|King of England
19 Oct 1216 – 16 Nov 1272
||Henry III (Plantagenet) of England was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.|
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Henry III of England
|r.1216 - 1272||Reign of Henry III, king of England: 19 Oct 1216 - 16 Nov 1272|
|Son of John "Lackland" and Isabelle of Angouleme|
|1207||b. 1 Oct 1207 Winchester Castle|
|1216||19 Oct 1216: Nine year old Henry becomes king.|
28 Oct 1216: Coronation at Gloucester Cathedral.
Regents rules England until 1227.
|1217||Fifth Crusade 1217 - 1221: King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, John of Brienne in command.|
|1219||William Marshal dies. Hubert de Burgh controls England|
|1227||Henry's back at the helm. French Bishop of Winchester Peter des Roches, replaces Hubert de Burgh.|
|1228 - 1229||Sixth Crusade 1228 - 1229: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in command.|
|1236||m. Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223-1291) at Canterbury Cathedral.|
♦ son: Edward of Westminster "Longshanks"
|1248||Seventh Crusade 1248 - 1254: Louis IX of France in command.|
|1256||Welsh revolt: Llewelyn ap Gruffydd declares himself ruler of North Wales. Rebells against English.|
|1257||Henry and Longshanks end Welsh rebellion|
|1258||Provisions of Oxford: Seven barons led by Simon de Montfort force Henry to agree to end absolutist Anglo-Norman monarchy. Demand council of fifteen barons to govern and a parliament.|
|1262||Papal bull exempts Henry from agreements made at Provisions of Oxford. Civil war breaks out and the Second Barons' War begins.|
|1264 - 1265|| Second Barons' War: Longhanks leads royalists. Simon de Montfort leads baronial opposition.|
|1264||Battle of Lewes May 14: Montfort's army defeats and takes Henry prisoner. Longshanks escapes. Continues fight.|
|1265||Battle of Evesham: Montfort defeated. Power restored to Henry.|
|1272||16 NOV: Henry III dies at Westminster. Buried in the Abbey.|
|1272||"Longshanks" takes throne as Edward I.|
(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Henry III originally intended to be buried in the Temple Church, London, but in 1246 he instructed his burial to be in Westminster Abbey, the first royal burial at Westminster since Edward the Confessor. Henry's will of 1253 confirmed his burial intentions, made various bequests to the Confessor's shrine, and urged his heir and successor, Edward, to complete the rebuilding of the church. Henry III died at Westminster on 16 November 1272 and was interred five days later before the high altar of the abbey church in what was thought to be the position of the Confessor's original grave. But work on Henry's tomb does not appear to have begun until several years later, when as late as 1280, his son Edward I brought semi-precious stones from France for his father's monument. And it was not until 10 May 1290 that Henry's body was translated to the new tomb, in the dead of night and without warning. The following year Edward commissioned a gilt-bronze effigy for his tomb, together with companion effigies for Eleanor of Castile at Westminster and Lincoln. Repairs made to Henry's tomb in 1292 most likely relate to the installation of his effigy. Henry's heart was taken from Westminster for burial that same year at the Angevin mausoleum at Fontevrault. Henry's tomb was opened in 1871 when it necessitated nine men using pulleys to raise the effigy and effigy-plate. Henry's coffin was found to be over 6 feet in length and of polished oak. It was not disturbed. Henry's tomb features the first surviving English royal tomb-chest, and, together with Eleanor of Castile's Westminster effigy, the earliest surviving English effigy cast in bronze.
Henry and Eleanor had five children:[v] 
Henry had no illegitimate children.
The following persons, presently linked as Henry III's children, require researching to determine who their actual parents are:
On 3 Dec 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:
Born: October 1, 1207 at Winchester Parents: King John and Isabella of Angouleme Relation to Elizabeth II: 20th great-grandfather House of: Plantagenet Ascended to the throne: October 18, 1216 aged 9 years Crowned: October 28, 1216 at Westminster Abbey Married: Eleanor of Provence, Daughter of Raymond Berenger Children: Six sons including Edward I, and three daughters Died: November 16, 1272 at Westminster, aged 65 years, 1 month, and 16 days Buried at: Westminster Abbey Reigned for: 56 years, and 29 days Succeeded by: his son Edward
King of England from 1216, when he succeeded John, but the royal powers were exercised by a regency until 1232, and by two French nobles, Peter des Roches and Peter des Rivaux, until the barons forced their expulsion in 1234, marking the start of Henry's personal rule. His financial commitments to the papacy and his foreign favourites antagonized the barons who issued the Provisions of Oxford in 1258, limiting the king's power. Henry's refusal to accept the provisions led to the second Barons' War in 1264, a revolt of nobles led by his brother-in-law Simon de Montfort. Henry was defeated at Lewes, Sussex, and imprisoned, but restored to the throne after the royalist victory at Evesham in 1265. He was succeeded by his son Edward I.
On his release Henry was weak and senile and his eldest son, Edward, took charge of the government.
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On 12 Nov 2018 at 18:38 GMT Linda (Holland) Wheatley wrote:
Linda (Holland) Wheatley.
On 30 May 2018 at 11:10 GMT Michael Griffiths wrote:
Regards, Michael Griffiths, New Zealand
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On 19 Mar 2017 at 20:22 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:
Henry III is 29 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 22 degrees from Burl Ives and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.