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Richard Randolph (bef. 1622 - abt. 1678)

Richard Randolph
Born before in Little Houghton, Northamptonshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 4 Feb 1644 in London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died about at about age 56 in Dublin, Irelandmap
Profile last modified | Created 16 Nov 2008
This page has been accessed 12,800 times.
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Magna Carta Surety Baron Descendant (see text).
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Note: Richard Randolph - ancestor of Thomas Jefferson, 3rd US President; father of colonial patriarch William Randolph; and descendant of Magna Carta surety barons (see text below) - was featured in the April 2020 Magna Carta Project Newsletter.



Richard Randolph, of Morton Hall (in Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England), Gent., was born before 24 February 1621/2.[1] He was a younger son of William Randolph and his 2nd wife Dorothy (Lane). [2] He was baptized 24 February 1621/2 at Little Houghton, Northamptonshire, where his father was then steward to Lord Zouche. [2][3]

On 4 Feb 1644/5 he married Elizabeth Ryland, daughter of John Ryland of Warwickshire, gent., at St. Margaret Pattens church in London, England[4] They lived in Moreton Hall after their marriage [3] and they became the parents of 8 known children, four sons and four daughters.[2][5]

  1. Richard[2][5]
  2. William[2][5][6]
  3. Thomas[2][5]
  4. John[2][5]
  5. Dorothy[2][5]
  6. Mary[2][5]
  7. Elizabeth[2][5]
  8. Margaret[2][5]

Richard appears to have been a surveyor: a writ dated 28 February 1654/5 (1655 in modern reckoning), which related to an enclosure at Overfield, Wellesbourne Mountford, Warwickshire, refers to the enclosed lands being surveyed by Richard Randolph, gent, "expert in the art of surveyinge."[7]

Richard died in Dublin, Ireland in 1678/9.[2][3][5]

Research Notes


Stanard's article on the Randolph family gives a death date of 1671.[3] This may be a slip, and is contradicted by the 1681 Visitation of Northamptonshire, which gives 1678.[5] Stanard also appears to be the source for the death place of Dublin, which Douglas Richardson accepts.[2]


The book, Peyton Randolph and Revolutionary Virginia, states that Richard's brother, Henry Randolph returned from Virginia in either 1666 or 1669 and that by this time Richard and his wife Elizabeth had moved to Dublin [8]

A second source, the article on Richard's son William from The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography by Margaret Sankey, states that Richard and his family moved to Dublin during the interregnum, 1649-1660. This is the time in England's history from when Charles I was executed until his son, Charles II was restored to the throne.[6][9]

Richard's daughter, Margaret Randolph was born in 1657 in Moreton Morrell, so the family's move to Dublin had to be after she was born. [5]

Therefore, there is a good chance that the Richard Randolph family moved to Dublin, Ireland between 1657 and 1660.

The reason for the move is yet unknown, but one can speculate that it must have offered the family an opportunity for a better life in Dublin. Richard may have worked there as a surveyor, as he did earlier in Warwickshire.


  1. Northamptonshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1532-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2014. Northamptonshire Record Office; Northampton, England; Register Type: Parish Registers; Reference Numbers: 176P/3 Accessed on, December 2019: Record on Ancestry (requires subscription) and free image on Ancestry
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: a Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd ed. (Salt Lake City, UT.: the author, 2011), Vol. III p 422.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Stanard, W. G. The Randolph Family.The William and Mary Quarterly, vol. 7, no. 2, 1898, pp. 122–124. JSTOR
  4. London, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. London Metropolitan Archives; London, England; Reference Number: P69/MGT4/A/001/MS05287/001 Accessed on, December 2019. Ancestry Record 1624 #7536395 (requires subscription). view free Ancestry Sharing Image.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 The Visitation of the County of Northampton in the Year 1681; edited and annotated by Rev. Henry Isham Longden. Harleian Society Pulbications, Vol. 87 (1935). Online at HathiTrust pages 173-177. (The last 2 daughters are added by the editor.) An extensive pedigree chart, mostly not from the Visitation, but compiled by the editor from wills and registers.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Sankey, Margaret D.'"Randolph, William (1650–1711), Colonist in America." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, September 23, 2004. ODNB
  7. Warwickshire Record Office, catalogue no. L06/723, online catalogue entry, accessed 4 February 2020
  8. Randolph, Robert M. Peyton Randolph and Revolutionary Virginia. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2020.
  9. “Interregnum (England).” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, November 13, 2019. Wikipedia.
  • Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition (Salt Lake City, UT: the author, 2011). See also WikiTree's source page for Magna Carta Ancestry.
  • Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City, UT: the author, 2013). See also WikiTree's source page for Royal Ancestry.
See also:
  • Randolph, Jefferson Anderson: The Tuckahoe Randolphs, in V.M.H.B, Vol. 45, no. 1 (Jan 1937), p. 55-86. Family traditions of Randolph origins (pp. 65-67).
  • Randolph, Jefferson Anderson: Supplement to the Tuckahoe Randolphs, in V.M.H.B, Vol. 45, no. 4 (Oct 1937), 392-405. Baptisms of Richard's children (p. 392).


See the Changes tab for details of edits to this profile. Thanks to everyone who contributed.

Magna Carta Project

A re-review of this profile was completed by Terri Swift on 23 Jan 2020 and approved by Michael Cayley.
Richard Randolph appears in a trail between his son, Gateway Ancestors William Randolph, and Magna Carta Surety Baron William Malet that was identified and badged by the Magna Carta Project in January 2015. This badged trail needs re-review by the project.
Richard Randolph also appears in a Richardson-documented trail from his son to surety baron Richard de Clare (MCA III:416-422 RANDOLPH) that has not yet been developed on WikiTree. The Project has also identified this profile in undeveloped trails from William Randolph to several other surety barons, including: Henry de Bohun, Saher de Quincy. Robert de Vere, Hugh Bigod, Roger Bigod, Robert de Ros, Gilbert de Clare, Richard de Clare, John de Lacy, John FitzRobert and William de Mowbray. All of the proposed trails (badged, Richardson-documented and proposed/undeveloped) are detailed in the Magna Carta Trails section of the profile of Gateway William Randolph.
Richard's brother Henry is also a Gateway Ancestor.
See Base Camp for more information about identified Magna Carta trails and their status. See the project's glossary for project-specific terms, such as a "badged trail".

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Comments: 15

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posted by Michael Cayley
The only source that lists the month and the date of Randolph-13's death is Findagrave with no photo of his headstone to prove the date. Stanard The William and Mary Quarterly tells us the year and the place that he died but not the the month or the date. I will be removing the date and month of his death on his profile in the next couple of days.
posted by Terri (Clawson) Swift
Richardson has his death in Dublin, Ireland in May 1678.
posted by Traci Thiessen
I don't have access to page 422 in Richardson. I will look into it.
posted by Terri (Clawson) Swift
I stand corrected. Richardson states that Randolph-13 died in May 1678. I will be removing the date in a few days.
posted by Terri (Clawson) Swift
The portrait which was shown on this profile was of someone in mid-Georgian not Stuart costume, and therefore of a later period. It was from FindAGrave which wrongly says it is of the Richard Randolph of this profile. I have established that the portrait is by John Wollaston, who was a portrait painter who worked from the 1740s to the 1770s, a century later than Richard Randolph. And the portrait is of William Randolph II, a grandson of the Richard Randolph of this profile, and is used on his WikiTree profile, as well as in the Wikipedia article on him - Wikipedia: William Randolph II.

The FindAGrave entry for William Randolph II also has an image of the same portrait. Find A Grave: Memorial #16714402

posted by Michael Cayley
edited by Michael Cayley
This profile needs some work and it has a large trusted list ... does anyone want to volunteer? See Magna Carta 5-Star G2G post HERE.
posted by Traci Thiessen
According to the relationship finder , Richard would be my tenth great grandfather but this notation by an older genealogy study caught me off guard. Was their ever a DNA study directed at this relationship ? EDWARD TRAYLOR the immigrant married a Martha ___ , she was not a Randolph. =NOTE: I have researched the Randolph line, and visited their modest home in England. They do not have a Martha of the right age, they were educated and we were not, they were in the upper social strata and we were in the lower, and thus I reason that Martha was not a Randolph.

posted by Richard Hellstrom
Just an FYI - this profile has been identified for a Magna Carta Trail. We'll be working on this line shortly.

Read more about the Magna Carta project here:

Follow our progress at Base Camp here:

posted by PM Eyestone
Randolph-364 and Randolph-13 appear to represent the same person because: birth/death etc matches fairly close. Please merge if you agree the profiles represent the same person. Thanks! (See Randolph-736 also.)
posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
see also p 206

Henrico County, Virginia: Beginnings of Its Families: Part II William Clayton Torrence The William and Mary Quarterly Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jan., 1916), pp. 202-210 Published by: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture Stable URL:

posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
Randolph-101 and Randolph-13 appear to represent the same person because: Same husband, approx. same dates. Please merge. Thanks.
posted by Vic Watt
Randolph-101 and Randolph-13 are not ready to be merged because: Hi

SORRY I Am unable to merge until I get the go ahead from wiki a few profiles I merged were wrong trying to sort it .this is the best I can do till then. regards DANIELLE