|King of England
6 April 1199 – 19 October 1216
He was born at Oxford about 27 December 1166, the youngest son of his parents,  King Henry II and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine.
John was born 24 December 1166 or 1167 in Newark Castle, Lincolnshire, the son of Henry II, King of England and his wife Eléonore Dutchess of Aquitaine. Cawley notes that the primary sources are contradictory regarding John´s year of birth. 
John had three brothers and three sisters:
|1177||John was designated King of Ireland in 1177 at the age of 11. |
|1183||Jun: Dysentery kills the Young King. Richard's heir.|
|1184||Philip de Winchester was made Governor & Earl John, the son of King Henry, was made Lord of Ireland |
|1185||Mar: His father knighted him and sent him to govern Ireland. He treated the Irishmen with such insolence they deserted the English cause. His father recalled him from Ireland in September.|
|1186||Jul: Geoffrey dies in tournament.|
|1187||Saladin captures Jerusalem.|
|1189||♦ Marriage to Isabel of Gloucester|
♦ 06 Jul: Henry II dies at Chateau Chinon
&diams: Richard is king.
|1190||4th of July: Richard goes on Third Crusade|
|1192||Going home, Richard shipwrecks off Adriatic coast. Duke of Austria imprisons him for ransom.|
|1190 - 1194||♦ Tries to overthrow William Longchamp, Bishop of Ely and take the throne.|
♦ Legend of Robin Hood is born.
|1194||04 Feb: Richard's ransomed and released.|
|1199||♦ 06 Apr: Lionheart dies. John takes throne.|
♦ May 27, 1199: Coronation. 27 May 1199
|1200||24 Aug: Marries Isabelle of Angouleme. Issue:|
♦ Henry (King Henry III)
|1202||♦ Fourth Crusade|
♦ 28 Apr: Declared a rebel, forfeits Aquitaine, Poitou and Anjou to Philippe of France.
|1203||03 Apr: Rumors say John murdered Arthur of Brittany.|
|1205||Dispute with Pope Innocent III.|
|1207||Rejects Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury.|
|1208||Papacy puts interdict on England. All church services stop.|
|1209||Pope Innocent III excommunicates John. Lackland confiscates church revenue to finance military. Comes to enjoy wealth excommunication brings. Ban later lifted.|
|1211||Defeats Llywelyn the Great.|
|1214||27 Jul: Defeat at Battle of Bouvines: forced to accept unfavorable peace with France.|
|1212||Imposes taxes on Barons to regain Aquitaine, Poitou and Anjou.|
|1215||15 Jun: Barons force John to sign Magna Carta.|
|1215 - 1217||First Baron's War: Rebel barons support Prince Louis, son of the French king.|
|1216||♦ 21 May: Louis invades England. Marches to London. With support, proclaimed and accepted as England's king (not crowned). John flees to Winchester.|
♦ 14 Jun: Louis captures Winchester. Conquers over half the kingdom.
In 1173 he was contracted to marry Alice of Maurienne, eldest daughter of Humbert III, Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Marquis of Italy. The marriage did not take place due to a dispute about castles. 
Clemence was most likely the mother of Joan FitzJohn who was born, probably in 1188, quite possibly in France, and who subsequently married Llywelyn the Great (Llywelyn Fawr). See full discussion of Joan's possible mothers on her profile.
The Annals of Tewkesbury name Clemencia as the mother of Llewelyn's wife Johanna when recording Johanna's death. 
Cawley reports that Clementia's husband is identified as "Henry Pinel" by Weir, but without identification of a primary source. 
Agatha de Ferrers was well known as a mistress of John's over time. She never married. She is thought in some circles to be the mother of Joan. See full discussion of Joan's possible mothers on her profile. But there are numerous Agathas. Which one was John's mistress?
John married first at Marlborough, Wiltshire, 29 August 1189 Isabel of Gloucester, youngest daughter and co-heiress of William Fitz Robert, Earl of Gloucester. Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, protested against the marriage, John and Isabel being related. They had no issue. Upon becoming king in 1199, John obtained a divorce on grounds of consanguinity. She was then kept a state prisoner until 1214. 
Sometimes she was assumed to be Ela (Warenne) de Newburgh, born in Surry, England, 1166, but only verified as an unknown daughter of her father.
Isabella FitzRobert born Fylingdale, Yorkshire, England, 1160
John died 18/19 Oct 1216 and was buried at Worcester Cathedral. 
King John died suddenly from dysentery at the Bishop of Lincoln's castle at Newark in Nottinghamshire, on October 19, 1216. 
He was buried in the Abbey Church of St. Peter in Worcester later that year in the choir before the high altar between the shrine of Wulfstan (d.1095), to the north, and another Worcester bishop-saint Oswald (d.992), to the south. In 1232 his remains were interred in a new tomb before the Worcester high altar in the presence of his son, King Henry III. His tomb was opened in 1529 and again in 1797. In 1529 the king's stone coffin and low-lying effigy slab were incorporated into a contemporary tomb-chest. King John's tomb today comprises a Purbeck marble effigy most likely dating from the 1232 reburial, and the sixteenth-century tomb-chest. His Worcester monument is important in several ways - it is the earliest surviving royal effigy in England, and the only example of an English royal effigy executed in Purbeck marble. 
Tomb note: King John's tomb is intact and the effigy is chipped. King John's facial likeness on the effigy is believed to be based on fact. 
His heart (and some say his bowels ("viscera")) was interred in Croxton Abbey in Croxton Kerrial in Leicestershire, in recognition of the services of the Croxton abbot who was King John's deathbed confessor at Newark. Little remains of the Abbey, which was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1538.
Croxton Abbey was also the burial place of Henry VIII's elder brother Prince Arthur who died in 1502, having been Katherine of Aragon's first husband, with Henry VIII being her second. Katherine was the first of Henry's six wives.
Many of John's illegitimate children were born prior to his marriage in 1189. Since he was born in 1166, one would not expect his children to be born much before 1184, providing a five year window for the birth of many of his illegitimate children. Legitimate children are displayed below in bold.
On 27 Jan 2018 Vicki (McCrory) Kennedy wrote:
On 3 Dec 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:
Born: December 24, 1166 at Beaumont Palace : Oxford Parents: Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Relation to Elizabeth II: 21st great-grandfather House of: Angevin Ascended to the throne: April 6, 1199 aged 32 years Crowned: May 27, 1199 at Westminster Abbey Married: 1) Isabella of Gloucester, (annulled 1199), (2) Isabella, Daughter of Count of Angouleme Children: Two sons including Henry III, three daughters and several illegitimate children Died: October 18, 1216 at Newark Castle, aged 49 years, 9 months, and 24 days Buried at: Worcester Reigned for: 17 years, 6 months, and 13 days Succeeded by: his son Henry III
John was nicknamed Lackland, probably because, as the youngest of Henry II's five sons, it was difficult to find a portion of his father's French possessions for him to inherit. He was acting king from 1189 during his brother Richard the Lion-Heart's absence on the Third Crusade. The legend of Robin Hood dates from this time in which John is portrayed as Bad King John. He was involved in intrigues against his absent brother, but became king in 1199 when Richard was killed in battle in France.
Most of his reign was dominated by war with France. Following the peace treaty of Le Goulet there was a brief peace, but fighting resumed again in 1202. John had lost Normandy and almost all the other English possessions in France to Philip II of France by 1204. He spent the next decade trying to regain these without success and was finally defeated by Philip Augustus at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214. He was also in conflict with the Church. In 1205 he disputed the pope's choice of Stephen Langton as archbishop of Canterbury, and Pope Innocent III placed England under an interdict, suspending all religious services, including baptisms, marriages, and burials. John retaliated by seizing church revenues, and in 1209 was excommunicated. Eventually, John submitted, accepting the papal nominee, and agreed to hold the kingdom as a fief of the papacy; an annual monetary tribute was paid to the popes for the next 150 years by successive English monarchs.
His repressive policies and ruthless taxation to fund the warin France brought him into conflict with his barons which became known as the Barons War. In 1215 rebel baron leaders marched on London where they were welcomed by an increasing band of defectors from John’s royalist supporters. Their demands were drawn up in a document which became the known as the Magna Carta. John sort peace and met them at Runnymede where on 15th June 1215 he agreed to their demands and sealed the Magna Carta. It was a remarkable document which set limits on the powers of the king, laid out the feudal obligations of the barons, confirmed the liberties of the Church, and granted rights to all freemen of the realm and their heirs for ever. It was the first written constitution. Read and view the Magna Carta.
His concessions did not buy peace for long and the Barons War continued. The barons sought French aid and Prince Louis of France landed in England supported by attacks from the North by Alexander II of Scotland. John fled and according to legend lost most of his baggage and the crown jewels when crossing the tidal estuaries of the Wash. He became ill with dysentery and died at Newark Castle in October 1216.
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On 2 Dec 2018 at 13:15 GMT RJ Horace wrote:
The FitzWarin mistress, Oliver's mother, is FitzWarin-22.
On 30 May 2018 at 10:20 GMT Michael Griffiths wrote:
Michael Griffiths New Zealand
On 27 Jan 2018 at 14:49 GMT Vicki (McCrory) Kennedy wrote:
On 30 Oct 2017 at 16:30 GMT Eren Hatton wrote:
1. Eren is the daughter of Bobby Hatton [confident] 2. Bobby is the son of Leroy Hatton [unknown confidence] 3. Leroy is the son of Roy Hatton [unknown confidence] 4. Roy is the son of Callie Louisa Couch [unknown confidence] 5. Callie is the daughter of William Lewis Couch [unknown confidence] 6. William is the son of Charity Powell [unknown confidence] 7. Charity is the daughter of Lewis Powell [unknown confidence] 8. Lewis is the son of Ambrose Powell [unknown confidence] 9. Ambrose is the son of John Powell II [unknown confidence] 10. John is the son of Robert Powell [unknown confidence] 11. Robert is the son of John Powell [unknown confidence] 12. John is the son of William Thomas Powell [uncertain] 13. William is the son of Margaret (Whitney) Powell [uncertain] 14. Margaret is the daughter of Robert Whitney [confident] 15. Robert is the son of Robert Whitney [unknown confidence] 16. Robert is the son of Robert Whitney [confident] 17. Robert is the son of Blanche (Milbourne) Whitney [confident] 18. Blanche is the daughter of Simon Milbourne Esq [confident] 19. Simon is the son of Elizabeth Ann Devereux [unknown confidence] 20. Elizabeth is the daughter of Agnes (Crophull) Devereux [unknown confidence] 21. Agnes is the daughter of Thomas (Crophull) de Crophull [unknown confidence] 22. Thomas is the son of Margery (Verdun) de Crophull [unknown confidence] 23. Margery is the daughter of Maud (Mortimer) de Verdun [unknown confidence] 24. Maud is the daughter of Edmund (Mortimer) de Mortimer Knt [unknown confidence] 25. Edmund is the son of Roger (Mortimer) de Mortimer Knt [unknown confidence] 26. Roger III is the son of Gwladus (ferch Llywelyn) de Mortimer [unknown confidence] 27. Gwladus is the daughter of Joan FitzJohn [unknown confidence] 28. Joan is the daughter of John (Plantagenet) of England [confident] This makes John the 26th great grandfather of Eren.
On 21 Jul 2017 at 11:25 GMT Steph (Obrien) Meredith wrote:
On 7 Jul 2017 at 01:04 GMT John Atkinson wrote:
On 6 Jul 2017 at 18:04 GMT Jack Day wrote:
On 5 May 2017 at 14:17 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:
On 5 May 2017 at 14:12 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:
On 5 Apr 2017 at 05:27 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:
John is 29 degrees from Rosa Parks, 26 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.