Richard (Plantagenet) of England

Richard (Plantagenet) of England (aft. 1209 - abt. 1272)

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Richard "Earl of Cornwall, Count of Poitou in France, King of the Romans" of England formerly Plantagenet
Born after in Winchester Castle, Hampshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married 30 Mar 1231 in , Fawley, Buckinghamshire, Englandmap
Husband of — married 22 Nov 1243 in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, Middlesex, Englandmap
Husband of — married 16 Jun 1269 in Kaiserslautern, Germanymap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Berkhamstead Castle, Hertfordshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified 25 Apr 2020 | Created 19 May 2010 | Last significant change: 25 Apr 2020
13:25: Susie MacLeod edited the Biography for Richard (Plantagenet) of England (aft.1209-abt.1272). (formatting.) [Thank Susie for this]
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British Aristocracy
Richard (Plantagenet) of England was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Contents

Biography

Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall

Birth: 05 JAN 1209 Winchester, Hampshire
Death: : 02 APR 1272 Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire
Burial: 13 Apr 1272 Abbey, Hailes, Gloucestershire

Death and burial of Richard, Earl of Cornwall

(Royal Tombs of Medieval England) The younger brother of Henry III, Richard of Cornwall died at Berkhamsted in April 1271 and was buried at Hailes Abbey which is northeast of Winchcombe in Gloucestershire. His heart was buried beside his third wife Beatrice before the high altar in the Franciscan church, Oxford, beneath a 'sumptuous pyramid of wonderful workmanship.'

Additional notes about Hailes Abbey. (Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Hailes was a Cistercian house which Richard founded in 1246 as a cell to his father King John's foundation at Beaulieu Abbey. Hailes had its own relic of the Holy Blood, presented in 1270 by Richard's son, Edmund, who was also buried there together with Richard's second wife, Sanchia of Provence (d.1261), and other sons, Henry of Almayne (d.1271) and Sir Richard de Cornwall (d.1296). Henry, murdered at Viterbo, had a separate heart burial in the Confessor's Chapel at Westminster. In the late 13th century Hailes was the most senior of a series of aristocratic mausolea. There are no records of the Hailes tombs, which were probably destroyed following the surrender of the abbey to the crown in 1539. Excavations at Hailes in 1900 did find some stone effigy fragments in the south presbytery aisle bearing the arms of Cornwall.

Heart burials. (Royal Tombs of Medieval England) Richard of Cornwall's first wife, Isabella Marshal (d.1240), was buried at Beaulieu Abbey and had a heart burial at Tewksbury Abbey.

Titles

  • Count of Poitou
  • 1st Earl of Cornwall
  • 1257: King of the Romans

Sources

  • Page 273-5: #808. "Richard King of Almain ... Sir Edmund, his son, aged 22 on the day of St. Stephen last, is his heir.
  • John fitz Geoffrey, entry in the database Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley © Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2000-2017.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Richard by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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557 Wikidata - Imprecise death date
posted by Stephen McCallum
I've taken on reviewing, documenting and enhancing this profile under Euroaristo's Conquer the Conquerer subproject. If anyone has suggestions, recommendations or warnings for me as I look at this profile, please let me know!
posted by Jack Day

Richard is 22 degrees from Claire Nava, 29 degrees from Levi Strauss and 10 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.