Richard Rich's birth place and parents are unknown (see below), but he may have been born about 1637 in Dover Point, New Hampshire.
He first appears in New England records on December 5, 1667, when he witnessed the sale at Piscataqua (Dover Point, NH) of part of the ketch George and Samuel. He was taxed 1671-1675 at Dover. At Eastham, Plymouth Colony, was made a freeman 23 Aug 1681, that being the first record of him in Eastham. He was a mariner, and evidently was married before April 1671 to wife Sarah Roberts. A deed dated 29 April 1671 named Thomas Robert's daughter and son-in-law. The bulk of his father-in-law's property was left to "Richard Rich, husband of my daughter Sarah" (will dated Sept 27, 1673, proved June 30 1674) . 
In 1681, the town of Eastham voted and admited Richard Rich as an inhabitant. He had the description of his cattle marks entered in the Eastham records April 12, 1686. Also in 1686, he purchased from three residents of Eastham (Steven Atwood Sr., Steven Atwood Jr., and William Mayo) their rights and interest in the thousand acres purchased by Samuel Smith from John Sipson, Indian, for Town use. In 1691, he and Zebulon Thorpe were involved in land transactions at an area called Rich's Island. The documents mention Coggen's Creek and Norman's Creek. The land owned by Richard Rich and his heirs described in various records was mostly in the Billingsgate and Pamet areas of Eastham which would become Wellfleet and Truro.
Richard was a mariner and was lost at sea off Eastham in 1692. In 1907 a monument was erected for Richard Rich and other Rich family members in Truro Old North Cemetery. He died before 5 October of 1692 as an inventory of his estate was taken on that date, totaling about £210, with his son Richard making oath to the truth of its contents. Letters to administer upon his estate were granted to Isaac Pepper and Richard Rich, his eldest son, October 19 of the same year. A settlement was effected April 8, 1697. His wife is not mentioned. The children mentioned in the settlement as surviving are Richard, the eldest son, John, Sarah, Thomas, Samuel and Lydia. At this date, none of the daughters had been married.
On November 9, 1708, the son Richard Rich of Eastham, as attorney for his brothers and sisters, John Rich, Thomas Rich, Samuel Rich, Sarah Beaker, and Lydia Hopkins, sold Treworthe’s Point at Kittery, ME., “being land which descended unto us from our honored father, Richard Rich deceased.”
Current research provides no proven parents for Richard Rich, including the decades-old Rich Family Association who have researched this line extensively. One pair of suggested, but unproven, parents are Richard Rich and Sarah York. Findagrave.com Memorial #51533665 supplies these parents names, as well as other internet "sources," but none provide any primary evidence. Full explanations & research are on the father's profile. Another pair of unsupported parents are Stephen Rich and Anne Saltonstall. Please, do not add parents to Richard without discussion with the profile managers and via the G2G forum.
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On 4 May 2017 at 07:04 GMT Bobbie (Madison) Hall wrote:
My thoughts: lacking any documented proof, disconnect Richard H.H. Rich from his son, or at the very least, make it clear that he and his spouse are disputed parents. (Edited) Have now disconnected all disputed parents, adding an explanation and links to those parents in the bio.
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