Henry III (Plantagenet) of England
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Henry (Plantagenet) of England (1207 - 1272)

Henry (Henry III) "King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Aquitaine" of England formerly Plantagenet aka of Winchestor
Born in Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 14 Jan 1236 in Canterbury, Kent, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Palace of Westminster, Westminster, Middlesex, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 20 Feb 2011 | Last significant change: 29 Jun 2020
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Contents

Biography

The House of Plantagenet crest.
Henry III (Plantagenet) of England is a member of the House of Plantagenet.
Preceded by
John
King of England
19 Oct 1216 – 16 Nov 1272
Succeeded by
Edward I
British Aristocracy
Henry III (Plantagenet) of England was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Biography

Henry III of England

r.1216 - 1272 Reign of Henry III, king of England: 19 Oct 1216 - 16 Nov 1272

Son of John "Lackland" and Isabelle of Angouleme

1207 b. 1 Oct 1207 Winchester Castle
1216 19 Oct 1216: Nine year old Henry becomes king.
28 Oct 1216: Coronation at Gloucester Cathedral.
Regents rules England until 1227.

1217 Fifth Crusade 1217 - 1221: King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, John of Brienne in command.

1219 William Marshal dies. Hubert de Burgh controls England

1227 Henry's back at the helm. French Bishop of Winchester Peter des Roches, replaces Hubert de Burgh.
1228 - 1229 Sixth Crusade 1228 - 1229: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in command.

1234 Barons rebel.

1236 m. Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223-1291) at Canterbury Cathedral.

♦ son: Edward of Westminster "Longshanks"
♦ dau: Margaret
♦ dau: Beatrice
♦ son: Edmund, Earl of Lancaster

1248 Seventh Crusade 1248 - 1254: Louis IX of France in command.

1256 Welsh revolt: Llewelyn ap Gruffydd declares himself ruler of North Wales. Rebells against English.

1257 Henry and Longshanks end Welsh rebellion

1258 Provisions of Oxford: Seven barons led by Simon de Montfort force Henry to agree to end absolutist Anglo-Norman monarchy. Demand council of fifteen barons to govern and a parliament.

1262 Papal bull exempts Henry from agreements made at Provisions of Oxford. Civil war breaks out and the Second Barons' War begins.

1264 - 1265 Second Barons' War: Longhanks leads royalists. Simon de Montfort leads baronial opposition.

1264 Battle of Lewes May 14: Montfort's army defeats and takes Henry prisoner. Longshanks escapes. Continues fight.

1265Battle of Evesham: Montfort defeated. Power restored to Henry.

1272 16 NOV: Henry III dies at Westminster. Buried in the Abbey.

1272 "Longshanks" takes throne as Edward I.

Birth

Born: 1 October 1207 at Winchester Castle in Winchester, Hampshire, England.

Marriage and Children

Married: Eleanor of Provence on 14 January 1236 at Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, England. She was the daughter Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence, and Beatrice of Savoy.
Children of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence:[1]
  1. Edward I (b. 17/18 June 1239 – d. 7 July 1307)
  2. Margaret (b. 29 September 1240 – d. 26 February 1275)
  3. Beatrice (b. 25 June 1242 – d. 24 March 1275)
  4. Edmund (16 January 1245 – d. 5 June 1296)
  5. Katherine or Catherine (b. 25 November 1253 – d. 3 May 1257)
Early writers gave Henry III up to nine children.[2][3][4] However, a detailed study of the primary records shows that only five can be documented. The other four do not appear in any records before the fifteenth century. The household records, Church records and contemporaneous writers are so detailed as to make it near certain the other four did not exist, even if they died early in infancy.[1] The four children who are no longer thought exist but may be found in older records are:
  1. Richard Plantagenet. Said to have been born about 1247 and to have died 29 August 1250. There is no contemporary evidence of his birth, his death or even of his existence.
  2. John Plantagenet. Said to have been born 1252 and to have died 31 August 1252. There is no contemporary evidence of his birth, his death or even of his existence.
  3. William Plantagenet. Said to have died in 1259. There is no contemporary evidence of his birth, his death or even of his existence.
  4. Henry Plantagenet. Said to have been born May 1260 and to have died 10 October 1260. There is no contemporary evidence of his birth, his death or even of his existence.
Henry had no illegitimate children. However, he is sometimes given given additional children. There is no evidence to support any of the claims. These include:
  1. Walter de Hales - This is perhaps an internet error as Walter de Hales was contemporaneous with King John.
  2. Lawrence Cornwall - A confusion with the Lawrence Cornwall who was an illegitimate son of Richard Cornwall by Joan Valletort.
  3. Philip DeSancto Austolo - Another possible illegitimate son of Richard Cornwall. He is sometimes said to be equivalent to Philip Cornwall. Whether he existed or not, he does not belong attached to Henry III.[5]

Death and burial of Henry III

(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Henry III originally intended to be buried in the Temple Church, London, but in 1246 he instructed his burial to be in Westminster Abbey, the first royal burial at Westminster since Edward the Confessor. Henry's will of 1253 confirmed his burial intentions, made various bequests to the Confessor's shrine, and urged his heir and successor, Edward, to complete the rebuilding of the church. Henry III died at Westminster on 16 November 1272 and was interred five days later before the high altar of the abbey church in what was thought to be the position of the Confessor's original grave. But work on Henry's tomb does not appear to have begun until several years later, when as late as 1280, his son Edward I brought semi-precious stones from France for his father's monument. And it was not until 10 May 1290 that Henry's body was translated to the new tomb, in the dead of night and without warning. The following year Edward commissioned a gilt-bronze effigy for his tomb, together with companion effigies for Eleanor of Castile at Westminster and Lincoln. Repairs made to Henry's tomb in 1292 most likely relate to the installation of his effigy. Henry's heart was taken from Westminster for burial that same year at the Angevin mausoleum at Fontevrault. Henry's tomb was opened in 1871 when it necessitated nine men using pulleys to raise the effigy and effigy-plate. Henry's coffin was found to be over 6 feet in length and of polished oak. It was not disturbed. Henry's tomb features the first surviving English royal tomb-chest, and, together with Eleanor of Castile's Westminster effigy, the earliest surviving English effigy cast in bronze.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 Howell, Margaret (1992). "The Children of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence". In Coss, Peter R.; Lloyd, Simon D. Thirteenth Century England: Proceedings of the Newcastle upon Tyne Conference, 1991 4. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. pp. 57–72. ISBN 0-85115-325-9. Cited by Wikipedia, Henry III of England. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_III_of_England
  2. Sandford, Francis. A Genealogical History of the Kings of England, and Monarchs of Great Britain. (1677): page 93.
  3. Richardson is using and cites Sandford. As noted these four children are no longer thought to have existed.
  4. Soc.genealogy.medieval Discussion group. "Philip de Sancto Austolo" (First post by Richard Turner, 11 February 2017). See follow up by Douglas Richardson. Available on Google GroHenry was born in 1206. Henry Plantagenet ... He passed awayups.
Footnotes and citations:
Source list:
  • Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, in 5 vols. (Salt Lake City, Utah, 2013): vol. I pages 58-63.
  • Howell, Margaret. "The Children of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence". In Coss, Peter R.; Lloyd, Simon D. Thirteenth Century England: Proceedings of the Newcastle upon Tyne Conference, 1991 4. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 1992): pages 57–72. Google Bools Preview view
  • Sandford, Francis. A Genealogical History of the Kings of England, and Monarchs of Great Britain. (1677): page 93. Archive.org link
  • Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 p. 74-79
See also:


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DNA Connections
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Comments: 5

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"Winchester"...spelling! Very nice bio!! and great work on the profile! Thank you!
posted by Scott Lee
Some of the children listed here for Henry III are bogus. Henry and Eleanor had only five children: Edward, Edmund, Katherine, Beatrice, and Margaret.
posted by Rod Schultz
I've taken on reviewing, documenting and enhancing this profile under Euroaristo's Conquer the Conquerer subproject. If anyone has suggestions, recommendations or warnings for me as I look at this profile, please let me know!
posted by Jack Day
Notables
Henry III (Plantagenet) of England is notable.
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posted by Doug Lockwood

Henry III is 25 degrees from Mary McCauley, 27 degrees from B. W. J. Molier and 9 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.