|James K. Polk
of the United States
13th Speaker of the
US House of Representatives
9th Governor of
Robert M. T. Hunter
James C. Jones
James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) was the 11th President of the United States (1845–1849). Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. He later lived in and represented Tennessee. A Democrat, Polk served as the 17th Speaker of the House of Representatives (1835–1839) and Governor of Tennessee (1839–1841). Polk was the surprise (dark horse) candidate for president in 1844, defeating Henry Clay of the rival Whig Party by promising to annex Texas. Polk was a leader of Jacksonian Democracy during the Second Party System.
James Knox Polk was the eldest child of ten to be born to Samuel Polk and Jane Knox on November 2nd, 1793. He was born on a 250-acre farm in Pineville, North Carolina moving to Tennessee at age 11. He had 5 brothers and 4 sisters. 
Upon graduation, he studied law in Nashville and then established a law practice in Columbia, Tennessee.
Polk courted Sarah Childress, and they married on January 1, 1824 in Murfreesboro. Polk was then 28, and Sarah was 20 years old. They had no children.
His major achievements were: the establishment of the northern border of the United States at the 49th Parallel; and the acquisition of California, Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of New Mexico, Colorado and Wyoming which established the coast-to-coast expansion of the United States.
He retired at the end of his term in March 1849 and died just three months later on June 15th 1849, James Knox Polk died at his home, Polk Place, Nashville, Davidson Co., Tennessee.
Initially entombed at his home, his remains were moved to the Tennessee state capitol in 1893.
James K. Polk was the youngest president to be elected (as of 1844) and he still remains the youngest president to die excluding those who have been assassinated. He is considered to be the best one-term president.
Elected with a public mandate for the admission of Texas into the Federal Union, James K. Polk underscored this mandate in his inaugural speech and became the eleventh president of the United States on March 4, 1845. With Polk's encouragement and support, Congress approved a joint-resolution to offer Texas statehood on February 28, 1845. The following July, the Texas legislature accepted. On December 29, 1845, Polk signed the Texas Admissions Act, making Texas the twenty-eighth state to enter the Union. After a stormy term in office, including a successful war against Mexico to acquire Texas, Polk declined to run for re-election.
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