|King of England
6 Jul 1189 – 6 Apr 1199
||Richard I (Plantagenet) of England was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.|
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Richard "Lionheart" I of England
Richard I "Lionheart" OR Coeur de Lion  was the son of Henry II 'Curtmantle', King of the English, Duke of the Normans and Aquitanians and Count of the Angevins, and his wife, Eleanorof Aquitaine.
Additional notes on the death and burial of King Richard I. (Royal Tombs of Medieval England) He was on campaign in Chaluz (Chalus - presently located in the Limousin region of France) when he was wounded by a cross-bow bolt resulting in his death by blood poisoning. The king's viscera (entrails) were buried locally and his body at Fontevrault, almost 100 miles away, but his heart was buried separately in Rouen Cathedral. This is the first recorded example of a separate royal heart burial, and it appears to have been instructed by Richard himself in recognition of the loyalty of his Norman subjects.
Note on Fontevrault Abbey. Known formally as the Royal Abbey of Our Lady of Fontevraud (or Fonterault) (in French: abbaye de Fonteraud). It was built in the early 12th century and was then located in what was known as the Angevin Empire. Henry II, King of England, his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and their son, King Richard the Lionheart, were buried here in the end of the 12th century. It was disestablished as a monastery during the French Revolution of the 1790s during which time the royal tombs were disturbed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fontevraud_Abbey
Notes on the heart burial of Richard I in Rouen Cathedral. (Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Richard I's heart tomb at Rouen stood south of the high altar, and was enclosed by a 'balustrade of silver,' which was melted down in 1250 to help pay the ransom of Louis IX. It was replaced by a stone effigy, which appears in17th century drawings showing the main figure with a pillow headrest and lion footrest, and lying on a flat slab supported by four lions. The effigy disappeared sometime after the 1780s and in 1838 an effigy was unearthed south of the Sanctuary together with a lead casket containing the remains of the king's heart. This was identified by an inscription on silver leaf, suggesting the effigy was his. In 1869 Richard's effigy was restored to the south ambulatory together with a tomb-chest, later replaced by a plain plinth.
Richard spent his youth in France training as soldier and later fought his father, Henry II.
During the Crusade he captured Cyprus. On way home he was taken prisoner in Austria and held ransom. There is a legend that his faithful minstrel Blondel went from castle to castle strumming the notes of his master's favorite melody. Upon reaching the King's prison he was delighted to hear the response from his master's harp. Richard spent only two short periods of his reign in England, the rest of time he was away on Crusades or in France.
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