Joseph Pulitzer

József Pulitzer (1848 - 1911)

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József (Joseph) Pulitzer
Born in Makó, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empiremap
Husband of — married 19 Jun 1878 (to 29 Oct 1911) in Washington, DCmap
Husband of — married 19 Jun 1878 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Father of , [private son (1870s - 1930s)], , , , , , [private son (1880s - 1950s)], [private daughter (1880s - unknown)], , [private daughter (1880s - unknown)], , [private son (1890s - 1950s)] and
Died in Charleston, Charleston Co.,, South Carolina, United Statesmap
Profile last modified 16 May 2020 | Created 30 Oct 2009 | Last significant change: 16 May 2020
13:46: Greg Slade edited the Biography for József Pulitzer (1848-1911). [Thank Greg for this]
This page has been accessed 3,020 times.

Biography

Notables Project
Joseph Pulitzer is Notable.

Joseph was born in 1847. He is the son of Fulop Pulitzer.[1]

As a child, as well as through adulthood, Joseph Pulitzer was very eccentric and had always wanted to make a name for himself.

On his path to success he encountered many setbacks due to his frail health and to being foreign to the United States. Throughout his entire life he was ailed with illnesses such as asthma, diabetes, insomnia, chronic exhaustion, manic depression, and poor eyesight. Because of his health issues he was rejected from joining the Austrian Army, the British armed forces, and the French Foreign Legion. He was finally recruited into the Union Army, and eventually ended up in the United States where he struggled immensely due to his poor English and lack of money and prospects for work.

Joseph Pulitzer reached a turning point (defining moment) in his life when Carl Schurz hired him as a reporter for the German-language Westliche Post in St. Louis. This was the beginning of what would be Joseph Pulitzer’s climb to the top of the journalism industry and the spread of “yellow journalism.”

Pulitzer thrived in the journalism industry compared to his competitors because of his very determined, hardworking, and energetic personality.

He and his wife had seven children, but only five were alive when he died.

Joseph had asthma, eye problems eventually leading to blinds and died of a heart attack probably caused by diabetes. He was fourth of nine siblings, but six died before they were 17 (before 1861). It is not clear what happened to Helene (#8), but I've seen no evidence she left Hungary. Joseph and Albert (#6) came to America in the mid-1860s, and both lived until late middle age.

Although Pulitzer never had a specific mentor during his career as a journalist, he owes the start of his career to Carl Schurz who gave him his first job in the United States.

Joseph Pulitzer had a tremendous impact on why journalism is what it is today. He was the first to use a concept now called “yellow journalism,” which is the concept of using eye-catching headlines filled with gossip and scandal in place of typical news stories in order to sell more newspapers. Pulitzer’s newspapers were the first to contain cartoons, a sports section, and many other features that point towards entertainment rather than information. He used this technique to turn struggling newspapers that he had bought out into thriving ones. When he was 36 years old, he bought the New York World newspaper, which he turned into one of the most successful newspapers in New York.

Joseph Pulitzer died on October 29, 1911 in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina[2]. He is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx.[3].

Sources

  1. Entered by Bob Adler, Jun 18, 2011. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Bob and others.
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Findagrave memorial #842

See also:

  • American Jewish Archives, April 1987, p.48-68: [1]
  • Morris, James McGrath (2010). Pulitzer: A Life in Politics, Print, and Power, p.10
  • United States History: Joseph Pulitzer

* Wikipedia: Joseph Pulitzer




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Memories: 3
Enter a personal reminiscence or story.
"The power to mold the future of the Republic will be in the hands of the journalists of future generations." -Joseph Pulitzer
posted 30 Oct 2009 by Rachel Rios
"Publicity, publicity, publicity is the greatest moral factor and force in our public life." -Joseph Pulitzer
posted 30 Oct 2009 by Rachel Rios
"Our republic and its press will rise or fall together." -Joseph Pulitzer
posted 30 Oct 2009 by Rachel Rios
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Comments: 6

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Pulitzer-16 and Pulitzer-1 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicates, but the birth year needs to be reconciled.
posted by Greg Slade
Thomas, Dana. The Media Moguls. Toronto, Canada: Academis Press Canada Limited, 1981.
posted by Rachel Rios
Whitelaw, Nancy. Makers of the Media: Joseph Pulitzer and the New York World. North Carolina: Morgan Reynolds, Inc., 2000.
posted by Rachel Rios
"Joseph Pulitzer." American Decades. Gale Research, 1998. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2009. http://0-galenet.galegroup.com.dbpcosdcsgt.co.san-diego.ca.us/servlet/BioRC
posted by Rachel Rios
"Joseph Pulitzer." Business Leader Profiles for Students. Vol. 1. Gale Research, 1999. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2009. http://0-galenet.galegroup.com.dbpcosdcsgt.co.san-diego.ca.us/servlet/BioRC
posted by Rachel Rios
Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2009. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2009. http://0-galenet.galegroup.com.dbpcosdcsgt.co.san-diego.ca.us/servlet/BioRC
posted by Rachel Rios

Joseph is 21 degrees from Donald Howard, 12 degrees from Julia Howe and 19 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.