Edward  (Plantagenet) of England

Edward (Plantagenet) of England (abt. 1239 - 1307)

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Edward (Edward I) "Longshanks, King of England" of England formerly Plantagenet
Born about in Westminster, Middlesex, Englandmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castilemap
Husband of — married (to ) in Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Englandmap
Died in Burgh by Sands (Burgh-on-Sands), City of Carlisle District, Cumbria, Englandmap
Plantagenet-2 created 6 Jan 2010 | Last modified | Last edit: 26 Apr 2017
03:53: Stephanie (Gray) Carmon posted a message on the page for Edward I (Plantagenet) of England. [Thank Stephanie for this]
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Categories: House of Anjou | Battle of Lewes | Battle of Evesham | Second Barons' War | Ninth Crusade | First War of Scottish Independence | Royalty | City of Westminster | This Day In History June 17 | This Day In History July 07 | Who Do You Think You Are (US) | House of Plantagenet | Notables.


Preceded by
Henry III
Edward I, King of England
16 Nov 1272 – 7 Jul 1307
Succeeded by
Edward II

Contents

Biography


The House of Plantagenet crest. This person is a member of the House of Plantagenet.

Edward I "Longshanks" of England; Edward of Westminster[1]
House of Anjou: Plantagenet Branch[2]
b. 17 Jun 1239 Westminster Palace[2]
d. 07 Jul 1307 Burgh-on-Sands near Carlisle[2]

Titles

  • King of England 16 Nov 1272 - 07 Jul 1307[2][3]
  • King of Wales (from 1284)[2]
  • King of Man (from 1290)[2]
  • King of Scotland (from 1296)[2]
  • Lord of Ireland[2]
  • Duke of Gascony (from 1254)[2]
  • Earl of Chester (from 1254)[2]

Family

m.1 Eleanor[4] Oct 1254 Las Huelgas, Castile. Issue: 16[2]
  • dau (b/d.1255)[5]
  • Katherine (b/d. 1264)
  • Joan b/d. 1265.[6]
  • John (Jun/Jul 10, 1266 - 01 or 03 Aug 1271)[7]
  • Henry (13 Jul 13 1268 - 14 Oct 1274)[8]
  • Eleanor (1269 - 12 Oct 1298).
m. 20 Sep 1293 Count Henry III of Bar
  • dau (1271 - 28 May or 5 Sep 1271)[9]
  • Joan of Acre. (1272 - 23 Apr 1307)[10]
m.1 Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford
m.2 Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer.
  • Alphonso (24 Nov 1273 - 14 or 19 Aug 1284)[11]
  • Margaret (11 Sep 1275 - 1318) m. John II of Brabant[12]
  • Berengaria (01 May 1276 - 27 Jun 1278)[13]
  • Mary (11 March or 22 April 1278 - 8 July 1332)[14]: nun in Amesbury, Wiltshire
  • Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Aug 1282 - c. 5 May 1316)[15]
m.1 John I, Count of Holland
m.2 Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex
  • Edward II of England, "Edward of Caernarvon" (25 Apr 1284 - 21 Sep 1327)[16] m. Isabella of France.


m.2 Margaret (c 1279-1318)[17] 10 Sep 1299 Canterbury Cathedral. Issue: 3[2]
  • Thomas of Brotherton, earl of Norfolk (01 Jun 1300 - btw 04 Aug and 20 Sep 1338)[18]
m.1 Alice Hayles
m.2 Mary Brewes
  • Edmund of Woodstock (05 Aug 1301-19 Mar 1330)[19] m. Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell. Issue.
  • Eleanor (4 May 1306 - 1311).[20]
Illegitimate issue: 1 possible[2]

Timeline

1207b. 01 Oct 1207 Westminster
p. King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence
1217Fifth Crusade:
1217 - 1221: King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, John of Brienne in command.
1228 Sixth Crusade:
1228-1229: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in command.
1248Seventh Crusade:
Louis IX of France in command.
1254m.1 OCT Eleanor, Infanta of Castile[2] (1241–1290). surviving issue:
  • Joan of Acre
  • Alphonso, Earl of Chester
1256Welsh Rebellion: Welsh Revolt:

Llewelyn ap Gruffydd declares himself ruler of North Wales. Rebels against English.

1257Welsh rebellion put out.
1264-1265Second Barons War
Longshanks leads royalists. Simon de Montfort leads barons.
1264 Battle of Lewes
14 MAY: Henry defeated. Taken prisoner by Montfort's army. "Longshanks" escapes.
1270Eighth Crusade: Louis IX in command.
1271-1272 Ninth Crusade: Edward leads Ninth Crusade. Brings Eleanor.
1272Henry III dies 16 NOV. Buried at Westminster Abbey.
1274Arrives in England 02 AUG[2]
Coronation: 19 AUG[2]
1278Builds four castles at Wales:
  • Flint
  • Rhuddlan
  • Builth
  • Aberystwyth
1282Builds more castles to control Wales:
  • Caernarfon
  • Conwy
  • Harlech
  • Beaumaris
1284Statute of Rhuddlan: Wales annexed.
1290Queen Eleanor dies. Edwards erects the twelve famed crosses.
1292Balliol Crowned: John de Balliol crowned King of Scotland at Scone.
1296

APRIL: Balliol renounces homage. Edward responds with Berwick invasion. Battle of Dunbar breaks out. Edinburgh Castle is captured.

10 JUL: Balliol abdicates. Goes into permanent exile.

Edward steals Stone of Scone. Puts it in the Coronation Chair at Westminster Abbey. Stays there for 700 years.[2]

1296 First War of Scottish Independence begins. William "Braveheart" Wallace leads rebellion.
1298Battle of Falkirk: Wallace defeated but escapes. Later caught.
1299Second Marriage: SEP: m. Marguerite of France.
1305Wallace Executed: Drawn and quartered in London, a martyred Wallace ignites Scottish nationalism.
1306

Robert the Bruce (1274-1329) rebels. Crowned king of Scotland.

Edward tries to invade. Dies on the way.

130707 JUL: Edward I dies at Burgh-by-Sands, Cumberland.
  • Buried at Westminster Abbey
  • Edward II takes the throne.

Death and burial of Edward I

(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Edward I died at Burgh-on-Sands in Cumbria on 7 July 1307 while on campaign to Scotland. It was not until 28 August that Edward II instructed the English prelates to attend him in Northampton to discuss arrangements for his father's burial and his own coronation. The kings body lay in state in Waltham Abbey, the burial place of another king, Harold II, before entering London. During the funeral procession between Holy Trinity, Aldgate, and Westminster the coffin was preceded by knights wearing the king's armor. The coffin rested at St. Paul's and the Franciscan Church before arriving at Westminster on 27 October. The following day Edward was interred in the Confessor's Chapel to the west of the monument which he had commissioned for his father, Henry III, the exequies presided over by the bishops of Durham, Winchester and Lincoln. The funeral was unrecorded, apart from a distribution of 100 marks to the poor. It was later claimed that Edward's heart, like that of his father, was taken to the Angevin mausoleum at Fontevrault, near Chinon in Anjou, France. Edward's tomb was probably commissioned by his son, Edward II, or his second wife, Margaret of France, although it may have been instructed by Edward himself, who was sixty-seven years old when he died. Edward's tomb is a plain, Purbeck sarcophagus measuring 9ft 7in by 3ft 7in formed by five slabs joined without mortar, with a Purbeck plinth. There is no effigy or tomb-chest decoration, and none was recorded. Traces survive of the epitaph painted on the north side of the tomb during 1556-59 referring to Edward simply as the 'Hammer of the Scots': Edwardus Primus Scotorum Malleus. Pacum Serva 1308. In 1774 Edward's tomb was opened revealing a Purbeck coffin 6ft 7in long, resting on rubble with a detailed description of his undisturbed appearance recorded including noting that his face had distinctive marks thought to be battle scars.

Sources

  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. I pp. 63-73
  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. I. p. 420
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. II. p. 118
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. III page 32
  • Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 p. 96-99
  1. "Edward I of England." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Web. Accessed Feb 2041
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 Ashley, 2008
  3. Crowned 19 Aug 1274 Westminster Abbey (Ashley, 2008)
  4. Father: Ferdinand III, king of Castile
  5. buried Bordeaux
  6. buried Westminster Abbey anti. 07 Sep 1265.
  7. b. Windsor or Kenilworth Castle; d. Wallingford in custody of great uncle, Richard, Earl of Cornwall; Buried: Westminster Abbey
  8. b. Windsor Castle; d. Merton, Surrey, or Guildford Castle
  9. b/d. Acre, Palestine
  10. b. Acre Spring; d. her manor of Clare, Suffolk; buried: priory of Austin friars, Clare, Suffolk
  11. b. Bayonne or Bordeaux; d.Windsor Castle; bur.Westminster Abbey.
  12. b. Windsor Castle bur: Collegiate Church of St. Gudule, Brussels
  13. Alias: Berenice. b. Kempton Palace, Surrey; bur. Westminster Abbey.
  14. b. Windsor Castle
  15. b. Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales; d. Quendon, Essex in childbirth; buried: Walden Abbey, Essex
  16. b. Caernarvon Castle, Wales. d. probably Berkeley Castle; burial: Gloucester Cathedral.
  17. Father: Philippe III of France
  18. b. Brotherton, Yorkshire; bur: abbey of Bury St Edmunds
  19. b. Woodstock Palace, Oxon; Executed by Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer following overthrow of Edward II.
  20. Youngest child named after Eleanor of Castile.
  21. Invested with Wales and Ireland

See also:

  • Page 28: "in marriage Eleanor, his half sister, daughter of Ferdinand III. king of Castile by his second wife, Jane countess of Ponthieu"
  • Page 28 Footnote 1: "Faedera, i. 300. Edward... born at Westminster on the 17th (Paris, ed. Luard, iii. 539) or 18th (Annales Monastici, i. 112, 257; ii. 88, 1212, &c.) of June in the year 1239, and named after Edward the Confessor. He was knighted at Burgos 30 Dec. 1254 by Alfonso. [See Add. Charter 24,804]"

European Aristocracy
Edward I (Plantagenet) of England is a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in the British Isles.
Join: British Isles Royals and Aristocrats 742-1499 Project
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Edward I (Plantagenet) of England is notable.
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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Edward I by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 5
Edward I Plantagenet Image 1
Edward I Plantagenet Image 1

Edward I
Edward I

Dukes of Norfolk
Dukes of Norfolk

The Bulkeley genealogy - The ancestry of Grace (Chetwood) Bulkeley.
The Bulkeley genealogy - The ancestry of Grace (Chetwood) Bulkeley.

Son filz
Son filz

Collaboration

On 26 Apr 2017 at 07:53 GMT Stephanie (Gray) Carmon wrote:

My 21st great grandfather,☺

On 28 Aug 2016 at 04:01 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:

This trail tells us that Edward I is the 20th great grandfather of Walter Henderson Pack-530. I would love to join this project and need a badge for Pre-500 for my late husband side of the family for our family genealogy please

On 28 Jul 2016 at 19:15 GMT P (Ross) R wrote:

source Ancestry.comWeb: Netherlands, GenealogieOnline Trees Index, 1000-2015

Birth, Marriage & Death Name Edward I Plantagenet Koning van Engeland Spouse Eleonore van Castilië Gravin van Ponthieu Father Hendrik Plantagenet Koning van Engeland Mother Eleonore van Aragon Children Maria Plantagenet Prinses van Engeland Birth 17 06 1239 Death 7 07 1307 - Age: 68

On 28 Jul 2016 at 19:08 GMT P (Ross) R wrote:

From ancestry.com UK and Ireland, Find A Grave Index, 1300s-Current

Birth, Marriage & Death Name Edward I Spouse Eleanor of Castile Father King Henry III Birth 16 06 1239 - Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England Mother Eleanor of Provence Death7 07 1307 Burgh-by-Sands, City Cumbria, of Carlisle, England

On 31 Jul 2015 at 23:13 GMT John Atkinson wrote:

Of England-288 and Plantagenet-2 appear to represent the same person because: Father of same 2 daughters

On 30 Nov 2014 at 17:35 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

Notables
Edward I (Plantagenet) of England is notable.
Join: Notables Project
Discuss: notables

Interesting coincidence that research suggests that he is the 22nd great grandfather of both my wife & me.

On 18 Aug 2014 at 15:01 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

Edward I is 23 steps away from A.J. Jacobs in the global family tree!

On 8 Nov 2013 at 05:36 GMT Melissa King wrote:

How to test theoretically speaking that hes my 20th great grand father, who has the authority to test our dna?



Edward I is 21 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 9 degrees from Lucrezia Borgia, 23 degrees from Emma MacBeath, 24 degrees from Charles Schulz and 20 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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