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Thomas Rogers (abt. 1571 - 1621)

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Thomas Rogers
Born about in Watford, Northamptonshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Watford, Northamptonshire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusettsmap
Rogers-171 created 11 Sep 2010 | Last modified | Last edit: 26 May 2017
06:19: Becky (Nally) Syphers edited the Biography for Thomas Rogers. (Remove old name of usergroup for coordination of changes.) [Thank Becky for this]
This page has been accessed 6,786 times.

Categories: Mayflower Passengers | Massachusetts Bay Colonists | Mayflower Compact signatories | Mayflower Family Member.

The Mayflower.
Thomas Rogers was a passenger on the Mayflower.
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Flag of England Thomas Rogers migrated from England to America. Flag of America

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(Joseph is Rogers-12)(Thomas is Rogers-16) Thomas Rogers is often confused with Thomas Rogers of Duxbury, and the latter's relatives are merged in. Please check for the correct Rogers before attempting a merge.

Contents

Biography

Thomas Rogers was born by about 1571, estimated from his marriage date. He married Alice Cosford, daughter of George Cosford, in Watford, Northamptonshire on October 24, 1597.[1] Thomas left Northampton County, England about 1616 and traveled to Holland. He settled with his family in Leiden, Holland on June 25, 1618. April 1, 1620, he sold his house in Leyden for 300 guilders before coming to America on the Mayflower.

Thomas was a businessman and a merchant, not a pilgrim. Thomas Rogers became a citizen of Leyden on 25 June 1618 with sponsors William Jepson and Roger Wilson, and is called a Camlet-merchant. He knew many of the separatists in Holland and decided to go with them to America.

His second and oldest surviving son Joseph came with him on the Mayflower trip. [2] </ref> His wife Alice, two daughters Elizabeth and Margaret, and son John remained in Leiden. In the 1622 poll tax for Leyden lists his wife Elsgen (Alice), and daughters Lysbeth (Elizabeth) and Grietgen (Margaret), and son John living in the Over 't Hoff quarter of Leiden. John Rogers is known to have come to America and married, but unfortunately the later whereabouts of Elizabeth and Margaret remain undocumented.[3] The widow, the son John and the daughters do not appear in the land division of 1623 or the cattle division of 1627, so it is thought that they came to Plymouth Colony perhaps in 1629 or 1630 with the last of the Leiden group.[4] Joseph Rogers and John Rogers "his brother" each received fifty acres of upland at the North River on April 6, 1640.[5]

As passengers on the Mayflower, Thomas and son Joseph, sailed out of England on August 5, 1620 with 100 other passengers. They arrived November 11, 1620 at what would be called Cape Cod. They had been 66 days at sea.

Thomas was the 18th signer of the Mayflower Compact on Nov. 11, 1620, out of a total of 41 signers. It served as the first form of government in the colony.

On Dec. 16, 1620, they came ashore at Plymouth after spending time to search for a suitable area. It had cleared land and fresh water. Construction of shelter started on Dec. 23rd. Two early fires in the colony destroyed several structures, which slowed progress.

Many original Mayflower passengers died that first winter. There were about 40 deaths, including Thomas Rogers. He died sometime between Dec. to Feb. 1620-1621 "in the first sickness"[6] in the Plymouth Colony. He was age about 49.

Thomas was buried at the top of Cole's Hill. Left behind without family was his son Joseph, age 18. He had to stay with other families, including Governor Bradford's family.

It was Thomas Rogers's descendants who helped build the new colony.

Further information on the Rogers family and their English background is in "The English Ancestry of the Pilgrim Thomas Rogers and his wife Alice (Cosford) Rogers", by Clifford Scott, The Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1989. (On line at: http://www.richmondancestry.org/thomasrogers.shtml)

DNA

Y Chromosome haplogroup inferred from descendants: R1b1 FTDNA kit 83654

Online resources

Thomas Rogers Society http://www.thomasrogerssociety.com

Sources

  • Source: S385 Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Volume Nineteen: Thomas Rogers, Ann T. Reeves, Volume: 19, Alice W.A. Westgate (General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2000)
  • Source: S388 The Genealogist: English Ancestry of the Pilgrim Thomas Rogers and His Wife Alice (Cosford) Rogers, Volume: 10, No. 2, by Clifford L Scott (1989)
  • Source: Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633, by Robert Charles Anderson, (Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston: 2004)
  • New Englanders in the 1600s: A Guide to Genealogical Research Published Between 1980 and 2005, by Martin E. Hollick (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2006) ROGERS, THOMAS, Mayflower Passenger, v. ca. 1571, d. Plymouth, Mass., winter 1620/1. English origins of him and his wife at TG [The Genealogist] 9:138-49; MF19 [Alice W.A. Westgate, compiler, Ann T. Reeves, revisor, Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Thomas Rogers (Plymouth, MA: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2000).], five generations all lines; GMB [Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 (Boston, MA: NEHGS, 1995)] III:1597-99; PM [Robert Charles Anderson, The Pilgrim Migration: Immigration to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633 (Boston, MA: New England Historic Geneological Society, 2004)], pp. 396-97; Croll [Robert Croll Stevens, Ancestry of the Children of Robert Croll Stevens and Jane Eleanor (Knauss) Stevens, Volume II: The Genealogy of John Christian Croll 1707-1758 (Pittsford, NY: Tucker Printers, Inc. 1985], 140; EB [Edmund K. Swigart, Ph.D., An Emerson-Benson Saga: The Ancestry of Charles F. Emerson and Bessie Benson and the Struggle to Settle the United States Including 194 Allied Lines (Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1994)], pp. 484-92; Brewer [Dorothy Brewer Erikson, Descendants of Thomas Brewer Connecticut to Main 1682-1996 with Allied Families (Boston, MA: NEHGS, 1996], pp. 479-80; JPG [Joan S. Guilford, The Ancestry of Dr. J.P. Guilford, Volume I: Seventeenth-Century New England Colonials and a Few Eighteenth-Century Immigrants (Orange, CA, 2003)] I:694-701.
  • "Kindred spirits: a New World history of the families of Henry Wickoff Rogers & Grace Dean McLeod", Thomas married Alice Cosford Oct 24 1597 in Waterford, Northampton, England, daughter of George Cosford.
  • "Rogers family to Jonas family, 1510-2010", At about age 26, Thomas married a local girl named Alice Cosford on the 24th of October 1597. Alice had been baptized on the 10th of May 1573 and was the daughter of another local farmer and his wife, George and Margaret (possibly Wills) Cosford
  1. Source: #S388p. 143
  2. William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation, Now first printed from the original manuscript for The Massachusetts Historical Society, (Boston: LIttle, Brown, and Company, 1856) Apendix, No. I. Passengers of the Mayflower. p. 449. "2. Thomas Rogers, and Joseph, his sone. His other children came afterwards." and p. 453, "6. Thomas Rogers dyed in the first sickness, but his sone Joseph is still living, and is married, and hath 5. children. The rest of Thomas Rogers [children] came over, & are maried, & have many children."
  3. The American Genealogist 52:110-13; New England Historical and Genealogical Register 154:432-33.
  4. Bradford 442, 446 "Thomas Rogers died in the first sickness but his son Joseph is still living and is married and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers's came over and are married and have many children."
  5. Pilgrim Migration, cites PCR [Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and David Pulsifer, eds., 12 volumes in 10 (Boston 1855-1861)] 1:144
  6. Source: #S385 d. Plymouth in the winter of 1620/21 "in the first sickness"; p. 1

Components

  • WikiTree profile Rogers-3106 created through the import of BDM7-7-11.ged on Jul 8, 2011 by Brian McCullough. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Brian and others.
  • WikiTree profile Rogers-3708 created through the import of mike_walton_2011.ged on Aug 20, 2011 by Mike Walton. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Mike and others.
  • WikiTree profile Rogers-2052 created through the import of Lent_Vise_2011-05-11aa.ged on May 26, 2011 by Bryan Sypniewski. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Bryan and others.
  • WikiTree profile Rogers-2798 created through the import of Ancestors of PBHowe.ged on Jun 6, 2011 by Buck Howe. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Buck and others.
  • This person was created through the import of HOWE(1).ged on 08 April 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom.
  • This person was created through the import of Family Line.ged on 01 March 2011.
  • This person was created through the import of Watkins.ged on 04 April 2011.
  • Thanks to Loren Fay for starting this profile.
  • This person was created through the import of Reba Family Tree_2011-03-12.ged on 13 March 2011.
  • This person was created on 18 February 2011 through the import of Bishop Family Tree.ged.
  • This person was created through the import of dyermaeettaaug2010.ged on 11 September 2010.


Biography

Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim]1,2 M, b. circa 1571

Charts Thomas Rogers Carleton, Frank Edward Crocker, Glyndon H. Jr. Hadley, Mac E.

Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] was born circa 1571 at Watford, co. Northamptonshire, England. He was the son of William Rogers and Eleanor. Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] married Alice Cosford, daughter of George Cosford and Margart (Willis?), on 24 October 1597 at Watford, co. Northamptonshire, England. Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] Our earliest known encounter with Pilgrim Thomas Rogers was on 25 June 1618 when he became a citizen of Leiden, Holland, vouched for by William Jepson, formerly of Worksop, Notts., and by Roger Wilson, formerly of Sandwich, Kent Co. England.

On 1 April 1620 Thomas sold his Leiden house on the Barbarasteeg for 300 guilders, in preparation for the journey to New England.

Governor Bradford says in his history of the Plymouth settlement that on board the Mayflower were "Thomas Rogers and Joseph his son; his other children came afterwards......Thomas Rogers died in the first sickness but his son Joseph is still living (1650) and is married and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers' [children] came over and are married and have many children." Therefore we know that Thomas and his son Joseph arrived at Cape Cod aboard the ship Mayflower and on 11 November 1620 according to their calendar, or 21 November on ours, Thomas was one of forty-one signers of the Mayflower Compact. Thomas did not live through the rigorous winter which carried off half the group but young Joseph, like so many of the children, did survive.

Recent discoveries show that Thomas had a family living in Leiden, Holland, when the 1622 Poll Tax was taken. In the Over "t Hoff Quarter, in a house with other Pilgrim families in St. Peter's Churchyard west-side, were Jan Thomas, orphan from England without means; Elsgen Rogiers, widow of Thonis Rogiers, an Englishwoman; and Lysbeth and Grietgen her children, poor people. Translated this could read John, son of Thomas; Elizabeth Rogers, widow of Thomas; and Elizabeth and Margaret, her children. At that period the word orphan meant that either or both parents were dead.

In the 1623 Plymouth Colony land division, Joseph Rogers was allotted two acres-one for himself and one on behalf of his late father. He may have been living in the household of Governor Bradford with who he was grouped on 22 May 1627, in the division of cattle. Joseph and twelve other inhabitants of Plymouth received "an heyfer of the last year which was of the Great white-back cow that was brought over in the Ann and two shee goats."

Governor Bradford's statement that the rest of Thomas Rogers' children came over and married and had children, seems clearly to indicate that more than one of his children came to New England after 1620. We know that his son John came to Plymouth about 1630. Although many other male Rogers immigrants have been claimed as sons of Thomas the Pilgrim, none of the claims has been proved and some have been disproved. Therefore it seems likely that at least one of the Rogers daughters who were living in Holland in 1622 came over. John and Joseph Rogers each named a daughter Elizabeth, perhaps thereby indicating that their sister Elizabeth lived in New England. Unfortunately extensive research has failed to uncover any further evidence.

John Rogers came to Plymouth about 1630, when the last of the Leiden contingent arrived and was in Plymouth Colony on 25 March 1633 when he was taxed 9 shillings. The proof of his identity lies in a grant made 6 April 1640 to "Joseph Rogers and John Rogers his brother...fifty acres apeece of upland....at the North River." Both then had growing families to carry forward the Rogers heritage, although only Joseph's descendants would carry forward the Rogers name beyond the fourth generation." He died in Plymouth Colony in the winter of 1620/21 "in the first sickness."

Children of Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] and Alice Cosford

Thomas Rogers3 b. 24 Mar 1598/99 poss. Richard Rogers3 b. 12 Mar 1599 Joseph Rogers+3 b. 23 Jan 1602/3, d. between 2 and 15 Jan 1677/78 John Rogers+3 b. 6 Apr 1606, d. bt 26 Aug 1691 - 20 Sep 1692 Elizabeth Rogers4 b. 26 Dec 1609 Margaret Rogers4 b. 30 May 1613


Biography

Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim]1,2 M, b. circa 1571 Charts Thomas Rogers Carleton, Frank Edward Crocker, Glyndon H. Jr. Hadley, Mac E. Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] was born circa 1571 at Watford, co. Northamptonshire, England. He was the son of William Rogers and Eleanor. Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] married Alice Cosford, daughter of George Cosford and Margart (Willis?), on 24 October 1597 at Watford, co. Northamptonshire, England. Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] Our earliest known encounter with Pilgrim Thomas Rogers was on 25 June 1618 when he became a citizen of Leiden, Holland, vouched for by William Jepson, formerly of Worksop, Notts., and by Roger Wilson, formerly of Sandwich, Kent Co. Engalnd.

On 1 April 1620 Thomas sold his Leiden house on the Barbarasteeg for 300 guilders, in preparation for the journey to New England.


Governor Bradford says in his history of the Plymouth settlement that on board the Mayflower were "Thomas Rogers and Joseph his son; his other children came afterwards......Thomas Rogers died in the first sickness but his son Joseph is still living (1650) and is married and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers' [children] came over and are married and have many children." Therefore we know that Thomas and his son Joseph arrived at Cape Cod aboard the ship Mayflower and on 11 November 1620 according to their calendar, or 21 November on ours, Thomas was one of forty-one signers of the Mayflower Compact. Thomas did not live through the rigorous winter which carried off half the group but young Joseph, like so many of the children, did survive.


Recent discoveries show that Thomas had a family living in Leiden, Holland, when the 1622 Poll Tax was taken. In the Over "t Hoff Quarter, in a house with other Pilgrim families in St. Peter's Churchyard west-side, were Jan Thomas, orphan from England without means; Elsgen Rogiers, widow of Thonis Rogiers, an Englishwoman; and Lysbeth and Grietgen her children, poor people. Translated this could read John, son of Thomas; Elizabeth Rogers, widow of Thomas; and Elizabeth and Margaret, her children. At that period the word orphan meant that either or both parents were dead.


In the 1623 Plymouth Colony land division, Joseph Rogers was allotted two acres-one for himself and one on behalf of his late father. He may have been living in the household of Governor Bradford with who he was grouped on 22 May 1627, in the division of cattle. Joseph and twelve other inhabitants of Plymouth received "an heyfer of the last year which was of the Great white-back cow that was brought over in the Ann and two shee goats."


Governor Bradford's statement that the rest of Thomas Rogers' children came over and married and had children, seems clearly to indicate that more than one of his children came to New England after 1620. We know that his son John came to Plymouth about 1630. Although many other male Rogers immigrants have been claimed as sons of Thomas the Pilgrim, none of the claims has been proved and some have been disproved. Therefore it seems likely that at least one of the Rogers daughters who were living in Holland in 1622 came over. John and Joseph Rogers each named a daughter Elizabeth, perhaps thereby indicating that their sister Elizabeth lived in New England. Unfortunately extensive research has failed to uncover any further evidence.


John Rogers came to Plymouth about 1630, when the last of the Leiden contingent arrived and was in Plymouth Colony on 25 March 1633 when he was taxed 9 shillings. The proof of his identity lies in a grant made 6 April 1640 to "Joseph Rogers and John Rogers his brother...fifty acres apeece of upland....at the North River." Both then had growing families to carry forward the Rogers heritage, although only Joseph's descendants would carry forward the Rogers name beyond the fourth generation." He died in Plymouth Colony in the winter of 1620/21 "in the first sickness."

Children of Thomas Rogers [Mayflower Pilgrim] and Alice Cosford

Thomas Rogers3 b. 24 Mar 1598/99 poss. Richard Rogers3 b. 12 Mar 1599 Joseph Rogers+3 b. 23 Jan 1602/3, d. between 2 and 15 Jan 1677/78 John Rogers+3 b. 6 Apr 1606, d. bt 26 Aug 1691 - 20 Sep 1692 Elizabeth Rogers4 b. 26 Dec 1609 Margaret Rogers4 b. 30 May 1613

This profile is a collaborative work-in-progress. Can you contribute information or sources?



Biography

This biography was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import. It's a rough draft and needs to be edited.

User ID

User ID: AC70E78E29C0914B900A3B6EDC8E6178DC43

Note

Note: Thomas Rogers came over on the Mayflower in 1620. He died the following year.

Data Changed

Data Changed:
Date: 18 Jul 2001
Time: 18:09:00

Prior to import, this record was last changed 18:09:00 18 Jul 2001.

Sources

  1. Source: #S388p. 143
  2. William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation, Now first printed from the original manuscript for The Massachusetts Historical Society, (Boston: LIttle, Brown, and Company, 1856) Apendix, No. I. Passengers of the Mayflower. p. 449. "2. Thomas Rogers, and Joseph, his sone. His other children came afterwards." and p. 453, "6. Thomas Rogers dyed in the first sickness, but his sone Joseph is still living, and is married, and hath 5. children. The rest of Thomas Rogers [children] came over, & are maried, & have many children."
  3. The American Genealogist 52:110-13; New England Historical and Genealogical Register 154:432-33.
  4. Bradford 442, 446 "Thomas Rogers died in the first sickness but his son Joseph is still living and is married and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers's came over and are married and have many children."
  5. Pilgrim Migration, cites PCR [Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and David Pulsifer, eds., 12 volumes in 10 (Boston 1855-1861)] 1:144
  6. Source: #S385 d. Plymouth in the winter of 1620/21 "in the first sickness"; p. 1

Acknowledgments

Thank you to Karen Munro for creating WikiTree profile Rogers-7411 through the import of 02 16 02013.ged on Jul 1, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Karen and others.




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DNA
No known carriers of Thomas's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 4
Mayflower Passengers Ashore
Mayflower Passengers Ashore

Mayflower Ship
Mayflower Ship

Thomas Rogers
Thomas Rogers

Thomas Rogers Society - Mayflower Passenger
Thomas Rogers Society - Mayflower Passenger

Collaboration

On 25 May 2017 at 17:47 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Rogers-7411 and Rogers-171 appear to represent the same person because: Same vitals; three overlapping children (who will also need merging).

On 10 Feb 2017 at 01:21 GMT Brant Casford wrote:

Rogers-171 and Rogers-16856 appear to represent the same person because: same person

On 5 Jan 2017 at 04:20 GMT Bobbie (Madison) Hall wrote:

The fourth paragraph is a bit confusing... "As a passenger ... they sailed ..." Might want to specify who the passenger(s) was(were).

On 14 Dec 2016 at 14:56 GMT Timothy Wilder wrote:

History of the Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 by William Bradford is cited in the notes, but the title of the work itself is not listed and should be in the bibliography. http://xroads.virginia.edu/~public/bradford/brad.html http://www.gutenberg.org/files/24950/24950-h/24950-h.htm [533]

On 14 Aug 2016 at 03:09 GMT Laura (Pickering) Pickering-Polstra wrote:

Rogers-15598 and Rogers-171 are not ready to be merged because: Dates are not the same. Are you sure this is the same guy?

On 13 Aug 2016 at 18:06 GMT Peggy Shackelford wrote:

Rogers-15598 and Rogers-171 appear to represent the same person because: I added this, not realizing that he already existed.

On 26 Oct 2015 at 05:32 GMT Samantha Rogers wrote:

Rogers-10843 appears to be a duplicate.

On 23 Aug 2014 at 16:28 GMT Timothy Wilder wrote:

Rogers-171 and Rogers-268 appear to represent the same person because: The only information on Rogers-171 is Mayflower Passenger, and that was Rogers-268. Rogers-171 should be merged into the higher numbered profile.

On 1 May 2014 at 23:35 GMT Timothy Wilder wrote:

Rogers-8759 and Rogers-268 are not ready to be merged because: Spurious son James Rogers

On 1 May 2014 at 23:05 GMT Ken Broughton wrote:

Rogers-8759 and Rogers-268 appear to represent the same person because: Most of the Data matches.

more comments


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