Joe was the son of George Rice and Lucinda Langford. He lived with his mother in Tunica, Mississippi.  They moved to Memphis, Shelby, Tennessee before 1930. 
In 1942, Joe lived in Memphis, Shelby, Tennessee. He was 5'9"tall ad weighed 156 pounds. His complexion was dark brown with brown eyes and black hair.  He worked as a truck driver for Wilson Packing Company. At the time of his death he was divorced. Joe died in 1955.