Jane  (Randolph) Jefferson

Jane (Randolph) Jefferson (abt. 1720 - 1776)

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Jane Jefferson formerly Randolph
Born about in Shadwell Parish, Tower Hamlets, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married in Dungeness, Goochland, Virginiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Albemarle County, Virginiamap
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Randolph-2 created 15 Nov 2008 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 9,318 times.

Categories: Goochland, Virginia | Monticello, Virginia | Parents of US Presidents.



Jane was born in the Tower Hamlets of Shadwell, a neighborhood of London. Later her family moved to Virginia.

She was reportedly quite close with her son, Thomas Jefferson, who became President of the USA.

Jane was also cousin to Peyton Randolph, 1st President of the Continental Congress.

Jane Randolph Grave Site


9 Feb 1720

Jane Randolph was born in Shadwell Parish, London[1]

3 Oct 1739

Jane Randolph and Col. Peter Jefferson married in Goochland, Goochland, Virginia, USA [2]

31 Mar 1776

Jane Randolph Jefferson died in Monticello, Albemarle, Virginia, USA

Jane Randolph Jefferson, née Jane Randolph (February 9, 1720 – March 31, 1776) was the wife of Peter Jefferson and the mother of president Thomas Jefferson. Born in Shadwell Parish, Tower Hamlets, London, she was the daughter of Isham Randolph and Jane Rogers, and a cousin of Peyton Randolph.[1].

Early life and education

Randolph was born in one of the Tower Hamlets, Shadwell, a poor maritime neighborhood of London. She most likely immigrated to Virginia as a child with her family and that her education was received entirely at home. Little is known of her, for Jefferson rarely mentioned his mother in his extensive writings. According to the 20th-century biographer Merrill Peterson, she represented "zero quantity" in her son Thomas's life, although more recent scholarship questions Peterson's conclusions..

Marriage and family

Randolph married Peter Jefferson in Virginia in 1739. Together, they had the following children:

  • Jane Jefferson (1740–1765) - close to her brother Thomas, she died unmarried at age 25.
  • Mary Jefferson Bolling (1741–1811) - her husband John Bolling served in the Virginia House of Burgesses.
  • Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), third President of the United States
  • Elizabeth Jefferson (1744–1774) - mentally handicapped
  • Martha Jefferson Carr (1746–1811) - her husband Dabney Carr, Thomas Jefferson's best friend, helped launch the intercolonial Committee of Correspondence in Virginia in March 1773, the first step to coordinated colonial action against Great Britain.
  • Peter Field Jefferson (1748)
  • Unnamed Son (1750)
  • Lucy Jefferson Lewis (1752–1810)
  • Anna Scott Jefferson Marks (1755–1828) - twin of Randolph
  • Randolph Jefferson (1755–1815) - twin of Anna Scott

Jane Randolph Jefferson died from what was described at the time as an "apoplexy" on March 31, 1776, barely three months before Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.[1].[3]



  1. Some discrepancy on birthdate. Thomas Jefferson recorded February 9, 1720 in his Prayer Book (housed at Univeristy of Virginia Library). However, according to chancery information published in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 26, no. 3 (1918): 324, Jane was baptized on February 20, 1720, and was 15 days old at the time.
  2. Yates
  3. Entered by Lynda Hull.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Jane by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Jane:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.

Images: 2
Jane Randolph - Mother of Thomas Jefferson
Jane Randolph - Mother of Thomas Jefferson

Jane Randolph Image 2
Jane Randolph Image 2


On 6 Aug 2016 at 22:57 GMT US Presidents Project WikiTree wrote:

Randolph-1736 and Randolph-2 appear to represent the same person because: same family, duplicate branch of Thomas Jefferson family

On 2 Aug 2016 at 23:11 GMT Jonathan Reed wrote:

Thanks for noting the gender mistake Paul. Correction has been made.

Jane is 16 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 24 degrees from Jacob Bernoulli, 18 degrees from Susie MacLeod and 13 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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