Edward I (Plantagenet) of England

Edward (Plantagenet) of England (abt. 1239 - 1307)

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Edward (Edward I) "Longshanks, King of England" of England formerly Plantagenet
Born about in Westminster, Middlesex, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married (to ) in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castilemap
Husband of — married (to ) in Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Burgh by Sands, Cumberland, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 6 Jan 2010
This page has been accessed 44,640 times.

Categories: House of Plantagenet | House of Anjou | Battle of Lewes | Battle of Evesham | Second Barons' War | Ninth Crusade | First War of Scottish Independence | Royalty | City of Westminster | This Day In History June 17 | This Day In History July 07 | Who Do You Think You Are (US).


Preceded by
Henry III
Edward I, King of England
16 Nov 1272 – 7 Jul 1307
Succeeded by
Edward II

Contents

Biography

Edward I "Longshanks" of England (b. 17 Jun 1239 Westminster Palace - d. 07 Jul 1307 Burgh-on-Sands near Carlisle).[1]

a.k.a Edward of Westminster.[2]
House of Anjou: Plantagenet Branch[1]

Titles

  • 16 Nov 1272 - 07 Jul 1307: King of England[1][3]
  • 1284: King of Wales[1]
  • 1290: King of Man[1]
  • 1296: King of Scotland[1]
  • Lord of Ireland[1]
  • 1254: Duke of Gascony; Earl of Chester.[1]

Marriage

m.1 (Oct 1254 Las Huelgas, Castile) Eleanor of Castile, dau. of Ferdinand III of Castile. Issue: 16[1]

  • (dau) "died young" (b/d.1255; bur. Bordeaux)
  • Katherine "died young" (b/d. 1264)
  • Joan "died young" (b. 1265; bur. bef. 07 Sep 1265 Westminster Abbey).
  • John (b. Jun/Jul 10, 1266 Windsor or Kenilworth Castle - d. 01 or 03 Aug 1271 Wallingford; bur. Westminster Abbey)[4]
  • Henry (b. 13 Jul 13 1268 Windsor Castle - d.14 Oct 1274 Merton, Surrey, or Guildford Castle)
  • Eleanor (b. 1269 - d. 12 Oct 1298).
m. 20 Sep 1293 Count Henry III of Bar
  • (dau) ____ "died young" (b. 1271 Acre, Palestine - d. 28 May or 5 Sep 1271)
  • Joan of Acre. (b. 1272 Acre Spring - d. 23 Apr 1307 Clare, Suffolk; bur. priory of Austin friars, Clare, Suffolk).[5]
m.1 Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford
m.2 Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer.
  • Alphonso (b. 24 Nov 1273 Bayonne or Bordeaux- d. 14 or 19 Aug 1284 Windsor Castle; bur.Westminster Abbey)
  • Margaret (b. 11 Sep 1275 Windsor Castle - d. 1318; bur. Collegiate Church of St. Gudule, Brussels)
m. John II of Brabant
  • Berengaria (b. 01 May 1276 Kempton Palace, Surrey - d. 27 Jun 1278; bur. Westminster Abbey)[6]
  • Mary (b. 11 Mar or 22 Apr 1278 Windsor Castle - d. 08 July 1332), nun in Amesbury, Wiltshire
  • Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (b. Aug 1282 Rhuddlan Castle - d. c. 05 May 1316 Quendon, Essex; bur. Walden Abbey, Essex).[7]
m.1 John I, Count of Holland
m.2 Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex
  • Edward II of England, "Edward of Caernarvon" (b. 25 Apr 1284 Caernarvon Castle, Wales - d. 21 Sep 1327 probably Berkeley Castle; bur. Gloucester Cathedral).
m. Isabella of France.


m.2 (10 Sep 1299 Canterbury Cathedral) Marguerite de France (b. c 1279-d. 1318), dau. of Philippe III [Capet] of France. Issue: 3.[1]

  • Thomas of Brotherton, earl of Norfolk (b. 01 Jun 1300 Brotherton, Yorkshire - d. 04 Aug/20 Sep 1338; bur: abbey of Bury St Edmunds).
m.1 Alice Hayles
m.2 Mary Brewes
  • Edmund of Woodstock (b. 05 Aug 1301 Woodstock Palace, Oxon - d. 19 Mar 1330)[8]
m. Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell.
  • Eleanor (b. 04 May 1306 - d. 1311).[9]

Mistress

  • Illegitimate issue: 1 possible[1]

Burial

"Edward I died at Burgh-on-Sands on 7 July 1307 on a campaign to Scotland. On 28 August, Edward of Caernarvon finally instructed English prelates to attend him in Northampton to discuss arrangements for his father's burial and his own coronation as Edward II.

The kings body lay in state in Waltham Abbey,[10] before entering London. During the funeral procession between Holy Trinity, Aldgate, and Westminster the coffin was preceded by knights wearing the king's armor.

The coffin rested at St. Paul's and the Franciscan Church before arriving at Westminster on 27 October. The following day Edward was interred in the Confessor's Chapel to the west of the monument he commissioned for his father, Henry III, the exequies presided over by the bishops of Durham, Winchester and Lincoln.

The funeral was unrecorded, apart from a distribution of 100 marks to the poor. It was later claimed that Edward's heart, like his father's, was taken to the Angevin mausoleum at Fontevrault.

Edward's tomb was probably commissioned by Edward II or his second wife, Margaret of France, although it may have been instructed by Edward himself, who was sixty-seven years old when he died.

The 9 ft 7 in x 3 ft 7in tomb is a plain, Purbeck sarcophagus, formed by five slabs joined without mortar, with a Purbeck plinth. There is no effigy or tomb-chest decoration, and none was recorded.

Traces survive of the epitaph painted on the north side of the tomb during 1556-59 referring to Edward simply as the 'Hammer of the Scots': Edwardus Primus Scotorum Malleus. Pacum Serva 1308.

In 1774 Edward's tomb was opened revealing a 6ft 7in long Purbeck coffin, resting on rubble with a detailed description of his undisturbed appearance recorded that noted distinct facial marks thought to be battle scars."[11]

Timeline

1207b. 01 Oct 1207 Westminster
p. King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence
1217Fifth Crusade:
1217 - 1221: King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, John of Brienne in command.
1228 Sixth Crusade:
1228-1229: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in command.
1248Seventh Crusade:
Louis IX of France in command.
1254m.1 OCT Eleanor, Infanta of Castile[1] (1241–1290). surviving issue:
  • Joan of Acre
  • Alphonso, Earl of Chester
1256Welsh Rebellion: Welsh Revolt:

Llewelyn ap Gruffydd declares himself ruler of North Wales. Rebels against English.

1257Welsh rebellion put out.
1264-1265Second Barons War
Longshanks leads royalists. Simon de Montfort leads barons.
1264 Battle of Lewes
14 MAY: Henry defeated. Taken prisoner by Montfort's army. "Longshanks" escapes.
1270Eighth Crusade: Louis IX in command.
1271-1272 Ninth Crusade: Edward leads Ninth Crusade. Brings Eleanor.
1272Henry III dies 16 NOV. Buried at Westminster Abbey.
1274Arrives in England 02 AUG[1]
Coronation: 19 AUG[1]
1278Builds four castles at Wales:
  • Flint
  • Rhuddlan
  • Builth
  • Aberystwyth
1282Builds more castles to control Wales:
  • Caernarfon
  • Conwy
  • Harlech
  • Beaumaris
1284Statute of Rhuddlan: Wales annexed.
1290Queen Eleanor dies. Edwards erects the twelve famed crosses.
1292Balliol Crowned: John de Balliol crowned King of Scotland at Scone.
1296

APRIL: Balliol renounces homage. Edward responds with Berwick invasion. Battle of Dunbar breaks out. Edinburgh Castle is captured.

10 JUL: Balliol abdicates. Goes into permanent exile.

Edward steals Stone of Scone. Puts it in the Coronation Chair at Westminster Abbey. Stays there for 700 years.[1]

1296 First War of Scottish Independence begins. William "Braveheart" Wallace leads rebellion.
1298Battle of Falkirk: Wallace defeated but escapes. Later caught.
1299Second Marriage: SEP: m. Marguerite of France.
1305Wallace Executed: Drawn and quartered in London, a martyred Wallace ignites Scottish nationalism.
1306

Robert the Bruce (1274-1329) rebels. Crowned king of Scotland.

Edward tries to invade. Dies on the way.

130707 JUL: Edward I dies at Burgh-by-Sands, Cumberland.
  • Buried at Westminster Abbey
  • Edward II takes the throne.


Sources

Bibliography


  • Ashley, Mike (2008). A Brief History of British Kings and Queens. pp. 164-173. Philadelphia, PA: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.
  • Duffy, M. (2003). Royal Tombs of Medieval England, pp. 96-99
  • Richardson, D. (2013). Royal Ancestry, I, pp. 63-73.[13]
  • Vincent, J.A.C (1893). Lancashire Lay Subsidies. The Record Societ, XXVII, p. 28,[14]
  • Wikipedia: Edward I of England

See Also...


  • "Valerie Bertinelli." Who Do You Think You Are (S5 E4). TLC. 13 Aug 2014.

Notes


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 Ashley, 2008
  2. Wikipedia: Edward I of England#Childhood and marriage Accessed Feb 2041
  3. Crowned 19 Aug 1274 Westminster Abbey (Ashley, 2008)
  4. d. in custody of great uncle, Richard, Earl of Cornwall.
  5. d. her manor in Clare, Suffolk
  6. alias: Berenice
  7. d. in childbirth; buried:
  8. Executed by Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer following overthrow of Edward II.
  9. Youngest child named after Eleanor of Castile.
  10. burial place of Harold II
  11. Duffy, 2003
  12. Invested with Wales and Ireland
  13. For descent from William the Conqueror see: Richardson, D. (2013). Royal Ancestry, I:197 (m. Eleanor of Castile), 420, 479, II:118, III:32; Duffy, M. (2003). Royal Tombs of Medieval England, pp. 96-99
  14. "Eleanor, daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile by his second wife, Jane countess of Ponthieu"
    Footnote 1: "Faedera, i. 300. Edward... born at Westminster on the 17th (Paris, ed. Luard, iii. 539) or 18th (Annales Monastici, i. 112, 257; ii. 88, 1212, &c.) of June in the year 1239, and named after Edward the Confessor. He was knighted at Burgos 30 Dec. 1254 by Alfonso. [See Add. Charter 24,804]"

British Aristocracy
Edward I (Plantagenet) of England was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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On 29 May 2018 at 05:17 GMT Michael Griffiths wrote:

You are my 22nd Great Grandfather I am a direct descendant,

Regards Michael Griffiths, New Zealand

On 17 Feb 2018 at 02:23 GMT Pamela Smith wrote:

I'm his first cousin 26 times removed does this mean 26 generations in between us ? I'm new to wikki tree so trying to figure what the removed part means

On 25 Nov 2017 at 06:23 GMT Edison Williams wrote:

I believe adjustments need to be made to the location of death. There was no County Cumbria until 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972. At that time the historic County Cumberland's former area was combined with Westmorland and parts of Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire to form the new county of Cumbria. The timeline in the biography correctly states "Cumberland," but the BMD data shows "Cumbria," which wouldn't exist until almost 670 years later.

On 5 Jun 2017 at 23:06 GMT Jennifer Farrar wrote:

It is doubtful that Richard III of York was a descendant of Longshanks.

His Y DNA hg is G2, it is thought that he or an ancestor was an NPE.

Very possible, since stability of the kingdom required a male heir, and royal impotence was often concealed..

And other reasons as well.

Article here: https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/mar/25/richard-iii-dna-tests-uncover-evidence-of-further-royal-scandal

On 15 May 2017 at 01:59 GMT Deborah (Schmitt) McDonald wrote:

This is just an awesome profile by the way it is done..

On 10 May 2017 at 10:31 GMT John Atkinson wrote:

Longshanks-6 and Plantagenet-2 appear to represent the same person because: These are both profiles for Edward I, please merge them. Plantagenet is the preferred LNAB, Longshanks was his nickhame.

On 1 May 2017 at 19:16 GMT Lynda Crackett wrote:

This person seems to be a duplicate. See profile Plantagenet-2.

On 26 Apr 2017 at 07:53 GMT Stephanie (Gray) Carmon wrote:

My 18th great grandfather on my mother's side & 21st great grandfather on my father's side.

On 28 Jul 2016 at 19:15 GMT P (Ross) R wrote:

source Ancestry.comWeb: Netherlands, GenealogieOnline Trees Index, 1000-2015

Birth, Marriage & Death Name Edward I Plantagenet Koning van Engeland Spouse Eleonore van Castilië Gravin van Ponthieu Father Hendrik Plantagenet Koning van Engeland Mother Eleonore van Aragon Children Maria Plantagenet Prinses van Engeland Birth 17 06 1239 Death 7 07 1307 - Age: 68

On 28 Jul 2016 at 19:08 GMT P (Ross) R wrote:

From ancestry.com UK and Ireland, Find A Grave Index, 1300s-Current

Birth, Marriage & Death Name Edward I Spouse Eleanor of Castile Father King Henry III Birth 16 06 1239 - Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England Mother Eleanor of Provence Death7 07 1307 Burgh-by-Sands, City Cumbria, of Carlisle, England

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Edward I is 28 degrees from Rosa Parks, 25 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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