Mathias Croe (Roach) Roche

Mathias Croe (Roach) Roche (1826 - 1884)

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Mathias Croe Roche formerly Roach
Born in Grainger County, Tennessee, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 14 Jan 1849 in Grainger County, Tennesseemap
Husband of — married 29 Jul 1855 in Claiborne County, Tennesseemap
Husband of — married about 1874 in Indianamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Hannibal, Marion County, Missouri, United Statesmap
Profile last modified 16 Dec 2019 | Created 23 Dec 2013
This page has been accessed 1,495 times.


Mathias Croe (Roach) Roche served in the United States Civil War.
Enlisted: 1861
Mustered out: unknown
Side: USA
Regiment(s): Kentucky 7th Reg’t Union Infantry Comp G & 3rd Reg't Kentucky Infantry
Mathias Croe Roach, son of Drury Roach and Catherine Krause [1]was born on 4 Nov 1826, in Grainger Tennessee. He was married 3 times, the first to Susan Yates on 14 Jan1849 in Grainger Co, Tennessee.[2] Susan died in July of 1855, when Drury L Roche was born. Mathias now alone, with a newborn and a toddler, married Susannah King, on 25 July 1855.[3]
Mathias and Susannah had two children then Mathias Roach left to fight in the Civil War – he became ill (possibly TB) and took medical leave. He soon rejoined the military, changing his name spelling to Roche. It is uncertain if this was the beginning of the spelling confusion or if he used Roche, prior to 1860s. After the war, he and Susannah are living in Indiana, had several more children, [4]then devorced. He married Rhetta Edwards in 1874. Susannah and the the children are single on the 1880 census.
On the 1880 census, Mathias and Rhetta are in Hannibal with the 4 year old twins. [5] Mathias Croe died in Hannibal, Marion Co., Missouri, on 3 DEC 1884. At the time of his death in 1884 his occupation was listed as Physician. In the Hannibal City Directory for 1879-80 he is listed under Physicians p.158 location Market St. On p.119 his residents is Market near Long (so his office was possibly at his home)
Children of Mathias Roche, Susan Yates, Suannah King, and Rhetta Edwards:
  1. William Temple Roche b.1853
  2. Drury L Roche b.1855
  3. James Roche b.1857
  4. David Walker Roche b.1860
  5. Henry Clay Roche b.1862
  6. John Roche b.1864
  7. Edward Roche b.1867
  8. Benjamin Roche b.1869
  9. Watson Homer Roche b.1869
  10. Manson Roche b.1876
  11. Matthias Roche b.1876


Mathias Roach originally served as a Private in the Indiana Infantry Comp D, leaving service due to poor health. Then reenlisted as Roche, and served as a Physician, with the Kentucky 7th Reg’t Union Infantry Comp G. His rank at enlisting was Sergeant and his final Rank was 2nd Lieut. Also found record from the 3rd Reg't Kentucky Infantry, which may have become the 7th Reg.
On the marriage record for son, Drury L. and Louisa Goen, Drury lists his mother as Sarah Ayres. Had not encountered her before - did Mathias give Drury L. to her. at a young age, or possibly when he enlisted in the service? Was he ever married to Sarah Ayres? Who was Sarah?


  1. Grainger County, Tennessee and It’s People 1796-1998 by Grainger County Heritage Book Committee and Don Mills. Inc. © 1998
  2. Tennessee, Marriages, 1796-1950," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 28 July 2015), Mathias Roach and Susan Yates, 14 Jan 1849; citing Grainger, Grainger, Tennessee, reference ; FHL microfilm 968,583.
  3. "Tennessee, County Marriages, 1790-1950," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 20 July 2016), Mathias C Roach and Susannah King, 25 Jul 1855; citing Claiborne, Tennessee, United States, Marriage, p. , Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville and county clerk offices from various counties; FHL microfilm 898,393.
  4. 1870 census for Indiana Household ID: 1092 , Line Number: 35 , Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) , Affiliate Publication Number: M593 , GS Film number: 000545856 , Digital Folder Number: 004263271 , Image Number: 00110
  5. United States 1880 Census Mathias C Roach in household of M C Roach, Hannibal, Marion, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district 13, sheet 284B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0702; FHL microfilm 1,254,702. spelled Roach
  • "United States Census, 1850," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 28 July 2015), Mathias Roach, Grainger county, Grainger, Tennessee, United States; citing family 659, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • 1860 "Kentucky Births and Christenings, 1839-1960," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 29 July 2015), David W. Roach, 07 Feb 1860; citing , , WHITLEY, KENTUCKY, reference ; FHL microfilm 216,843.
  • Kentucky Births and Christenings - spelled Roach
  • RootsWeb NCORANGE-L forum discussion of Roach family

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Mathias Croe by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Mathias Croe:

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Mathias Croe is 21 degrees from Danielle Liard, 16 degrees from Jack London and 16 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.