay, near Laon) and came close to uniting all the Franks under his rule; however, he was assassinated.

Pepin immediately made peace with his successor, Waratton. However, Waratton's successor Berthar, and Neustrian king Theuderic III, made war on Austrasia. The king and his mayor were decisively defeated at the Battle of Tertry (Textrice) in the Vermandois in 687.

Berthar and Theuderic withdrew themselves to Paris, where Pepin followed and eventually forced on them a peace treaty with the condition that Berthar leave his office. Pepin was created mayor in all three Frankish kingdoms (Austrasia, Neustria, and Burgundy) and began calling himself Duke and Prince of the Franks (dux et princeps Francorum). In the ensuing quarrels, Berthar killed his mother-in-law Ansfled and fled. His wife Anstrude married Pepin's eldest son Drogo, Duke of Champagne, and Pepin's place in Neustria was secured.

Pepin subdued the Alemanni, Frisians, and Franconians, bringing them within the Frankish sphere of influence. He also began the evangelisation of Germany. In 695, he placed Drogo in the Burgundian mayorship and his other son, Grimoald, in the Neustrian one.

Pepin of Herstal (635?-714), reunited Frankish realms in the late Merovingian period. Pepin's death was followed by a civil war and the succession of his illegitimate son Charles Martel.

Sources

  • Weis, F. (1992). Ancestral Roots, (7th ed).

See also:

MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley © Foundation for Medieval Genealogy & Charles Cawley 2000-2018.


  1. Liber Historiæ Francorum
  2. Gesta Episcoporum Mettensis[1]
  3. sources dates from 11th century[2]
  4. Monk Odorannus of St. Pierre-le-Vif at Sens (c. 985-1046) reports Pepin becoming "maior domus" in the year 688. He also reports the death of Pepin in the year 712 (DCCXII Obiit Pipinus) and then his son, Charles Martel, became the ruler (& filius eius qui dicitur Karolus Martellus principatum suscepit).


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Memories: 2

On 13 Nov 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:


On 13 Nov 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:

Pepin, sometimes called Pepin II and Pepin the Middle was the grandson and namesake of Pepin I the Elder by the marriage of Pepin I's daughter Begga and Ansegisel, son of Arnulf of Metz. That marriage united the two houses of the Pippinids and the Arnulfings which created what would be called the Carolingian dynasty. Pepin II was probably born in Herstal (Héristal), modern Belgium (where his centre of power lay), whence his byname (sometimes "of Heristal").

As mayor of Austrasia, Pepin and Martin, the duke of Laon, fought the Neustrian mayor Ebroin, who had designs on all Francia. Ebroin defeated the Austrasians at Lucofao (Bois-du-Fay, near Laon) and came close to uniting all the Franks under his rule; however, he was assassinated in 681, the victim of a combined attack by his numerous enemies. Pepin immediately made peace with his successor, Waratton. However, Waratton's successor, Berthar, and the Neustrian king Theuderic III, who, since 679, was nominal king of all the Franks, made war on Austrasia. The king and his mayor were decisively defeated at the Battle of Tertry (Textrice) in the Vermandois in 687. Berthar and Theuderic withdrew themselves to Paris, where Pepin followed and eventually forced on them a peace treaty with the condition that Berthar leave his office. Pepin was created mayor in all three Frankish kingdoms (Austrasia, Neustria, and Burgundy) and began calling himself Duke and Prince of the Franks (dux et princeps Francorum). In the ensuing quarrels, Berthar killed his mother-in-law Ansfled and fled. His wife Anstrude married Pepin's eldest son Drogo, Duke of Champagne, and Pepin's place in Neustria was secured.



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DNA
No known carriers of Pepin II's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 2
Pepin the Middle
Pepin the Middle

Pepin Martel Image 1
Pepin Martel Image 1

Collaboration

On 1 Oct 2015 at 22:58 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

Cleaned up the kids... Pepin II is left with 4 sons ... the ones detached had no relation based on primary sources collected by Cawley, 2006. ... some of them also belonged to other Pepins.[1]

On 25 May 2015 at 15:15 GMT Marty (Lenover) Acks wrote:

D'HERSTAL de FRANCIE-1 and Pippinid-3 appear to represent the same person because: D'HERSTAL de FRANCIE-1 was recently entered duplicate.

On 29 Mar 2015 at 23:18 GMT Betty (Lockwood) Warner wrote:

Unknown-194790; Possible Identity- (Aupais Heristal) Alpaide Von Sachsen Parents are: Hugobert Von Heristal of France Von Ecternach, Prince of Bavaria 635-697, and Irmina von Oeren de Austrasia 638-708

On 6 Mar 2015 at 19:38 GMT Vic Watt wrote:

"Alpaide Bruyères" Bruyères-6, is currently Project Protected as the mistress/wife of Pepin. As FMG gives no ancestry for Alpais (Chalpais), I propose to use Unknown as her LNAB and propose the merges. Is there any objection?

On 29 Oct 2014 at 19:11 GMT Renee Malloy Esq wrote:

Would any Profile Managers consider a merge of a few of these wives with the similar names and Same DOB?

On 18 Jul 2012 at 16:25 GMT Alan Wyatt wrote:



Pepin II is 42 degrees from Rosa Parks, 39 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 30 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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