William Randolph I

William Randolph I (1650 - 1711)

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Col William Randolph I
Born in Moreton-Morrell, Warwickshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married before in Henrico County, Virginiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Turkey Island, Henrico County, Virginiamap
Profile last modified | Created 31 Oct 2010
This page has been accessed 13,226 times.
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Contents

Biography

William Randolph I was a US Southern Colonist.

Name

Col William I RANDOLPH [1][2] [3] [4][5] [6][7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

Birth

7 Nov 1651
Moreton Morrell Warwicks England[18] [19] [20] [21] [22][23][24] [25] [26]
William Randolph was baptized 7 Nov 1650 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England. He is the son of Richard Randolph and Elizabeth Ryland. [27]
Immigration 1672 To Virginia from Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England

Marriage

Marriage before 13 NOV 1678 Henrico County, Virginia. [28]
Husband: William Randolph
Wife: Mary Isham
William and Mary had seven sons, William, Thomas, Isham, Henry, Richard, John, Knight, Edward, and two daughters, Mary (wife of william Stith) and Elizabeth (wife of Richard Bland). [29]
Child: Isham Randolph
Child: Jane Randolph
Occupation Planter, merchant,
Death 21 Apr 1711 Turkey Island, Henrico, Virginia [30]

Accomplishments

Founder and Trustee of The College of William and Mary
Served as clerk of Henrico County Court 1675-83
Member of the House of Burgesses from Henrico County, Virginia, 1684, 1685/6,1691/2.
Speaker of House of Burgesses 1698.

William's parents

Marriage 1650 Morton Hall, Warwickshire, , England
Husband: Richard Randolph
Wife: Elizabeth Ryland
Child: William Randolph
Child: Margaret Randolph
William's uncle, Henry Randolph, emigrated to North America in 1642 and became Clerk of the Colony. Henry paid a visit to England in 1668 and may have encouraged his nephew to emigrate.
The Randolphs were established gentry in England, meaning that they had property and a family tradition of knightly military service signified by a coat of arms. Although the family can be directly traced back only as far as 1500, the name appears in the Domesday Book and there is a distinguished Scottish family with which they may have been connected. There is better evidence that they were descended from Surety Barons of Magna Carta through a female line. William's half-uncle Thomas Randolph was an Oxford don and noted poet.
He moved to Virginia sometime between 1669 and 1673, and married Mary Isham a few years later.
He was a colonist and land owner who played an important role in the history and government of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
His descendants included several prominent political figures, including Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall. Genealogists have taken an interest in him for his progeny's many marital alliances, referring to him and Mary Isham as "the Adam and Eve of Virginia".

The following is taken from Payton Ayles web page

" William Randolph, born October 1650 in Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England; died 21 April 1711 in "Turkey Island", Henrico County, Virginia.
He married 559. Mary Isham 1680 in Henrico County, Virginia, Mary Isham, born About 1658 in Bermuda Hundred, Henrico County, Virginia; died 29 December 1735 in "Turkey Island", Henrico County, Virginia.
Notes for William Randolph:
He resided in "Turkey Island', Henrico County, Virginia. He was a member of the House of Burgesses in Virginia. He was a member of Council in Virginia. He was County Clerk in Henrico County, Virginia. He immigrated circa 1660 to "Turkey Island", Henrico County, Virginia. He was Attorney-General between 1670 and 1671in Virginia.
(Randolph Family Genealogy)
From Virginia: Guide to the Old Dominion, 1940, p.629:
Brick gateposts about 2 miles past Curles Neck are at the entrance to Turkey Island, ancestral seat of the Randolph family. The present house,near the James, is relatively modern. Within a walled enclosure are ironstone table tombs, that of the immigrant bearing the Randolph arms.The plantation, so named for an island near by where the first explorers of the river found many wild turkeys, was owned in 1676 by Colonel James Crews, who was hanged for participating with his neighbor, Bacon, in the rebellion. In 1684 the land was sold to William Randolph (1657-1711).
Children of William Randolph and Mary Isham are:
i. Edward Randolph, married Elizabeth Graves
ii. Elizabeth Randolph, born 1680; died 22 January 1719/20; married Richard Bland II, February 1701/02.
iii. Col. William Randolph, Jr., born 06 November 1681 in "Turkey Island", Henrico County, Virginia, died 19 October 1742 in buried at "Turkey Island", Henrico County, Virginia; married Elizabeth Beverley 22 June 1709; born 01 January 1690/9; died 26 December 1723.
Notes for Col. William Randolph, Jr.:
He resided in "Chatesworth", Henrico County, Virginia. He was Clerk of the House of Burgesses between 1702 and 1712 in VA. He was Clerk of the County between 1710 and 1720 in Henrico Co., VA. He was a member of the House of Burgesses in 1726 and a member of Council in 1728. He was Royal Councillor of State in 1737. He was Treasurer of the Colony in 1737."

THE FOLLOWING IS TAKEN FROM THE VIRGINIA HIST. SOC. WEBPAGE

"...Three sons of the high-born English immigrants William and Mary Isham Randolph--the so-called Adam and Eve of Virginia because of their numerous and illustrious progeny--established large plantations along the ames River. Bollings, Carters, Pages, Flemings, Walkers, Meriwethers, Lewises, and Jeffersons all intermarried with the Randolphs and acquired large tracts. They moved up the James to the Rivanna and westward into a large area that was organized as Albemarle County..."
William Randolph was baptized in Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England on 7 November 1650, the son of Richard Randolph (21 February 1621–2 May 1678) and Elizabeth Ryland (1625–ca. 1669). Richard Randolph was originally from Houghton Parva, a small village east of Northampton, where his father was a "steward and servant" to Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche (1556–1625), having previously served in that same capacity to Sir George Goring, a landowner in Sussex.[3] Elizabeth was the daughter of John Ryland of Warwick. William was the second of seven Randolph children, all born in Moreton Morrell between 1647 and 1657.[4].
No record has yet surfaced to fix William Randolph's residences after his birth until 1672, when he appeared in Virginia. Although his father's older half-brother, the poet Thomas Randolph, attended Westminster School and Cambridge University, he did so largely on scholarship and there is no record of any other members of William's family having attended either public school or university.[5] At some point in the late 1650s or 1660s, his parents moved to Dublin, where they both died, his mother around 1669 and his father in 1671, so William may well have spent the bulk of his formative years in Ireland.[6] It is also known that William's uncle, Henry Randolph (1623-?), in 1669 traveled to Britain from Virginia, to which place he had emigrated around 1642.[7] Henry probably encouraged his nephew at that time to return with him to the Chesapeake. In any case, William Randolph was in the colony by 12 February 1672 when he appears in the record as witness to a land transaction.[8].

Early career

The Chesapeake economy was centered around tobacco, grown within the English mercantile system for export to markets in Britain and Europe. Randolph appears to have arrived in the province with little capital and few transatlantic connections. One historian suggests that he started off in the colony as an "undertaker" building houses, but there is no evidence for it.[9] By 1674 he had acquired enough money to import 12 persons into the colony and thereby earned his first of many land patents (between 1674 and 1697 he imported 72 servants and 69 slaves for which he collected patents for more than 7000 acres). In later years Randolph became a merchant and a planter, and co-owned several ships used to transport tobacco to England and goods back to Virginia. He established several of his sons as merchants and ship captains..
Around 1675 he married Mary Isham (1660 Bermuda Hundred, James River, Henrico County, Virginia–25 December 1735 Turkey Island, Henrico County, Virginia), whose father, Henry Isham (c. 1628 Pytchley, Northamptonshire – c. 1676 Bermuda Hundred, James River, Henrico County, Virginia), was from a gentry family in Northamptonshire. After arriving in Virginia, Henry had married in 1659, a wealthy widow, Katherina Banks Royall (c. 1630 Canterbury, Kent – aft. 1 December 1686 Henrico County, Virginia)..

Property

Randolph acquired property by purchase, headright, marital interest and land grant. His early acquisitions were in the neighborhood of Turkey Island, located in the James River about 20 miles (32 km) southeast of present-day Richmond.[10] This land had been settled for decades, and was held by several owners, from whom he purchased. Possibly his first purchase was 591 acres (2.39 km2) of land on Swift Creek, south of the James.[11].
In 1676 a Virginia colonist, Nathaniel Bacon, rebelled unsuccessfully against the colonial government and his estate was forfeited. This was Curles, located near Turkey Island. Randolph made an assessment of the property for Governor Berkeley and was allowed to buy it for his estimated price, adding 1,230 acres (5.0 km2) to Randolph's previous land holdings.[12] This conflict of interest was criticized by his neighbors..
In 1678 Mary Isham's brother died, making her the heiress to her father's large estate. William Randolph had married her before her brother's death, because the brother's will refers to her as "Mary Randolph"..
Around 1700, when Randolph's political career was at its peak, he received land grants to almost 10,000 acres (40 km2) of newly-opened land near Richmond; a 3,256-acre (13.18 km2) tract at Tuckahoe Creek and a 5,142-acre (20.81 km2) plot at Westham.[11] This land became the basis of the Tuckahoe and Dungeness Plantations, which were later founded by two of William Randolph's sons..
William Randolph owned a considerable number of slaves. This reflected the rise of slavery during his business career. Around 1675 Governor Berkeley reported the population of the colony as 40,000, with 4,000 indentured servants and 2,000 slaves. But as the supply of indentured servants declined late in the 17th century, the planters turned to slaves for work in the labor-intensive tobacco cultivation..
It is difficult to determine the acreage or number of slaves he owned at his death. His will has been transcribed and a copy appears on the internet, but portions are missing. One estimate is that he had 20,000 acres (81 km2). He paid property taxes on 1,655 acres (6.70 km2) in Surry County and 19,465 acres (78.77 km2) in Henrico County in 1704..

Political and social activities

Randolph held multiple official appointments.[13] At the local level, he became clerk of Henrico County Court in 1673 and held the position until he was asked to serve as a Justice of the peace in 1683. He also served as sheriff and coroner.[14].
Randolph represented Henrico County in every assembly of the House of Burgesses from 1684 to 1698, was Speaker of the House of Burgesses in 1698, and was the Clerk of the House from 1699 to 1702.[14] He fell ill in August 1702 and his son, William, took his place. Randolph resigned the clerkship completely in March 1703.[15].
Randolph was a founder and one of the first trustees of the College of William and Mary.[14] His son, John Randolph, secured a royal charter for the College on one of several trips to London to conduct business for the colony..
Randolph was a friend of William Byrd, and he served as an advisor to Byrd’s sons during their political careers.[16] He is mentioned in one of Byrd's diaries as "Colonel Randolph", his militia title..
Randolph built a mansion on the Turkey Island plantation on high ground overlooking the island and the river. It featured a ribbed dome and was known as the "Bird's Cage".[31]


Death

11 Apr 1711,
Turkey Island, Henrico, Virginia[32] [33][34][35][36] [37][38]

Burial

Randolph Family Cemetery, Presque Isle, Henrico County, Virginia, USA [39]

Note

Some Emigrants to Virginia
Jamestowne Society Seal
Life
Col. William Randolph
Bio, Lineage, Will
William and Mary Randolph Isham. Henrico: Cemetery Records – Randolph Graveyard
William Randolph
ELIZABETH RANDOLPH, Henrico County, Virginia - Turkey Island Cemetery
Aug 1676
Statewide, Statewide, Pennsylvania [40]
1680
Henrico, Colony of Virginia[41][42][43]
1650
Morton Hall, Warwickshire, England[44][45]

William was born in 1650. He passed away in 1711.


From Findagrave.com

Col William Randolph
Birth: Nov 1651 Moreton Morrell, Stratford-on-Avon District, Warwickshire, England; Death: 11 Apr 1711 (aged 59) Henrico County, Virginia; Burial: Randolph Family Cemetery Presque Isle, Henrico County, Virginia, USA. Memorial #: 16714316.
Bio: "William Randolph was baptized in Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England on November 1650, the son of Richard Randolph (21 February 1621–2 May 1678) and Elizabeth Ryland (1625–ca. 1669). Richard Randolph was originally from Houghton Parva, a small village east of Northampton, where his father was a "steward and servant" to Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche (1556–1625), having previously served in that same capacity to Sir George Goring, a landowner in Sussex.[3] Elizabeth was the daughter of John Ryland of Warwick. William was the second of seven Randolph children, all born in Moreton Morrell between 1647 and 1657.No record has yet surfaced to fix William Randolph's residences after his birth until 1672.Although his father's older half-brother, the poet Thomas Randolph, attended Westminster School and Cambridge University, he did so largely on scholarship and there is no record of any other members of William's family having attended either public school or university.[5] At some point in the late 1650s or 1660s, his parents moved to Dublin, where they both died, his mother around 1669 and his father in 1671, so William may well have spent the bulk of his formative years in Ireland.[6] It is also known that William's uncle, Henry Randolph (1623-?), in 1669 traveled to Britain from Virginia, to which place he had emigrated around 1642.[7] Henry probably encouraged his nephew at that time to return with him to the Chesapeake. In any case, William Randolph was in the colony by 12 February 1672 when he appears in the record as witness to a land transaction." Source: Wilipedia Husband of Mary (Isham) Randolph. Father of Elizabeth Bland), an infant also named Elizabeth, William Jr., Edward, Sir John, Mary (Sith), Richard and Col. Isham Randolph. (Randolph/Randolf later spelling. GRT Grandfather of Thomas Jefferson. "Here Lies Col. William Randolph Founder of Randolph Family1651-1711." Virginia Conservation Com. 1946. William Randolph, settled at Turkey Island in the early 1680s, near the head of the tidewater on the James River, built up a large estate, and became one of the most influential political leaders of his generation. He was the 26th Speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1698. By the time of his death in 1711, he had established a leading dynasty and was able to bequeath thousands of acres of land to his children. Taking advantage of opportunities in the interior, his sons moved further upriver: Richard settled at Curles Neck, Thomas far beyond the falls at Tuckahoe (the first great plantation on the upper James), and Isham further upriver still. As a young man Isham had gone to sea, become a successful merchant, and lived for many years in London, serving as an agent for Virginia affairs. In 178 he married Jane Rogers and three years later their daughter, Jane, was baptized at St. Paul's Church, Shadwell. Jane Randolph, Thomas Jefferson's mother, was English by birth and spent her childhood in London surrounded by the busy streets and docklands of the East End, before moving to her father's plantation at Dungeness in the frontier county of Goochland.The Randolph Family Cemetery on the South-West side of the old Turkey Island Plantation. The Turkey Island Plantation is NOT on Turkey Island, but across the James River, north of Turkey Island. The family plot is now on private property and the owner does not allow people to visit the walled in cemetery.(according to G. Parsons).
Family Members: Parents: Richard Randolph (1621-1678), Elizabeth Ryland Randolph (1621-1669); Spouse: Mary Isham Randolph (1659-1735); Children: Richard Randolph (?-?), Elizabeth Randolph Bland (1680-1720), William Randolph (1681-1742), Thomas Randolph (1683-1729), Elizabeth Randolph (1685-1685), Isham Randolph (1685-1742), Mary Randolph Stith (1686-1742), Edward Randolph (1690-1737), John Randolph (1693-1737).[46]

Sources

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  2. Source: #S-2128061107 Page: Place: America; Year: 1669; Page Number: 236. Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=pili354&h=142662&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt Arrival date: 1669 Arrival place: America
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  27. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families
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  31. Entered by Lynda Hull.
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  39. Find A Grave Memorial# 16714316
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  46. Kaaren Crail Vining (11705756), “Col William Randolph,” Findagrave.com. Record added 19 Nov 2006. URL: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/16714316?search=true. Accessed 27 April 2018.


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  • RootSearch

Family Search FAMILY HISTORY agbi

Name: Richard Randolph

Birth Date: 1686

Birthplace: Virginia

Volume: 142

Page Number: 388

Reference: William Randolph I, of Va. And his des. By Wassell Randolph. Memphis, Tn. 1949. (115p.):28-9, 38, 44-5, 49, 57, 60-8, 70, 73-4, 79, 92



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with William by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with William:

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Images: 3
Col. William Randolph
Col. William Randolph

Grave slab for William Randolph I
Grave slab for William Randolph I

William Randolph Headstone
William Randolph Headstone

Collaboration

On 25 Mar 2019 at 21:55 GMT Anonymous Hudnall wrote:

U.S. and Canada,Passenger &

Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s Detail: Place: Virginia; Arrival Year: 1677; Page Number: 181

On 25 Mar 2019 at 21:51 GMT Anonymous Hudnall wrote:

Name: Capt. William Randolph

Date: 18 May 1683 Location: Isle of Wight Notes: This probate record was extracted from microfilmed copies of the original Will Book. Remarks: Hugh Davis. Leg.-Capt. William Randolph; estate in England to my father, Hugh Davis Sr. Capt. Randolph Ex. Description: Executor Book: 2-381 Prove date: 9 Nov 1697

On 9 Dec 2018 at 22:16 GMT US Presidents Project WikiTree wrote:

Edit bot is going to clean the ancestry.com links....

On 9 Dec 2018 at 02:44 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

there's apparently a template to use to correct them, but I haven't figured it out yet... See https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Help:Links_to_Ancestry

If you can figure it out, have at it!

On 9 Dec 2018 at 02:17 GMT Michelle (Bairfield) Brooks wrote:

All the ancestry.com links used as references are no longer available. I would be willing to clean them up - but as a Protected Profile, it would probably be better if someone from the Magna Carta Project took this task on.

On 28 Feb 2018 at 10:05 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Randolph-94 and Randolph-2406 appear to represent the same person because: another recently created duplicate that needs to be merged. Thanks!

On 26 Jun 2017 at 19:24 GMT Victoria Gilbert wrote:

My 11th great Grandfather ❤️❤️❤️

On 5 Apr 2017 at 20:33 GMT Richard Draper wrote:

Hi Thomas! I checked my personal database and there is no Christening date listed... so I can't say for sure. This suggests that added data came via a merge of lines. The date could be the same because 1. someone wrote it down wrong... 2. because there was difficulty at birth and the family was afraid that he would not survive. (Fire Insurance, you know!) and 3. he was a Randolph, after all and judging from the Randolphs I know (including a Tom Randolph from Virginia and LA,) Randolphs have been known to summon the clergy when they wished!

On 5 Apr 2017 at 19:18 GMT Thomas Randolph wrote:

It seems the sources give 7 Nov 1650 as the baptism date. Is there a the rationale for giving it as the birth date as well?

On 21 Jan 2016 at 07:57 GMT Valerie Willis wrote:

see "The Birds are Coming Home to Roost: Re-Evaluating the Architectural History of Turkey Island Plantation" for a recent survey, a downloadable pdf by Douglas E Ross with photographs and diagrams of the Randolph property.

http://www.academia.edu/223016/The_Birds_are_Coming_Home_to_Roost_Re-Evaluating_the_Architectural_History_of_Turkey_Island_Plantation

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