Peter (Romanov) Романов

Пётр (Romanov) Романов (1672 - 1725)

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Пётр (Peter) "Peter the Great" Романов formerly Romanov
Born in Moscow, Tsardom of Russiamap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empiremap
Profile last modified | Created 27 May 2017
This page has been accessed 449 times.

Categories: Russian Notables | This Day In History June 09 | This Day In History February 08.

European Aristocracy
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Biography

Peter the Great (Russian: Пётр Вели́кий, tr. Pyotr Velikiy;, Peter I (Russian: Пётр) I, tr. Pyotr I; or Peter Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич;); 9 June [O.S. 30 May] 1672 – 8 February [O.S. 28 January] 1725) ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May (O.S. 27 April) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V.

Peter's father was Tsar Alexis I. His older half-brother was the sickly Feodor III, who died in 1682 without any children. Peter's other half-brother, Ivan V, was next in line for the throne, but he was chronically ill and of infirm mind. Consequently, the Boyar Duma (a council of Russian nobles) chose the 10-year-old Peter to become Tsar with his mother as regent.

Peter the Great had two wives, with whom he had fourteen children, three of whom survived to adulthood. Peter's mother selected his first wife, Eudoxia Lopukhina, with the advice of other nobles in 1689. This was consistent with previous Romanov tradition by choosing a daughter of a minor noble. This was done to prevent fighting between the stronger noble houses and to bring fresh blood into the family. He also had a mistress from Germany, Anna Mons. In 1698, Peter divorced the Tsaritsa and forced her to join a convent. The Tsaritsa had borne Peter three children, although only one, the Tsarevich Alexei, had survived past his childhood.

He took Martha Skavronskaya, a peasant, as a mistress some time between 1702 and 1704. Martha took the name Catherine. Though no record exists, Catherine and Peter are described as having married secretly between 23 Oct and 1 Dec 1707 in St. Petersburg. Peter valued Catherine and married her again (this time officially) at Saint Isaac's Cathedral in Saint Petersburg on 9 February 1712.

His eldest child and heir, Alexei, was suspected of being involved in a plot to overthrow the Emperor. Alexei was tried and confessed under torture during questioning conducted by a secular court. He was convicted and sentenced to be executed. The sentence could be carried out only with Peter's signed authorization, and Alexei died in prison, as Peter hesitated before making the decision. Alexei's death most likely resulted from injuries suffered during his torture. Alexei's mother Eudoxia had also been punished; she was dragged from her home and tried on false charges of adultery. A similar fate befell Peter's earlier mistress, Anna Mons, in 1704.

In 1724 Peter had his second wife, Catherine, crowned as Empress, although he remained Russia's actual ruler. All of Peter's male children had died.

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DNA
No known carriers of Peter's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 1
Peter the Great
Peter the Great

Collaboration

On 11 Aug 2017 at 22:51 GMT J (Guthrie) G wrote:

This profile is orphaned. It would be good to see it connected to the rest of the family, for example to his grandson, Tsar Peter III of Russia: Romanov-33



Peter is 29 degrees from Rosa Parks, 24 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 8 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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