Calogero Rao, son of Antonino Rao and Liboria Colletti, is born and baptized 3 January 1889 in Corleone. His godfather is Vincenzo Colletti, who is unmarried.
Calogero Rao, born in 1889, immigrates at age ten as someone's nephew, according to the United States Italians to America Index. He arrives on the Chateau Yquem on 3 November 1899.
In fact, he is traveling with his parents and siblings. The Rao family appears on the manifest of the Chateau Yquem, arriving on 3 November 1899 in the Port of New York. Antonino Rao, 39 (b. 1860), his wife Liboria, 32 (b. 1867), and their children Maria, 12 (b. 1887), Calogero, 10 (b. 1889), and Vincenzo, 1 (b. 1898), travel together from Corleone to New York, to join Antonino's brother, Angelo. Everyone on this manifest is listed as a laborer.
Calogero appears on Bill Feather's list of known members of the Corleonesi Mafia active in New York. According to Feather, he is active from the 1910s-50s. He is identified with his years of birth (1889), death (1869), and immigration (1899). His brother, Vincenzo, is also mentioned as potentially active in organized crime. Calogero is mentioned by name among Corleone natives who went to America and became gangsters. A family source says that Calogero left Corleone a poor, illiterate peasant and returned from New York a well-connected gangster. "Everybody in town knew that Caliddu had become "un pezzu grossu"... a 'big slice'" Cascio-10 14:29, 7 September 2018 (UTC) Calogero is a soldier in the Lucchese crime family.
In the 1910 federal census of Manhattan, taken 26 April, Tony Rao, 50 (b. 1860), heads a household on 108th St with his wife of 25 years (m. 1885), Liboria, 40 (b. 1870), and children Charles, 21 (b. 1889), Mary, 22 (b. 1888), and Vincent, 12 (b. 1898). Also living with him are his brother in law, Samuel Gagliano, 27 (b. 1883---this is probably Simone, Liboria's half-brother), and his wife of four years (m. 1906), Tessie, 25 (b. 1885), marked as “daughter,” no children. Liboria has had 8 children, 3 living. All in the household were born in Italy and immigrated in 1899. Tony, Charles, and Samuel are building laborers, Mary is a cigar maker in a factory.
In the civil record, Calogero Rao, age 22 (b. 1889 in Italy), son of Antonio Rao and "Tiboria Colletta", marries Maria Canzoneri ("Canzonere"), age 20 (b. 1891 in NYC), daughter of Giuseppe Canzoneri and Rosalia Rao, on 28 June 1911 in Manhattan. They are first cousins.
A note added to Calogero's baptismal record says that he marries in New York at the Chiesa del Carmino on 28 January 1912 to Maria Canzoneri, daughter of Giuseppe Canzoneri and Rosalia Rao, also from Corleone.
Calogero and Maria have at least three children: Antonio (1913), Liboria (1917), and Rosalia/Rose (1920).
Antonio is born 7 September 1913, named after his paternal grandfather.
Liboria is born in New York on 16 May 1917, according to her 1920 immigration, a public record of residence, and a Social Security record of her death.
A WWI draft card matching Calogero's name and address has a slightly different birth date for him, 18 January 1889. He is 28 and still an alien resident. The name of the town he's from has been misspelled so it looks like "Caelonia," in Palermo province, Italy. He is the manager of a saloon at the same address ass his home, 231 E. 107th St, NYC. Rao is employed by Angelo Zelarno. He is married and supports his wife and a child: for this reason, he asks for exemption from the draft. The registrar describes Calogero as being short and stout with green eyes and black hair.
Rosalia is born in New York on 15 July 1920. Liboria and Rosalia are named after their paternal and maternal grandmothers, respectively, as is traditional for the first and second born daughters.
Calogero has recently become a naturalized citizen when he applies for a passport in 1920. His wife, Maria, was born in Texas in 1892. Their children Liboria, age 3 (b. 1917), and Rosalia, two months (b. Jul 1920), were both born in New York. Calogero's birthdate is reported as 15 January 1889. He immigrated 4 November 1899 and has lived in New York City continuously for 21 years. He became naturalized on 15 September 1920 in NYC. The family still lives at 231 E. 107th St. Calogero is a driver by profession. He requests a passport for the family to visit his father in Italy for one year. He also plans to be in France and Switzerland en route to his destination aboard the Patria, leaving 29 September 1920.
On the SS Providence, sailing from Palermo on 30 March 1924 and arriving in New York on 11 April, Calogero Rao, a US citizen, appears on line 16. He travels with two other US citizens of Italian birth, Salvatore Maranzano, 33 (b. 1891), married, docker, and Giuseppe d’Anna, 54 (b. 1870), married, brick layer. Calogero is 34 (b. 1890), married, a plasterer, born in Corleone, Italy. He leaves his wife, Marietta Rao, at 23 via Misericordia in Corleone. He is going to New York, NY. Calogero is joining his father, Antonio Rao at 231 E. 107th St., New York.
On the SS Providence, Calogero Rao, 36 (b. 1890), wife Maria, 34 (b. 1892), and children Liboria, 9, and Rosalia, 5, appear together, sailing from Palermo on 24 June 1926 and arriving in the port of New York on 6 July. Calogero is a naturalized citizen, issued in the Supreme Court of New York on 15 September 1920. His address in New York is 225 E. 107th St, NYC. Maria is a US citizen by virtue of her husband’s filing. Liboria was born in New York on 16 May 1917 and Rosalia on 15 July 1920.
Calogero is an unindicted co-conspirator in Tommaso Gagliano’s 1932 tax evasion trial. Gagliano is the head of the Lucchese crime family. Calogero and Tommaso are both natives of Corleone and distantly related through blood and marriage.
Calogero becomes a partner of Gaetano Lucchese, Gagliano's long-time lieutenant, in the early 1930s, when Gagliano becomes fatally ill with a heart condition and hands the family business to Lucchese.
Also at this time, Calogero and his brother, Vincenzo, become wealthy in the construction business. Through his ownership of construction businesses, Calogero is an associate of Giuseppe Morello as well as of Tommy Gagliano.
Liboria, called Betty, marries Alfred E. Santangelo by 1943, when their first child is born. This is confirmed in the dedication to Eileen Santangelo Hult's book, Twenty-One Texas Heroes: A Celebration of the Lone Star State. The author thanks her parents, Congressman Alfred Santangelo and Betty Santangelo, and her grandmother, Mary Canzoneri Rao, born in Houston, TX, on 27 August 1894.
Rosalia, called Rose, marries Alfred's youngest brother, George, on 20 June 1943.
Calogero replaces Anthony “Little Augie” Carfano as head of the mob-backed Ace Lathing Company after Carfano is shot to death in Queens in 1959.
Calogero dies 25 September 1988 in Florida, according to Eric Ferrara.
Betty dies 15 March 1998 at age 81. Her last residence was in the Bronx.
Rose dies at age 93 on 3 August 2013.
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