Categories: Members of Parliament, England | English Explorers | Prisoners of the Tower of London | Famous English People | Famous People of the 16th Century | Oriel College, Oxford | Namesakes US Counties | Hayes Barton, Devon | Notables.
Sir Walter Raleigh (c. 1554 – 29 October 1618) was an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is also well known for popularizing tobacco in England.
Little is known about Raleigh's birth.Some historians believe that he was born on 22 January 1552, although the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography currently favours a date of 1554. He grew up in the house of Hayes Barton, a farmhouse near the village of East Budleigh, not far from Budleigh Salterton in Devon. He was the youngest of five sons born to Catherine Champernowne in two successive marriages. His half-brothers John Gilbert, Humphrey Gilbert, and Adrian Gilbert, and his full brother Carew Raleigh were also prominent during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. Catherine Champernowne was a niece of Kat Ashley, Elizabeth's governess, who introduced the young men at court.
Family and Education
- b. 1554, yr. s. of Walter Ralegh† of Fardel, Devon by his 3rd w. Katherine, da. of Philip Champernown, wid. of Otho Gilbert; bro. of Carew Ralegh and half-bro. of Adrian and Sir Humphrey Gilbert. educ. local g.s.; Oriel, Oxf. c.1572; Lyon’s Inn; travelled in France c.1573; M. Temple by 1576. m. Nov. 1591, Elizabeth, da. of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, 3s. Kntd. 1585.
Sir Walter Raleigh Gender: Male Birth: 1552 - Hayes Barton, Devon, England Death: Oct 29 1618 - Middlesex, London, England Father: Walter Raleigh, Sr/Elder Mother: Katherine Champernon Wife: Elizabeth Raleigh (born Throckmorton) Children: John Small Son Raleigh Carew Raleigh Damerei Raleigh Edward Smalley Walter Raleigh
- 1552 Hayes Barton, Devon, England.
- 19 NOV 1591 Elizabeth Raleigh (born Throckmorton).
- 29 OCT 1618 Middlesex, London, England.
- Raleigh County, West Virginia is named is his honor.
- Foster, Joseph, Alumni Oxonienses (Parker and Co., 1892) Early Series 189 (1500-1714)
- Vol. 3, Page 1230: " of Oriel Coll. about 1568 (W. Rawley, 1572, in O.H.S.), a student of the Middle Temple 1574 (as son of Walter, of Budleigh, Devon), served in France, the Low Countries, and Ireland, discovered a new country which he called Virginia 1584, knighted 1 Jan., 1584-5, captain of Q. Elizabeth's guard, lord warden of the stannaries of Devon and Cornwall, governor of Jersey, took an active part against "the invincible Armada" 1588, M.P. Devon 1584-5, 1586-7, of St. Michael 1593, Dorset 1597-8, Cornwall 1601; in 1603 he was concerned in a plot against James I., Condemned to death but reprieved, with imprisonment in the Tower for lifew; in 1618 he set out with an expedition to Guiana, and for sacking St. Thomas was on his return beheaded on the former judgment in Old Palace Yard, Westminster, 29 Oct., 1618; buried in the chancel of St. Margaret's, Westminster; father of Carew, and of Walter 1607. See Ath. ii. 235; Foster's Parl. Dict.; & Lansdowne MS. 983. f. 331."
- ↑ This is opening of article at Wikipedia
- ↑ Wikipedia:Walter_Raleigh
- ↑ The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981 
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On 26 Dec 2016 at 18:24 GMT Darvana Dennis wrote:
Why is there no mention of this in his biography?
On 29 May 2016 at 13:28 GMT Shelley Freestone wrote:
James I's royal warrant pardoning Raleigh in 1617. In 1617, Raleigh was pardoned by the King and granted permission to conduct a second expedition to Venezuela in search of El Dorado. During the expedition, a detachment of Raleigh's men under the command of his long-time friend Lawrence Keymis attacked the Spanish outpost of Santo Tomé de Guayana on the Orinoco River, in violation of peace treaties with Spain, and against Raleigh's orders. A condition of Raleigh's pardon was avoidance of any hostility against Spanish colonies or shipping. In the initial attack on the settlement, Raleigh's son, Walter, was fatally shot. Keymis informed Raleigh of his son's death and begged for forgiveness, but did not receive it, and at once committed suicide. On Raleigh's return to England, an outraged Count Gondomar, the Spanish ambassador, demanded that Raleigh's death sentence be reinstated by King James, who had little choice but to do so. Raleigh was brought to London from Plymouth by Sir Lewis Stukeley, where he passed up numerous opportunities to make an effective escape.
On 19 Feb 2015 at 04:06 GMT Renee Malloy wrote:
On 19 Feb 2015 at 03:41 GMT Anne B wrote:
On 23 Sep 2014 at 04:40 GMT Renee Malloy wrote:
Walter is 20 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 13 degrees from Stephen Hopkins, 20 degrees from Ben Kingsley, 18 degrees from David Selman and 14 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.