Andries Potgieter

Andries Hendrik Potgieter (1792 - 1852)

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Andries Hendrik Potgieter
Born in Graaf-Reinet, Cape of Good Hope, [South Africa]map
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] in Buffelshoek, Cape of Good Hope, [South Africa]map
Husband of — married (to ) in Graaf-Reinet, Cape of Good Hope, [South Africa]map
Husband of — married in Cape of Good Hope, [South Africa]map
Husband of — married in Schoemansdal, Transvaal, [South Africa]map
Descendants descendants
Died in Schoemansdal, [Transvaal], [South Africa]map
Profile last modified | Created 1 Sep 2011
This page has been accessed 2,301 times.

Categories: The Dutch Cape Colony 1652-1806 | Cape of Good Hope Ready | Voortrekker Leaders | Groot Trek | Voortrekker.

Table Bay, South Africa (1762)
Andries Potgieter was part of the settlement of the Dutch Cape Colony.
Join: Cape of Good Hope - Kaap de Goede Hoop (1652-1806) Project
Discuss: dutch_cape_colony



Andries Hendrik Potgieter (gebore dist. Graaff-Reinet, 19.12.1792 - oorlede Schoemansdal, Soutpansberg, 16.12.1852), Voortrekkerleier, was die tweede seun van Hermanus Potgieter (1765-1871), 'n veeboer in die distrik Graaff-Reinet, en sy vrou, Petronella Margaretha Krugel (gedoop 1773-1802). [1][2]
Andries Hendrik Potgieter was born in the Graaff Reinet district in the Cape Colony on the 19th of December 1792. He was the second child of Petronella Margaretha and Hermanus Potgieter.
He fought in the Fourth and Fifth Frontier Wars and was a wealthy sheep farmer when, like many other Dutch farmers at the Cape, he decided to leave the colony in 1834. In 1835 a group of Voortrekkers left the colony under his leadership. His departure had been delayed by the Sixth Frontier War.
Potgieter moved inland to the northern Free State where he developed cordial relationships with local Black leaders who were hiding from Mzilikazi. One of these leaders, Makwena, exchanged some land between the Vet and Vaal Rivers for 49 cattle and protection from Potgieter.
During this time Potgieter explored the surrounding area and travelled as far as one days riding to Zimbabwe. He returned to the Vaal River in 1836 and heard of Matabele attacks on Voortrekkers. He delayed his plans to migrate further north in order to punish these offences. At a Voortrekker meeting on 2 December 1836 he was elected as the Chief Commandant. By 1837 Mzilikazi and his Matabele were completely removed from the western Transvaal. In 1838 more Voortrekkers were attacked in Natal and Potgieter went to their aid. This time he suffered a severe loss when his forces were drawn into an ambush. The Natal frontiersmen blamed him for the incident. He was deeply offended and left the region and moved on to found the town of Potchefstroom in what is the North West Province today.
In the 1840s the British took control of Natal, but Potgieter refused to become part of the British Empire and Potchefstroom broke away from the Natal. He decided to establish the new Boer republic of Transvaal. Potgieter also developed an interest in Delagoa Bay as an avenue to the rest of the world. He visited the port city in 1843 and was welcomed by the Portuguese colonisers in the area. This, the advice of several of his Dutch friends and his desire to live beyond the 25th degree of latitude caused him to move closer to the Mozambique border.
In 1848 Sir Harry Smith annexed the Orange Free State and Andries Pretorius, Potgieter's rival, gathered a commando to help the Free State Boers regain their freedom. Potgieter was criticised for his lack of involvement and he decided to travel to Potchefstroom to fight for the Transvaal's independence. He had talks with Smith's representative in the Vaal River, Richard Southey, and they reached an agreement that the area north of the Vaal would be left alone.
Due to his commitments elsewhere Potgieter was not present when his trek to the northern parts of the Transvaal began. Jan Valentyn Botha acted as temporary leader and led the group to settle near the Soutpansberg and founded a town that was to become Schoemansdal. Voortrekker communities were spread far apart and it became clear that Boer leaders had to unite and work together under one government or Volksraad to guarantee the safety and well-being of the Voortrekkers all over South Africa.
Potgieter settled in the far north after the meeting to cement the new Voortrekker unity took place. He did not take an active part in politics because he was so far away. This gave Pretorius the opportunity to take the lead with Potgieter's support.
Although he was still relatively young Potgieter had lived a dangerous life, which eventually took its toll on his health. He died at Schoemansdal on 16 December 1852. He had been a recognised and charismatic military leader.[3]


Date: 19 December 1792 [4][5][6]


Den 6 Jannuary 1793 kindt Andries Hendrik , ouders Hermanus Potgieter Peternella Margreta getuijgen Johannes Potgieter Johanna Gustarius Tregard Willem Fredrik Krugel Martha Louisa Krugel [7]
Name: Andries Hendrik [7]
Event Date: 6 January 1793 [1] [7]
Event Place: Graaf-Reinet, de Caep de Goede Hoop, Dutch Cape Colony [South Africa] [1][2] [7]
Father's Name: Hermanus Potgieter [7]
Mother's Name: Petronella Margaretha Krugel [7]
Witnesses: Johannes Potgieter Johanna Gustarius Tregard Willem Fredrik Krugel Martha Louisa Krugel [7]


Rank: Commandant Generaal [4]


Date: 16 Dec 1852 [1][2] [4]
Place: Schoemansdal, [Transvaal], [South Africa] [1][2]
Cause: Illness [1][2]


Place: Old voortrekker cemetery, Louis Trichardt (Makhado), Limpopo, South Africa [4]
Date: 1852 [1][2]
Place: Schoemansdal, [Transvaal], [South Africa] [1][2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 WikiTree profile Potgieter-13 created through the import of AJBOTHA.ged on Aug 31, 2011 by Deon Botha.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 WikiTree profile Potgieter-324 created through the import of AJBOTHA.ged on Feb 25, 2012 by Deon Botha.
  3. South African History online, Biographies » Andries Hendrik Potgieter.Potgieter, D. J. (ed) (1973). Biographies, Andries Hendrik Potgieter Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, POP-SLA. Johannesburg: Nasionale Opvoedkundige Uitgewery. Last updated : 22-Dec-2011. Seen and entered July 25, 2017 by Susanna de Bruyn.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 eGGSA library Gravestones in South Africa Limpopo Limpopo, MAKHADO / LOUIS TRICHARDT, Urban area Limpopo, MAKHADO, Old voortrekker cemetery Andries Hendrik 1782-1852. Seen and entered July 25, 2017 by Susanna de Bruyn
  5. Source [lead]: > Hoof-Kmdt Andries Hendrik Potgieter, b7c8d7e2. Seen and added by Philip van der Walt Aug 23, 2017.
  6. Wikipedia > Andries Hendrik Potgieter. Seen and added by Philip van der Walt Aug 23, 2017.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Source: Parish registers for the Dutch Reformed Church at Graaff-Reinet, Cape Province, 1792-1821[1].Authors: Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk. Gemeente Graaff-Reinet (Cape Province) (Main Author) Format: Manuscript/Manuscript on Film. Language: Afrikaans English. Publication: Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000 Physical:. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm.Transcribed and entered July 25, 2017 by Susanna de Bruyn
  • "South Africa, Transvaal, Probate Records from the Master of the Supreme Court, 1869-1958," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 16 December 2016), Pieter Johannes Potgieter, 1854 Potgietersrus, Transvaal, South Africa; citing Master of the High Court, Pretoria; FHL microfilm 1,367,169. [8]

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Andries by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Andries:

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Images: 4
Andries Hendrik Potgieter, Delagoabaai
Andries Hendrik Potgieter, Delagoabaai

Andries Hendrik Potgieter, Delagoabaai
Andries Hendrik Potgieter, Delagoabaai

Grave of Andries Hendrik Potgieter ( 1782 - 1892)
Grave of Andries Hendrik Potgieter ( 1782 - 1892)

Andries Hendrik Potgieter baptism Jan 6, 1793
 Andries Hendrik Potgieter baptism Jan 6, 1793


On 18 Jun 2014 at 17:54 GMT Philip van der Walt wrote:

Potgieter-324 and Potgieter-13 appear to represent the same person because: Same data

Andries is 20 degrees from Claude Monet, 25 degrees from Gigi Tanksley and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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