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James Richard (Randall) Randolph Sr (1725 - 1797)

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James Richard Randolph Sr formerly Randall aka Randall
Born in Roanoke, Halifax, Virginia, United Statesmap
Husband of — married in North Carolina, Colonial Americamap
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) in Caswell Co., NCmap
Died in Milton, Caswell, North Carolina, United Statesmap
Randall-1572 created 30 Dec 2013 | Last modified | Last edit: 19 Oct 2016
17:55: Geneadiva (Tull) Mere posted a message on the page for James (Randall) Randolph Sr. [Thank Geneadiva for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 1,068 times.

Categories: Descendants of Pocahontas | US Southern Colonist.

Matoaka Amonute Powhatan This person is a descendant of Pocahontas.
Join: Descendants of Pocahontas Project. Talk: projects.

US Southern Colonies. This person settled in the US Southern Colonies Prior to incorporation into the USA.
Join: US Southern Colonies Project. Talk: projects.


DNA Test Results

Email from Bill Randle, Y-DNA project manager for Randolph y-Dna Project. Six James Randolph male descendants have tested and DNA does not connect this line to any other Randolph line at this time. (link to source?)


Name: James Richard /Randolph/
Given Name: James Richard
Surname: Randolph[1]


Date: Sep 1725
Place: Roanoke, Halifax, Virginia, United States[2]


Date: 14 Jun 1796
Place: Milton, Caswell, North Carolina, United States[3]


Residence: Caswell, North Carolina, United States
Date: 1790[4]

Marriage Record to 2nd Wife

Groom: James Randolph
Bride: Mary Dye
Bond Date: 12 December 1781
Bondsman/Witness: David Shelton
Location: Caswell County, North Carolina


Documented in James Randolph's Will of 1791:

John Randolph, under age 21 in 1797. probable child by Mary Dye.
Nimrod Randolph, under age 21 in 1797. probable child by Mary Dye.
Rebecah Randolph, unmarried in 1797, probable child by Mary Dye (see note below)
Jeremiah Randolph, probably of age (21) in 1797.
Robert Randolph, Older Son
William Randolph, Older Son
James Randolph Jr. Older Son
William Dye. Son-in-Law named as Executor, married to older daughter Rebecah :"Catharine" (Randolph) Dye and sister of Mary Dye.

Note on Rebecah Randolph: Some researchers cite Rebecah named in the Will as an adult child of James Randolph, married to William Dye named as his son-in-law. It was passed down orally through direct descendants that this older Rebecah went by the name "Catharine" and was a daughter of James Randolph's 1st wife (Unknown). The Rebecah named in the Will is reasoned to be a younger child of Mary Dye's still living at home because she is left "One feather bed and furniture, called her bed" etc, and also is named "Rebecah Randolph" in the Will rather than "Rebecah Dye."

Some researchers also show Abraham Randolph and Elizabeth Randolph as children of James Randolph, although they aren't named in the Will. (needs source)

Note: see full text of James Randolph's Will below.

Speculative Biography

(Some of the following is speculation and needs to be sourced or dis-proven and cleaned up.)

Note that some later members of this family used Randall / Randal as a surname. (Source: Will of his son James Randolph, dated 1824/1831)

The mention of James Jr. and James Sr deceased land with his youngest children & his Wife Mary still living in Caswell County North Carolina. ( From the deed of Thomas Gatewood & Thomas Read listed below).

Caswell County was part of Orange County until 1777 with Orange County formed in 1752 from N. C. territory of Bertie and then Edgecombe. James was technically born in Old Bertie County that includes the counties above. The eastern half of Caswell formed into Person County in 1791. These counties should be included in early searches for this Randolph Family: Orange Co, Bertie Co, Edgecombe Co, Caswell Co, Person Co

Mary Dye (2nd wife) was the sister of Pvt William Dye that was mentioned as his Son In Law in James' Will. (source?)

He is not believed to be related to the famous Randolphs that married into Thomas Jefferson's family. It isn't know if he was born in North Carolina or this country. (source? Possibly supported by DNA information provided by Bill Randle, Y-DNA Randolph project manager.)

Some show his parents as Alexander Randolph and Margaret Swearinger, 1742 Old Edgecombe Co, NC., but without supporting documentation. (source?)

There is one disputed child that shows up in Pulaski County Kentucky named Peyton Randolph. There his no record of his parentage. (Note: Peyton Randolph, b circa 1785, is documented as his grandson and lived in Pulaski County, KY. Source: Will of James Randolph (Jr) dated 1824/1831 - see profile for Randolph-1464. This is a probable source of the disputed Peyton.)

It is believed that James lived very close to the border of Virginia where William Dye Jr. lived. (source?)

A James Randolph bought land on the south side of the Tar River in Edgecombe, (south of Caswell County) near his father in 1759. (source?)

He was buried on the Randolph Farm, Bent Road, Stone Marked 'J'. (source?)

James Randolph Sr. could not read & write. Instead of using an X for his signature he used a capital R with a small 90 degree upward loop. (source?) Some researchers believe the hooked R stands for Randall, while others use Richard. (speculation?) There is no documentation that he had a middle name.

There was a James Randolph that surveyed land in Orange / Caswell County, Virginia in 1753, and helped build a road from Halifax to Caswell. Halifax County Va.was right across the boarder. There is a Halifax County North Carolina and not to be confused with the county in Virginia. (source?)

James Randolph (Randel)'s name is on a petition list to divide Orange Co, 1774. (source?)

Death assumed before Nov. 1, 1797 due to a partial sale of estate to A Robinson, J Hall T Fisher) (source?)

Death before Oct 3, 1805, when he referred to as "deceased" in the Thomas Gatewood / Thomas Read Land Deed (see below).

He buys land on Country Line Creek, 1777. (source?)


Possibilities for His First Wife

Suggested by previous researchers, with not enough supporting documentation:

Rebecca Robertson ("Sister of Thomas")

Jane Barnes

Jane Unknown

Unknown Graves

Margaret Smalley / Unknown Smelley

Frances Bland / Francis Blanch.

One researcher offers the following as evidence that the James R. Randolph of this entry was married to Jane Barnes: 1782 April. James Randolph and wife Jane Randolph of Craven Co. SC [NC] to Moses Stallion of Franklin Co. 320 acres in Franklin Co. on Peach tree Creek half of 640 acres granted by Earl Granville to Thomas Cook by pat. 1760 and conveyed to Jane Barnes by deed Feb. 4, 1765. Wit: Wm Hunt, Wm. Wilson.
If James R. Randolph was married to Jane Barnes, the marriage apparently took place after 4 February 1765 when she was referred to by her maiden name. This suggests that James R. Randolph had a wife (or wives) before Jane Barnes, if, indeed, Jane Barnes was his wife.


Full Text of the Will of James Randolph

The Will of James Randolph
1797 Caswell County, North Carolina
Superior Court Book C, p 251
October Court 1797
In The Name of God Amen this 15th day of June in the year of our Lord one Thousand seven Hundred and Ninety Seven, I James Randolph Sen'r of the County of Caswell and State of North Carolina being sick and weak of body but of sound Mind and Memory Thanks be given to Almighty God and Calling to Mind The Mortality of my body and uncertainty of this life, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in the following Manner and form - And first I commit my soul into the Hands of Almighty God who gave It and my body to the earth to be decently buried in a Christian Manner; And as for Such Worldly Goods as It hath pleased God to bless me with in this life I dispose of them in the following Manner
Imprimise I Give and bequeath to my son John Randolph the land and plantation whereon I now live Containing one Hundred and forty one Acres, when he arrives to the age of Twenty one years, to him and his Heirs and assigns forever, And If he dies without age, Then I leave the land to Nimrod, also five pounds Virginia Money.
Item I Give and bequeath to my son Nimrod Randolph my bed which I lie on, Also five pounds Virginia Money, to him his Heirs and assigns forever --
Item, I Give and bequeath to my daughter Rebecah Randolph one feather Bed and furniture, Called her bed, and one Half of the pewter belonging to the House and one Cow to her and her Heirs forever --
Item I Lend to my Well beloved Wife Mary Randolph all the residue of my estate during her Widowhood, but be It remembered that should my Wife Marry, that then the estate hereby lent to her shall be equally divided between my son Jerremiah Randolph and my son Nimrod -- It is my wish and Desire that If after my death my Wife should die before my Young Children Arrive at age that Robert my son should take his Brother John and raise him and That William should Take Nimrod and raise him to age -- Lastly I constitute Ordain and appoint my beloved son James Randolph and my Son in law William Dye Executors of This my last Will and Testament; and I do hereby revoke and Make Void all Other Will or Wills heretofore by me made ratifying and Confirming this only to be my last Will and Testament.
In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this day and Year first above Written -- his
James R Randolph {seal}
Signed Sealed published }
pronounced and declared }
as the last Will and Testament }
of James Randolph in presence
of us & each of us
A.E. Murphey (Jurat)
Wm. Gordon (Jurat)
John Carter, x his mark
Caswell County
The Execution of this Will was duly proved in open Court by the Oaths of :Archibald Murphey and William Gordon Two Subscribing Witnesses and on :Motion Ordered to be recorded at the Same time James Randolph and William :Dye Qualified Executors --
Test A.E. Murphey CCC

Probate 1798

James Randolph Event Place Caswell, North Carolina, United States Number of Names with File 1, File Name James Randolph First Image 165, Last Image 167, Number of Images 3.


Record of Deed

Caswell county, North Carolina
Record of Deeds & Grants
Book 0, Page 237
Filmed by the Genealogicaal Society of Utah at Yanceyville, North Carolina, 1946.
FHL US/CAN Film 18,437

Thomas Gatewood / Thomas Read Land Deed

This Indenture made this 3d day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and five between Thomas Read of the County of Caswell and State of North Carolina of one part and Thomas Gatewood & Company of Milton and State of North Carolina of the other part witness that the said Thomas Read for and in Consideration of the Sum of two hundred and fifty Dollars to him in hand paid by the said Thomas Gatewood & Company the Receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge that Given and Granted and by these presents doth give grant bargain and Sell alien in fee of release & confirm unto the Said Thomas Gatewood & Company all that tract or parcel of land and premises Situate lying and being in the County of Caswell and on Randolphs Spring branch and of Country line Creek and bounded as followeth to Wit Begining at a Stake in William Moore?s line & runs thence a conditional line South ten degrees East ninety nine poles to a white oak thence South about twenty West forty two poles to a dead post Oak thence south Thirty two Degrees East sixty five poles to a post Oak corner of James Randolp Jr thence East Sixty poles to a hicory [hickory] Saplin a corner of Said Randolps and also a Corner of James Randolps orphans thence North with the line of James Randolph Decd and the lines of Ann Smith one hundred and Ninety two poles to a Stake a corner of Said Smiths old Survey thence West with the lines of Said Smith William Rainey and said William Moore one hundred and one poles to the begining containing by Estimation one hundred and two acres of land be the same more or less with the Reversion and Reversions remainder and Remainders rents issues and propets [?] Thereof To have and to hold the above said land and promises together with all and Singular the appurtenances there unto belonging or in anywise appertaining to the only use benefit and behoof of them the Said Thomas Gatewood & Company their heirs and assigns forever and the Said Thomas Read for himself his heirs Execrs and admrs to and with the Said Thomas Gatewood & Company their heirs Executors and Administrators that the aforesaid tract of land promises Together with all and Singular the appertenances thereunto belonging he will forever Warrant and Defend from the lawful claim or Claims of him his heirs Execrs and Admrs and from the lawful claim or claims of every other person claiming or to claim by from or under him them or any of them to the only proper use benefit and behoof of them the Said Thomas Gatewood & Company their Heirs and assigns forever In Witness whreof he the Said Thomas Read hath hereunto Set his hand and affixed his Seal the day and year first above written

Thomas Reid {seal}

Signed Sealed and Delivered In presence of Jos Samuell Durrell Richards Jno Stanfeild

State of North Carolina Caswell County July Court 1806

The Execution of this deed was duly proved in open court by the oath of Josiah Samuel one the Subscribing Witnesses thereto and on motion ordered to be Registered

Test Ad Murphey CC _______________


  • WikiTree profile Randolph-723 created through the import of Ancestors Martha Mills.ged on Nov 29, 2012 by Kim Myers. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Kim and others.
  • Source: S698 Abbreviation: Public Member Trees Title: Public Member Trees Author: Publication: Name: Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006; Repository: #R16 Paranthetical: Y
  • Repository: R16 Name: Address: Name:
  • Source: S-1601358972 Repository: #R-1690532405 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text:
  • Repository: R-1690532405 Name: Address: Note:
  1. Source: #S698 Page: Database online. Quality or Certainty of Data: 3 Data: Text: Record for Col Richard Randolph
  2. Source: #S698 Page: Database online. Quality or Certainty of Data: 3 Data: Text: Record for Col Richard Randolph
  3. Source: #S698 Page: Database online. Quality or Certainty of Data: 3 Data: Text: Record for Col Richard Randolph
  4. Source: #S698 Page: Database online. Quality or Certainty of Data: 3 Data: Text: Record for Col Richard Randolph

Marriage to Mary Dye: North Carolina, Index to Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 Name James Randolph, Gender Male, Spouse Mary Dye, Spouse Gender Female, Bond date 12 Dec 1781, Bond #000017666, Level Info North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868, ImageNum 002301, County Caswell, Record #01 248, Bondsman David Shelton, Witness Ald Murphey Clerk of Court, Household Members, James Randolph Mary Dye

WikiTree profile Randolph-382 created through the import of Dulaney, Kelley Family Tree.ged on Aug 1, 2011 by Christina Marshall. See the [

Also: County Court Records at Yanceyville, NC


Thank you to Sheri Lavadour for creating WikiTree profile Randall-1572 through the import of Burbank-Carson Family Tree.ged on Dec 28, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Sheri and other

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with James:

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On 19 Oct 2016 at 21:55 GMT Geneadiva (Tull) Mere wrote:

I second the motion to remove James Randall (Randall-1572) from these WikiTree Parents. y-DNA proves we are not descendants of Richard Randolph.

On 8 Oct 2016 at 02:02 GMT Robin Lee wrote:

Based on the will of Richard Randolph and DNA testing, I think we "know" that the parents are not correct....can we remove them?

On 29 Aug 2016 at 06:03 GMT Esmé (Pieterse) van der Westhuizen wrote:

Randolph-194 and Randall-1572 appear to represent the same person because: Same data, spouse and child

On 11 Aug 2016 at 18:34 GMT Polly (Smith) Sipes wrote:

Randolph-382 and Randall-1572 do not represent the same person because: Comparing the info in biography and sources section, it is specified that James Randolph (Randolph-382) is NOT related to the Randolph family that married into Thomas Jefferson's family (which are also the Randolphs who descended from Pocahontas, which Randall-1572 identifies with). The similarity/confusion probably lies with attributing Margaret Smalley as the wife of both. Randolph-382's info states that this is speculation and has no supporting documentation.

On 8 Aug 2016 at 02:57 GMT Eddie Pike wrote:

Richard has never been proven as his middle name. I don't believe he had a middle name.

On 7 Aug 2016 at 19:11 GMT Lynden (Raber) Rodriguez OCDS wrote:

Randall-1572 and Randolph-382 appear to represent the same person because: Hello! I believe these two profiles are for the same person. Please merge if you agree.

Sincerely, Lynden Rodriguez

On 7 Jul 2016 at 09:56 GMT Esmé (Pieterse) van der Westhuizen wrote:

Randolph-194 and Randall-1572 appear to represent the same person because: Same son. Differences in place to be noted in the biography until a source can be added.

On 27 Dec 2015 at 03:09 GMT Jeanne (Lunn) Aloia wrote:

LNAB should be "Randolph"?

On 22 Aug 2015 at 18:31 GMT Geneadiva (Tull) Mere wrote:

Email from Bill Randle, Y-DNA project manager for Randolph y-Dna Project. Six James Randolph male descendants have tested and DNA does not connect this line to any other Randolph line at this time.

James is 14 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 23 degrees from Bob Dylan, 19 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 19 degrees from Michael Phelps and 13 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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