Project: Australian Convicts and First Settlers
This project exists to bring together WikiTreers interested in improving the profiles of the first European immigrants to Australia.
As a rough rule we will be focussing on the period of Convict transportation up until its end in 1868. Of particular interest, though, will be the first few decades of Convict transportation and of free settlers.
The main aims are to grow the trees of these early arrivals and learn more about their subsequent lives.
I have also become aware of the myriad of inter-connections between distant cousins that comes from a population that moves from a small geographic area to another small geographic area, such as England and Ireland to Sydney, NSW.
Communicating with the project:
- Google Group - For discussions that are of interest only to project members.
- Genealogy: Australian Convicts and First Settlers (Google+ Community) - For discussions about Australian Convicts and First Settlers that may interest genealogists outside of WikiTree.
- australian_convicts G2G tag - For discussions that could benefit from the input of the broader WikiTree community.
If you're interested in participating in this project, please do the following:
- Add the line [[Category:Australian Convicts and First Settlers Project]] to the text area of your profile page. This will add you to the list of participants on the category page.
- Add australian_convicts to your list of followed tags. That way you'll see all our discussions in your G2G Feed.
- Ask Paul to award you the Australian Convicts Project Member badge.
- Add your name to the list below, along with a note about what you're working on in this project right now.
Beside your name below, please keep track of what you're currently working on for this project. This is both for your own reference, and to aid collaboration amongst the project participants. If you are going to be temporarily inactive in the project (eg. on vacation), please note that here. Thanks!
- Paul Bech - I am a descendant of the first fleet convict Ann Forbes and third Fleet convict Thomas Huxley. Catherine Edwards is another ancestor (4th g-grandmother). She was transported to Australia on the Queen in the 3rd fleet. Her partner was a second fleet convict, William Yardley. I also have the convict William Mahony (Mahoney) who arrived from Ireland on the Rolla in 1803.
- David Champion - I am a great grandson of John Champion who arrived in Sydney on 14th February 1814 aboard the General Hewitt.
- Bruce Kercher - an interest in convicts and law, and a family interest in Isaac Peyton, Susannah Harrison and Charles Hughes.
- Callum Simms - interested in the backgrounds of free settlers, specifically de Arrieta and Spearing.
- Leisa Kelly - interested in the family lives of convicts. Descended from Ann Leakey (Roslyn Castle) and John Murphy-Scully (Morley).
- Terry Wright- Interested in all Convicts as I have a number of different convicts on my tree ,but very interested in Joseph Wright who came to Australia on the First Fleet and his wife Eleanor Gott who came to Australia on the Second Fleet
- Graeme Rose - Interested in all Convicts. 12 Direct convict ancestors from England & Ireland. Some serious criminals but some for stealing a sheep or linen or watching a robbery. Once free some became outstanding citizens & others continued their criminal ways.
- Michael McCook - Benjamin Thomas Hodgson and brother William Hodgson, both deported Leeds in the 1820's. Have letters and much research relating to subsequent lives
- Meryl Naismith I am a direct descendant of 3 convicts. Patrick McNALLY arrived on the Surrey 1814. His wife and 3 children arrived as free on an accompanying ship. One daughter Eliza McNALLY had a child with another direct convict ancestor Albert WHITEHOUSE. He was refused permission to marry and died at Port Macquarie penal colony. The daughter of Albert and Eliza married Thomas BALLARD aka BOLLARD. Transported on the Blenheim
- Irene Dillon - Interested in all Convicts, I have a large number on my tree. Particularly interested in the voyage over, the ships and the conditions on board those ships and in the hulks, also in the different ways they were treated. Currently updating profiles for Robert Briers and Lydia Jelley, have updated James Triffett, Johanna Burnes, John and Alice McKinley and Ann Orton. Many to come.
- Veronica Williams - There are 8 convict profiles on wikitree that I hope to be able to assist in developing further. The first three relate to my own ancestry, being descended from Thomas Cassidy who was transported along with his two brothers, Philip Cassidy and Edward Cassidy on the Hercules II in 1830 for throwing their landlords horse into a quarry. There are still some mysteries to be unravelled about the life of Thomas and also what became of Edward who escaped in 1833 and his father Stephen Cassidy who was tried for the same crime, but imprisoned in Ireland rather than being transported due to his age. My husband is lucky enough to have an additional six convicts in his line and he must be somehow related to Paul Bech as they include Catherine Edwards, her husband William Yardley and son in law Richard Hayman, and John Herps. The remaining two being Alexander Hewitt and his wife Jane Starkey.
- As part of my involvement in the Irish Roots project I am also adding convicts profiles to Wikitree of those convicts from Fermanagh who were involved in the 'Macken Fight' and transported to Australia on the Hercules II with Thomas and his brothers.
- Fiona Legg - According to my husband, I have 'Convict Envy'. We have four on his side of the tree, but I'm still looking for the first one in my family. At least I can research his scallywags! We have 3 sent to VDL/TAS, and one went to NSW. I will be updating the profiles of Mary Ann Sainsbury, Alexander Malcolm, William Case and Edward Thistleton.
- Craig Smith - Descended from convicts Elizabeth Hemming, Thomas Densley and Luke Everitt aka William Andrews. Particularly interested in confirming Luke's true name and origins. Also interested in either confirming or disproving some of the "assumed" connections other family members have made over the years.
- Kerrie Christian - like Irene Dillon, I have a lot of convicts in my family trees - never realised how many till this project. I am descended from 3 First Fleet Convicts - John Small, Mary Parker & James Bradley. Other convicts that I am descended from include Third Fleet Convict Sarah Barnes, as well as later convicts Thomas Calcott, Thomas Power, Samuel Weatherstone, Richard James Hicks, Margaret Howe, Thomas Brain, Ann Daley and also possibly Jean MacDonald as well as Charles Waters. Other convicts in my Hicks Family Tree include First Fleeter John Herbert and his First Fleet wife Deborah Ellam; as well as later convicts George Hurst and Thomas White - and in my Small-Parker-Bradley Family Tree - James Squire - First Fleeter, Elizabeth Mason - First Fleeter, Matthew Hughes, George Patfield - Second Fleeter, plus other convicts Mary (Brian) Patfield, Robert Melville , Arthur Devlin. My husband is descended from First Fleet Sirius Sailor Peter Hibbs and Second Fleet Convicts Mary Pardoe and Thomas Bates, as well as later convicts Francis Byrne, Thomas Crumpton(Crump), Henry Oliver, Margaret Sheldon(Shildon), Mary Johnson, Mary Doyle, Frances (Mills) Johnson, and Terence O'Brien (who was transported twice!). Other Convicts in my Husband's Hibbs family tree include Matthew Everingham - First Fleeter, Ann Forbes - First Fleeter, William Dring - First Fleeter, John Ramsey - First Fleeter; and other convicts in my husband's Green Family Tree are Charlotte Green, Thomas Hyndes and James Oatley.
- Shoshanah Luckie - I am a descendant of Irish convict Martin Shannon Martin Ambrose Shannon, who came to Australia in 1830 on board The Hercules. I am also interested in the life of convict Billy Blue
- Matt Lohmeyer - I am researching the soldiers and guards of the 4th Regiment who came to Australia in the early 1830's, guarding convicts, as well as a number of well-established early convict roots.
- Lyn Weston - I am a descendant of Ellen/Eleanor/Frazer/Frazer and William Frazer/Frazer who were both First Fleeter. Also David May who arrived here in 1838 on the 'Emma Eugenia'. Sorry to have butted in like this but it was all the tablet would allow me to do---or----I could do. If someone wants to shift me feel free.
- Kerry Laughlin - I am new to Wikitree but have been doing genealogy for years now on Ancestry.com. Recently found a connection through my husband Matt Coombs back to Lawrence (Laurence) Gill after finding Terry Gill's Wikitree online. Also recently, my husband's DNA matched Veronica Williams's husbands DNA in Family Finder on Familytreedna.com. I look forward to learning more about his family and in particular, his convict ancestry.
- Leigh Hoolihan - I am descended from a number of early settlers of New South Wales and northern Queensland. My ancestors John Green and Anne Dillon are believed to have been convicts and (ignoring family gossip!) we are trying to prove if this is true (or not!). I am now methodically researching convicts and early settlers called John Green and Anne Dillon to see if I can narrow the choice down. Either way, they were living in Australia by 1840. Most of my great-great-grandparents were living in Australia by 1865.
- Rosemary Jones - I am the great granddaughter of Henry Tissett (Isabella), and the great great granddaughter of Robert Wells (Moffatt), Mary Lindsay or Williamson (Arab) and Isaac Williamson (Elphinstone). They were all sent to Van Diemen's Land. After her husband Isaac died Mary remarried a number of times at least once to another convict William Higgs (Countess of Harcourt). Henry left Tasmania for the Victorian goldfields and his descendants chased the gold over to Western Australia. Robert, Mary, and Isaac never left Tasmania and their descendant's went to Victoria and Western Australia.
- Elayine McCallum - I am the 4x Great Granddaughter of convict Joseph Puckeridge. He was convicted of stealing cloth and sentenced to Australia. I'm sure there are more, I just have to find them :-)
- Michele Bergin I am currently working on profiles of my own convict ancestors. Isaac Hembrow being the first. I'm now working on siblings Edward Trevillian and Matilda Trevillian. I have an interest in all convicts, finding the research fasinating.
- Kathy Thompson Currently sorting out my direct line profiles. Descended from John Wood alias John Leach who was transported for life for stealing a watch, and arrived in 1813 on the Earl Spencer.
- Wayne Smith - I am descended from Christian Sternbeck
- Kathleen Starr - I am descended from Samuel Sandall, Sarah Whaley and Michael Dooner.
- Sarah Sommerlad - I am a descendant of a convict William Meers. He was transported to Australia on the General Stewart in 1818.
- Jeff Meurer - being a descendant of three Australian Convicts i am keen to expand and improve the Australian Convict project. I have added my ancestors to the project category.
- Dale Gatherum-Goss - we have a number of convicts we have researched.
- Kate Arnold - great, great granddaughter of the Irish convict Francis Muldoon transported to VDL aboard the Blenheim arriving in 1849. He seems to have a "very well documented" life ... which is rarely a good thing! Also interested in early South Australian free settlers Lynes whose daughter was the first white child born on Kangaroo Island, the adventurous but also very mysterious Deimel and his wife Cornelia and on the other side of the family the more prosperous and reputable Wimmera pioneer "Fred" Sudholz. I know there are a LOT of Sudholz' out there still.
- Nigel Males - My great-great grandfather was William Males. He was convicted in Hertford and transported to Tasmania on the convict ship Henrietta in 1843. He married convict Eliza Masters in 1849 and later married another convict Susan White in 1856.
- Evie Farrell - I am the descendant of a convict, Thomas Yarwood. He was transported to Australia on the Indefatigable in 1815 with his cousin or brother, William Yarwood.
- John Hunter - When I couldn't find any convicts in my tree I searched my father-in-laws tree to find First and Third Fleeters scattered about. Researching those people, their reasons for deportation and their life in the new colony, has been a fascinating past-time. Some prospered, some didn't.
- Caryn Horner My GGGrandfather was Frederick Timbrell a convict: Born 16 Nov 1810 in Lancashire UK - Died 7 Jun 1876 in Surry Hills NSW Australia. Transported to Australia on the "Asia" Ticket of Leave granted 17 Aug 1839.
- Andrew Lancaster - My 10 convict ancestors are Michael Spence, John Barber, Jane "Wyer"'s mother (various spellings exist and there is some doubts exist about whether the biological mother was Elizabeth Ware, whose maiden name was apparently Lightburn, or Mary West aka Sarah Tandy who actually brought her up), John Abel Avery, Charlotte Emma Davis, William Plaw, Margaret Jones, John Painter, Susan Wainwright, and George Oakes. I have posted quite a lot on some of their profiles here on Wikitree.
- J Gormly - I have a general research interest in convicts, and I also have a few in my and my partner's family tree. So I will take a stab at researching any convict, related or not. I have also studied convict history and specific research methods with the University of Tasmania. The recent convict I took 'under my wing' was William Walker. Indeed, the profile manager did not even know he was a convict!
- Mary Bugg - So far, I have found around 14 convicts who are direct ancestors, including James Triffitt, most of whom either landed in or ended up in Tasmania (from Norfolk Island). I'm about to start a 2nd unit in Family History with the University of Tasmania, and hope to complete the two "Convict" units offered as part of the Diploma course in the next year or so.
- Stuart Carmichael I have 4 convicts in my tree; I'm currently trying to make contact with descendants of John Ryan (Friendship 1788); Sarah Woolley (Neptune 1790); John Pearson (Ld Wellington 1814). Specifically I'm after someone who has completed an atDNA test and has uploaded the results to Gedmatch.
- Davina Dodds I have two convicts already linked to my family Edgar Bisdee and his father James Bisdee convicted of grand larceny and sentenced to deportation to Fremantle. I am now trying to work on a link that seems like it might be, but I am not sure. I have William Dodds born in 1853 ??? and died in 1893 Happy Valley SA I think maybe I have found his father and mother, Tasmanian convicts Samuel Dodds and Sarah Gleeson as there is documents they married and had a child William September 2nd 1853, I just need to be able to connect those dots...
- Mary Gorman I am directly descended from these convicts: Patrick Grady , James Gorman, James Bales , Mary (Webb) Summerell and Charles Summerell . As part of my involvement in the Gorman One Name study Space:Gorman_Name_Study project I am also adding convicts profiles to Wikitree of those convicts who have the surname Gorman.
- Sarah Jowett I am currently entering genealogical research that my father conducted, which included research into the family of Thomas Rose who arrived on the Barwell in 1798. His daughter Kezia Jane Rose by Elizabeth Bartlett married John Henderson who is the son of first fleeters William Balmain and Margaret Dawson. I am slowly making my way through my father's files. I will try to improve my source citations over the coming weeks and months.
- Marian Greinke Stephens I am currently entering my research to WikiTree for the following convicts -- William FRY 1806–1860 "John1" 1827; James PEARDON 1798-1860 "Neva" 1833; George PARTRIDGE 1814-1882 "Lord Lyndoch" 1831; Charles David LOADSMAN 1799–1881 "Neva" 1818; Catherine Mary RYAN 1807–1890 "Edward" 1829; Samuel E ADCROFT/HADCROFT/HEADCROFT 1816–1881 "Lloyds" 1837.
- Jean Hollis I am descended from Joseph Hallam. My brother in law is descended from Ephraim Digby and George Ransley so I am particularly interested in the members of the notorious smuggling Aldington Gang of Kent, most of whom were transported to Van Diemen's Land aboard the Governor Ready in 1827.
- Gil Wright I am currently working towards FirstFleet membership for my kids. My mother's family included the Smalls and free settles from Queensland (Auld). My father's family came from South Australia and it looks there might have been convicts married in as well but much later...
- Kathleen Cobcroft Adding details and descendants for my convict ancestors: Mathias Duncombe, John Ballantyne, Peter Maguire/McGuire, and John Suffolk. My husband also has convict and early settler ancestry, including John Cobcroft.
- Mick Tait researching many of my ancestors that arrived in the early part of the 1800s. The Tait family arrived on the ship Adam Lodge 13 Jul 1837. William Tait and Jane Young Ship Adam Lodge - Arrived Sydney 13 July 1837
- Famous Australian Convicts - A list of convicts who have profiles on wikitree who became well known in Australia for one reason or another.
- Australian Immigration
Related External websites
- Tasmanian Convict Records - comprehensive index of all convicts transported to Tasmania and those who were convicted (through the convict system) in the colony.
- Founders and Survivors - This site seeks to record and study the founding population of 73,000 men, women, and children who were transported to Tasmania.
- Convict Records - This website allows you to search the British Convict transportation register for convicts transported to Australia between 1787-1867.
- Australian Royalty website - a very impressive website documenting many trees of various convicts, with an impressive database of some 59000 individuals.
- Gosper family web site - This website documents the first four generations of descendants of Thomas Roker Alexander GOSPER, a second fleet convict.
- Cyndi's List - Australia - Convicts & Prisoners - Links to a bunch of useful websites, mailing lists, etc., with a focus on Australian Convicts.
- Claim a Convict has been relaunched as a tribute to its founder, Lesley Uebel - many convicts still to be added - can you add some of those missing convicts?
- Irish Rebels to Australia - A list of Irish Rebels sent to Australia.
- Convicts in Remote Australia - Did you know some of the early convicts were sent to the Northern Territory and were also in Western Australia as early as 1826? The book 'Distant Settlements: Convicts in Remote Australia' by Edward Street contains some fascinating information.
- Have you had your DNA tested? Make sure you consider joining our Wikitree DNA project.
- If you took a test at FTDNA and you have a DIRECT ancestor that was either an Australian Convict or an early Australian Settler you might like to join their Australian Convicts Project or the Australian Settlers Project.
This page was last modified 23:16, 15 April 2017. This page has been accessed 12,027 times.