Henry III (Plantagenet) of England

Henry (Plantagenet) of England (1207 - 1272)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Henry (Henry III) "King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Aquitaine" of England formerly Plantagenet aka of Winchestor
Born in Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Canterbury, Kent, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Palace of Westminster, Westminster, Middlesex, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 20 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 37,999 times.

Categories: Royalty | House of Plantagenet | Westminster Abbey | Battle of Lewes | Battle of Evesham | Second Barons' War | Second Battle of Lincoln | Day-1904 Temporary Euroaristo Project.


The House of Plantagenet crest.
Henry III (Plantagenet) of England is a member of the House of Plantagenet.
Preceded by
John
King of England
19 Oct 1216 – 16 Nov 1272
Succeeded by
Edward I
British Aristocracy
Henry III (Plantagenet) of England was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
Join: British Royals and Aristocrats Project
Discuss: british_aristo


Merging Notice

Profile work-in-progress. Under developing rules on historically-significant ancestors over 300-years-old we expedite merges. WikiTree ID is Plantagenet-167. Do not merge this profile into any other. Merge duplicates into this profile.

Contents

Biography

Henry III of England

r.1216 - 1272 Reign of Henry III, king of England: 19 Oct 1216 - 16 Nov 1272

Son of John "Lackland" and Isabelle of Angouleme

1207 b. 1 Oct 1207 Winchester Castle
1216 19 Oct 1216: Nine year old Henry becomes king.
28 Oct 1216: Coronation at Gloucester Cathedral.
Regents rules England until 1227.

1217 Fifth Crusade 1217 - 1221: King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, John of Brienne in command.

1219 William Marshal dies. Hubert de Burgh controls England

1227 Henry's back at the helm. French Bishop of Winchester Peter des Roches, replaces Hubert de Burgh.
1228 - 1229 Sixth Crusade 1228 - 1229: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in command.

1234 Barons rebel.

1236 m. Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223-1291) at Canterbury Cathedral.

♦ son: Edward of Westminster "Longshanks"
♦ dau: Margaret
♦ dau: Beatrice
♦ son: Edmund, Earl of Lancaster

1248 Seventh Crusade 1248 - 1254: Louis IX of France in command.

1256 Welsh revolt: Llewelyn ap Gruffydd declares himself ruler of North Wales. Rebells against English.

1257 Henry and Longshanks end Welsh rebellion

1258 Provisions of Oxford: Seven barons led by Simon de Montfort force Henry to agree to end absolutist Anglo-Norman monarchy. Demand council of fifteen barons to govern and a parliament.

1262 Papal bull exempts Henry from agreements made at Provisions of Oxford. Civil war breaks out and the Second Barons' War begins.

1264 - 1265 Second Barons' War: Longhanks leads royalists. Simon de Montfort leads baronial opposition.

1264 Battle of Lewes May 14: Montfort's army defeats and takes Henry prisoner. Longshanks escapes. Continues fight.

1265Battle of Evesham: Montfort defeated. Power restored to Henry.

1272 16 NOV: Henry III dies at Westminster. Buried in the Abbey.

1272 "Longshanks" takes throne as Edward I.

Death and burial of Henry III

(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Henry III originally intended to be buried in the Temple Church, London, but in 1246 he instructed his burial to be in Westminster Abbey, the first royal burial at Westminster since Edward the Confessor. Henry's will of 1253 confirmed his burial intentions, made various bequests to the Confessor's shrine, and urged his heir and successor, Edward, to complete the rebuilding of the church. Henry III died at Westminster on 16 November 1272 and was interred five days later before the high altar of the abbey church in what was thought to be the position of the Confessor's original grave. But work on Henry's tomb does not appear to have begun until several years later, when as late as 1280, his son Edward I brought semi-precious stones from France for his father's monument. And it was not until 10 May 1290 that Henry's body was translated to the new tomb, in the dead of night and without warning. The following year Edward commissioned a gilt-bronze effigy for his tomb, together with companion effigies for Eleanor of Castile at Westminster and Lincoln. Repairs made to Henry's tomb in 1292 most likely relate to the installation of his effigy. Henry's heart was taken from Westminster for burial that same year at the Angevin mausoleum at Fontevrault. Henry's tomb was opened in 1871 when it necessitated nine men using pulleys to raise the effigy and effigy-plate. Henry's coffin was found to be over 6 feet in length and of polished oak. It was not disturbed. Henry's tomb features the first surviving English royal tomb-chest, and, together with Eleanor of Castile's Westminster effigy, the earliest surviving English effigy cast in bronze.

Children

Henry and Eleanor had five children:[v] [1]

  1. Edward I (b. 17/18 June 1239 – d. 7 July 1307)
  2. Margaret (b. 29 September 1240 – d. 26 February 1275)
  3. Beatrice (b. 25 June 1242 – d. 24 March 1275)
  4. Edmund (16 January 1245 – d. 5 June 1296)
  5. Katherine or Catherine (b. 25 November 1253 – d. 3 May 1257)

Henry had no illegitimate children.[344]

The following persons, presently linked as Henry III's children, require researching to determine who their actual parents are:

  1. Walter de Hales
  2. Richard Plantagenet
  3. John Plantagenet
  4. Lawrence Cornwall
  5. Philip DeSancto Austolo

Sources

  1. Howell, Margaret (1992). "The Children of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence". In Coss, Peter R.; Lloyd, Simon D. Thirteenth Century England: Proceedings of the Newcastle upon Tyne Conference, 1991 4. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. pp. 57–72. ISBN 0-85115-325-9. Cited by Wikipedia, Henry III of England. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_III_of_England
  • Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 p. 74-79
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 by Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 58-63
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 by Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 197
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 by Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 479

See also:



More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Memories: 1

On 3 Dec 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:

Name: King Henry III

Born: October 1, 1207 at Winchester Parents: King John and Isabella of Angouleme Relation to Elizabeth II: 20th great-grandfather House of: Plantagenet Ascended to the throne: October 18, 1216 aged 9 years Crowned: October 28, 1216 at Westminster Abbey Married: Eleanor of Provence, Daughter of Raymond Berenger Children: Six sons including Edward I, and three daughters Died: November 16, 1272 at Westminster, aged 65 years, 1 month, and 16 days Buried at: Westminster Abbey Reigned for: 56 years, and 29 days Succeeded by: his son Edward

King of England from 1216, when he succeeded John, but the royal powers were exercised by a regency until 1232, and by two French nobles, Peter des Roches and Peter des Rivaux, until the barons forced their expulsion in 1234, marking the start of Henry's personal rule. His financial commitments to the papacy and his foreign favourites antagonized the barons who issued the Provisions of Oxford in 1258, limiting the king's power. Henry's refusal to accept the provisions led to the second Barons' War in 1264, a revolt of nobles led by his brother-in-law Simon de Montfort. Henry was defeated at Lewes, Sussex, and imprisoned, but restored to the throne after the royalist victory at Evesham in 1265. He was succeeded by his son Edward I.

On his release Henry was weak and senile and his eldest son, Edward, took charge of the government.




Login to add your own memory.

Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Henry III by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 8
Henry III Plantagenet Image 1
Henry III Plantagenet Image 1

1902 Depiction of Henry III
1902 Depiction of Henry III

Effigy of Henry III of England
Effigy of Henry III of England

The Bulkeley genealogy - The ancestry of Grace (Chetwood) Bulkeley.
The Bulkeley genealogy - The ancestry of Grace (Chetwood) Bulkeley.

Le Roy d'Angleterre
Le Roy d'Angleterre

view all


Collaboration

On 12 Nov 2018 at 18:38 GMT Linda (Holland) Wheatley wrote:

My 19th Great Grandfather! and my husbands 25 Great Grandfather!

Linda (Holland) Wheatley.

On 30 May 2018 at 11:10 GMT Michael Griffiths wrote:

My 23rd Great Grandfather,

Regards, Michael Griffiths, New Zealand

On 17 Feb 2018 at 02:19 GMT Pamela Smith wrote:

Says I'm his 25th great grand niece that's great

On 11 Feb 2018 at 11:53 GMT Donna Aston wrote:

I don't think those other children should be linked, when not 100% proven.

On 31 Jan 2018 at 01:01 GMT Scott Lee wrote:

"Winchester"...spelling! Very nice bio!! and great work on the profile! Thank you!

On 5 Oct 2017 at 17:52 GMT Rod Schultz wrote:

Some of the children listed here for Henry III are bogus. Henry and Eleanor had only five children: Edward, Edmund, Katherine, Beatrice, and Margaret.

On 6 Jul 2017 at 18:10 GMT Jack Day wrote:

I've taken on reviewing, documenting and enhancing this profile under Euroaristo's Conquer the Conquerer subproject. If anyone has suggestions, recommendations or warnings for me as I look at this profile, please let me know!

On 28 May 2017 at 15:33 GMT Paula (Round) Dea wrote:

Henry-899 and Plantagenet-167 appear to represent the same person because: Duplicate of Plantagenet-167, and part of a set of duplicates as discussed in pre 1500 group. This sentence should be removed after the merge.

On 5 Apr 2017 at 04:50 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:

How could Plantagenet-167 Henry (Henry III) "King of England, be our 23rd great grandfather and John Plantagenet-143 joined as his father still yet be our 23rd great grandfather......???

On 19 Mar 2017 at 20:22 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:

Dave, it's because you are at the 25 generation limit of the Relationship Finder.

more comments


Henry III is 29 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 22 degrees from Burl Ives and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

P  >  Plantagenet  |  O  >  of England  >  Henry (Plantagenet) of England