Lived in Phoenix, Arizona; Braddock (near Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania; Trier, Germany; Arlington, Virginia; and Washington, DC.
She was raised in Bethel Svenske Evangeliska Kyrkan, but later converted to Roman Catholicism. Her exposure to the Swedish liturgy led her in graduate school to writing a Swedish grammar for English speakers. While she had a great love of linguistics and languages, she lacked the penchant to speak them well. In addition to English, French, German, and Spanish, in which she had some facility, she studied Latin, Serbo-Croatian, Turkish, Russian, Roumanian, Italian, Portuguese, and Danish. She had many friends from the Middle East and learned to converse in Arabic, but never studied the language formally.
Member: American Contract Bridge League Ruby Life Master and Bridge teacher.
Internationally recognized hagiographer (17 volumes and numerous articles published).
Certified Association Executive.
Graduate of Georgetown University School of Foreign Service; graduate work at Üniversitäts Trier; Georgetown, George Washington and Trinity Universities in history, economics, languages/linguistics, and nonprofit management.
Changes Seen in My Lifetime
Attire: (no slacks, white gloves, new clothes)
Computers: (Tandy, accounting machines, IBM 360)
Grammar Schools: In the one-square mile town in which I grew up, there were two grammar schools with one class for each grade in each school. Children walked to school and home for lunch. It was impossible not to know everyone in your class--and usually their siblings. Now children must take a school bus to a large school with a high degree of anonymity.
Lessons were written on paper or chalk boards, because there were no computers.
Education was well-rounded: Everyone studied music, art, physical education, as well as reading, writing, arithmetic, civics, and geography. There were regular classes on handwriting, that is, how to write cursive in the Painter method.
International Communication: My father built ham radios and taught me to use Morse code to communicate with others. International telephone calls were prohibitively expensive and difficult to make requiring the use of an international operator to connect the lines over underwater cables.
Before the Internet, before facsimile machines (faxes), international businesses in the late 1970's and 1980's used teletype machines. You would type out a message on one end to create a coded paper tape about 5/8" that fed into the machine once you had a live international connection with a receiving machine. Fax machines in the mid-1980's were a huge advance.
Most international communication was via airmailed letters on the lightest possible vellum paper to reduce the cost of postage. It was not unusual to wait three weeks for reply to a standard letter to Europe, which received a prompt response. Now I can communicate with friends all over the world within seconds—even carrying on a real-time conversation with video.
Household Appliances: Washers with mangles, washboards, line-drying, ironing
Neighborhoods: (caring for each other, penny candy, shoemakers)
Recycling: Sometimes I think we may be better off as a society if we returned to the older way of recycling, rather than disposing of things that still have a useful life. (rags, leftovers, hand-me-downs, repairs)
Telephones: (party lines, phone numbers)
Television: As a child we were permitted one-hour of television daily on our 9" black-and-white screen. There were three broadcast stations in Pittsburgh, plus the local public television station, which broadcast from about 06:00 (possibly later) until about 01:00. Each day's broadcasts ended with a short sermon and prayer. Television on Saturdays was cartoons—Bugs Bunny,Rocky & Bullwinkle,—until prime-time. (I never got to watch Saturday cartoons as I was enrolled in county-sponsored art classes for the gifted.) Daytime television on weekdays meant game shows until about noon, followed by soap operas. Cable television did not yet exist. About 1965, we got our first color television so our father, who repaired televisions on the side, could learn to work on them.
First-hand information. Entered by Katherine Rabenstein at registration.