John (Plantagenet) of England

John (Plantagenet) of England (1166 - 1216)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
John "Lackland, King of England, Soft Sword" of England formerly Plantagenet
Born in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married (to before ) in Marlborough Castle, Englandmap
Husband of — married in Bordeaux, Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died in Newark, Nottinghamshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 1 Feb 2011 | Last significant change: 2 Dec 2018
13:44: RJ Horace edited a message from RJ Horace on the page for John (Plantagenet) of England. [Thank RJ for this]
This page has been accessed 49,149 times.

Categories: Battle of Bouvines | First Barons' War | Governors of Ireland | Nominated Profiles | Long Profiles in Need of Cleanup | Day-1904 Temporary Euroaristo Project | House of Plantagenet.


The House of Plantagenet crest.
John (Plantagenet) of England is a member of the House of Plantagenet.

Preceded by
Richard I
King of England
6 April 1199 – 19 October 1216
Succeeded by
Henry III

Contents

Early Life: Birth and Parents

Name

  • John
  • Richardson refers to him as "John of England" [1]
  • Nicknamed "Lackland" [1]

Titles

  • King of England
  • Lord of Ireland
  • Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine
  • Count of Anjou [1]

Birth

He was born at Oxford about 27 December 1166, the youngest son of his parents, [1] King Henry II and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine.

John was born 24 December 1166 or 1167 in Newark Castle, Lincolnshire, the son of Henry II, King of England and his wife Eléonore Dutchess of Aquitaine. Cawley notes that the primary sources are contradictory regarding John´s year of birth. [2]

Siblings

John had three brothers and three sisters:

  1. Henry the Young King (1155–1183),
  2. Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany (1158–1186)
  3. Richard the Lionheart.
  4. Matilda, Duchess of Saxony (1156–1189),
  5. Leonora of England (1161–1214)
  6. Joan Plantagenet (1165–1199)

Timeline of John's Reign

1177 John was designated King of Ireland in 1177 at the age of 11. [2]
1183 Jun: Dysentery kills the Young King. Richard's heir.
1184 Philip de Winchester was made Governor & Earl John, the son of King Henry, was made Lord of Ireland [3]
1185 Mar: His father knighted him and sent him to govern Ireland. He treated the Irishmen with such insolence they deserted the English cause. His father recalled him from Ireland in September.[1]
1186 Jul: Geoffrey dies in tournament.
1187 Saladin captures Jerusalem.
1189 ♦ Marriage to Isabel of Gloucester

♦ 06 Jul: Henry II dies at Chateau Chinon &diams: Richard is king.
♦ King Richard titles John: Count of Mortain[2] and Lord of Ireland (formerly king of Ireland under Henry II).[4] Orders him to stay out of England for 3 years.
♦ Richard names Arthur of Brittany, eldest son of brother Geoffrey as heir.

1190 4th of July: Richard goes on Third Crusade
1192 Going home, Richard shipwrecks off Adriatic coast. Duke of Austria imprisons him for ransom.
1190 - 1194♦ Tries to overthrow William Longchamp, Bishop of Ely and take the throne.
♦ Legend of Robin Hood is born.
1194 04 Feb: Richard's ransomed and released.
1199 ♦ 06 Apr: Lionheart dies. John takes throne.

♦ May 27, 1199: Coronation. 27 May 1199
♦ Marriage to Isabel of Gloucester annulled.

1200 24 Aug: Marries Isabelle of Angouleme. Issue:

♦ Henry (King Henry III)
♦ Richard, Earl of Cornwall
♦ Joan of England
♦ Isabella of England
♦ Eleanor of England

1202 Fourth Crusade

♦ 28 Apr: Declared a rebel, forfeits Aquitaine, Poitou and Anjou to Philippe of France.

1203 03 Apr: Rumors say John murdered Arthur of Brittany.[4]
1205 Dispute with Pope Innocent III.
1207 Rejects Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury.[4]
1208Papacy puts interdict on England. All church services stop.[4]
1209 Pope Innocent III excommunicates John. Lackland confiscates church revenue to finance military. Comes to enjoy wealth excommunication brings.[4] Ban later lifted.
1211 Defeats Llywelyn the Great.[4]
1214 27 Jul: Defeat at Battle of Bouvines: forced to accept unfavorable peace with France.
1212 Imposes taxes on Barons to regain Aquitaine, Poitou and Anjou.
1215 15 Jun: Barons force John to sign Magna Carta.
1215 - 1217 First Baron's War: Rebel barons support Prince Louis, son of the French king.
1216 ♦ 21 May: Louis invades England. Marches to London. With support, proclaimed and accepted as England's king (not crowned). John flees to Winchester.

♦ 14 Jun: Louis captures Winchester. Conquers over half the kingdom.
Seige of Dover Castle 25 Jul: Louis fails to capture castle.
♦ 19 Oct: John dies at Newark. Buried in Worcester Cathedral.
♦ 28 Oct: Barons turn on Louis and support John's nine year old son ... Henry III.

Marriages and Mistresses

1173 Alice of Maurienne, a Fiancee

In 1173 he was contracted to marry Alice of Maurienne, eldest daughter of Humbert III, Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Marquis of Italy. The marriage did not take place due to a dispute about castles. [1]

1187 Clemence, a Mistress

Clemence was most likely the mother of Joan FitzJohn who was born, probably in 1188, quite possibly in France, and who subsequently married Llywelyn the Great (Llywelyn Fawr). See full discussion of Joan's possible mothers on her profile.

The Annals of Tewkesbury name Clemencia as the mother of Llewelyn's wife Johanna when recording Johanna's death. [2]

Cawley reports that Clementia's husband is identified as "Henry Pinel" by Weir, but without identification of a primary source. [2]

Agatha de Ferrers, a Mistress

Agatha de Ferrers was well known as a mistress of John's over time. She never married. She is thought in some circles to be the mother of Joan. See full discussion of Joan's possible mothers on her profile. But there are numerous Agathas. Which one was John's mistress?

  • Agatha de Ferrers, b. 1168. d/o William, 3rd Earl + Sybil Braose. Sister of millicent and Wm 4th. On Pedigree form as concubine.
  • Agatha de Ferrers, b. 1192. d/o wm, 4th earl. Empty profile.
  • Agatha de Ferrers, b. 1232. d/o Wm 5th ry earl. Populate profile but no mention of mistress.
  • Agatha Pinel. The profile conflates Agatha and Clemence and a marriage to Henry Pinel.

1189 Isabel of Gloucester, a Wife

John married first at Marlborough, Wiltshire, 29 August 1189 Isabel of Gloucester, youngest daughter and co-heiress of William Fitz Robert, Earl of Gloucester. Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, protested against the marriage, John and Isabel being related. They had no issue. Upon becoming king in 1199, John obtained a divorce on grounds of consanguinity. She was then kept a state prisoner until 1214. [1]

1200 Isabel of Angouleme, a Wife

At Bordeaux on 24 August 1200 John then married Isabelle (Angoulême) de Lusignan, born Angouleme, Charente, Poitou, France. Isabel of Angouleme. They had five children. [1]

Unknown de Warenne, a Mistress

Sometimes she was assumed to be Ela (Warenne) de Newburgh, born in Surry, England, 1166, but only verified as an unknown daughter of her father.

Isabella Fitz Robert, a Mistress

Isabella FitzRobert born Fylingdale, Yorkshire, England, 1160

1216 Death and Burial of King John

John died 18/19 Oct 1216 and was buried at Worcester Cathedral. [2]

King John died suddenly from dysentery at the Bishop of Lincoln's castle at Newark in Nottinghamshire, on October 19, 1216. [5]

He was buried in the Abbey Church of St. Peter in Worcester later that year in the choir before the high altar between the shrine of Wulfstan (d.1095), to the north, and another Worcester bishop-saint Oswald (d.992), to the south. In 1232 his remains were interred in a new tomb before the Worcester high altar in the presence of his son, King Henry III. His tomb was opened in 1529 and again in 1797. In 1529 the king's stone coffin and low-lying effigy slab were incorporated into a contemporary tomb-chest. King John's tomb today comprises a Purbeck marble effigy most likely dating from the 1232 reburial, and the sixteenth-century tomb-chest. His Worcester monument is important in several ways - it is the earliest surviving royal effigy in England, and the only example of an English royal effigy executed in Purbeck marble. [5]

Tomb note: King John's tomb is intact and the effigy is chipped. King John's facial likeness on the effigy is believed to be based on fact. [5]

The heart burial of King John at Croxton Abbey in Leicestershire:[5] [6]

His heart (and some say his bowels ("viscera")) was interred in Croxton Abbey in Croxton Kerrial in Leicestershire, in recognition of the services of the Croxton abbot who was King John's deathbed confessor at Newark. Little remains of the Abbey, which was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1538.[6]

Croxton Abbey was also the burial place of Henry VIII's elder brother Prince Arthur who died in 1502, having been Katherine of Aragon's first husband, with Henry VIII being her second. Katherine was the first of Henry's six wives.[6]

Issue

Many of John's illegitimate children were born prior to his marriage in 1189. Since he was born in 1166, one would not expect his children to be born much before 1184, providing a five year window for the birth of many of his illegitimate children. Legitimate children are displayed below in bold.

  1. Joan FitzJohn born London, Middlesex, 1189 [7] Joan, Lady of Wales[8] Joan of England married Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales, Prince of Aberffraw, Lord of Snowden. [9]
  1. Richard (FitzRoy) FitzJohn , born 1186 Chilham Castle, Kent [7] Richard Fitz Roy[10] Child of Unknown de Warenne, daughter of Hamelin, 5th Earl of Surrey. [9]
  1. Oliver (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born 1187, Westminster, Middlesex [7] Oliver FitzRoy[11]. Child of John and Hawise Fitzwarin, daughter of Fulk Fitswarin, by Hawise, daughter and heiress of Jose de Dinan. [9] October 1215 given a tun of wine by his father the king. 1218 went on crusade with papel legate, died at Damietta. [9]
  1. Geofrey (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born England 1192[7] Geoffrey FitzRoy[12] Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. John (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born 1180, Hutt, Lancashire [7] John FitzRoy[13] Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Henry FitzRoy, born Lancashire, 1207[7] Henry FitzRoy (d. 1245) Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Osbert (Plantagenet) Gifford, born Oxfordshire, 1205 [7] Osbert Gifford [14] (living 1216)[15]Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Eudo (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born 1192, Essex [7] Eudes FitzRoy, who accompanied his half-brother Richard on Crusade and died in the Holy Land in 1241. Richard says is the same person as Ives or Ivo. Ivo (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born Essex 1194 [7] Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Bartholomew FitzRoy[16]Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Unknown daughter FitzRoy, married Unknown Meulan, parents of Roger de Meulan. Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Maud FitzRoy, Abbess of Barking (d.1252)Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Isabel (FitzRoy) FitzIves, born 1186 [7] Isabel FitzRoy m. Richard Fitz Ives. Alleged child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Philip FitzRoy[17][18] Possible child of King John by an unknown mistress. [9]
  1. Henry (Plantagenet) of England, born Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, Oct 1, 1207[7] Henry III (1207-1272), Child of John and his wife Isabel of Angouleme.
  1. Richard (Plantagenet) of England, born Winchesteter Castle, Winchster, Hampshire, Jan 5, 1209[7] Richard (1209-1272), 1st Earl of Cornwall. Child of John and his wife Isabel of Angouleme.
  1. Joan (Plantagenet) of Scotland born Gloucester, Gloucesteshire, England, Jul 22, 1210 [7] Joan (1210-1238), m. Alexander II of Scotland. Child of John and his wife Isabel of Angouleme. Probably the same person as Johanna (Plantagenet) Colepepper, born Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, Jul 22, 1210 [7]
  1. Isabella (Plantagenet) Hohenstaufen , born Gloucester, 1214 [7] Isabella (1214-1241), m. Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. Child of John and his wife Isabel of Angouleme.
  1. Eleanor (Plantagenet) Montfort , born Winchester, 1215. [7] Eleanor (1215-1275) m.1 William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke; m.2 Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester. Child of John and his wife Isabel of Angouleme.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Edited by Kamball G. Everingham. Salt Lake City, Utah: 2013. Volume 1, pages 43-46
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Charles Cawley. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Medieval Lands Database. England Kings Accessed July 8, 2017. jhd
  3. The Present State of Great-Britain and Ireland: In Three Parts ... by Guy Miege pub: 1718
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Mark Duffy, Royal Tombs of Medieval England Mark Duffy, 2003 p. 22, 60-65
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Wikipedia. Croxton Abbey
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 data from linked profile, pending verification
  8. married Llywelyn the Great Welsh name Llywelyn Fawr, (by a woman named Clemence)
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 Douglas Richardson, Illegitimate children of King John, Royal Ancestry. Volume I, pages 52-57.
  10. by Adela dau. of John's uncle Hamelin de Warenne
  11. by mistress named Hawise who accompanied the papal legate Pelayo to Damietta in 1218, and never returned.
  12. Mother unknown; went on expedition to Poitou in 1205 and died there.
  13. a clerk in 1201.
  14. given lands in Oxfordshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Sussex
  15. Last seen at this time.
  16. member of the order of Friars Preachers.
  17. found living in 1263.
  18. FitzRoy is Norman-French for son of the king.
  • "Royal Ancestry" Douglas Richardson, 2013 Vol. I page 85, and 88,vi.
page 85: Children of Edward III of England, by Philippe of Hainault:
page 88.vi.: John Of Gaunt, K.G., Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, Earl of Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, married (1st) Blanche Of Lancaster; (2nd) Constance Of Castile-Leon; (3rd) Katherine De Roet (or Ruet).
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 159
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 197
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 479
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. II. page 126
  • "Royal Ancestry" Douglas Richardson, 2013 Vol. V. p. 310
  • Middle-ages.org.uk Alchin, L.K., Lords and Ladies, Retrieved April 5, 2014 from [www.lordsandladies.org Lords and Ladies]
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 1 p. 22, 146, 305.
  • [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 3 line 1:26, p. 31 line 29A:26, p. 106 line 117:27, p. 234 line 260:29.
  • Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 278 PLANTAGENET:17, p. 279 PLANTAGENET:16.
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 2 p. 126 fn. (b), 127; vol. 3 p. 430, vol. 4 p. 316; vol. 4 appndx. H chart III; vol. 5 pedigree between p. 116 and 117, 127; vol. 14 p. 60 [BALLIOL].
  • Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxviii.
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 4 p. 316.
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 3 p. 429.
  • Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 279 PLANTAGENET:16.
  • [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 106 line 117:27, p. 134 line 153:28.
  • Welsh Genealogies, AD 300-1400 (1980), Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement), (25 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections. [Wales]: University of Wales Press, 1980), FHL book 942.9 D2bp; FHL microfiche 6025561., vol. 7 p. 446.
  • British Chronology, E. B. Fryde Greenway, S. Porter, and I. Roy, (London. Offices of the Royal Historical Society. University College. 1986.), FHL 942 C4rg., p. 51.
  • Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 10, 54, 55.
  • Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I, 178, 309.
  • The Genealogist (1980-), Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, (New York: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1980-), FHL book 929.105 G286n., Spring 1980, vol. 1 no. 1 p. 80, 81.
  • British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 5 p. E52; book 6 p. F2*.
  • The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 5 p. C623.
  • Genealogy of Shropshire [by Joseph Morris] (filmed 1966), Morris, Joseph, (10 volumes. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1966), vol. 1-2 FHL microfilm 504,551; vol.3-4 FHL microf., vol. 4 p. 1882*, 1883*.
  • Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I.
  • [S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F2.
  • The Genealogist (1980-), Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, (New York: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1980-), FHL book 929.105 G286n., Spring 1980, vol. 1 no. 1 p. 80.
  • Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 10.
  • Genealogy of Shropshire [by Joseph Morris] (filmed 1966), Morris, Joseph, (10 volumes. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1966), vol. 1-2 FHL microfilm 504,551; vol.3-4 FHL microf., vol. 4 p. 1882, 1883.
  • The Genealogist (1877-1922), (Old Series, 7 volumes, 1877-1883. New Series, 38 volumes, 1884-1922. London: George Bell, 1877-1922), FHL book 942 B2gqm; see FHL catalog for list of vo., Spring 1980, vol. 1 no. 1 p. 91 fn. 21.
  • Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 279




More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Memories: 2

On 27 Jan 2018 Vicki (McCrory) Kennedy wrote:

In August of 1200 John swept into Angoulême and stole 12 year old Isabella, the young bride to be of Hugh de Lusignan. John took the girl to Bordeaux and married her. (Information taken from “The Plantagenets, The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England,” by Dan Jones.)


On 3 Dec 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:

Name: King John

Born: December 24, 1166 at Beaumont Palace : Oxford Parents: Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Relation to Elizabeth II: 21st great-grandfather House of: Angevin Ascended to the throne: April 6, 1199 aged 32 years Crowned: May 27, 1199 at Westminster Abbey Married: 1) Isabella of Gloucester, (annulled 1199), (2) Isabella, Daughter of Count of Angouleme Children: Two sons including Henry III, three daughters and several illegitimate children Died: October 18, 1216 at Newark Castle, aged 49 years, 9 months, and 24 days Buried at: Worcester Reigned for: 17 years, 6 months, and 13 days Succeeded by: his son Henry III

John was nicknamed Lackland, probably because, as the youngest of Henry II's five sons, it was difficult to find a portion of his father's French possessions for him to inherit. He was acting king from 1189 during his brother Richard the Lion-Heart's absence on the Third Crusade. The legend of Robin Hood dates from this time in which John is portrayed as Bad King John. He was involved in intrigues against his absent brother, but became king in 1199 when Richard was killed in battle in France.

Most of his reign was dominated by war with France. Following the peace treaty of Le Goulet there was a brief peace, but fighting resumed again in 1202. John had lost Normandy and almost all the other English possessions in France to Philip II of France by 1204. He spent the next decade trying to regain these without success and was finally defeated by Philip Augustus at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214. He was also in conflict with the Church. In 1205 he disputed the pope's choice of Stephen Langton as archbishop of Canterbury, and Pope Innocent III placed England under an interdict, suspending all religious services, including baptisms, marriages, and burials. John retaliated by seizing church revenues, and in 1209 was excommunicated. Eventually, John submitted, accepting the papal nominee, and agreed to hold the kingdom as a fief of the papacy; an annual monetary tribute was paid to the popes for the next 150 years by successive English monarchs.

His repressive policies and ruthless taxation to fund the warin France brought him into conflict with his barons which became known as the Barons War. In 1215 rebel baron leaders marched on London where they were welcomed by an increasing band of defectors from John’s royalist supporters. Their demands were drawn up in a document which became the known as the Magna Carta. John sort peace and met them at Runnymede where on 15th June 1215 he agreed to their demands and sealed the Magna Carta. It was a remarkable document which set limits on the powers of the king, laid out the feudal obligations of the barons, confirmed the liberties of the Church, and granted rights to all freemen of the realm and their heirs for ever. It was the first written constitution. Read and view the Magna Carta.

His concessions did not buy peace for long and the Barons War continued. The barons sought French aid and Prince Louis of France landed in England supported by attacks from the North by Alexander II of Scotland. John fled and according to legend lost most of his baggage and the crown jewels when crossing the tidal estuaries of the Wash. He became ill with dysentery and died at Newark Castle in October 1216.




Login to add your own memory.

Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:



DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 13
John Plantagenet Coat of Arms
John Plantagenet Coat of Arms

King John on a Stag Hunt
King John on a Stag Hunt

King John - painted by Matthew Paris
King John - painted by Matthew Paris

John Plantagenet and his Children
John Plantagenet and his Children

John "Lackland"
John

view all


Collaboration

On 2 Dec 2018 at 13:15 GMT RJ Horace wrote:

His alleged mistress "Isabella FitzRobert" seems to be the same person as his 1st wife, Isabel of Gloucester.

The FitzWarin mistress, Oliver's mother, is FitzWarin-22.

On 30 May 2018 at 10:20 GMT Michael Griffiths wrote:

You are my 24th Great Grandfather

Regards,

Michael Griffiths New Zealand

On 27 Jan 2018 at 14:49 GMT Vicki (McCrory) Kennedy wrote:

In August of 1200 John swept into Angoulême and stole 12 year old Isabella, the young bride to be of Hugh de Lusignan. John took the girl to Bordeaux and married her. (Information taken from “The Plantagenets, The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England,” by Dan Jones.)

On 30 Oct 2017 at 16:30 GMT Eren Hatton wrote:

John is the 26th great grandfather of Eren (Uncertain)

1. Eren is the daughter of Bobby Hatton [confident] 2. Bobby is the son of Leroy Hatton [unknown confidence] 3. Leroy is the son of Roy Hatton [unknown confidence] 4. Roy is the son of Callie Louisa Couch [unknown confidence] 5. Callie is the daughter of William Lewis Couch [unknown confidence] 6. William is the son of Charity Powell [unknown confidence] 7. Charity is the daughter of Lewis Powell [unknown confidence] 8. Lewis is the son of Ambrose Powell [unknown confidence] 9. Ambrose is the son of John Powell II [unknown confidence] 10. John is the son of Robert Powell [unknown confidence] 11. Robert is the son of John Powell [unknown confidence] 12. John is the son of William Thomas Powell [uncertain] 13. William is the son of Margaret (Whitney) Powell [uncertain] 14. Margaret is the daughter of Robert Whitney [confident] 15. Robert is the son of Robert Whitney [unknown confidence] 16. Robert is the son of Robert Whitney [confident] 17. Robert is the son of Blanche (Milbourne) Whitney [confident] 18. Blanche is the daughter of Simon Milbourne Esq [confident] 19. Simon is the son of Elizabeth Ann Devereux [unknown confidence] 20. Elizabeth is the daughter of Agnes (Crophull) Devereux [unknown confidence] 21. Agnes is the daughter of Thomas (Crophull) de Crophull [unknown confidence] 22. Thomas is the son of Margery (Verdun) de Crophull [unknown confidence] 23. Margery is the daughter of Maud (Mortimer) de Verdun [unknown confidence] 24. Maud is the daughter of Edmund (Mortimer) de Mortimer Knt [unknown confidence] 25. Edmund is the son of Roger (Mortimer) de Mortimer Knt [unknown confidence] 26. Roger III is the son of Gwladus (ferch Llywelyn) de Mortimer [unknown confidence] 27. Gwladus is the daughter of Joan FitzJohn [unknown confidence] 28. Joan is the daughter of John (Plantagenet) of England [confident] This makes John the 26th great grandfather of Eren.

On 21 Jul 2017 at 11:25 GMT Steph (Obrien) Meredith wrote:

elizabeth plantagenet i found was my 12 great grandmother but as i lost my original tree on genes reunited i am unable to tie her up with my lot(possibly morgans)

On 7 Jul 2017 at 01:04 GMT John Atkinson wrote:

Joan, Lady of Wales is on WikiTree as FitzJohn-120 but maybe you have already realised that?

On 6 Jul 2017 at 18:04 GMT Jack Day wrote:

I've taken on reviewing, documenting and enhancing this profile under Euroaristo's Conquer the Conquerer subproject. If anyone has suggestions, recommendations or warnings for me as I look at this profile, please let me know!

On 5 May 2017 at 14:17 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:

"Legend of Robin Hood is born." :)

On 5 May 2017 at 14:12 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:

Why call him "I" is there was no "II"?

On 5 Apr 2017 at 05:27 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:

Need to look at this please

[1]

more comments


John is 29 degrees from Rosa Parks, 26 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

P  >  Plantagenet  |  O  >  of England  >  John (Plantagenet) of England