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Judicael Bérenger (Rennes) de Rennes (0931 - bef. 0970)

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Judicael Bérenger "Comte de Rennes" de Rennes formerly Rennes aka de Bretagne
Born in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittanymap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, Francemap
Rennes-31 created 11 May 2016 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 3,095 times.

Categories: Uncertain Family.

European Aristocracy
Judicael (Rennes) de Rennes is a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in Europe.
Join: European Royals and Aristocrats 742-1499 Project
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European Aristocrats Source
Our main source for medieval genealogy in the European Aristocrats Project is the FMG database MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley,© Foundation for Medieval Genealogy & Charles Cawley, 2000-2016.
This person may not belong in the family group. See the text for details.



It seems highly likely that the witness to documents known by the Breton name of Juhel (Judhaël or Judicaël) is the same person as another witness known under the Frankish name Bérenger and the Life and translation of St Gildas written in the middle of the eleventh century confirms he was known by both names.

His first definite mention in a document, as Bérenger is dated to 944 but he could be the signatory to earlier documents as well. He signed under Juhael in about 950 and several times under various names in the later 950's. Bérenger and his son Conan are named in a Papal Letter of Pope John XIII (reigned 965-972), dated to about 970, and it seems he had definitely died before 16 August 979 when his son Conan was at the court of Count Eudes of Chartres.[1]

Judicaël "Juhael" (d. 970 or by 979), Comte de Rennes,[1][2][2] witnessed charters of Alan II, Duke of Brittany, and on the latter's death apparently fell under the control of Wicohen, Archbishop of Dol. Later sources report the rescue of Judicael and his (unnamed) wife by his son Conan I. He appears to have been dead by 979, when his son was at the court of Odo I, Count of Blois.

Disputed Parentage

An eleventh century collection of Angevin genealogies names Bérenger as the son of Pascwethen, the son of Alain I the Grand, King of Brittany. This is Baldwin's preferred option.

The other possibility is that he is the son of another Count Bérenger or that Bérengar and Juhel are father and son, rather than the same. This option is preferred by Cawley, who also gives an unnamed daughter of Gurvand, Duc de Bretagne as Judicaël's mother. But as Cawley notes, this is based on a much later publication (Histoire de Bretagne, by A. Le Moyne de la Borderie, published 1898) that doesn't cite any primary documents.

There have been various attempts to identify Bérenger the father, with various men of the period, but there is no reliable evidence for any of these conjectures. Including a recent hypothesis that Juhael Bérenger is the grandson of Bérenger II de Bayeux, Marquis de Neustria[3]

Several family trees have Berenger de Bayeux and his wife Judith de Rennes as his parents but there seems to be no evidence Judith de Rennes existed.

Disputed Father: Count Berengar vs. Pascwetan the younger

Disputed) Father: Count Berengar[3] OR Pascwetan[4]

Conflicting accounts either make him son and successor to a count Berenger (sometimes Berengar of Rennes, sometimes with that man's supposed maternal grandson of the same name) and a daughter of Gurvand, Duke of Brittany.[5] Another 11th-century collection of Angevin genealogies shows him to be son of Pascweten, son of Alan I, joint duke of Brittany.[6]

  • (disputed) Mother: UNKNOWN de Bretagne (father: Gurwent (Gurvand), Duke of Brittany[7]

Disputed wife

Gerberga or Gerberge is listed as his wife in several sources, but although Gerberge married a man named Bérenger, there seems to be no evidence to equate him with Juhel Bérenger.[4]


He was definitely the father of;

  1. Conan I de Rennes, Comte de Bretagne
  2. Unnamed sons and daughters[5]

And possibly the father of:

  1. Meen (or Main) I, Seigneur de Fougères, died 1020[6]
  2. Enoguen, sister of Main de Fougères, wife of Tristan de Vitré.[7]

There is an extensive commentary about this person, and his origins and possible family relationships on The Henry Project website. Please view this document before making any changes

"According to an 11th-century genealogy composed for the Count of Anjou, Alan I's son, Pascweten the Younger, was the father of Judicael Berengar, whose son was Conan I, Duke of Brittany, founder of the House of Rennes" (Wikipedia 04 Feb 2016).[8] ... Cawley (2006, disagrees, naming no spouse or children for Pascwethen.[9] He further states that Judicael, Comte de Rennes was the the son of Berengar, whose parents are UNKNOWN.[10] The Henry Project, however, debates the possibility that Pascweten the Younger is the father of Juhel Berenger, but makes no confirmation of lineage.[11]


m. UNKNOWN or Gerberge UNKNOWN.Issue: 1 - 3.[12][13][8]

m. (unproven) Gerberge UNKNOWN. Issue: 3.[14]

  • Conan I, Count of Brittany (d. 27 June 992).[15]
  • Conan de Rennes, Comte de Rennes, later Conan I "le tort," Duke of Britanny (d. 27 Jun 992 Conquereil)[9]
  • (disputed/unproven) Meen (d. 1020), Seigneur de Fougères.[16]
  • (unproven) Meen, Seigneur de Fougères (d. 1020).[17]
  • (disputed/unproven) Enoguen.[18]
m. Triscan de Vitré
m. Triscan "Tristan" de Vitre (d. 1045; p. Rivallan de Vitre and Junargonda)Cite error 3; Invalid <ref> tag; invalid names, e.g. too many


N1. At best his father is uncertain and it is more likely they are unrelated. I have changed the LNAB of this profile back to Rennes, please don't change it to Bayeaux without further discussion

N2. Note: ref: Wikipedia (05 May 10)
Judicael alias Berengar was Count of Rennes in the mid-to-late 10th century. There are conflicting accounts of his parentage, one popular solution making him son and successor to a count Berenger (sometimes identified with Berengar of Rennes, sometimes with that man's supposed maternal grandson of the same name) by a daughter of Gurvand, Duke of Brittany. However, an 11th century collection of Anjevin genealogies shows him to be son of Pascweten, son of Alan I, King of Brittany.

He is first documented as count in 944. He witnessed charters of Alan II, Duke of Brittany, and on the latter's death apparently fell under the control of Wicohen, Archbishop of Dol, later sources reporting the rescue of Judicael and his (unnamed) wife by son Conan. He appears to have been dead by 979, when his son was at the court of Odo I, Count of Blois.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Judicael by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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On 16 Mar 2017 at 23:18 GMT Steve Selbrede wrote:

I cleaned up this profile, grouping like sections together. It still needs editing to delete duplications.

On 12 Oct 2016 at 00:49 GMT C (McKean) M wrote:

We are if relation through one of my lines.

On 13 Aug 2016 at 20:36 GMT John Atkinson wrote:

Bretagne-169 and Berengar-8 do not represent the same person because: Berengar-8 should be merged with Rennes-31, and it is still not clear who Bretagne-169 is meant to represent - see note on profile page. That issue needs to be addressed and changes made to the profile before anymore merges are suggested.

On 17 Apr 2016 at 18:29 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

I think John Atkinson wants to put the Henry Project over for this line. ... The Henry Project lean's towards Juhel's possible/unproven father as Pasweten the younger.[1]

On 17 Mar 2016 at 17:03 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

John, are you going to make this the main profile?

On 5 Feb 2016 at 12:01 GMT Esmé (Pieterse) van der Westhuizen wrote:

UNKNOWN-57639 and Bayeux-40 appear to represent the same person because: Exact same first name

On 30 Jun 2014 at 04:35 GMT Vic Watt wrote:

Judicael de Bayeux-1 and Bayeux-40 appear to represent the same person because: Same wife, same death. Please merge. Thanks.

On 14 Jun 2014 at 18:56 GMT Sheri Havens wrote:

Berengar-12 and Berengar-8 are not ready to be merged because: They look the same.

Judicael is 29 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 28 degrees from Cindy Lesure, 29 degrees from Bonnie Thornton and 27 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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