Marozia (Roma) di Tusculo

Marozia (Roma) di Tusculo (abt. 0890 - abt. 0937)

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Marozia "Senatrix, Patricia" di Tusculo formerly Roma
Born about in Tusculummap [uncertain]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married (to ) [location unknown]
Wife of — married after (to ) [location unknown]
Wife of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died about in Roma, Roman Empiremap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 26 Apr 2012
This page has been accessed 777 times.

Categories: Royal Mistresses.

Biography

Marozia, daughter of Theophylact I and Theodora, was born about 890 and died in prison in 937.[1][2]

MARRIAGES AND CHILDREN

It is a common belief that Marozia was the mistress of Pope Sergius III (c.860 - 14 Apr 911). The Liber Pontificalis and the works of Liutprand of Cremora state that Marozia had a child by Sergius, a son who would eventually become Pope John XI.[1][2][3] However, the annalist Flodoard (c. 894–966), a contemporary of Liutprand, wrote that John XI was the brother of Alberic II (Alberic II being the son of Alberic I) and Horace Mann and other 19th and 20th century authors (including Poole, Gfrörer, Kenrick and others) agree that Alberic I, was John XI's father.[1][4]

Marozia married three times, as follows:

  1. about 909, to Alberic I of Camerino, Duke of Spoleto (d.924). They had children: Alberic II, b. 911 or 912; Sergius; Constantine; a daughter;[1] and possibly John (Pope John XI), b. 906-911 (paternity disputed).
  2. about 924, to Guy of Tuscany, aka Guido Toscana (d.929)[2] They had a daughter, Berta Theodora, who never married.[1]
  3. in 932, to Ugo, King of Italy.[2] It should be noted that soon after their wedding day, in Dec 932, Marozia and Hugh were stripped of their power by Marozia's son, Alberic II, who seized the castle and was proclaimed the Lord of Rome. It is said that Hugh escaped by climbing the castle wall, but Marozia was not as lucky and she was handed over to Alberico II, who had her imprisoned until her death.[1][5]

LIFE EVENTS

  • In the revolt of 928, her forces overthrew Pope John X and imprisoned him at S. Angelo, where he died.[5]
  • Senatrix and Patricia, de facto ruler of Rome with husband Guy after 925.
  • She controlled two popes, Leo VI and Stephen VII, during their reigns and caused her son to be installed as Pope John XI in 931.[5]
  • Her reign was ended by a revolt started by her son, Alberic II.[5]
MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley © Foundation for Medieval Genealogy & Charles Cawley 2000-2018.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Williams, George L., Papal Genealogy: The Families and Descendants of the Popes, McFarland, 2004. Access (search only) online at GoogleBooks, pp.11-15.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Cawley, Charles and FMG, Medieval Lands, A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families. Database online. 2006-2018.
  3. "The Antapodosis sive Res per Europam gestae" (958–62) by Liutprand of Cremona (c. 920–72).
  4. Mann, Horace K., The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co., Ltd., 1902. Accessed online at Archive.org, pp.139-140.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Gregorovius, Ferdinand. The History of Rome in the Middle Ages, Vol. III. London: George Bell & Sons, 1895. Accessed online at GoogleBooks, p.279, 282, 288-90.


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On 25 Oct 2018 at 23:20 GMT Traci Thiessen wrote:

I know nothing of about medieval naming conventions, so I have to ask ... where did the LNAB "Roma" come from? Shouldn't it be Tusculum ... or di Tusculum... or di Tuscolo?



Marozia is 35 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 34 degrees from Katy Jurado and 26 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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