no image
Privacy Level: Open (White)

Mary (Redhorn) Hunker (abt. 1860 - abt. 1922)

Mary "Wīhąnįkā" Hunker formerly Redhorn
Born about in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Daughter of [father unknown] and
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married about 1880 in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Grand Rapids, Wood, Wisconsin, United Statesmap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 12 Oct 2020
This page has been accessed 33 times.
Mary was Ho-Chunk.

Contents

Biography

Birth

Mary was born about 1860 in Wisconsin. (1910 Fed. census)

Name

The 1905 and 1910 censuses gives her Hocąk name as We-ha-nee-kah, which is for Wīhąnįkā, "Little Second Daughter", from Wīhą́, "Second Daughter"; nįk, "little, small"; and -ka, a definite article suffix used in personal names. The addition of "little" (nįk) to the birth order name Wīhą́gā, leads to some ambiguity: is it the name of the Third Daughter, or is the diminutive just descriptive or affectionate?

Her married name "Hunker" is a corruption of Hųka, "Chief", from hųk, "chief", and -ka, a definite article suffix used in personal names.

Marriages

Her first marriage was to A[lexander ?] White, with whom she had at least two children:

Frank White (d. 1954)
Ella Yellow Thunder (b. 1881) (Obit of F. White)

Her second marriage was to a Hunker, almost certainly James Hunker (b. 1856), who was her neighbor or her children's neighbor in every census in which he is listed. (cp. 1905, 1910)

In the 1920 Indian census, Mary is said to have the following children:

Fred White Eagle (b. 1905)
Jesse (Gessie) White Eagle (b. 1908)
Clarence Blackhawk (b. 1911)

However, these were actually the children of Minnie H. Decorah and her husband George White Eagle. When Clarence was born, George deserted his wife (a de facto divorce). By 1920 Minnie had a great many children with various surnames, and "farmed out" her three eldest sons, who in that year boarded with Sandborn White Eagle, who lived about three doors down from Mary Hunker. Sometime during that year, she adopted them. After her death, they were watched after by her son Thomas J. Hunker.

Children

Mary had at least the following children:

Ella White (b. 1881)
Fred White (d. 1954)
Thomas J. Hunker (b. 1889)
May Hunker (b. 1893)
Anna Mae Hunker (b. 1896)

Death

Mary died sometime between June 1921 and June 1922, as shown by the censuses of those years, where she is absent in 1922 and her children are listed as orphans.

Sources

  • 1905 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 5. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1905 Wisconsin State Census. Township or Location: Wittenberg. Microfilm, 44 reels. Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • 1910 Federal Census for La Grange, Monroe, Wisconsin; Roll: T624_1729; Page: 18A; Enumeration District: 0132; FHL microfilm: 1375742. Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (NARA microfilm publication T624, 1,178 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1920 Indian census; Roll: M595_168; Page: 29; Line: 16; Agency: Grand Rapids. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1920 Federal Census for Seven Mile Creek, Juneau, Wisconsin; Roll: T625_1990; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 0078, Seven Mile Creek town. Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. (NARA microfilm publication T625, 2076 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1921 Indian census; Roll: M595_168; Page: 30; Line: 15; Agency: Grand Rapids. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1922 Indian census; Roll: M595_168; Page: 29; Line: 15; Agency: Grand Rapids. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • Obit (Frank White) — Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune (Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin) Saturday, 3 July 1954, page 8.

Acknowledgements

Thank you Richard Dieterle for the initial research into and creation of this profile.


More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Is Mary your ancestor? Please don't go away!
 star icon Login to collaborate or comment, or
 star icon contact private message the profile manager, or
 star icon ask our community of genealogists a question.
Sponsored Search by Ancestry.com

DNA
No known carriers of Mary's DNA have taken a DNA test.

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Sponsored by Ancestry ®

Family History Search.

Simplified.

Enter a grandparent's name. Just one grandparent can lead you to many discoveries.

Comments: 1

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.
She has a regular Western name, which did not show in the heading. I have preserved her Hochunk name, Wīhąnįkā, in the subtitle name. The name is discussed at length in the text, and the original distorted version is also given there. This is an obvious improvement which follows your naming conventions reasonably well.
posted by Richard Dieterle

R  >  Redhorn  |  H  >  Hunker  >  Mary (Redhorn) Hunker

Categories: Ho-Chunk