Nicholas II (Romanov) Романов
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Николай Александрович (Romanov) Романов (1868 - 1918)

Николай Александрович (Nicholas II) "Nikolay II Aleksandrovich Romanov, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russians" Романов formerly Romanov
Born in Alexander Palace, Tsarskoye Selo, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empiremap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 26 Nov 1894 in Saint Petersburg, Russiamap
Died at age 50 in Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSRmap
Profile last modified | Created 10 Feb 2014
This page has been accessed 14,022 times.
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Biography

Nicholas II (Russian: Николай II, Николай Александрович Романов, tr. Nikolai II, Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov [nʲɪkɐˈlaj ftɐˈroj, nʲɪkɐˈlaj əlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ rɐˈmanəf]) (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918) was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias. Like other Russian Emperors, he is commonly known by the monarchical title Tsar (though Russia formally ended the Tsardom in 1721). He is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church and has been referred to as Saint Nicholas the Martyr.

Nicholas II ruled from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917. His reign saw Imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse. Enemies nicknamed him Nicholas the Bloody because of the Khodynka Tragedy, the anti-Semitic programs, Bloody Sunday, his violent suppression of the 1905 Revolution, his execution of political opponents, and his pursuit of military campaigns on an unprecedented scale.

You can read more about Nicholas II and his family here.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships by comparing test results with Nicholas II or other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
  • Nicholas II (Romanov) Романов: Y-Chromosome Test 17 markers, haplogroup R-M269, MitoYDNA ID Z10007 [compare]
Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:
  • Nicholas II (Romanov) Романов: Mitochondrial DNA Test Full Sequence, haplogroup T2a1a, MitoYDNA ID Z10200 [compare]

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Comments: 7

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So he took DNA tests prior to his 1918 death?
posted by Kurt Driver
Hello Kurt, Under DNA Connections is his Y chromosome test information. It has a link to [test details] which explains, "Y-STR testing using AmpFLSTER Yfiler under the supervision of Evgeny Rogaev (Moscow State University and University of Massachusetts) by the Vavilov Institue of General Genetics (VIGG, Moscow) and the University of Massachusetts (UMASS) Medical School, Worcester, MA, from the exhumed remains of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. For more information see Rogaev EI, Grigorenko AP, Moliaka YK et al. Genomic identification in the historical case of the Nicholas II royal family. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/02/26/0811190106.abstract
posted by Peter Roberts
edited by Peter Roberts
Nicholas II is my 16th cousin twice removed. Common Ancestor: Margaret (Beauchamp) Welles (abt.1410-bef.1482)
My 20th cousin, we are both descendants of Adam (Everingham) de Everingham.

Greetings, Michael Griffiths New Zealand

posted by Michael Griffiths
Czar Nicholas II was Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, not of all the Russians. The expression all the Russias refers to Great Russia (Russia proper), Little Russia (Ukraine) and White Russia (Bielorus).
Please do not indicate confirmed with DNA unless that confirmation is explained in the biography. No one else in this direct maternal line has their mtDNA or Y-DNA results in WikiTree.
posted by Peter Roberts
I have temporarily adopted this profile. If you are experienced with European royals and aristocrats then I welcome you being the profile manager.
posted by Peter Roberts

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