William Pitt

William Pitt (1708 - 1778)

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William "The Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham" Pitt
Born in Westminster, Middlesex, England, Great Britainmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Argyll St., London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Hayes, Kent, England, Great Britainmap
Profile last modified | Created 23 Dec 2013
This page has been accessed 2,726 times.

Categories: Namesakes US Counties | Eton College | Trinity College, Oxford | British Prime Ministers | Westminster Abbey | Westminster, Middlesex | Members of Parliament, Great Britain | Members of Parliament, Old Sarum | Members of Parliament, Seaford | Members of Parliament, Aldborough | Members of Parliament, Okehampton | Members of Parliament, Bath | Earl of Chatham | English Notables.

British Aristocracy
William Pitt was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Notables
William Pitt is notable.
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Preceded by
Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
10th Prime Minister of Great Britain
July 1766-1768
Succeeded by
Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton

Contents

Biography

William Pitt 'the Elder', 'the great commoner' [1]

William Pitt was born on 15 November 1708 at Westminster in London, England,[1] which had united with Scotland the year before to form Great Britain.

William's father and grandfather, Thomas Pitt, were both Members of Parliament; his grandfather was the governor of Madras.[1]

William had siblings:

  1. an elder brother;[1]

William attended Eton from 1719 until 1726, where he became friends with George Lyttelton, the nephew of Richard Temple Viscount Cobham, then entered Trinity College, Oxford before studying in Utrecht.[1]

George Lyttelton introduced William to his uncle Richard and William gained a commission in Temple's regiment.[1] Pitt was elected to the family pocket borough of Old Sarum in 1735, joining George and Richard Grenville, Viscount Cobham's nephews known as "Cobham's cubs" in opposition to Walpole, then leader of the government.[1] William was elected Seaford in 1747 and then Aldborough in 1754.[1]

In November 1754, William married Lady Hester Grenville, the sister of Richard Grenville, Earl Temple, and George Grenville, Prime Minster of Great Britain.[1]

William and Hester had five children:

  1. Hester Stanhope, (Viscountess Mahon) 1755-1780
  2. John (2nd Earl Chatham) 1756-1835
  3. Lady Harriet Pitt 1758-1786
  4. William Pitt the younger 1759-1806;[1]
  5. James Chester Pitt 1761-1780

William became known as "the elder".[1]

William Pitt 'the Elder', first Earl of Chatham died on 11 May 1778 at Hayes, Kent. Voted a state funeral by the Commons, William's funeral was held in Westminster Abbey at public expense, which the Lords refused to attend.[1]

Legacy

  • Pitt County, North Carolina, Chatham County, Georgia, and Pittsylvania County, Virginia are all named in his honor. Pittsburg County, Oklahoma is named after the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, which was in turn named after William Pitt.

Sources

  • Vol. 3, Page 380: "...it appears most likely that Pitt's birth took place in St. James's parish, Piccadilly, on the 15th of November, 108, his christening being recorded there on the 13th of December following, as 'the sonn of Robert and Henrietta Pitt.'"
  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Andrew Thompson, "William Pitt ‘The Elder’ (Whig, 1766-1768)", History of government, GOV.UK, Crown copyright, 2015, https://history.blog.gov.uk/2015/03/11/william-pitt-the-elder-whig-1766-1768/, accessed 1 April 2015

Acknowledgments

Thank you to Sir William Arbuthnot for creating Pitt-473 on 23 Dec 13. Click the Changes tab for the details on contributions by Sir William and others.

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William Pitt was born in , England.


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No known carriers of William's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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William Earl of Chatham
William Earl of Chatham

Collaboration

William is 22 degrees from Walter Morrison, 30 degrees from Alison Wilkins and 10 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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