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Thomas Rogers (abt. 1571 - 1621)

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Thomas Rogers
Born about in Watford, Northamptonshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Watford, Northamptonshire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusettsmap
Rogers-171 created 11 Sep 2010 | Last modified | Last edit: 18 Sep 2017
11:32: Richard Baker edited the Biography for Thomas Rogers. (Imported data from GEDCOM upload #97492, Person P947) [Thank Richard for this]
This page has been accessed 7,774 times.

Categories: Mayflower Passengers | Massachusetts Bay Colonists | Mayflower Compact signatories | Mayflower Family Member.

The Mayflower.
Thomas Rogers was a passenger on the Mayflower.
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Thomas Rogers migrated from England to America.
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Contents

Research Notes

Sons: Joseph Rogers-12 and Thomas Rogers-16. Thomas Rogers is often confused with Thomas Rogers of Duxbury, and the latter's relatives are merged in. Please check for the correct Rogers before attempting a merge.

Biography

Thomas Rogers was born by about 1571, estimated from his marriage date. He married Alice Cosford, daughter of George Cosford, in Watford, Northamptonshire on October 24, 1597.[1] Thomas left Northampton County, England about 1616 and traveled to Holland. He settled with his family in Leiden, Holland on June 25, 1618. April 1, 1620, he sold his house in Leyden for 300 guilders before coming to America on the Mayflower.

Thomas was a businessman and a merchant, not a pilgrim. Thomas Rogers became a citizen of Leyden on 25 June 1618 with sponsors William Jepson and Roger Wilson, and is called a Camlet-merchant. He knew many of the separatists in Holland and decided to go with them to America.

His second and oldest surviving son Joseph came with him on the Mayflower trip. [2] </ref> His wife Alice, two daughters Elizabeth and Margaret, and son John remained in Leiden. In the 1622 poll tax for Leyden lists his wife Elsgen (Alice), and daughters Lysbeth (Elizabeth) and Grietgen (Margaret), and son John living in the Over 't Hoff quarter of Leiden. John Rogers is known to have come to America and married, but unfortunately the later whereabouts of Elizabeth and Margaret remain undocumented.[3] The widow, the son John and the daughters do not appear in the land division of 1623 or the cattle division of 1627, so it is thought that they came to Plymouth Colony perhaps in 1629 or 1630 with the last of the Leiden group.[4] Joseph Rogers and John Rogers "his brother" each received fifty acres of upland at the North River on April 6, 1640.[5]

As passengers on the Mayflower, Thomas and son Joseph, sailed out of England on August 5, 1620 with 100 other passengers. They arrived November 11, 1620 at what would be called Cape Cod. They had been 66 days at sea.

Thomas was the 18th signer of the Mayflower Compact on Nov. 11, 1620, out of a total of 41 signers. It served as the first form of government in the colony.

On Dec. 16, 1620, they came ashore at Plymouth after spending time to search for a suitable area. It had cleared land and fresh water. Construction of shelter started on Dec. 23rd. Two early fires in the colony destroyed several structures, which slowed progress.

Many original Mayflower passengers died that first winter. There were about 40 deaths, including Thomas Rogers. He died sometime between Dec. to Feb. 1620-1621 "in the first sickness"[6] in the Plymouth Colony. He was age about 49.

Thomas was buried at the top of Cole's Hill. Left behind without family was his son Joseph, age 18. He had to stay with other families, including Governor Bradford's family.

It was Thomas Rogers's descendants who helped build the new colony.

Further information on the Rogers family and their English background is in "The English Ancestry of the Pilgrim Thomas Rogers and his wife Alice (Cosford) Rogers", by Clifford Scott, The Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1989. (On line at: http://www.richmondancestry.org/thomasrogers.shtml)

DNA

Y Chromosome haplogroup inferred from descendants: R1b1 FTDNA kit 83654

Born 1571 Watford, Northamptonshire, England. [7]

Died Y. 1621 Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts. [8] Source: Note: Age: 49-50.

Buried Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, USA.

Occupation: camlet (cloth used in making petticoats and cloaks) vendor.

File Format: pdf. Thomas Rogers of the Mayflower and his family. Format: jpg. Mayflower Passenger. Format: jpg. Mayflower passenger. Format: jpg. Memorial to those who died died at Plymouth. Format: doc. Thomas Rogers-Alice Cosford. Format: jpg. Thomas & Joseph Rogers.

Born 1571 Watford, Northamptonshire, England. [9]

Died Y. 1621 Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts. [10] Source: Note: Age: 49-50.

Buried Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, USA.

Occupation: camlet (cloth used in making petticoats and cloaks) vendor.

File Format: pdf. Thomas Rogers of the Mayflower and his family. Format: jpg. Mayflower Passenger. Format: jpg. Mayflower passenger. Format: jpg. Memorial to those who died died at Plymouth. Format: doc. Thomas Rogers-Alice Cosford. Format: jpg. Thomas & Joseph Rogers.

Born 1571 Watford, Northamptonshire, England. [11]

Died Y. 1621 Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts. [12] Source: Note: Age: 49-50.

Buried Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, USA.

Occupation: camlet (cloth used in making petticoats and cloaks) vendor.

File Format: pdf. Thomas Rogers of the Mayflower and his family. Format: jpg. Mayflower Passenger. Format: jpg. Mayflower passenger. Format: jpg. Memorial to those who died died at Plymouth. Format: doc. Thomas Rogers-Alice Cosford. Format: jpg. Thomas & Joseph Rogers.

Sources

  1. Source: #S388p. 143
  2. William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation, Now first printed from the original manuscript for The Massachusetts Historical Society, (Boston: LIttle, Brown, and Company, 1856) Apendix, No. I. Passengers of the Mayflower. p. 449. "2. Thomas Rogers, and Joseph, his sone. His other children came afterwards." and p. 453, "6. Thomas Rogers dyed in the first sickness, but his sone Joseph is still living, and is married, and hath 5. children. The rest of Thomas Rogers [children] came over, & are maried, & have many children."
  3. The American Genealogist 52:110-13; New England Historical and Genealogical Register 154:432-33.
  4. Bradford 442, 446 "Thomas Rogers died in the first sickness but his son Joseph is still living and is married and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers's came over and are married and have many children."
  5. Pilgrim Migration, cites PCR [Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and David Pulsifer, eds., 12 volumes in 10 (Boston 1855-1861)] 1:144
  6. Source: #S385 d. Plymouth in the winter of 1620/21 "in the first sickness"; p. 1
  7. Source: #S1114149807 Book Title: The ancestors and descendants of Dr. David Rogers
  8. Source: #S1114149807 Book Title: The ancestors and descendants of Dr. David Rogers
  9. Source: #S1114149807 Book Title: The ancestors and descendants of Dr. David Rogers
  10. Source: #S1114149807 Book Title: The ancestors and descendants of Dr. David Rogers
  11. Source: #S1114149807 Book Title: The ancestors and descendants of Dr. David Rogers
  12. Source: #S1114149807 Book Title: The ancestors and descendants of Dr. David Rogers
  • Wikipedia article on Thomas Rogers:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Rogers_(Mayflower_passenger)

  • Source: S385 Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Volume Nineteen: Thomas Rogers, Ann T. Reeves, Volume: 19, Alice W.A. Westgate (General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2000)
  • Source: S388 The Genealogist: English Ancestry of the Pilgrim Thomas Rogers and His Wife Alice (Cosford) Rogers, Volume: 10, No. 2, by Clifford L Scott (1989)
  • Source: Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633, by Robert Charles Anderson, (Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston: 2004)
  • New Englanders in the 1600s: A Guide to Genealogical Research Published Between 1980 and 2005, by Martin E. Hollick (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2006) ROGERS, THOMAS, Mayflower Passenger, v. ca. 1571, d. Plymouth, Mass., winter 1620/1. English origins of him and his wife at TG [The Genealogist] 9:138-49; MF19 [Alice W.A. Westgate, compiler, Ann T. Reeves, revisor, Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Thomas Rogers (Plymouth, MA: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2000).], five generations all lines; GMB [Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 (Boston, MA: NEHGS, 1995)] III:1597-99; PM [Robert Charles Anderson, The Pilgrim Migration: Immigration to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633 (Boston, MA: New England Historic Geneological Society, 2004)], pp. 396-97; Croll [Robert Croll Stevens, Ancestry of the Children of Robert Croll Stevens and Jane Eleanor (Knauss) Stevens, Volume II: The Genealogy of John Christian Croll 1707-1758 (Pittsford, NY: Tucker Printers, Inc. 1985], 140; EB [Edmund K. Swigart, Ph.D., An Emerson-Benson Saga: The Ancestry of Charles F. Emerson and Bessie Benson and the Struggle to Settle the United States Including 194 Allied Lines (Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1994)], pp. 484-92; Brewer [Dorothy Brewer Erikson, Descendants of Thomas Brewer Connecticut to Main 1682-1996 with Allied Families (Boston, MA: NEHGS, 1996], pp. 479-80; JPG [Joan S. Guilford, The Ancestry of Dr. J.P. Guilford, Volume I: Seventeenth-Century New England Colonials and a Few Eighteenth-Century Immigrants (Orange, CA, 2003)] I:694-701.
  • "Kindred spirits: a New World history of the families of Henry Wickoff Rogers & Grace Dean McLeod", Thomas married Alice Cosford Oct 24 1597 in Waterford, Northampton, England, daughter of George Cosford.
  • "Rogers family to Jonas family, 1510-2010", At about age 26, Thomas married a local girl named Alice Cosford on the 24th of October 1597. Alice had been baptized on the 10th of May 1573 and was the daughter of another local farmer and his wife, George and Margaret (possibly Wills) Cosford


See also:

Alternative Biography

Thomas Rogers was born circa 1571 at Watford, co. Northamptonshire, England. He was the son of William Rogers and Eleanor. Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] married Alice Cosford, daughter of George Cosford and Margart (Willis?), on 24 October 1597 at Watford, co. Northamptonshire, England. Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] Our earliest known encounter with Pilgrim Thomas Rogers was on 25 June 1618 when he became a citizen of Leiden, Holland, vouched for by William Jepson, formerly of Worksop, Notts., and by Roger Wilson, formerly of Sandwich, Kent Co. England.

On 1 April 1620 Thomas sold his Leiden house on the Barbarasteeg for 300 guilders, in preparation for the journey to New England.

Governor Bradford says in his history of the Plymouth settlement that on board the Mayflower were "Thomas Rogers and Joseph his son; his other children came afterwards......Thomas Rogers died in the first sickness but his son Joseph is still living (1650) and is married and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers' [children] came over and are married and have many children." Therefore we know that Thomas and his son Joseph arrived at Cape Cod aboard the ship Mayflower and on 11 November 1620 according to their calendar, or 21 November on ours, Thomas was one of forty-one signers of the Mayflower Compact. Thomas did not live through the rigorous winter which carried off half the group but young Joseph, like so many of the children, did survive.

Recent discoveries show that Thomas had a family living in Leiden, Holland, when the 1622 Poll Tax was taken. In the Over "t Hoff Quarter, in a house with other Pilgrim families in St. Peter's Churchyard west-side, were Jan Thomas, orphan from England without means; Elsgen Rogiers, widow of Thonis Rogiers, an Englishwoman; and Lysbeth and Grietgen her children, poor people. Translated this could read John, son of Thomas; Elizabeth Rogers, widow of Thomas; and Elizabeth and Margaret, her children. At that period the word orphan meant that either or both parents were dead.

In the 1623 Plymouth Colony land division, Joseph Rogers was allotted two acres-one for himself and one on behalf of his late father. He may have been living in the household of Governor Bradford with who he was grouped on 22 May 1627, in the division of cattle. Joseph and twelve other inhabitants of Plymouth received "an heyfer of the last year which was of the Great white-back cow that was brought over in the Ann and two shee goats."

Governor Bradford's statement that the rest of Thomas Rogers' children came over and married and had children, seems clearly to indicate that more than one of his children came to New England after 1620. We know that his son John came to Plymouth about 1630. Although many other male Rogers immigrants have been claimed as sons of Thomas the Pilgrim, none of the claims has been proved and some have been disproved. Therefore it seems likely that at least one of the Rogers daughters who were living in Holland in 1622 came over. John and Joseph Rogers each named a daughter Elizabeth, perhaps thereby indicating that their sister Elizabeth lived in New England. Unfortunately extensive research has failed to uncover any further evidence.

John Rogers came to Plymouth about 1630, when the last of the Leiden contingent arrived and was in Plymouth Colony on 25 March 1633 when he was taxed 9 shillings. The proof of his identity lies in a grant made 6 April 1640 to "Joseph Rogers and John Rogers his brother...fifty acres apeece of upland....at the North River." Both then had growing families to carry forward the Rogers heritage, although only Joseph's descendants would carry forward the Rogers name beyond the fourth generation."

He died in Plymouth Colony in the winter of 1620/21 "in the first sickness."

Children of Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] and Alice Cosford

Thomas Rogers3 b. 24 Mar 1598/99 poss. Richard Rogers3 b. 12 Mar 1599 Joseph Rogers+3 b. 23 Jan 1602/3, d. between 2 and 15 Jan 1677/78 John Rogers+3 b. 6 Apr 1606, d. bt 26 Aug 1691 - 20 Sep 1692 Elizabeth Rogers4 b. 26 Dec 1609 Margaret Rogers4 b. 30 May 1613

  • Source: S1114149744 Geni World Family Tree Publication: MyHeritage Note: The Geni World Family Tree is found on <A href="http://www.geni.com" target="_blank">www.Geni.com</a>. Geni is owned and operated by MyHeritage. https://www.myheritage.com/research/record-40000-104009895/thomas-rogers-mayflower-passenger-in-geni-world-family-tree Thomas Rogers, "Mayflower" PassengerGender: MaleBirth: Circa 1571 - Watford, Northamptonshire, EnglandOccupation: camlet (cloth used in making petticoats and cloaks) vendorMarriage: Spouse: Alice "Elsgen" Rogers (born Cosford) - Oct 24 1597 - Watford, Northamptonshire, EnglandDeath: Circa Jan 11 1621 - Probably aboard the Mayflower, Plymouth, Plymouth ColonyBurial: Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, USAFather: <a>William Rogers</a>Mother: <a>Eleanor Lyne (born unknown)</a>Wife: <a>Alice "Elsgen" Rogers (born Cosford)</a>Children: <a>Thomas Rogers</a>, <a>Richard Rogers</a>, <a>Joseph Rogers</a>, <a>John Rogers</a>, <a>Elizabeth Rogers</a>, <a>Margaret Rogers</a>Siblings: <a>(Possibly) Margaret Rogers</a>, <a>Elizabeth Rogers</a>, <a>William Rogers, III</a>, <a>John Rogers</a>
  • Source: S1114149807 North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Source: S1114159117 Repository: #R1100812944 Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Ancestry Family Tree http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=115217896&pid=947
  • Repository: R1100812944 Ancestry.com
  • Source: S1114149744 Geni World Family Tree Publication: MyHeritage Note: The Geni World Family Tree is found on <A href="http://www.geni.com" target="_blank">www.Geni.com</a>. Geni is owned and operated by MyHeritage. https://www.myheritage.com/research/record-40000-104009895/thomas-rogers-mayflower-passenger-in-geni-world-family-tree Thomas Rogers, "Mayflower" PassengerGender: MaleBirth: Circa 1571 - Watford, Northamptonshire, EnglandOccupation: camlet (cloth used in making petticoats and cloaks) vendorMarriage: Spouse: Alice "Elsgen" Rogers (born Cosford) - Oct 24 1597 - Watford, Northamptonshire, EnglandDeath: Circa Jan 11 1621 - Probably aboard the Mayflower, Plymouth, Plymouth ColonyBurial: Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, USAFather: <a>William Rogers</a>Mother: <a>Eleanor Lyne (born unknown)</a>Wife: <a>Alice "Elsgen" Rogers (born Cosford)</a>Children: <a>Thomas Rogers</a>, <a>Richard Rogers</a>, <a>Joseph Rogers</a>, <a>John Rogers</a>, <a>Elizabeth Rogers</a>, <a>Margaret Rogers</a>Siblings: <a>(Possibly) Margaret Rogers</a>, <a>Elizabeth Rogers</a>, <a>William Rogers, III</a>, <a>John Rogers</a>
  • Source: S1114149807 North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Source: S1114159117 Repository: #R1100812944 Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Ancestry Family Tree http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=115217896&pid=947
  • Repository: R1100812944 Ancestry.com
  • Source: S1114149744 Geni World Family Tree Publication: MyHeritage Note: The Geni World Family Tree is found on <A href="http://www.geni.com" target="_blank">www.Geni.com</a>. Geni is owned and operated by MyHeritage. https://www.myheritage.com/research/record-40000-104009895/thomas-rogers-mayflower-passenger-in-geni-world-family-tree Thomas Rogers, "Mayflower" PassengerGender: MaleBirth: Circa 1571 - Watford, Northamptonshire, EnglandOccupation: camlet (cloth used in making petticoats and cloaks) vendorMarriage: Spouse: Alice "Elsgen" Rogers (born Cosford) - Oct 24 1597 - Watford, Northamptonshire, EnglandDeath: Circa Jan 11 1621 - Probably aboard the Mayflower, Plymouth, Plymouth ColonyBurial: Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, USAFather: <a>William Rogers</a>Mother: <a>Eleanor Lyne (born unknown)</a>Wife: <a>Alice "Elsgen" Rogers (born Cosford)</a>Children: <a>Thomas Rogers</a>, <a>Richard Rogers</a>, <a>Joseph Rogers</a>, <a>John Rogers</a>, <a>Elizabeth Rogers</a>, <a>Margaret Rogers</a>Siblings: <a>(Possibly) Margaret Rogers</a>, <a>Elizabeth Rogers</a>, <a>William Rogers, III</a>, <a>John Rogers</a>
  • Source: S1114149807 North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Publication: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
  • Source: S1114159117 Repository: #R1100812944 Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Ancestry Family Tree http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=115217896&pid=947
  • Repository: R1100812944 Ancestry.com


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Images: 4
Mayflower Passengers Ashore
Mayflower Passengers Ashore

Mayflower Ship
Mayflower Ship

Thomas Rogers
Thomas Rogers

Thomas Rogers Society - Mayflower Passenger
Thomas Rogers Society - Mayflower Passenger

Collaboration

On 21 Jun 2017 at 10:40 GMT Becky (Nally) Syphers wrote:

Rogers-10843 and Rogers-171 do not represent the same person because: Different fathers and very different wives.

On 21 Jun 2017 at 10:06 GMT Dodie Louise (Hoskins) Bartlett wrote:

Rogers-10843 and Rogers-171 appear to represent the same person because: Seems to share the same DOB and DOD. I would suggest before rejecting the merge to please check the sources on Rogers-10843 to indeed find out if Elizabeth is a spouse when he came to America as suggested. If not, complete the merge and disconnect the spouse named Elizabeth as the profiles are definitely the same given the information on both. Thank you

On 25 May 2017 at 17:47 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Rogers-7411 and Rogers-171 appear to represent the same person because: Same vitals; three overlapping children (who will also need merging).

On 10 Feb 2017 at 01:21 GMT Brant Casford wrote:

Rogers-171 and Rogers-16856 appear to represent the same person because: same person

On 5 Jan 2017 at 04:20 GMT Bobbie (Madison) Hall wrote:

The fourth paragraph is a bit confusing... "As a passenger ... they sailed ..." Might want to specify who the passenger(s) was(were).

On 14 Dec 2016 at 14:56 GMT Timothy Wilder wrote:

History of the Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 by William Bradford is cited in the notes, but the title of the work itself is not listed and should be in the bibliography. http://xroads.virginia.edu/~public/bradford/brad.html http://www.gutenberg.org/files/24950/24950-h/24950-h.htm [533]

On 14 Aug 2016 at 03:09 GMT Laura (Pickering) Pickering-Polstra wrote:

Rogers-15598 and Rogers-171 are not ready to be merged because: Dates are not the same. Are you sure this is the same guy?

On 13 Aug 2016 at 18:06 GMT Peggy Shackelford wrote:

Rogers-15598 and Rogers-171 appear to represent the same person because: I added this, not realizing that he already existed.

On 26 Oct 2015 at 05:32 GMT Samantha Rogers wrote:

Rogers-10843 appears to be a duplicate.

On 23 Aug 2014 at 16:28 GMT Timothy Wilder wrote:

Rogers-171 and Rogers-268 appear to represent the same person because: The only information on Rogers-171 is Mayflower Passenger, and that was Rogers-268. Rogers-171 should be merged into the higher numbered profile.

more comments


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