1805 - Georgia, U.S., Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1890 
Land Sale 10 AUG 1801 Warren Co, GA · Note: Nicholas Pool sold 50 acres of land on Williams Creek to William Locket for $130, 10 Aug 1801, witnessed by William Chapman, William Smith. This record implies that Nicholas was over 21 years of age at the time and was therefore born before 1780.
Tax Record 1805 Warren Co, GA · Note: Nicholas Pool appears on the tax list of Warren Co, GA, in 1805. The record shows 30 (acres?) for land on Shoulder Bone waters, joining land of Allen, with grantor listed as Alexander.
06 DEC 1825 Baldwin Co, GA · The final division of the estate of Nicholas Pool dated 6 Dec 1825 stated, We the undersigned appointed to make division certify personal estate to amount of $2617.55, of which we have allowed to Mrs. Nancy Pool $226.27, the amount for which 2/3 of the land will make $2470.67, of which we have divided into 8 parts as follows: Labon C. Pool, W. W. Pool, John McMurrain, Milly F. Pool, Lucinda Pool, Tabitha Pool, and Matthew H. Pool. The marriage of Lydia Pool and John McMurran, combined with the fact that John McMurran received a share of the estate of Nicholas Pool, demonstrates that Lydia was the daughter of Nicholas.
BET 1814 AND 1815 Baldwin Co, GA, Nicholas Poole was listed on a list of Second Class Militia for the years 1814-1815
Note: the above year of death appears to be in error, 1824 would appear to be the correct year. Estate settlement for Nicholas Pool, deceased, 1822 in Baldwin Co, GA (son Laban Pool, Administrator), before moving to Muscogee County, Georgia.  Parts of the ECC Poole line are known to have generally similar migration patterns, from Elizabeth City County VA to Wake, Johnston, and other counties of NC. (from here, some of the NC migrants went back to VA, while others either remained in NC, or migrated to to a series of southern states including SC, GA, MS, AL, and a number ended up in Texas.
Place of birth is uncertain. Assuming Nicholas Poole Sr is the father of Nicholas Pool; we note that Nicholas Poole Sr. was likely born in Elizabeth City County VA. Some researchers note that there was "a Nicholas Poole" living in Norfolk in 1770's working as a silversmith - however, any connection between these two Nicholas Poole men is speculative.
Possible Conflated Profile
At this time, the "best fit of data" suggests Nicholas is the son of Nicholas Pool Sr, who is the right age and is clearly documented to have a son named Nicholas. Although there is not enough in solid references to absolutely establish that that this is not a different Nicholas Pool -- (some researchers claim him to be the son of other Pool men, including several that show him to be the son of James Pool) Nicholas Pool appears to be the best fit. We believe that Nicholas Poole Sr was the son of Alexander Poole Sr.
Although there remains risk of error, we are going ahead and modifying the profile to show the Nicholas - Nicholas father - son connection,
There are a number of supporting reasons for this. Nicholas Pool Sr is documented to have a son named Nicholas. "Nicholas" is a rare given name in this line of Poole /Pool. The near identical Y DNA between Nicholas Pool Sr descendants and Alexander Pool Sr, is strongly indicative of close relations. Both of these line tie to Thomas Pool, Sr, son of John and Jane Pool, and grandson to David Pool. None of these reasons constitute a solid proof, but the combined weight of the three supports is strong.
I believe that best available evidence suggests is that this Nicholas Pool descends from the ECC Nicholas Pool - IT IS EMPHASIZED THAT THIS REMAINS SPECULATION - I have inserted a "no established link" person between this Nicholas and the ECC Nicholas for research purposes only.
Several persons including Glen Pool, who are known descendants of Nicholas Pool have had their Y DNA tested. These results are available at YSEARCH.ORG and Familytreedna.com. They absolutely prove that Nicholas Pool is NOT descended from Pettypool as many previously believed. There is now sufficient research on the Y DNA Haplogroup G1 Poole / Poole line that from DNA of descendants, we can be confident that Nicholas descends from the Elizabeth City County line of Poole / Pool ("the ECC Poole line which dates back to approx 1620 immigration of David Poule / Pool).
Y Chromosome DNA results of direct male descendants has confirmed this to be a "Y Haplogroup G1 Poole / Pool" descendant. This line has been demonstrated with clear and complete documents to be descended from the Eliabeth City County VA line of Poole / Pool which began with David Poole who immigrated to VA in about 1619.
wtp inserted note: several persons including Glen Pool, who are known descendants of Nicholas Pool have had their Y DNA tested. These results are available at YSEARCH.ORG and FamilyTreeDNA.com. They absolutely prove that Nicholas Pool is NOT descended from Pettypool as many previously believed (and as a number of researchers continue to show despite clear DNA proof to the contrary), Strong evidence is that Nicholas descends from the Elizabeth City County line of Poole Pool ("the ECC Poole line which dates back to approx 1620 immigration of David Poule Pool).
↑1805 - Georgia, U.S., Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1890, Name: Nicholas Pool, State: GA, County: Warren County, Township: Bakers District, Year: 1805, Record Type: Tax List, Page: 194, Database: GA 1792-1819 Tax Lists Index. Original data: Jackson, Ron V., Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp.. Georgia Census, 1790-1890. Compiled and digitized by Mr. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes. Ancestry.com. Georgia, U.S., Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1890 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.
↑ "Newspaper 18 MAR 1824 in Milledgeville, Baldwin Co, GA Note: Nancy and Labon C. Pool applied for administration of estate of Nicholas Pool, deceased, in Baldwin Co, GA, 18 Mar 1824. " The final division of the estate of Nicholas Pool dated 6 Dec 1825
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Nicholas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: