Richard I (Plantagenet) of England
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Richard (Plantagenet) of England (1157 - 1199)

King Richard (Richard I) "Coeur de Lion, Lionheart, King of England" of England formerly Plantagenet aka Angevin
Born in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 12 May 1191 in Limassol, Cyprusmap
Died at age 41 in Chalus, Haute Vienne, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 10 Mar 2011 | Last significant change: 24 Apr 2022
15:47: Linda (Ross) Boddy answered a question about Richard (Plantagenet) of England (1157-1199) [Thank Linda for this]
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Preceded by
Henry II
King of England
6 Jul 1189 – 6 Apr 1199
Succeeded by
John

Contents

Biography

The House of Plantagenet crest.
Richard I (Plantagenet) of England is a member of the House of Plantagenet.

Richard "Lionheart" I of England

  • Duke of Normandy
  • 1172: Duc d'Aquitaine
  • King Richard I of England on 6 July 1189, crowned 3 September 1189 at Westminster Abbey; styled 'Rex Anglaie, Dux Normanniae et Aquitainaie et Comes Andegavaie'.


Richard I "Lionheart" or Coeur de Lion [1][2] was the son of Henry II 'Curtmantle', King of the English, Duke of the Normans and Aquitanians and Count of the Angevins, and his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was born on 8 September 1157 at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England. [1]

Richard spent his youth in France training as a soldier and later fought his father, Henry II.

During the Crusade he captured Cyprus. On the way home, he was taken prisoner in Austria and held ransom. There is a legend that his faithful minstrel Blondel went from castle to castle strumming the notes of his master's favorite melody. Upon reaching the King's prison he was delighted to hear the response from his master's harp. Richard spent only two short periods of his reign in England, the rest of the time he was away on the Crusades or in France.

Marriage and Children

Married Berengaria (c.1162-aft.1230) daughter of Sancho VI, King of Navarre [1] on 12 May 1191 at Limassol, Cyprus while Richard was on Crusade. They had no children.

Illegitimate Children [1]

  • Child of Richard I 'Coeur de Lion', King of England and Joan de St. Pol Fulk (?)
  • Philip, Lord de Cognac died after 1201

Death and Burial

Richard was on campaign in Chaluz (Chalus - presently located in the Limousin region of France) when he was wounded by a crossbow bolt resulting in his death by blood poisoning. The king's viscera (entrails) were buried locally and his body at Fontevrault, almost 100 miles away, but his heart was buried separately in Rouen Cathedral. This is the first recorded example of a separate royal heart burial, and it appears to have been instructed by Richard himself in recognition of the loyalty of his Norman subjects. [3]

Note on Fontevrault Abbey. Known formally as the Royal Abbey of Our Lady of Fontevraud (or Fonterault) (in French: Abbaye de Fonteraud). It was built in the early 12th century and was then located in what was known as the Angevin Empire. Henry II, King of England, his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and their son, King Richard the Lionheart, were buried here at the end of the 12th century. It was disestablished as a monastery during the French Revolution of the 1790s during which time the royal tombs were disturbed. Fontevraud Abbey, wikipedia

Richard I's heart tomb at Rouen stood south of the high altar and was enclosed by a 'balustrade of silver,' which was melted down in 1250 to help pay the ransom of Louis IX. It was replaced by a stone effigy, which appears in 17th-century drawings showing the main figure with a pillow headrest and lion footrest, and lying on a flat slab supported by four lions. The effigy disappeared sometime after the 1780s and in 1838 an effigy was unearthed south of the Sanctuary together with a lead casket containing the remains of the king's heart. This was identified by an inscription on silver leaf, suggesting the effigy was his. In 1869 Richard's effigy was restored to the south ambulatory together with a tomb-chest, later replaced by a plain plinth. [3]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 : Ashley, Mike (2008). A Brief History of British Kings and Queens. Philadelphia, PA: Running Press Book Publishers. Print.
  2. Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 64-65; C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 20; Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 p. 22, 57-60
  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. I p. 31
  • "A Short English Chronicle: London under Richard I and John (1189-1215)," in Three Fifteenth-Century Chronicles with Historical Memoranda by John Stowe, ed. James Gairdner (London: Camden Society, 1880), 31-38. British History Online, accessed October 24, 2021, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/camden-record-soc/vol28/pp31-38.
  • Francis Blomefield. "The city of Norwich, chapter 10: Of the city in Richard I's time," in An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 3, the History of the City and County of Norwich, Part I, (London: W Miller, 1806), 35-39. British History Online, accessed October 24, 2021, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-hist-norfolk/vol3/pp35-39.
  • "Houses of Military Orders: The Temple," in A History of the County of London: Volume 1, London Within the Bars, Westminster and Southwark, ed. William Page (London: Victoria County History, 1909), 485-491. British History Online, accessed October 24, 2021, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/london/vol1/pp485-491.
  • Bryce, James Bryce, Viscount, 1838-1922. The Holy Roman Empire. Published by London, Macmillan and Co., 1926. archive.org

See also:



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Comments: 14

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If you are related to King Richard the Lionheart, rather than post it here (where it will get archived), why not tell everybody about it in the "Which castle builder are you most closely connected to?" post on G2G?

Everyone on WikiTree can see it on G2G, and it's permanent so other cousins descended from Richard can find you in future.

You can also get a personalised sticker from the G2G post for your profile biography showing your relationship with Richard. Look in the comments section under the main post (second comment down) for the code.

Jo, England Project Managed Profiles Team coordinator

posted by Jo Fitz-Henry
Are you absolutely certain Richard had 2 children.

I have never came across this before and I have been studying this family for many years hearsay maybe

posted by Roger Churm
A G2G question has been asked about Richard I's offspring (I think). This profile mentions two illegitimate children, neither of whom are connected, and does not mention the one child who is connected. I just wonder if some additional clarification could be provided on this profile?

https://www.wikitree.com/g2g/1298998/been-said-that-richard-children-what-did-how-could-check-his

posted by [Living Kelts]
Julie, from what I have read, Philip of Cognac (the early 1180s – after 1201) was an illegitimate son born Philip Fitz Richard ~1181 by an unidentified mother.


http://www.ccsnyder.com/clan/snyder/family/report/ps05/ps05_360.htm Website: www.royalancestry.net http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PLANTAGENET.htm

posted by Toni Boone
Is there an attribution for image #1?
posted by Jen (Stevens) Hutton
Wikimedia commons says British Library Cotton MS. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Richard_coeurdelion_g.jpg
posted by Lynn Drasdo