Henry, known as the Young King (28 February 1155 - 11 June 1183) was the second of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was junior King of England; Duke of Normandy, Count of Anjou and Maine. (Reign 1170 - 1183, Coronation June 1170)
Little is known of the young prince Henry before the events associated with his marriage and coronation. His mother's children by her first marriage to the king of France were Marie de Champagne and Alix de Blois. He was a younger brother of William IX, Count of Poitiers (d. 1156), and his younger siblings included Matilda, Duchess of Saxony; Richard I of England; Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany; Eleanor, Queen of Castile; Joan, Queen of Sicily; and John I of England.
In June 1170, the fifteen-year-old Henry was crowned king during his father's lifetime, an adoption into England of the practice of French Capetian dynasty. He was known in his own lifetime as "Henry the Young King" to distinguish him from the elder King Henry his father. Because he predeceased his father, he is not counted in the numerical succession of kings of England. Nonetheless, he was an anointed king and his royal status was not disputed.
(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Henry was crowned king of England at Westminster Abbey in 1170, and again in 1172 at Winchester.
(Royal Ancestry) He was crowned joint King of England 14 June 1170 and recrowned together with his queen in 1172.
Burial in Rouen Cathedral
(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Henry died at Martel (in south-west France, presently in Lot department) on 11 July 1183. Twice crowned, he was twice buried: first in Le Mans Cathedral, the burial place of his grandfather, Geoffrey of Anjou, and then in Rouen Cathedral, north of the high altar. Rouen Cathedral was badly damaged by fire in 1200, and the royal tombs suffered varying degrees of damage by Calvinists in 1562 and anti-royalists (French Revolution) during the 1790s. In the 1780s Henry's tomb effigy was recorded as being in Rouen Cathedral's south Sanctuary, but seems to have later disappeared. In 1838 it was unearthed north of the Sanctuary, together with fragments of a lead coffin, bones and leather. Pieces of the effigy were lost and a new effigy was later commissioned and were incorporated with a new tomb-chest in the north ambulatory which has since been replaced by a plain plinth.
Royal Ancestry 2013, Douglas Richardson Vol. III p. 23
Royal Tombs of Medieval England M. Duffy 2003 p. 53-55
Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. I pp. 28-29 (ii)
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Henry by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: