Categories: Norwegian Notables.
Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling (Norwegian: [ˈʋɪdkʉn ˈkʋɪslɪŋ] 18 July 1887 – 24 October 1945) was a Norwegian military officer and fascist politician who nominally headed the government of Norway after the country was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II. The word "quisling" has since become a synonym for "collaborator" or "traitor".
Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling was born on 18 July 1887 in Fyresdal, in the Norwegian county of Telemark. He was the son of Church of Norway pastor and genealogist Jon Lauritz Qvisling (1844–1930) and his wife Anna Caroline Bang (1860–1941), the daughter of Jørgen Bang, ship-owner and at the time the richest man of the town Grimstad in South Norway. The elder Quisling had lectured in Grimstad in the 1870s; one of his pupils was Bang, whom he married on 28 May 1886, following a long engagement. The newly-wed couple promptly moved to Fyresdal, where Vidkun and his younger siblings were born. The family name derives from Quislinus, a Latinised name invented by Quisling's ancestor Lauritz Ibsen Quislin (1634–1703), based on the village of Kvislemark in Jutland, Denmark, whence he had emigrated. He had two brothers and a sister.
On 21 August 1922, he married the Russian Alexandra Andreevna ("Asja") Voronina (20 August 1905 in the Soviet Union—1 October 1993 in Santa Clara, California), the daughter of a pedlar. He met Maria Vasiljevna Pasetsjnikova (Russian: Мари́я Васи́льевна Па́сечникова) (10 October 1900 – 17 January 1980) in 1923, a Ukrainian more than ten years his junior. Quisling apparently married Pasetsjnikova in Kharkov on 10 September 1923, although no legal documentation has been discovered. Sometime during the period 1930–33, Quisling's first wife, Asja, received notice of the annulment of her marriage to him.
On May 9, 1945, after the defeat of Nazi Germany, Quisling turned himself into police. On 10 September he was sentenced to death. Quisling was executed by firing squad at Akershus Fortress at 02:40 on 24 October 1945. His widow Maria lived in Oslo until her death in 1980. They had no children. Quisling lived in a mansion on Bygdøy in Oslo that he called "Gimle", after the place in Norse mythology where survivors of the great battle of Ragnarök were to live. The house, now called Villa Grande, is today a Holocaust museum.
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