Project: Puritan Great Migration

Categories: Puritan Great Migration Project | Pre-1700 Projects


Puritan Great Migration (PGM) Project Mission

The primary mission of the Puritan Great Migration Project (PGM) is to be a knowledge center of accurate information about the colonists who arrived in New England between 1621 and 1640, sharing that knowledge through the creation and maintenance of profiles for these colonists. The profiles covering both Puritans and non-Puritans who arrived during the period of the Great Migration (which is generally associated with the Puritans), are hoped to be a lasting legacy of their lives and relationships. (For those who came over in 1620 on the Mayflower, please see the Mayflower Project).

Are you interested in the Puritan Great Migration Project?pgm.gif

How to Join

  1. Successfully complete the Pre-1700 Quiz
  2. Carefully review our Project Guidelines, set out below, and Puritan Great Migration Editing Guidance.
  3. Add PGM to your list of followed tags on G2G.
  4. Post an answer, indictating which team(s) you would like to be part of, to the G2G welcome post, linked above. Please include a link to several profiles you've created or edited that demonstrate your understanding of WikiTree editing standards generally; PGM guidelines; research and sourcing; inline citations; and the repeated use of a citation.
  5. When you receive a badge, you will be invited to join the WikiTree's PGM General Group and the WikiPGM server on Discord. These are ways that project members track changes to PGM profiles and/or collaborate on needed changes and improvements.

Project Goals and Objectives

  1. The project will build a team of PGM-knowledgeable, collaborative WikiTree members.
  2. We follow Anderson's work: Every individual profiled in Anderson’s Great Migration series will have a complete and accurate profile on WikiTree with proper source citations to Anderson's work for that individual including: the name of the work, volume number, and page/s.
    • Ideally, the original sources cited in Anderson's work should be directly consulted, used and cited (e.g. Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, 1628-1686, 1:350...). Where it is impossible for the researcher to consult the original material, information may be extracted directly from Anderson's work and cited as such (e.g. Anderson, citing MBCR 1:350...).
    • People not profiled in Anderson's work, but who are proven to have immigrated to America from 1621-1640, will be included as they are identified through quality research in high quality, nonspeculative, reliable sources, such as those listed on the Puritan Great Migration Project Reliable Sources page.
  3. We add reliable sources: All information about an individual should be supported by evidence from high quality, nonspeculative, reliable sources which are sourced as inline citations, known as inline references or footnotes (using an inline reference in the body of the text creates a footnote at the bottom of the page under the Sources section). See Puritan Great Migration Project Reliable Sources for reliable sources and WT's Help:Sources – embed them as references (footnotes) information.
  4. Project members will assist profile managers in creating, maintaining and/or improving PGM-managed profiles, focusing on conducting research, identifying quality sources for relevant information, writing biographies, collaborating with others, and ensuring that the profiles remain accurate and error-free.
    • The minimum information each profile should contain to be considered complete is the following: name at birth, immigration date, birth/baptism date and place, parents' names, death/burial date and place, marriage (spouse/s, dates, locations), and children. See PGM Profile Review Check-List for more information.
  5. We add detailed research notes: When research on any of the criteria for minimum completeness (as listed under item 4 above) has been conducted, yet no information is found, it is suggested that the information not found be briefly noted in a Research Notes section. (For example: Based on research conducted on 14-15 Jan 2022, no data can be found concerning her last name at birth, parents, and neither birth nor death dates or places.) See PGM Editing Guidance for more information and examples.
    • Speculation concerning an individual may be provided in a Research Notes section and should be clearly labeled as such, including relevant sources and a logical, well-reasoned explanation for the speculation. See PGM Editing Guidance - Research Notes for more information about Research Notes and examples.
  6. We write original biographies: Copying and pasting text into a biography without using quotation marks and a proper inline citation is against WikiTree guidelines. See Help: Copying Text. Instead of copy/pasting, PGM members/contributors should summarize the information found in the source in their own words.


Profile Comments

The Comments section on Puritan Great Migration Project-managed profiles is meant to be used for collaboration on sourcing, discussion of the details of the person's life and/or disputed facts, and profile review status. These comments are forwarded to all of the Project's Google Group members for review. We ask that you please do not use profile comments to add information about your personal relationship to these individuals. These comments will be removed from project-managed profiles. By all means celebrate your connection with people whose profiles the Project manages - but you can do this on your own personal profile or on a free space page. See WikiTree's Descendant, Relationship and Connection stickers for more ways to share your personal relationships on your own profile or add the PGM Sticker, below.


View PGM Tagged g2g posts: PGM G2G Feed. All are welcome to add the PGM tag to follow PGM posts.

Google Groups


PGM has its own Discord Server for member discussion. There is also a Puritan Great Migration channel under Topical Project (N-Z) on the WikiTree Main Server.


The Puritan Great Migration Project has been organized into teams in an effort to further collaboration and communication throughout the project. Each team has specific tasks and to-do lists. In order to hold the PGM badge, all project members will need to be active on one of the following teams.

Profile Improvement

Profile Improvement Team: PIT is made up of categorizers, data doctors, sourcerers, activity feed checkers, and others, who are dedicated to improving all PGM profiles. These team members function as the project's Editors, ensuring that PGM profiles are error free. The purpose of the daily activity feed check is to ensure that there are no relationship changes or other significant changes made to PGM profiles without collaboration and the addition of reliable sources documenting such changes.


Research Team: These team members are specialists who work on researching, writing biographies, and improving the project's flagship profiles. They also respond to G2G questions directed to PGM, review and respond to comments on PGM profiles, oversee merges, and review current genealogical periodicals for articles of interest to the project.


PGM Project Box

The {{Puritan Great Migration}} Project Box belongs on any profile managed by the project. Put the template above the == Biography == headline and below Research Note Boxes and any categories without any extra lines or hard returns.

For Individuals profiled in the NEHGS Great Migration Study Project and appearing in the first series, The Great Migration Begins:Immigrants to New England, 1620–1633 (AKA GMB) or in the second series, The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634–1635 (AKA GM2), or The Great Migration Directory (AKA GMD) you may use the template with parameters as follows:

{{Puritan Great Migration|Series|Volume|Page}}

For examples see here.

To see what profiles the PGM Project covers, see here.

PGM Child Sticker

The Puritan Great Migration Child sticker template, {{PGM Minor Child}}, belongs on any profile for an immigrant who arrived with their family as a child (under 21) and does not need Project Protection. Put the template below the == Biography == headline.

Note that the activity from this category can be viewed from the PGM Minor Child Category page by clicking on Activity Feed button.

PGM Descendant Sticker

If you're reading this page, chances are you have ancestors who immigrated to New England in the early 1600s. We can all be proud of the fact that our ancestors uprooted themselves and made a perilous voyage across the ocean to found a new world. If you want to acknowledge this fact, add the Puritan Great Migration descendant sticker to your profile by adding {{PGM Descendant|[[WikiTree-ID|PGM Ancestor Name]]}}. (Replace the bold area with your ancestor's information.) The sticker should be placed on your profile right beneath the Biography heading.

Please do not place this template on profiles of deceased individuals.

PGM Beyond New England Sticker

The PGM Beyond New England sticker template {{PGM Beyond|place="Insert name of location after New England"}} is additionally placed on the profiles of colonists who migrated to New England between 1621 to 1640 and who subsequently moved to reside in another area, or returned to their homeland. More information about these profiles can be found here.


Go to Puritan Great Migration Project

Related Projects

The following projects may overlap or work adjacently with PGM:

Image:Magna Carta Image one inch high.png
Magna Carta Project confirms lineage between the signers of the 1215 Magna Carta and emigrants to the New World (called “gateway ancestors”). A large subset of these “gateway ancestors” are PGM profiles.
Native American Project has a sub-project focusing on debunking myths about European settlers marrying or otherwise pro-creating with Native Americans. There are a small number of PGM settlers who have been claimed to have married “Indian Princesses”.
New Netherland Settlers focuses on 17th-century settlers to current-day New York and New Jersey. Some PGM immigrants, after initially residing in New England, moved on to New York.
Mayflower Project focuses on the first few generations of the families who came over in 1620 on the Mayflower.

Additional Project Info

Profiles Covered by the PGM Project

The Puritan Great Migration covers profiles of European colonists who migrated to New England during the period 1621-1640, meaning there is both evidence they resided in New England prior to May, 1641 and evidence they originated elsewhere. (Immigrants who came to New England in 1620 are covered by the Mayflower Project.)

PGM profiles are acknowledged either by the PGM Project Box (for those immigrants who arrived as adults or need project protection), or the PGM child sticker (for those immigrants who arrived as children with their families).

Placement of a project box also requires co-management by the project account. Most Puritan Great Migration immigrants are widely shared ancestors. Project co-management is able to facilitate collaboration between large groups of interested descendants and other co-managers.

Profiles of related persons (parents, siblings, spouses, children) who remained in their country of birth or who were born in New England do not generally fall under the PGM Project and do not get the project box or sticker, but you may still find PGM team members involved in improving them.

PGM Adjunct Profiles

Because of the fairly large number of false, fraudulent, disproven and speculative origin theories found on the internet and in older published works, the PGM project may also Project Protect and manage profiles which do not strictly fall in the PGM guidelines. This is done to improve the accuracy and reliability of wikitree using a project box for Puritan Great Migration Adjunct. These profiles might include:
  • Immigrants to New England who arrived after 1640 who have known false origins/parents.
  • People who never immigrated to New England but are commonly confused with someone who did.
  • Profiles of people who are commonly associated with PGM immigrants in error. For example, people who have been disproved as parents of a PGM immigrant.
  • People with speculative connections to PGM immigrants where the evidence is not strong enough to attach them to the immigrant.
  • In rare cases, PGM will protect profiles of parents who remained in England when there is controversy about those parents, although typically this falls under the England or Magna Carta projects.

Adding a Profile to the Project

If you have a profile that you think is within the scope of the Puritan Great Migration Project, feel free to let us know on g2g, or comment on a related profile we manage. Profiles that are fully sourced and have a full biography will be added. Those that still need to be developed will be categorized as PGM Project Candidates. We encourage all interested WikiTree members to help improve these profiles. Please see PGM Editing Guidance and PGM Profile Review Check-List for developing these profiles.
Note: the Candidate process is only required for profiles needing PGM Project management. However, the improvement of all profiles for PGM immigrants to meet PGM standards is appreciated.

Editing Pre-1700 and Project Protected Profiles

Please see: Project FAQ:Do you have to participate in a project to work on certain profiles?

If you have encountered a profile that is protected by the PGM Project, or a pre-1700 profile that is related to the Puritan Great Migration and you intend to make any significant changes to a profile, someone within the project should be contacted prior to editing. We will be happy to work with you!

It's okay to make minor edits and corrections on the profile directly; before making significant changes, especially to the relationships in the data section, we do ask you to collaborate with the project on your proposed changes by posting a comment on the profile.

There is a lot of unproven, speculative, and just plain wrong information out there about New England immigrants. In the 19th century, standards of genealogical proof were more relaxed than today, and dubious links to specific families and locations in England were often based on nothing more than a similar-sounding name. Please don't take it personally when we ask for additional verification, or point you to an article where a cherished family claim was disproved!

Our primary source of information for PGM profiles is the Great Migration series by Robert Charles Anderson. We follow Anderson's conclusions unless there is more recent published research that corrects or adds to his. This includes his omissions: information which Anderson chose not to include, especially if it was available to him at the time, we consider unproven at best.

Please see the Project Sources page for details on the Anderson series as well as other helpful books, journals, websites, and resources.

This page was last modified 15:46, 14 May 2024. This page has been accessed 200,819 times.