Maxwell Lemuel Roach (January 10, 1924 – August 16, 2007) was an American jazz drummer and composer.
Maxwell was born in 1924 or 1925. He was the son of Alphonso Roach and Cressie Saunders. He moved with his parents to the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn when he was about 4 years old.  While still in high school he met jazz greats Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie.
In 1942, Roach graduated with honors from Boys High School and began working as a drummer. His first recording was the initial bop record with Gillespie and Coleman Hawkins in 1944.
Max's mother made "all the musicians feel welcome" at the Roach apartment in Brooklyn, as he recalled in a New Yorker interview. "The house was always full of musicians. Charlie Parker had a favorite chair. When George Russell got sick and I replaced him as Benny Carter's drummer, he went to convalesce at my house." Roach recorded with J.J. Johnson, Allen Eager, Dexter Gordon, and others.
↑ "North Carolina Birth Index, 1800-2000," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VCML-63F : 8 December 2014), Maxwell Lenard Roach, 1925; from "North Carolina, Birth and Death Indexes, 1800-2000," database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2005); citing vol. 11, p. 321, Pasquotank, North Carolina, North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh.
↑ "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X4V9-5VM : accessed 10 February 2018), Maxwell Roach in household of Alphonso Roach, Brooklyn (Districts 0501-0750), Kings, New York, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 695, sheet 10B, line 59, family 15, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1528; FHL microfilm 2,341,263.
↑ "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KQ9Z-44Z : accessed 10 February 2018), Maxwell Roach in household of Alphonso Roach, Assembly District 6, Brooklyn, New York City, Kings, New York, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 24-768, sheet 6A, line 8, family 116, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 2566.
↑ "United States Social Security Death Index," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JGLM-6YX : 19 May 2014), Maxwell Roach, 16 Aug 2007; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).