John  Rogers

John Rogers (1507 - 1555)

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Rev John "The Martyr" Rogers
Born in Deritend, Warwickshire, Englandmap
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married in Antwerpen, Belgiummap
Descendants descendants
Died in Smithfield, Newgate Street, Hertford, Englandmap
Rogers-321 created 14 Sep 2010 | Last modified | Last edit: 3 May 2017
03:16: Esmé (Pieterse) van der Westhuizen edited the data for John Rogers. (Merged Rogers-17259 into Rogers-321: Clear duplicate.) [Thank Esmé for this]
This page has been accessed 9,439 times.

Categories: Catholic Priests | Church of England Priests | Marian Martyrs' Monument, Smithfield, Greater London.


Contents

Biography

The Rev. John Rogers was a Roman Catholic Priest who abandoned the Roman Catholic faith, to promote Protestantism. He published the first English Bible under the pseudonym Thomas Matthews. After taking charge of a Protestant congregation in Wittenberg for some years, Rogers returned to England in 1548. In 1550, he became Rector of St. Margaret Moyses and, in the following year he was made Vicar of St. Sepulchre in London. In 1551 he was made a prebendary. In April, 1552, his family were naturalized under a special act of Parliament. He continued his church work until the accession of Queen Mary to the throne, when on Sunday after her triumphal entry into London 16 July, 1553, he preached a sermon at St. Paul's Cross commending the "true doctrine taught in King Edward's days,," and warning his listeners against "pestilent Popery," he was summoned before the council and put under house arrest. He never preached again. In January 1554 Bonner, the new bishop of London, sent him to Newgate Prison where he remained for about a year. On 22 January 1555 Rogers and other Protestant preachers were brought before the Privy Council and examined. Cardinal Pole, on 28 January 1555, ordered a commission to proceed against persons liable to prosecution under the statutes against heresy, and six days later through sanction of the Council, Rogers was condemned and sentenced as an excommunicated heretic, to be burned to death at the stake at Smithfield. This sentence was carried out the morning of Monday 4 February 1555. He was not even allowed to spend any time with his wife and children before he died, although they were forced to watch him being burned at the stake. He had been offered a pardon if he would renounce Protestantism, but with holy scorn he utterly refused it. He was the first Protestant martyr of Mary's reign.[citation needed]

He has a memorial at Marian Martyrs' Monument, London[1].

Note: Educated Cambridge, Class of 1525
Martyred, burned at the stake during Queen Mary's Reign
Wrote under the pseudonym of Thomas Matthews and wrote the first English Protestant translation of the Bible, Matthews Bible, for which he was burned at the stake in Smithfield, England in 1555, with his eleven children watching. Took Roman Catholic Orders 1526 after leaving Cambridge - before becoming involved in the Protestant Reformation.
In the genealogical part of the address the point of departure for the family was John Rogers the martyr who was burned at the stake, in the reign of Queen Mary, Feb. 4, 1555.-Three hundred and nine years have elapsed since then, but the memory of that epoch is yet fragrant in the history of freedom and truth. The martyr, was born in Lancashire, England, and was educated in Cambridge where he attained great Proficiency in Classical and Hebrew literature. He soon became widely known as a thorough biblical student and a powerful preacher of the Gospel. He was an ardent friend of the devoted scholar and martyr, William Tyndale, and it is affirmed that in connection with him and Miles Coverdale, he entered upon a critical examination of the Scriptures, and assisted in translating them into the English language.
This led to the printing, publishing and introduction into England of the folio Bible in 1537. The Bible was the first complete edition of the old and new Testaments in English, and it was afterwards revised and
published by John Rogers alone, under the assumed name of Thomas Mathews.
His knowledge of language, theology, society and men, eminently fitted him for this work. He had traveled much, and had gathered an abundance of information for his task. On leaving Cambridge he went to Antwerp, and from Antwerp to Wittenburg, at which place his mastery of the Dutch language enabled him to officiate as a Pastor. In the reign of Edward 6th, he was called home by Bishop Ridley and made Divinity lecturer at St. Paul's, and the duties of this office he discharged with zeal and efficiency. But on the accession of Queen Mary to the throne, he became obnoxious to the government through his eloquence in behalf of Protestantism-was confined for six months in his own house-then during a long period in Newgate-passing through three examinations in which he defended himself manfully, but was finally condemned and burned at the stake in Smithfield. Soon after his death, one of his friends found a
dark, dirty looking scroll, rolled up in a corner of his prison cell. That scroll contained a memorandum of his experiences in prison, of his attempts to obtain a visit from his wife, of his conversations with his
jailer, and of the calm, beautiful Christian hope and fortitude that sustained him under every hardship and trial
the Reverend John Rogers (1505-1555), was one of the early Protestant rebels in England. Rogers abandoned the Roman Catholic priesthood and was one of the conspirators working on a secret English translation of the Bible. Rogers was arrested by the government of Queen Mary and tried for heresy. He was burned at the stake for his crime.

Rev. John "The Martyr" Rogers

Birth: 4 Feb 1507 Deritend, Warwick, England
Death: 4 Feb 1555 Newgate Prison, Smithfield, England

Rev. John Rogers was a sixth generation Rogers who chose to become a clergyman. He was born at the family home 'Deritend'. He was educated at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, where he graduated with a B.A. in 1526. He was then chosen to the Cardinal's College at Oxford and soon thereafter went into holy orders in the Roman Catholic Church. On 26 December 1532, he became Rector of the Church of Holy Trinity in the city of London and served two years. He resigned in 1534 and went to Antwerp as chaplain to the English merchants. Here he met William Tyndale, under whose influence he abandoned the Roman Catholic faith and, in 1536, married Adriana Pratt alias 'de Weedy' (a surname which means 'meadow', in Latin "Prata," but anglicized into Pratt). They had eleven children - 8 sons and 3 daughters. For further information see:http://www.deloriahurst.com/deloriahurst%20page/2196.html

Spouse and (11) Children:

Adigan Adriana Pratt alias 'de Weedy' (a surname which means 'meadow', in Latin "Prata," but anglicized into Pratt) m. 1536 Warwickshire, England
Bernard Rogers

Additional Material


Children

John Foxe's near-contemporary account of John Rogers' martyrdom says that John and Adriana had eleven children: "ten able to go [i.e. to walk], and one sucking on her breast".[2] This is apparently contradicted by John Rogers himself who said shortly before his execution "nowe haue I bene a full yere in Newgate, at great costes and charges, hauyng a wyfe and x children".[3] J. L. Chester provides a simple explanation for this:

He was confined a year in Newgate, during the most of which time … he was prohibited from all intercourse with his family and friends. In his posthumous writings, he mentions the approaching maternity of his wife, at as late a date as Christmas 1553. On the 27th of January, 1554, only about four weeks afterwards, he was removed to Newgate; after which, the probability is he that he neither saw nor was allowed to receive any tidings of his family, until they had their hurried and momentary interview when they met him on the way to Smithfield. Doubtless he then recognised the eleventh child, which he saw for the first time on its mother's breast, and which had been born without his knowledge during his confinement … [2]

The 1619 Visitation of Warwickshire and the 1634 Visitation of Middlesex provide the earliest lists naming all eleven children. They agree over the children's names, though not over their order; and both visitations put all three daughters at the end of the list.[2] In the order given in the Visitation of Warwickshire, they are:

  1. Daniel
  2. John
  3. Ambrose
  4. Samuel
  5. Philip
  6. Bernard (with as-yet unmerged duplicates: 1 and 2)
  7. Augustine
  8. Barnaby
  9. Susan (with an as-yet unmerged duplicate)
  10. Elizabeth (with an as-yet unmerged duplicate)
  11. Hester

Other people sometimes albeit incorrectly listed as children of John and Adriana are:

  1. Beverley Rogers. Almost certainly no such person existed; perhaps she is a misreading of "Barnaby".
  2. William Rogers II of Watford. This is an attempt to "fix" the discredited descent of Thomas Rogers, the Pilgrim Father from John the Martyr.
  3. Elizabeth Eyre née Rogers. Sometimes said to be the daughter of a John Rogers, but one from Poole (though in fact this is likely wrong).

The following needs to be confirmed with strong sources (no evidence, sources are Ancestry Trees and Millennium File):[citation needed]

  1. Susanna Or Susan Rogersborn 1532
  2. John born 1538
  3. Daniel Rogers born 1540
  4. Ambrose born 1540
  5. William born 1543
  6. Barnaby Rogersborn 1543
  7. Elizabeth born 1553

Notes

John Rogers the Martyr
John the Martyr
John Rogers the Martyr
martyrdom
John Rogers the Martyr
John Rogers the Martyr
Rev. John Rogers

Sources

  • Publications of the Dugdale Society (London, 1921) Vol. 1, Page xxix
  • Cutter, William Richard, A. M., Genealogy - Boston and Eastern Massachusetts (Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York, 1908)
  • Chester, Joseph Lemuel, (1861) John Rogers: the compiler of the first authorised English Bible ..., London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts Archive.org (Page 223 lists children).
  • Chalmers' General Biographical Dictionary, Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors. Original data - Chalmers, Alexander, The General Biographical Dictionary. London: J. Nichols and Son, 1812-1 REQUIRES WORLD MEMBERSHIP Chalmers'
  • Frost, Josephine C., Ancestors of Amyntas Shaw and His Wife Lucy Tufts Williams (Not Published, 1920) Page 27

Footnotes

  1. John Rogers memorial at Find A Grave
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Chester, Joseph Lemuel. John Rogers: the compiler of the first authorised English Bible; the pioneer of the English reformation; and its first martyr, pp 222–32. London: 1861. Available digitally from the Internet Archive.
  3. Foxe, John. The Unabridged Acts and Monuments Online, 1563 edn., bk. 5, 1096. Sheffield: 2011.

JOHN ROGERS was born in 1506 in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England, to MARGARET WYATT and THOMAS JOHN Rogers. He married ADRIANA DeWEYDEN and they had four children together. He died on February 4, 1555, at the age of 49, and was buried in London, London, England.

CHILDREN:

BERNARD Rogers Sr 1537–1564

John Jr Rogers 1538–

Daniel Rogers 1540–

Samuel Rogers 1541–



Biography

◦Rogers, John (c.1500-55), first Protestant martyr in the Marianpersecution, was the son of John Rogers of Deritend, in the parish ofAston, near Birmingham. He was educated at PembrokeHall, Cambridge , where he took his BA in 1525, and in 1532 was appointed Rector of Holy Trinity in the City of London. He resigned this living in 1534 and became chaplain to the Company of the Merchant Adventurers in Antwerp. At that time he was an orthodox Catholic priest, but he now fell in with Tyndale and was soon converted to Protestantism. Before he was arrested in 1535,Tyndale handed over to Rogers his incompl eted translation of the OldTestament. Tyndale was burned in October 1535; during 1536 Rogers devotedhimself to completing the Old Testament by adding to it Miles Coverdale'srenderings (published in 1 535) of the untranslated books and of theApocrypha, and Tyndale's own translation of the New Testament (published1526). Rogers's only original contribution was the Song of Manasses in the Apocrypha w hich he found ina French Bible printed in1535. Rogers was also responsible for thepreface, the marginal notes (the first English commentary on the Bible),and a calendar and almanack and other additio nal matter. Rogers signedthe title-page with the name 'Thomas Matthew' and the book came to beknown as Matthew's Bible. This was the book largely drawn upon for theGreat Bible of 1539.

When Edward VI came to the throne, Rogers returned to England (1548). Hewas given three livings in London and in 1551 he was appointed to aprebend of St Paul's by Nicholas Ridley and shortly afterwar ds becamedivinity lecturer at St Paul's. With his Protestant views Rogersnaturally sympathized with Lady Jane Grey rather than with Mary Tudor. Hepreached two sermons for which he was had up before t he Council, and in1554 he was sent to Newgate. Here, inconjunction with Hooper, Bradfordand others, he drew upa confession of faith of the most extremeProtestant type. He was again examined by Gardin er with much rudeness andeven brutality and was condemned to death as a heretic. When he asked tobe allowed to see his wife, he was refused, and it is said that he mether and his eleven children on t he way to the stake. At the stake he wasoffered a pardon, if he would recant, but he refused and he was burnedjust outside the entrance to the church of St Bartholomew in Smithfield.He was the firs t of the Protestant martyrs, and his example had awidespread effect in encouraging others. Ridley confessed that the newsof Rogers's death had destroyed 'a lumpish heaviness' in his heart.

***************************************************************

Note: aka "Thomas Matthew," "The Smithfield Martyr"

Capt. William Clark of the Lewis & Clark Expedition and Gen. GeorgeRogers Clark are descendants. He was Vicar of Trinity the Less, London and Leader of the AngelicanReformation.

John Rogers contributed to the first full English translation of theBible, known as "The Coverdale Bible" printed on October 4, 1535. He wasburned at the stake in 1555 during the reign of "Bloody Mar y" for the"crime" of being a Protestant.

Given the chance to repent, Rogers replied, "That which I have preachedwith my lips will I seal with my blood."

"Everything was now ready for the lighting of the terrible bonfires. Thequeen having declared to the council, in writing, that she would wishnone of her subjects to be burnt without some of the counc il beingpresent, and that she would particularly wish there to be good sermons atall burnings, the council knew pretty well what was to be done next. Soafter the cardinal had blessed all the bishop s as a preface to theburnings, the Chancellor Gardiner opened a high court at St.Mary Overy,on the Southwark side of London Bridge, for the trial of heretics.

**************************************************************

Educated Cambridge, Class of 1525 Martyred, burned at the stake during Queen Mary's Reign

Wrote under the pseudonym of Thomas Matthews and wrote the first EnglishProtestant translation of the Bible, Matthews Bible, for which he wasburned at the stake in Smithfield, England in 1555, with h is elevenchildren watching. Took Roman Catholic Orders 1526 after leavingCambridge - before becoming involved in the Protestant Reformation.

In the genealogical part of the address the point of departure for thefamily was John Rogers the martyr who was burned at the stake, in thereign of Queen Mary, Feb. 4, 1555.-Three hundred and nine ye ars haveelapsed since then, but the memory of that epoch is yet frag rant in thehistory of freedom and truth. The martyr, was born in Lancashire,England, and was educated in Cambridge where he attain ed greatProficiency in Classical and Hebrew literature. He soon became widelyknown as a thorough biblical student and a powerful preacher of theGospel. He was an ardent friend of the devoted schola r and martyr,William Tyndale, and it is affirmed that in connection with him and MilesCoverdale, he entered upon a critical examination of the Scriptures, andassisted in translating them into the Eng lish language. This led to theprinting, publishing and introduction into England of the folio Bible in1537. The Bible was the first complete edition of the old and newTestaments in English, and it wa s afterwards revised and published byJohn Rogers alone, under the assumed name of Thomas Mathews.

His knowledge of language, theology, society and men, eminently fittedhim for this work. He had traveled much, and had gathered an abundance ofinformation for his task. On leaving Camb ridge he wen t to Antwerp, andfrom Antwerp to Wittenburg, at which place his mastery of the Dutchlanguage enabled him to officiate as a Pastor. In the reign of Edward6th, he was called home by Bishop Ridle y and made Divinity lecturer at St. Paul's, and the duties of this office he discharged with zeal andefficiency. But on the accession of Queen Mary to the throne, he becameobnoxious to the governmen t through his eloquence in behalf ofProtestantism-was confined for six months in his own house-then during along period in Newgate-passing through three examinations in which hedefended himself manfu lly, but was finally condemned and burned at thestake in Smithfield. Soon after his death, one of his friends found adark, dirty looking scroll, rolled up in a corner of his prison cell.That scroll c ontained a memorandum of his experiences in prison, of his attempts to obtain a visit from his wife, of his conversations with hisjailer, and of the calm, beautiful Christian hope and fortitude tha t sustained him under every hardship and trial.

◦ John Rogers, b. c.1500, d. Feb. 4, 1555, was an English Protestant reformer, the editor of Matthew's Bible, who was martyred under Queen Mary I. Educated at Cambridge, he became (1534) chaplain to English merchants in Antwerp, where he met William TYNDALE and converted to Protestantism. After Tyndale's death (1536), Rogers used the translations prepared by Tyndale with those of Miles COVERDALE to produce the first complete English Bible, published (1537) under the pseudonym Thomas Matthew. Returning to London (1548), Rogers was given preferments and appointed lecturer at Saint Paul's Cathedral. After Mary's succession to the throne he was imprisoned, sentenced to death, and burned at Smithfield. He was the first Protestant to be martyred under Mary. [Haller, William, Foxe's Book of Martyrs and the Elect Nation (1963); Hughes, Philip, The Reformation in England, 4 vols. (1950-54).]

Sources

  1. John Rogers memorial at Find A Grave
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Chester, Joseph Lemuel. John Rogers: the compiler of the first authorised English Bible; the pioneer of the English reformation; and its first martyr, pp 222–32. London: 1861. Available digitally from the Internet Archive.
  3. Foxe, John. The Unabridged Acts and Monuments Online, 1563 edn., bk. 5, 1096. Sheffield: 2011.


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Images: 7
John Rogers Martyr Monument, Birmingham Civic Society.
John Rogers Martyr Monument, Birmingham Civic Society.

Rev. John Rogers, Martyr (1500-1555)
Rev. John Rogers, Martyr (1500-1555)

John Rogers burned at the stake-Smithfield, London-February 4, 1555.
John Rogers burned at the stake-Smithfield, London-February 4, 1555.

Rev. John Rogers, the martyr, burned.
Rev. John Rogers, the martyr, burned.

Marian Martyrs Monument
Marian Martyrs Monument

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Collaboration

On 3 Apr 2017 at 12:23 GMT Esmé (Pieterse) van der Westhuizen wrote:

Rogers-17259 and Rogers-321 appear to represent the same person because:

Clear Duplicate

On 12 Oct 2016 at 18:12 GMT Cynthia (Billups) B wrote:

This important ancestor deserves an original biography (most of it is copy & paste, and it's not all cited). I'd like to write one for him, but if someone else would rather ... fine with me.

Thanks!

On 11 Feb 2016 at 19:32 GMT Rick Pierpont wrote:

Rogers-7023 and Rogers-321 appear to represent the same person because: Children and death date/location have been changed.

On 11 Feb 2016 at 18:48 GMT Peggy Shackelford wrote:

Rogers-7023 and Rogers-321 are not ready to be merged because: Rogers-7023 has two children not correct. Also death date and location are wrong. Need to correct these two things before merge.

On 2 Aug 2015 at 19:09 GMT Peggy Shackelford wrote:

Rogers-8443 and Rogers-321 appear to represent the same person because: Please merge these two to remove 8443

On 17 May 2015 at 18:29 GMT John Schmeeckle wrote:

On 14 May 2015 at 21:07 GMT John Schmeeckle wrote:

On 23 Nov 2014 at 04:25 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Careful folks; don't get too excited; there is much that has been disproved about his descendants.

On 21 Oct 2014 at 07:39 GMT Renee Malloy wrote:

Rev. John Rogers ESQ, is the First martyr of Queen Mary's reign and my 11th Great Grandpa. My children and I are also lawyers, so it runs in our family! Cambridge University Alumni.

On 21 Sep 2014 at 13:45 GMT Deborah Groda wrote:

Amazing that my family iis part

of this MAN OF GOD BLOOD LINE

more comments


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