Amos  Pollard

Amos Pollard (1803 - 1836)

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Dr Amos Pollard
Born in Surry, Cheshire, New Hampshire, USAmap
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Landgrove, Vermont, USAmap
Died in The Alamo, San Antonio, Bexar, Texasmap
Pollard-971 created 2 Dec 2014 | Last modified | Last edit: 6 Dec 2017
21:35: Mary Richardson edited the Biography for Amos Pollard. (removed Texas template) [Thank Mary for this]
This page has been accessed 1,313 times.

Categories: Texas History | The Alamo | Siege of Bexar | Battle of the Alamo, KIA.


Biography

Amos Pollard was born in Ashburnham Massachusetts in 29 Oct 1803 to parents Jonas Pollard and Martha Martin. [1][2] The New Hampshire Record of births and Christenings lists Amos as born in Surry, Cheshire, New Hampshire, United States. The g-grandfather, William Whitcomb, fought and died during the American Revolution. [3]

After growing up in Surry, New Hampshire, he graduated from the Vermont Academy Medical School, Castletown, Vermont.[4]

Amos moved to Greenbush, New York, in 1825-1834, he had a thriving medical practice in Manhattan, New York. Amos and Fanny Oeela Parker married in 1828 and a daughter was born also named Fanny.

In 1833 Pollard moved to Texas traveling there via New Orleans. (it is assumed he secured passage on a ship to New Orleans, then ship or overland to Texas.


Original research by Amelia William's dissertation "A Critical Study of the Siege of the Alamo and of the Personnel of its Defenders," published in several issues of the Southwestern Historical Quarterly in 1933-'34 led many a-and this author to list his land being in Gonzales colony, has been disproved. It seems Amos Pollard lived in Columbia colony. See below. [5]

New research by Ronald H. Livingston points to Amos Pollard living in Columbia colony, now Brazoria County, Texas in 23 December 1833, per Stephen F Austin's Register of Families. Austin's register gives his occupation as physician and states that his family had remained in New York.[6] Pollard's application for one-fourth of a league of land (approximately 1,100 acres) was made for him by Asahel C. Holmes, whose own entry in the register is directly above that of Pollard, on 6 April 1835. Pollard made his home in Columbia. [6]

Evidence tying Pollard to Gonzales is a letter he wrote to Stephen F. Austin, written at Gonzales on 6 October 1835, which Pollard co-signed with seven others. Pollard served in the siege of Bexar in the fall of 1835. Pollard was among the army of approximately 300 Texans which on 13 October took up the line of march for San Antonio de Bexar. [6]

Stephen F. Austin, commander-in-chief of the Army of Texas, on 23 October, 1835 announced his appointment of to be army surgeon for the Texan Army in October of 1835 and tended to the wounded at the battle of Bexar. He continued on as the principal surgeon at the siege of the Alamo. [3]

In 1836 Amos remained at the Alamo garrison in Bexar. Stephen F. Austin decided to make use of his training in medicine by appointing him as the principal surgeon of the regiment. Dr. Amos Pollard was in command of the medical staff at the Alamo. consisting of Dr. John W. Thompson, Dr. Edward F. Mitchison, Dr. William D. Howell, Dr. John Purdy Reynolds and medical student William Depriest Sutherland[3][6] Dr. Amos Pollard and medical staff were assigned to Lieutenant Colonel James C. Neill to treat the sick and wounded in the Alamo. After Col. Neill left, he continued to treat the ill and wounded under Col. Travis.[5] He set up a hospital within the Alamo as well.

Then Santa Anna and the Mexican army attacked the Alamo 23 Feb, 1836 and continued to attack the Alamo until they had overrun it. [4]Pollard was defending some of the wounded men in the Alamo hospital, when he was killed in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836. The remains are buried in San Fernando Cathedral. A copy of Amos' portrait is displayed in the Alamo.

Amos Pollard 1 league, 1 labor, Milam1

for having fallen with Travis.

Brazoria Bounty 640A

NOTE: Amos Pollard Heirs were awarded land donation certificate of 640 Acres 25 Nov, 1851, in Brazoria, certificate (patented 9 June, 1860 falling in the Alamo with Travis. A bounty warrant of 640 acres in Bell county was patented to heirs in 1859 for having fallen with Travis'.[7] In 1853 daughter was awarded back pay $297.40. [5]

GLO bounty, Pollard donation

Sources

  1. http://www.thealamo.org/remember/history/defenders/index.html
  2. "New Hampshire Birth Records, early to 1900." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009. New Hampshire Registrar of Vital Statistics. "Index to births, early to 1900." New Hampshire Registrar of Vital Statistics, Concord, New Hampshire, http://ancestry.com, New Hampshire, Births and Christenings Index, 1714-1904 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 http://dmna.ny.gov/historic/articles/alamopage2.htm
  4. 4.0 4.1 [https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpo08
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 http://www.gonzaleschc.org/alamo-defenders.html
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 http://history.brazoriaresearch.com/2012/08/05/the-texas-residency-of-doctor-amos-pollard
  7. http://austintxgensoc.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/1981.4.pdf
  • Wikipedia: List of Alamo defenders

See also:

  • Groneman, Bill (1996), Eyewitness to the Alamo, Plano, TX: Republic of Texas Press, ISBN 1-55622-502-4
  • Hardin, Stephen L. (1999), Texan Illiad, Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, ISBN 0-292-73086-1


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